outre (adj.)
"exaggerated, extravagant, eccentric," 1722, from French outré "exaggerated, excessive, extreme," past participle of outrer "to carry to excess, overdo, overstrain, exaggerate," from outre "beyond" (see outrage).
outreach (n.)
"an organization's involvement in the community," 1870, from out + reach (v.). The verb (c.1400) tends to be used in literal senses.
outrider (n.)
mid-14c., from out (adv.) + rider.
outrigger (n.)
device used in Pacific and Indian oceans to stabilize canoes, 1748, altered (by influence of rig) from outligger (late 15c.) "a spar projecting from a vessel," probably from the same root as Dutch uitlegger, literally "out-lyer."
outright (adv.)
c.1300, "completely, entirely; openly, directly; at once, without hesitation," from out (adv.) + right (adj.1)). Meaning "all at once" is attested from c.1600. As an adjective, "direct, downright," from 1530s.
outrun (v.)
mid-14c., "to run out," from out (adv.) + run (v.). Sense of "to outstrip in running" is from 1520s; figurative use from 1650s. Related: Outran; outrunning.
outscore (v.)
1921, from out (adv.) + score (v.). Related: Outscored; outscoring.
outset (n.)
"act of setting out on a journey, business, etc." 1759, from out + set (v.). The earlier word for this was outsetting (1670s).
outshine (v.)
1590s, from out (adv.) + shine (v.). Perhaps coined by Spenser. Figurative sense of "to surpass in splendor or excellence" is from 1610s. Related: Outshone; outshining.
outside (n.)
c.1500, "outer side," from out + side (n.). The adjective is attested from 1630s; the preposition from 1826; the adverb from 1813. Phrase outside of "with exception of" is from 1859.
outsider (n.)
1800, from outside; figurative sense of "a person isolated from conventional society" is first recorded 1907. The sense of race horses "outside" the favorites is from 1836; hence outside chance (1909).
outsized (adj.)
"larger than average," 1880, from out (adv.) + size.
outskirt (n.)
"outer border," 1590s, from out + skirt (n.). Now only in plural, outskirts. Originally in Spenser.
outsmart (v.)
"to prove too clever for," 1926, from out + smart (adj.). Related: Outsmarted; outsmarting.
outsource (v.)
in reference to jobs going overseas, by 1981 (as outsourcing), from out + source (v.). Related: Outsourced.
outspend (v.)
mid-15c., "to consume totally, use up," from out (adv.) + spend (v.). Meaning "to spend more than another or others" is from 1840. Related: Outspent; outspending. Outspent is attested from 1650s as "exhausted."
outspoken (adj.)
"given to speaking freely," 1808, originally Scottish, from out (adv.) + spoken. "The pa. pple. has here a resultant force, as in 'well spoken', 'well read'." [OED]. Related: Outspokenly; outspokenness.
outstanding (adj.)
1610s, "projecting, prominent, detached," present participle adjective from outstand (v.) "endure successfully, hold out against," from out (adv.) + stand (v.). Figurative sense of "conspicuous, striking" is first recorded 1830. Meaning "unpaid, unsettled" is from 1797. Related: Outstandingly.
outstay (v.)
c.1600, from out (adv.) + stay (v.).
outstretch (v.)
mid-14c., from out + stretch (v.). Related: Outstretched; outstretching.
outstrip (v.)
1570s, "to pass in running," from out + Middle English strip "move quickly," of unknown origin. Figurative sense of "to excel or surpass in anything" is from 1590s. Related: Outstripped; outstripping.
outward (adj.)
Old English utweard "toward the outside, external" (of an enclosure, surface, etc.), earlier utanweard, from ute, utan "outside" (from ut; see out) + -weard (see -ward). Of persons, in reference to the external appearance (usually opposed to inner feelings), it is attested from c.1500. Also as an adverb in Old English (utaword). Outward-bound "directed on a course out from home port" is first recorded c.1600; with capital initials, it refers to a sea school founded in 1941. Related: Outwardly; outwardness.
outweigh (v.)
1590s, from out (adv.) + weigh (v.). Related: Outweighed; outweighing.
outwit (v.)
"to get the better of by superior wits," 1650s, from out + wit. Related: Outwitted; outwitting.
outworn (adj.)
from out (adv.) + worn.
ouzel (n.)
also ousel, from Old English osle "blackbird," from West Germanic *amslon- (cognates: Old High German amsala, German amsel), probably from PIE *ams- "black, blackbird" (cognates: Latin merula "blackbird," Welsh mwyalch "blackbird, thrush," Breton moualch "ouzel").
ouzo (n.)
liquor flavored with aniseed, 1898, from Modern Greek ouzo, of uncertain origin. One theory [OED] is that it derives from Italian uso Massalia, literally "for Marsailles," which was stamped on selected packages of silkworm cocoons being shipped from Thessaly, and came to be taken for "of superior quality."
oval (adj.)
