outgrow (v.)
1590s, "to surpass in growth," from out + grow (v.). Meaning "to become too large or too mature for" is attested from 1660s. Related: Outgrowing; outgrown.
outgrowth (n.)
1837, from out (adv.) + growth. Figurative sense "natural product" is earlier (1828).
outgun (v.)
1690s, from out (adv.) + gun. Related: Outgunned; outgunning.
outhouse (n.)
early 14c., "shed, outbuilding," from out + house (n.). Sense of "a privy" (principally American English) is first attested 1819.
outie (n.)
in reference to navels, by 1972, from out (adv.) + -ie.
outing (n.)
late 14c., "action of going out;" mid-15c., "act of putting out;" verbal noun from out (v.). Meaning "airing, excursion, pleasure trip" is from 1821.
outlander (n.)
1590s, "foreigner," from outland (see outlandish) + -er (1). Probably on model of Dutch uitlander, German ausländer. In South African English it had a specific sense of "not of Boer birth" (1892) and was a loan-translation of S.African Dutch uitlander.
outlandish (adj.)
Old English utlendisc "of a foreign country, not native," from utland "foreign land," literally "outland" (see out + land (n.)) + -ish. Sense of "unfamiliar, strange, odd, bizarre" (such as the customs of foreigners may seem to natives) is attested from 1590s.
outlast (v.)
"to last longer than," 1570s, from out (adv.) + last (v.). Related: Outlasted; outlasting.
outlaw (n.)
Old English utlaga "one put outside the law" (and thereby deprived of its benefits and protections), from a Scandinavian source such as Old Norse utlagi (n.) "outlaw," from utlagr (adj.) "outlawed, banished," from ut "out" (see out (adv.)) + *lagu, plural of lag "law" (see law).
[G]if he man to deaðe gefylle, beo he þonne utlah ["Laws of Edward & Guthrum," c.924]
Meaning "one living a lawless life" is first recorded 1880. As an adjective from Old English.
outlaw (v.)
Old English utlagian "to outlaw, banish," from utlaga "an outlaw" (see outlaw (n.)). Related: Outlawed; outlawing.
outlawry (n.)
late 14c., from Anglo-French utlagerie, a hybrid from Old English utlaga (see outlaw (n.)) + -ary.
outlay (n.)
"act or fact of laying out (especially money) or expending," 1798, originally Scottish, from out (adv.) + lay (v.).
outlet (n.)
mid-13c., "a river mouth," from out + let (v.). Electrical wiring sense is attested from 1892. Meaning "a retail store" is attested from 1933. Figurative sense "means of relief or discharge" is from 1620s.
outlier (n.)
c. 1600, "stone quarried and removed but left unused," from out (adv.) + agent noun from lie (v.2). Transferred meaning "outsider" is recorded from 1680s; "anything detached from its main body" is from 1849; geological sense is from 1833.
outline (n.)
1660s, "lines by which a figure is delineated," from out + line (v.). Meaning "rough draft in words" is from 1759.
outline (v.)
1790, "to draw in outline," from outline (n.). Meaning "to describe in general terms" is from 1855. Related: Outlined; outlining.
outlive (v.)
"to live longer than," late 15c., from out (adv.) + live (v.). Related: Outlived; outliving.
outlook (n.)
"mental view or survey," 1742, from out (adv.) + look (v.). The meaning "prospect for the future" is attested from 1851. Earliest sense was "a look-out" (1660s). The literal sense of "vigilant watch, act or practice of looking out" (1815) is rare; look-out being used instead for this.
outlying (adj.)
"outside certain limits," 1660s, from out + present participle of lie (v.2). Meaning "remote from the center" is first recorded 1680s.
outmoded (adj.)
"no longer in fashion, out of date," 1894, from out + mode (q.v.); perhaps formed on model of French démoder.
outness (n.)
1709, from out (adv.) + -ness.
outnumber (v.)
"to number more than," 1660s, from out + number (v.). Related: Outnumbered; outnumbering.
outpatient (n.)
also out-patient, 1715, "person who is treated at a hospital but not admitted," from out + patient (n.). The adjective is first recorded 1879.
outperform (v.)
1960, from out (adv.) + perform. Related: Outperformed; outperforming.
outpost (n.)
1757, "military position detached from the main body of troops," from out + post (n.2). Originally in George Washington's letters. Commercial sense of "trading settlement near a frontier" is from 1802. Phrase outpost of Empire (by 1895) in later use often echoes Kipling.
outpouring (n.)
mid-15c., "a pouring out," from out + infinitive of pour (v.). From 1757 as "action of pouring out," originally transferred, of things spiritual; sense of "that which is poured out" (again, usually transferred) is from 1827.
output (n.)
