Nostradamus Look up Nostradamus at
"a prophet, seer, a fortune-teller," 1660s, from Latinized name of Michel de Nostredame (1503-1566), French physician and astrologer, who published a collection of predictions in 1555.
Nostratic (adj.) Look up Nostratic at
1966 (Nostratian is from 1931), from Latin nostras "our countrymen."
nostril (n.) Look up nostril at
Old English nosþyrl, nosðirl, literally "the hole of the nose," from nosu "nose" (from PIE root *nas- "nose") + þyrel "hole" (from PIE root *tere- (2) "cross over, pass through, overcome").
nostrum (n.) Look up nostrum at
"quack medicine," c. 1600, from Latin nostrum remedium "our remedy," presumably that prepared by the person offering it, from Latin nostrum, neuter of noster "our," from nos "we," from PIE *nos (see us).
nosy (adj.) Look up nosy at
also nosey, 1610s, "having a prominent nose," from nose (n.) + -y (2). Earlier in this sense was nasee (mid-14c.), from Anglo-French, from Old French nasé, ultimately from Latin nasus "nose." Sense of "inquisitive" first recorded 1882. Nosey Parker as a name for an inquisitive person is from 1907.
not Look up not at
negative particle, mid-13c., unstressed variant of noht, naht "in no way" (see naught). As an interjection to negate what was said before or reveal it as sarcasm, it is first attested 1900; popularized 1989 by "Wayne's World" sketches on "Saturday Night Live" TV show. To not know X from Y (one's ass from one's elbow, shit from Shinola, etc.) was a construction attested c. 1930 in modern use; but compare Middle English not know an A from a windmill (c. 1400). Double negative construction not un- was derided by Orwell, but is persistent and ancient in English, popular with Milton and the Anglo-Saxon poets.
nota bene Look up nota bene at
"mark well, observe particularly," c. 1721, from Latin nota, second person singular imperative of notare "to mark" (from nota "mark, sign, note, character, letter;" see note (n.)) + bene "well" (see bene-). Often abbreviated N.B.
notabilia (n.) Look up notabilia at
"notable things," from Latin notabilia, neuter plural of notabilis (see notable).
notability (n.) Look up notability at
late 14c., from Old French notabilite, from Medieval Latin *notabilitatem (nominative *notabilitas), from Latin notabilis (see notable).
notable (adj.) Look up notable at
mid-14c., from Old French notable "well-known, notable, remarkable" (13c.) and directly from Latin notabilis "noteworthy, extraordinary," from notare "to mark, note, make a note," from nota "mark, sign, means of recognition" (see note (n.)). The noun meaning "a person of distinction" is first recorded 1815. Related: Notably; notableness.
notarize (v.) Look up notarize at
1935, from notary + -ize. Related: Notarized; notarizing.
notary (n.) Look up notary at
c. 1300, "clerk, secretary," from Old French notarie "scribe, clerk, secretary" (12c.) and directly from Latin notarius "shorthand writer, clerk, secretary," from notare, "to note," from nota "shorthand character, letter, note" (see note (n.)). Meaning "person authorized to attest contracts, etc." is from mid-14c.; especially in notary public (late 15c.), which has the French order of subject-adjective. Related: Notarial.
notate (v.) Look up notate at
1922, from Latin notatus, past participle of notare "to mark, note, make a note," from nota "mark, sign, means of recognition" (see note (n.)). Related: Notated; notating.
notation (n.) Look up notation at
1560s, "explanation of a term," from Middle French notation and directly from Latin notationem (nominative notatio) "a marking, notation, designation; etymology; shorthand; explanation," noun of action from past participle stem of notare "to note" (see note (v.)). Meaning "note, annotation" is from 1580s. Meaning "system of representing numbers or quantities by signs or symbols" is attested from 1706. Related: Notational.
notch (n.) Look up notch at
1570s, probably a misdivision of an otch (see N for other examples), from Middle French oche "notch," from Old French ochier "to notch," of unknown origin. Said to be unconnected to nock.
