Orient (n.) Look up Orient at Dictionary.com
c.1300, "the East" (originally usually meaning what is now called the Middle East), from Old French orient "east" (11c.), from Latin orientem (nominative oriens) "the rising sun, the east, part of the sky where the sun rises," originally "rising" (adj.), present participle of oriri "to rise" (see orchestra). The Orient Express was a train that ran from Paris to Istanbul via Vienna 1883-1961, from the start associated with espionage and intrigue.
orient (v.) Look up orient at Dictionary.com
c.1727, originally "to arrange facing east," from French s'orienter "to take one's bearings," literally "to face the east" (also the source of German orientierung), from Old French orient "east," from Latin orientum (see Orient (n.)). Extended meaning "determine bearings" first attested 1842; figurative sense is from 1850. Related: Oriented; orienting.
oriental (adj.) Look up oriental at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French oriental "eastern, from the east" (12c.) and directly from Latin orientalis "of the east," from orientem (see Orient (n.)). Originally in reference to the sky, geographical sense is attested from late 15c.; oriental carpet first recorded 1868 (in C.Latin Eastlake).
Oriental (n.) Look up Oriental at Dictionary.com
"native or inhabitant of the east," 1701, from oriental (adj.).
Orientalism (n.) Look up Orientalism at Dictionary.com
in reference to character, style, trait, or idiom felt to be from the Orient, 1769, from oriental + -ism. Related: Orientalist.
orientate (v.) Look up orientate at Dictionary.com
1849, back-formation from orientation. Related: Orientated; orientating.
orientation (n.) Look up orientation at Dictionary.com
1839, originally "arrangement of a building, etc., to face east or any other specified direction," noun of action from orient (v.). Sense of "action of determining one's bearings" is from 1868. Meaning "introduction to a situation" is from 1942.
oriented (adj.) Look up oriented at Dictionary.com
"having an orientation," 1918, past participle adjective from orient (v.)
orienteering Look up orienteering at Dictionary.com
in reference to a competitive sport, 1948, from orient (v.).
orifice (n.) Look up orifice at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French orifice "the opening of a wound" (14c.) and directly from Latin orificium "an opening," literally "mouth-making," from os (genitive oris) "mouth" (see oral) + facere "make" (see factitious). Related: Orificial.
oriflamme (n.) Look up oriflamme at Dictionary.com
sacred banner of St. Denis, late 15c., from Old French orie flambe, from Latin aurea flamma "golden flame." The ancient battle standard of the kings of France, it was of red or orange-red silk, with two or three points, and was given to the kings by the abbot of St. Denis on setting out to war. Cotgrave says it was "borne at first onely in warres made against Infidells; but afterwards vsed in all other warres; and at length vtterly lost in a battell against the Flemings." It is last mentioned in an abbey inventory of 1534.
origami (n.) Look up origami at Dictionary.com
1956, from Japanese origami, from ori "fold" + kami "paper."
origin (n.) Look up origin at Dictionary.com
c.1400, "ancestry, race," from Old French origine "origin, race," and directly from Latin originem (nominative origo) "a rise, commencement, beginning, source; descent, lineage, birth," from stem of oriri "to rise, become visible, appear" (see orchestra).
original (adj.) Look up original at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "first in time, earliest," from Old French original "first" (13c.) and directly from Latin originalis, from originem (nominative origo) "beginning, source, birth," from oriri "to rise" (see orchestra). The first reference is in original sin "innate depravity of man's nature," supposed to be inherited from Adam in consequence of the Fall. Related: Originally.
original (n.) Look up original at Dictionary.com
"original text," late 14c., from Medieval Latin originale (see original (adj.)). Of photographs, films, sound recordings, etc., from 1918.
originality (n.) Look up originality at Dictionary.com
1742, from original (adj.) + -ity. Probably after French originalité (1690s).
originate (v.) Look up originate at Dictionary.com
1650s, probably a back-formation of origination. In earliest reference it meant "to trace the origin of;" meaning "to bring into existence" is from 1650s; intransitive sense of "to come into existence" is from 1775. Related: Originated; originating.