1570s, from Modern Latin ovalis "egg-shaped" (source of French oval, 1540s), literally "of or pertaining to an egg," from Latin ovum "egg" (see ovary). The classical Latin word was ovatus.
oval (n.)
1560s, from Middle French ovalle "oval figure," from Medieval Latin ovalis (see oval (adj.)).
Ovaltine
proprietary name of a drink mix, 1906, probably based on Latin ovum (see oval), because eggs are one of the ingredients.
ovarian (adj.)
"pertaining to an ovary or the ovaries," 1810, see ovary + -ian.
ovary (n.)
1650s, from Modern Latin ovarium "ovary" (16c.), from Medieval Latin ovaria "the ovary of a bird" (13c.), from Latin ovum "egg," from PIE *owyo-/*oyyo- "egg" (see egg (n.)). In classical Latin, ovarius meant "egg-keeper."
ovate (n.)
1723, from assumed Latin plural Ovates, from Greek Ouateis "soothsayers, prophets," mentioned by Strabo as a third order in the Gaulish hierarchy, from Proto-Celtic *vateis, plural of *vatis, cognate with Latin vatis, Old Irish faith, Welsh ofydd. The modern word, and the artificial senses attached to it, are from the 18c. Celtic revival and the word appears first in Henry Rowlands.
ovate (adj.)
1760, from Latin ovum "egg" (see ovum).
ovation (n.)
1530s, in the Roman historical sense, from Middle French ovation or directly from Latin ovationem (nominative ovatio) "a triumph, rejoicing," noun of action from past participle stem of ovare "exult, rejoice, triumph," probably imitative of a shout (compare Greek euazein "to utter cries of joy"). In Roman history, a lesser triumph, granted to a commander for achievements insufficient to entitle him to a triumph proper. Figurative sense of "burst of enthusiastic applause from a crowd" is first attested 1831.
oven (n.)
Old English ofen "furnace, oven," from Proto-Germanic *ukhnaz (cognates: Old Frisian, Dutch oven, Old High German ovan, German Ofen, Old Norse ofn, Old Swedish oghn, Gothic auhns), from PIE *aukw- "cooking pot" (cognates: Sanskrit ukhah "pot, cooking pot," Latin aulla "pot," Greek ipnos), originally, perhaps, "something hollowed out." The oven-bird (1825) so called because of the shape of its nest. In slang, of a woman, to have (something) in the oven "to be pregnant" is attested from 1962.
over (prep.)
Old English ofer "beyond, above, upon, in, across, past; on high," from Proto-Germanic *uberi (cognates: Old Saxon obar, Old Frisian over, Old Norse yfir, Old High German ubar, German über, Gothic ufar "over, above"), from PIE *uper (see super-). As an adjective from Old English uffera. As an adverb from late Old English. Sense of "finished" is attested from late 14c. Meaning "recovered from" is from 1929. In radio communication, used to indicate the speaker has finished speaking (1926). Adjective phrase over-the-counter is attested from 1875, originally of stocks and shares.
over-
word-forming element meaning "above; highest; across; too much; above normal; outer," from Old English ofer (see over). Over and its Germanic relations were widely used as prefixes, and sometimes could be used with negative force. This is rare in Modern English, but compare Gothic ufarmunnon "to forget," ufar-swaran "to swear falsely;" Old English ofercræft "fraud."
over-abundance (n.)
late 14c., from over- + abundance.
over-abundant (adj.)
c.1400, from over- + abundant.
over-achiever (n.)
also overachiever, 1953, from over- + agent noun of achieve (v.). Related: Over-achieve; over-achieving.
over-age (adj.)
1886, from over- + age (n.). Related: Over-aged "those who are too old" (late 15c.).
over-anxious (adj.)
1713, from over- + anxious. Related: Overanxiously; overanxiousness.
over-cautious (adj.)
1706, from over- + cautious. Related: Over-cautiously; over-cautiousness.
over-compensate (v.)
1758 (implied in over-compensated), from over- + compensate. Related: Over-compensating.
over-compensation (n.)
1917 in the psychological sense, translating German überkompensation, from over- + compensation. A term used by A. Alder to denote exaggerated striving for power in someone who has an inner sense of inferiority.
over-confidence (n.)
c.1700, from over- + confidence.
over-confident (adj.)
1610s, from over- + confident. Related: Overconfidently.
over-correction (n.)
1828, from over- + correction.
over-educated (adj.)
1788, from over- + educated.