notch (v.) Look up notch at
1590s, from notch (n.). Earlier verb (before misdivision) was Middle English ochen "to cut, slash" (c. 1400). Related: Notched; notching.
note (v.) Look up note at
c. 1200, "observe, take mental note of, mark carefully," from Old French noter "indicate, designate; take note of, write down," from Latin notare "to mark, note, make a note," from nota "mark, sign, note, character, letter" (see note (n.)). Meaning "to set in writing" is from early 14c. Related: Noted; noting.
note (n.) Look up note at
c. 1300, "a song, music, instrumental music; a musical note," from Latin nota "letter, character, note," originally "a mark, sign, means of recognition," which traditionally has been connected to notus, past participle of noscere (Old Latin *gnoscere) "to know," but de Vaan reports this is "impossible," and with no attractive alternative explanation, it is of unknown origin. Meaning "notice, attention, reputation" is early 14c. Meaning "brief writing" is from 1540s.
note-paper (n.) Look up note-paper at
1848, from note (n.) + paper (n.).
notebook (n.) Look up notebook at
1570s, from note (n.) + book (n.).
noted (adj.) Look up noted at
c. 1300, "observed," past participle adjective from note (v.). Meaning "observed for some special quality" is from 1590s. Related: Notedness.
notepad (n.) Look up notepad at
1907, from note (n.) + pad (n.).
noteworthy (adj.) Look up noteworthy at
1550s, from note (v.) + worthy. Related: Noteworthiness.
nother Look up nother at
word formed from misdivision of another as a nother (see N for other examples), c. 1300. From 14c.-16c. no nother is sometimes encountered as a misdivision of none other or perhaps as an emphatic negative; Old English had noðer as a contraction of ne oðer "no other."
nothing (n.) Look up nothing at
Old English naþing, naðinc, from nan "not one" (see none) + þing "thing" (see thing). Meaning "insignificant thing" is from c. 1600. As an adverb from c. 1200. As an adjective from 1961.
nothingness (n.) Look up nothingness at
"nonexistence," 1630s, from nothing + -ness.
notice (v.) Look up notice at
early 15c., "to notify," from notice (n.). Sense of "to point out" is from 1620s. Meaning "to take notice of" is attested from 1757, but was long execrated in England as an Americanism (occasionally as a Scottishism, the two offenses not being clearly distinguished). Ben Franklin noted it as one of the words (along with verbal uses of progress and advocate) that seemed to him to have become popular in America while he was absent in France during the Revolution. Related: Noticed; noticing.
notice (n.) Look up notice at
early 15c., "information, intelligence," from Middle French notice (14c.), and directly from Latin notitia "a being known, celebrity, fame, knowledge," from notus "known," past participle of (g)noscere "come to know, to get to know, get acquainted (with)," from PIE *gno-sko-, a suffixed form of PIE root *gno- "to know." Sense of "formal warning" is attested from 1590s. Meaning "a sign giving information" is from 1805.
noticeable (adj.) Look up noticeable at
1796, "worthy of notice," from notice (n.) + -able. Meaning "capable of being noticed" is from 1809. Related: Noticeably.
notification (n.) Look up notification at
late 14c., from Old French notificacion (13c.) and directly from Medieval Latin notificationem (nominative notificatio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin notificare "to make known, notify" (see notify).
notify (v.) Look up notify at
late 14c., from Old French notefiier "make known, inform, apprise" (13c.), from Latin notificare "to make known, notify," from Latin notus "known" (from PIE root *gno- "to know") + combining form of facere "make, do" (from PIE root *dhe- "to set, put"). Related: Notified; notifying.
notion (n.) Look up notion at
late 14c., from Latin notionem (nominative notio) "concept, conception, idea, notice," noun of action from past participle stem of noscere "come to know," from PIE root *gno- "to know." Coined by Cicero as a loan-translation of Greek ennoia "act of thinking, notion, conception," or prolepsis "previous notion, previous conception."
notional (adj.) Look up notional at
"pertaining to notions," 1590s, from notion + -al (earlier nocional, late 14c., from Medieval Latin notionalis). Meaning "full of whims" is from 1791. Grammatical sense is from 1928 (Jespersen); economics use is from 1958.