origination (n.) Look up origination at Dictionary.com
1640s, from Middle French origination (15c.), from Latin originationem (nominative originatio), from originem (see original (adj.)).
originator (n.) Look up originator at Dictionary.com
1818, agent noun in Latin form from originate.
oriole (n.) Look up oriole at Dictionary.com
1776, from French oriol "golden oriole," Old Provençal auriol, from Medieval Latin oryolus, from Latin aureolus "golden," from PIE *aus- (2) "gold" (see aureate). Originally in reference to the golden oriole (Oriolus galbula), a bird of black and yellow plumage that summers in Europe (but is uncommon in England). Applied from 1791 to the unrelated but similarly colored North American species Icterus baltimore.
Orion Look up Orion at Dictionary.com
bright constellation, late 14c., from Greek Oarion, name of a giant in Greek mythology, loved by Aurora, slain by Artemis, of unknown origin, though some speculate on Akkadian Uru-anna "the Light of Heaven." Another Greek name for the constellation was Kandaon, a title of Ares, god of war, and the star pattern is represented in many cultures as a giant (such as Old Irish Caomai "the Armed King," Old Norse Orwandil, Old Saxon Ebuðrung).
orison (n.) Look up orison at Dictionary.com
late 12c., from Anglo-French oreison, Old French oreisun (12c., Modern French oraison) "oration," from Latin orationem (nominative oratio) "speech, oration," in Church Latin "prayer, appeal to God," noun of action from orare (see orator). Etymologically, a doublet of oration.
Orkney Look up Orkney at Dictionary.com
name of a group of islands off the north coast of Scotland, from Old Norse Orkney-jar "Seal Islands," from orkn "seal," probably imitative of its bark. Related: Orkneyman.
Orlando Look up Orlando at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, Italian form of Roland (q.v.). The city in Florida, U.S., so called from 1857, supposedly in honor of a U.S. soldier, Orlando Reeves, who was killed there in 1835 by Seminoles. It had been settled c.1844 as Jernigan.
Orleans Look up Orleans at Dictionary.com
city in France, French Orléans, Roman Aurelianum, named 3c. C.E. in honor of emperor Aurelius (having formerly been called Genabum, from roots *gen- "bend" (in a river) + *apa "water").
Orlon Look up Orlon at Dictionary.com
proprietary name (Du Pont) of synthetic textile fiber, 1948, an invented word (compare nylon).
ormolu (n.) Look up ormolu at Dictionary.com
"alloy of copper, zinc, and tin, resembling gold," 1765, from French or moulu, literally "ground gold," from or "gold" (from Latin aurum, from PIE *aus- (2) "gold;" see aureate) + moulu "ground up," past participle of moudre "to grind," from Latin molere "to grind" (see mallet).
ornament (n.) Look up ornament at Dictionary.com
early 13c., "an accessory," from Old French ornement "ornament, decoration," and directly from Latin ornamentum "apparatus, equipment, trappings; embellishment, decoration, trinket," from ornare "equip, adorn" (see ornate). Meaning "decoration, embellishment" in English is attested from late 14c. (also a secondary sense in classical Latin). Figurative use from 1550s.
ornament (v.) Look up ornament at Dictionary.com
1720, from ornament (n.). Middle English used ournen (late 14c.) in this sense, from Old French orner, from Latin ornare. Related: Ornamented; ornamenting.
ornamental (adj.) Look up ornamental at Dictionary.com
1640s, partly formed in English from ornament (n.) + -al (1); partly from Latin ornamentalis, from ornamentum.
ornamentation (n.) Look up ornamentation at Dictionary.com
1839, noun of action from ornament (v.).
ornate (adj.) Look up ornate at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Latin ornatus "fitted out, furnished, supplied; adorned, decorated, embellished," past participle of ornare "adorn, fit out," from stem of ordo "order" (see order (n.)). Earliest reference is to literary style. Related: Ornately; ornateness.
ornery (adj.) Look up ornery at Dictionary.com
1816, American English dialectal contraction of ordinary (adj.). "Commonplace," hence "of poor quality, coarse, ugly." By c.1860 the sense had evolved to "mean, cantankerous." Related: Orneriness.
