miasma (n.) Look up miasma at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Modern Latin miasma "noxious vapors," from Greek miasma (genitive miasmatos) "stain, pollution, defilement, taint of guilt," from stem of miainein "to pollute," from possible PIE root *mai- (2) "to stain, soil, defile" (source of Old English mal "stain, mark," see mole (n.1)). Earlier form was miasm (1640s), from French miasme. Related: Miasmatic; miasmal.
mic (n.) Look up mic at Dictionary.com
shortened form of microphone, first attested 1961.
mica (n.) Look up mica at Dictionary.com
1706, from specialized use of Latin mica "crumb, bit, morsel, grain," originally *smika (form probably influenced by Latin micare "to flash, glitter"), from PIE *smik- "small" (source also of Greek smikros, Attic mikros "small;" Old High German smahi "littleness"). Related: Micaceous "containing mica."
micacious (adj.) Look up micacious at Dictionary.com
"sparkling," 1836, from Late Latin micare "to shine, sparkle, flash, glitter."
Micah Look up Micah at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, sixth of the Old Testament prophets, from Hebrew Mikhah, short for Mikhayah, literally "who is like the Lord?" First element identical to that in Michael, for second element, see Jah.
Micawber (n.) Look up Micawber at Dictionary.com
as a type of a childishly impractical man living in optimistic fantasy, from the character of Wilkins Micawber in Dickens' "David Copperfield" (1850).
"I am at present, my dear Copperfield, engaged in the sale of corn upon commission. It is not an avocation of a remunerative description -- in other words it does not pay -- and some temporary embarrassments of a pecuniary nature have been the consequence. I am however delighted to add that I have now an immediate prospect of something turning up ...."
mice (n.) Look up mice at Dictionary.com
plural of mouse (n.); Old English mys, shows effects of i-mutation.
A cube of cheese no larger than a die
May bait the trap to catch a nibbling mie.
Michael Look up Michael at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, name of an archangel, from Late Latin Michael (source of French Michel, Spanish Miguel), from Greek Mikhael, from Hebrew Mikha-el, literally "Who is like God?"
Michaelmas Look up Michaelmas at Dictionary.com
early 12c., Sanct Micheles mæsse, the feast of St. Michael (Sept. 29, an English quarter-day), from Michael + mass (n.2). Goose is the day's traditional fare at least since 15c.
Michelin Look up Michelin at Dictionary.com
type of tires, 1902, from French motor vehicle manufacturers André (1853-1931) and Édouard (1859-1940) Michelin, who first made the tires.
Michigan Look up Michigan at Dictionary.com
name originally applied to the lake, perhaps from Old Ojibwa (Algonquian) *meshi-gami "big lake." The spelling is French. Organized as a U.S. territory 1805, admitted as a state 1837. A resident might be a Michigander (1848) or a Michiganian (1813).
mick (n.) Look up mick at Dictionary.com
derogatory slang for "Irishman," 1856, from nickname of common Irish name Michael (q.v.).
mickey (n.) Look up mickey at Dictionary.com
short for Mickey Finn, 1938.
Mickey Finn Look up Mickey Finn at Dictionary.com
"strong drink, drink laced with chloral hydrate," by 1928 (perhaps 1890s), of unknown origin. Presumably named after someone, but the various stories about the name cannot be substantiated.
Mickey Mouse Look up Mickey Mouse at Dictionary.com
cartoon mouse character created 1928 by U.S. animator Walt Disney (1901-1966). As an adjective meaning "small and worthless" it dates from 1936, originally used especially of mediocre dance-band music, a put-down based on the type of tunes played as background in cartoon films.
mickle (adj.) Look up mickle at Dictionary.com
dialectal survival of Old English micel, mycel "great, intense, big, long, much, many," from Proto-Germanic *mekilaz (source also of Old Saxon mikil, Old Norse mikill, Old High German mihhil, Gothic mikils), from PIE root *meg- "great." Its main modern form is much (q.v.). Related: Mickleness.
Micmac Look up Micmac at Dictionary.com
Algonquian tribe of the Canadian Maritimes and Newfoundland, by 1776, from mi:kemaw, a native name said to mean literally "allies."
micro- Look up micro- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "small, microscopic; magnifying; one millionth," from Latinized form of Greek mikros "small, little, petty, trivial, slight" (see mica).
micro-organism (n.) Look up micro-organism at Dictionary.com
also microorganism, 1855, from micro- + organism.
microbe (n.) Look up microbe at Dictionary.com
popular name for a bacterium, 1878, from French microbe, "badly coined ... by Sédillot" [Weekley] in 1878 from Greek mikros "small" (see mica) + bios "life" (from PIE root *gwei- "to live"). It is an incorrect use of bios; in Greek the word would mean literally "short-lived."
microbial (adj.) Look up microbial at Dictionary.com
1879, from Modern Latin microbion (see microbe) + -al (1).