notions (n.) Look up notions at
"miscellaneous articles," 1805, American English, from notion with the idea of "clever invention."
notochord (n.) Look up notochord at
1848, coined in English by English anatomist Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892) from chord + Greek noton "back," from PIE *not- "buttock, back" (source also of Latin natis "buttock," source of Italian, Spanish nalga, Old French nache "buttock, butt").
notoriety (n.) Look up notoriety at
1590s, from Middle French notoriété or directly from Medieval Latin notorietatem (nominative notorietas), from notorius "well-known" (see notorious).
notorious (adj.) Look up notorious at
1540s, "publicly known," from Medieval Latin notorius "well-known, commonly known," from Latin notus "known," past participle of noscere "come to know," from PIE root *gno- "to know." Negative connotation arose 17c. from frequent association with derogatory nouns. Related: Notoriously.
notwithstanding (prep.) Look up notwithstanding at
late 14c., notwiþstondynge, from not + present participle of the verb withstand. A loan-translation of Medieval Latin non obstante "being no hindrance," from ablative of obstans, present participle of obstare "stand opposite to" (see obstacle). As an adverb and as a conjunction from early 15c.
nougat (n.) Look up nougat at
"sweetmeat of almonds and other nuts," 1827, from French nougat (18c.), from Provençal nougat "cake made with almonds," from Old Provençal nogat "nutcake," from noga, nuga "nut," from Vulgar Latin *nucatum (nominative *nuca), from Latin nux (genitive nucis) "nut," from PIE *kneu- "nut" (see nucleus).
nought (n.) Look up nought at
Old English nowiht "nothing," variant of nawiht (see naught). Meaning "zero, cipher" is from early 15c. Expression for nought "in vain" is late 13c. To come to nought is from 1590s.
noumenal (adj.) Look up noumenal at
1803, from noumenon + -al (1).
noumenon (n.) Look up noumenon at
1796, "object of intellectual intuition" (opposed to a phenomenon), term introduced by Kant, from Greek noumenon "that which is perceived," neuter passive present participle of noein "to apprehend, perceive by the mind" (from noos "mind"). With passive suffix -menos.
noun (n.) Look up noun at
late 14c., from Anglo-French noun "name, noun," from Old French nom, non (Modern French nom), from Latin nomen "name, noun" (see name (n.)). Old English used name to mean "noun." Related: Nounal.
nourish (v.) Look up nourish at
late 13c., "to bring up, nurture" (a child, a feeling, etc.), from Old French norriss-, stem of norrir "raise, bring up, nurture, foster; maintain, provide for" (12c., Modern French nourrir), from Latin nutrire "to feed, nurse, foster, support, preserve," from *nutri (older form of nutrix "nurse"), literally "she who gives suck," from PIE *nu-tri-, suffixed form (with feminine agent suffix) of *(s)nau- "to swim, flow, let flow," hence "to suckle," extended form of root *sna- "to swim." Related: Nourished; nourishing.
nourishing (adj.) Look up nourishing at
late 14c., past participle adjective from nourish (v.).
nourishment (n.) Look up nourishment at
early 15c., "food, sustenance," from Old French norissement "food, nourishment," from norrir (see nourish). From c. 1300 as "fostering."
nous (n.) Look up nous at
slang for "intelligence, common sense," 1706, from Greek nous, Attic form of noos "mind, intellect," which was taken in English in philosophy 1670s.
nouveau riche Look up nouveau riche at
1813, French, literally "new rich." Opposite noveau pauvre is attested from 1965. Ancient Greek had the same idea in neo-ploutos "newly become rich."
nouvelle (n.) Look up nouvelle at
"short fictitious narrative dealing with a single situation or aspect of a character," 1670s, French nouvelle (11c.), literally "new" (see novel (adj.)).
nouvelle cuisine Look up nouvelle cuisine at
style of cooking emphasizing freshness and presentation, 1975, French, literally "new cooking."