ornitho- Look up ornitho- at Dictionary.com
before vowels ornith-, word-forming element meaning "bird, birds," from comb. form of Greek ornis (genitive ornithos) "a bird" (in Attic generally "domestic fowl"), often added to the specific name of the type of bird, from PIE *or- "large bird" (see erne).
ornithological (adj.) Look up ornithological at Dictionary.com
1802, from ornithology + -ical. Related: Ornithologically.
ornithologist (n.) Look up ornithologist at Dictionary.com
1670s, from ornithology + -ist.
ornithology (n.) Look up ornithology at Dictionary.com
1670s, from Modern Latin ornithologia (1590s); see ornitho- + -logy.
ornithopod (n.) Look up ornithopod at Dictionary.com
1888, from Modern Latin Ornithopoda (1881), from ornitho- + Greek podos, genitive of pous "foot" (see foot (n.)).
ornithopter (n.) Look up ornithopter at Dictionary.com
1908, from French ornithoptère (1908), a machine designed to fly be mechanical flapping of wings, from ornitho- + Greek pteron "wing" (see pterodactyl). A mode of flight considered promising at least since Leonardo's day.
oro- Look up oro- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "mountain," from Greek oros "mountain" (see oread).
orogeny (n.) Look up orogeny at Dictionary.com
"mountain forming," 1890, from French orogénie; see oro- + -geny. Related: Orogenic.
orotund (adj.) Look up orotund at Dictionary.com
1792, from Latin ore rotundo "in well-rounded phrases," literally "with round mouth" (see ore rotundo).
The odd thing about the word is that its only currency, at least in its non-technical sense, is among those who should most abhor it, the people of sufficient education to realize its bad formation; it is at once a monstrosity in its form & a pedantry in its use. [Fowler]
orphan (v.) Look up orphan at Dictionary.com
1814, from orphan (n.). Related: Orphaned; orphaning.
orphan (n.) Look up orphan at Dictionary.com
c.1300, from Late Latin orphanus "parentless child" (source of Old French orfeno, Italian orfano), from Greek orphanos "orphaned, without parents, fatherless," literally "deprived," from orphos "bereft," from PIE *orbho- "bereft of father," also "deprived of free status," from root *orbh- "to change allegiance, to pass from one status to another" (cognates: Hittite harb- "change allegiance," Latin orbus "bereft," Sanskrit arbhah "weak, child," Armenian orb "orphan," Old Irish orbe "heir," Old Church Slavonic rabu "slave," rabota "servitude" (see robot), Gothic arbja, German erbe, Old English ierfa "heir," Old High German arabeit, German Arbeit "work," Old Frisian arbed, Old English earfoð "hardship, suffering, trouble"). As an adjective from late 15c.
orphanage (n.) Look up orphanage at Dictionary.com
1570s, "condition of being an orphan," from orphan (n.) + -age. Meaning "home for orphans" is from 1865 (earlier was orphan house, 1711).
Orphic (adj.) Look up Orphic at Dictionary.com
1670s, from Greek orphikos "pertaining to Orpheus," master musician of Thrace, son of Eagrus and Calliope, husband of Eurydice, whose name (of unknown origin) was associated with mystic doctrines. Related: Orphism.
orpiment (n.) Look up orpiment at Dictionary.com
late 13c., from Old French orpiment "arsenic trisulphide, yellow color," from Latin auripigmentum, from aurum "gold" (see aureate) + pigmentum "coloring matter, pigment, paint" (see pigment).
orrery (n.) Look up orrery at Dictionary.com
1713, invented c.1713 by George Graham and made by instrument maker J. Rowley, who gave a copy to his patron, Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery (Cork) and named it in his honor.
Orson Look up Orson at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from French ourson, diminutive of ours "bear," from Latin ursus (see Arctic).
ort (n.) Look up ort at Dictionary.com
"remains of food left from a meal," mid-15c., probably cognate with early Dutch ooraete, Low German ort, from or-, privative prefix, + etan "to eat" (see eat (v.)). Perhaps from an unrecorded Old English word.