microbiologist (n.) Look up microbiologist at Dictionary.com
1882, from microbiology + -ist.
microbiology (n.) Look up microbiology at Dictionary.com
1880, coined in English from micro- + biology. Related: Microbiological.
microcephalic (adj.) Look up microcephalic at Dictionary.com
"small-headed," 1845, from French microcéphalique, from Modern Latin microcephalus, from Greek mikros "small" (see mica) + kephale "head" (see cephalo-). Related: Microcephalism; microcephalous (1840); microcephaly (n.).
microchip (n.) Look up microchip at Dictionary.com
"integrated circuit," 1975, from micro- + chip (n.1).
microcircuit (n.) Look up microcircuit at Dictionary.com
1959, from micro- + circuit (n.). Related: Microcircuitry.
microclimate (n.) Look up microclimate at Dictionary.com
1918, from micro- + climate. Related: Microclimatology.
microcomputer (n.) Look up microcomputer at Dictionary.com
1971, from micro- + computer.
microcosm (n.) Look up microcosm at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, mycrocossmos (modern form from early 15c.), "human nature, man viewed as the epitome of creation," literally "miniature world," from Middle French microcosme and in earliest use directly from Medieval Latin microcosmus, from Greek mikros "small" (see mica) + kosmos "world" (see cosmos). General sense of "a community constituting a world unto itself" is attested from 1560s. Related: Microcosmic. A native expression in the same sense was petty world (c. 1600).
microeconomics (n.) Look up microeconomics at Dictionary.com
1948, from micro- + economics. Related: Microeconomic.
microelectronics (n.) Look up microelectronics at Dictionary.com
1960, from micro- + electronics.
microfiche (n.) Look up microfiche at Dictionary.com
1950, from French microfiche, from micro- + French fiche "slip of paper" (see fiche).
microfilm (n.) Look up microfilm at Dictionary.com
1927, coined from micro- + film (n.). The verb is first recorded 1940, from the noun. Related: Microfilmed; microfilming.
micrography (n.) Look up micrography at Dictionary.com
1650s, "description of microscopic objects," from micro- + -graphy. From 1899 as "art of writing in very small letters."
microinstruction (n.) Look up microinstruction at Dictionary.com
1959, from micro- + instruction.
micrology (n.) Look up micrology at Dictionary.com
"hair splitting, exaggerated attention to petty things," 1650s, from Greek mikrologia "pettiness, care for trifles," from micros (see micro-) + -logia (see -logy).
micromanage (v.) Look up micromanage at Dictionary.com
by 1978, from micro- + manage (v.). Related: Micromanagement; micromanaged; micromanaging.
micromania (n.) Look up micromania at Dictionary.com
1879, "a form of mania in which the patient thinks himself, or some part of himself, to be reduced in size," from Greek mikros "small" (see mica) + mania. Also used in reference to insane self-belittling.
micrometer (n.) Look up micrometer at Dictionary.com
1660s, from micro- + -meter. Originally a telescope attachment; from 1884 as a craftsman's fine measuring tool. Related: Micrometry; micrometric.
micron (n.) Look up micron at Dictionary.com
"one millionth of a meter," 1892, coined 1880 in French from Greek mikron, neuter of mikros "small" (see mica).
Micronesia Look up Micronesia at Dictionary.com
1840, from Italian, literally "the region of small islands," Modern Latin, formed on model of Polynesia from micro- "small" (see micro-) + Greek nesos "island" (see Chersonese). Related: Micronesian.
microphone (n.) Look up microphone at Dictionary.com
1680s, "ear trumpet for the hard-of-hearing," coined from Greek mikros "small" (see mica) + phone "sound," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak, tell, say." Modern meaning dates from 1929, from use in radio broadcasting and movie recording. Earlier, "amplifying telephone transmitter" (1878). Of the two spellings of the short form of the word, mike (1927) is older than mic (1961).
microprocessor (n.) Look up microprocessor at Dictionary.com
1970, from micro- + processor.
microscope (n.) Look up microscope at Dictionary.com
1650s, from Modern Latin microscopium, literally "an instrument for viewing what is small;" see micro- + -scope.
microscopic (adj.) Look up microscopic at Dictionary.com
1732, "like a microscope;" see microscope + -ic. Meaning "of minute size" is from 1760s. Related: Microscopical; microscopically.
microscopy (n.) Look up microscopy at Dictionary.com
1660s, from microscope + -y (4).
microsecond (n.) Look up microsecond at Dictionary.com
1906, from micro- + second (n.).
Microsoft Look up Microsoft at Dictionary.com
computer software company, founded 1975.
microspore (n.) Look up microspore at Dictionary.com
1856, from micro- + spore.
microsurgery (n.) Look up microsurgery at Dictionary.com
1927, from micro- + surgery.