1839, from out + put (v.). Till c. 1880, a technical term in the iron and coal trade [OED]. The verb is attested from mid-14c., originally "to expel;" meaning "to produce" is from 1858.
outrage (v.)
c. 1300, "to go to excess, act immoderately," from outrage (n.). From 1580s with meaning "do violence to." Related: Outraged; outraging.
outrage (n.)
c. 1300, "evil deed, offense, crime; affront, indignity," from Old French outrage "harm, damage; insult; criminal behavior; presumption, insolence, overweening" (12c.), earlier oltrage (11c.), from Vulgar Latin *ultraticum "excess," from Latin ultra "beyond" (from suffixed form of PIE root *al- (1) "beyond"). Etymologically, "the passing beyond reasonable bounds" in any sense; meaning narrowed in English toward violent excesses because of folk etymology from out + rage. Of injuries to feelings, principles, etc., from 1769.
outrageous (adj.)
c. 1300, "excessive, extravagant," from Old French outrageus, outrajos "immoderate, excessive, violent, lawless" (Modern French outrageux), from outrage, oltrage, from Vulgar Latin *ultraticum "excess," from Latin ultra "beyond" (from suffixed form of PIE root *al- (1) "beyond"). Meaning "flagrantly evil" is late 14c.; modern teen slang usages of it unwittingly approach the original and etymological sense of outrage. Related: Outrageously; outrageousness.
outrank (v.)
1829, from out (adv.) + rank. Related: Outranked; outranking.
outre (adj.)
"exaggerated, extravagant, eccentric," 1722, from French outré "exaggerated, excessive, extreme," past participle of outrer "to carry to excess, overdo, overstrain, exaggerate," from outre "beyond," from Latin ultra "beyond" (from suffixed form of PIE root *al- (1) "beyond").
outreach (n.)
"an organization's involvement in the community," 1870, from out + reach (v.). The verb (c. 1400) tends to be used in literal senses.
outrider (n.)
mid-14c., from out (adv.) + rider.
outrigger (n.)
device used in Pacific and Indian oceans to stabilize canoes, 1748, altered (by influence of rig) from outligger (late 15c.) "a spar projecting from a vessel," probably from the same root as Dutch uitlegger, literally "out-lyer."
outright (adv.)
c. 1300, "completely, entirely; openly, directly; at once, without hesitation," from out (adv.) + right (adj.1)). Meaning "all at once" is attested from c. 1600. As an adjective, "direct, downright," from 1530s.
outrun (v.)
mid-14c., "to run out," from out (adv.) + run (v.). Sense of "to outstrip in running" is from 1520s; figurative use from 1650s. Related: Outran; outrunning.
outscore (v.)
1921, from out (adv.) + score (v.). Related: Outscored; outscoring.
outset (n.)
"act of setting out on a journey, business, etc." 1759, from out + set (v.). The earlier word for this was outsetting (1670s).
outshine (v.)
1590s, from out (adv.) + shine (v.). Perhaps coined by Spenser. Figurative sense of "to surpass in splendor or excellence" is from 1610s. Related: Outshone; outshining.
outside (n.)
c. 1500, "outer side," from out + side (n.). The adjective is attested from 1630s; the preposition from 1826; the adverb from 1813. Phrase outside of "with exception of" is from 1859.
outsider (n.)
1800, from outside; figurative sense of "a person isolated from conventional society" is first recorded 1907. The sense of race horses "outside" the favorites is from 1836; hence outside chance (1909).
outsized (adj.)
"larger than average," 1880, from out (adv.) + size.
outskirt (n.)
"outer border," 1590s, from out + skirt (n.). Now only in plural, outskirts. Originally in Spenser.
outsmart (v.)
"to prove too clever for," 1926, from out + smart (adj.). Related: Outsmarted; outsmarting.
outsource (v.)
in reference to jobs going overseas, by 1981 (as outsourcing), from out + source (v.). Related: Outsourced.
outspend (v.)
mid-15c., "to consume totally, use up," from out (adv.) + spend (v.). Meaning "to spend more than another or others" is from 1840. Related: Outspent; outspending. Outspent is attested from 1650s as "exhausted."
outspoken (adj.)
"given to speaking freely," 1808, originally Scottish, from out (adv.) + -spoken. "The pa. pple. has here a resultant force, as in 'well spoken', 'well read'." [OED]. Related: Outspokenly; outspokenness.
outstanding (adj.)
1610s, "projecting, prominent, detached," present participle adjective from outstand (v.) "endure successfully, hold out against," from out (adv.) + stand (v.). Figurative sense of "conspicuous, striking" is first recorded 1830. Meaning "unpaid, unsettled" is from 1797. Related: Outstandingly.