lovey Look up lovey at
affectionate pet name, 1731, from love (n.) + -y (3). Extended form lovey-dovey attested from 1819 (n.), 1847 (adj.).
loving (adj.) Look up loving at
Old English lufenda (see love (v.)). Loving cup is attested from 1808. Lovingkindness was Coverdale's word.
lovingly (adv.) Look up lovingly at
late 14c., from loving + -ly (2).
low (adj.) Look up low at
"not high," late 13c., from lah (late 12c.), "not rising much, being near the base or ground" (of objects or persons); "lying on the ground or in a deep place" (late 13c.), from Old Norse lagr "low," or a similar Scandinavian source (compare Swedish låg, Danish lav), from Proto-Germanic *lega- "lying flat, low" (cognates: Old Frisian lech, Middle Dutch lage, Dutch laag "low," dialectal German läge "flat"), from PIE *legh- "to lie" (see lie (v.2)).

Meaning "humble in rank" is from c. 1200; "undignified" is from 1550s; sense of "dejected, dispirited" is attested from 1737; meaning "coarse, vulgar" is from 1759. In reference to sounds, "not loud," also "having a deep pitch," it is attested from c. 1300. Of prices, from c. 1400. In geographical usage, low refers to the part of a country near the sea-shore (c. 1300, as in Low Countries "Holland, Belgium, Luxemburg," 1540s). As an adverb c. 1200, from the adjective.
low (v.) Look up low at
Old English hlowan "make a noise like a cow," from Proto-Germanic *khlo- (cognates: Middle Dutch loeyen, Dutch loeien, Old Low Franconian luon, Old High German hluojen), from imitative PIE root *kele- (2) "to shout" (see claim (v.)).
low (n.1) Look up low at
sound made by cows, 1540s, from low (v.).
low (adv.) Look up low at
early 13c., from low (adj.). Of voices or sounds, from c. 1300.
low (n.2) Look up low at
"hill," obsolete except in place names, Old English hlaw "hill, mound," especially "barrow," related to hleonian "to lean" (see lean (v.)). Compare Latin clivus "hill" from the same PIE root.
low key (adj.) Look up low key at
also low-key, 1895, from low (adj.) + key (n.1), perhaps from the musical sense.
low-budget (adj.) Look up low-budget at
1939, originally of motion pictures; from low (adj.) + budget (n.).
low-class (adj.) Look up low-class at
1868, from low (adj.) + class (n.).
low-down (adj.) Look up low-down at
also low down, lowdown, "vulgar," 1888, from low (adj.) + down (adv.). Earlier it meant "humble" (1540s). As a noun, 1915, from the adjective, American English.
low-grade (adj.) Look up low-grade at
1867, originally in mining, with reference to ores, from low (adj.) + grade (n.).
low-life (adj.) Look up low-life at
"disreputable, vulgar," 1794, from low (adj.) + life; as a noun, "coarse, no-good person" it is recorded from 1911. Also lowlife.
low-profile (adj.) Look up low-profile at
1957, in reference to automobile wheels, from low (adj.) + profile (n.). General sense by 1970, American English, in reference to Nixon Administration policy of partial U.S. disengagement from burdensome commitments abroad.
lowboy (n.) Look up lowboy at
"chest of drawers on short legs," 1891, a hybrid from low (adj.) + French bois "wood" (see bush).
lowbrow (n.) Look up lowbrow at
also low-brow, "person who is not intellectual," 1902, from low (adj.) + brow. Said to have been coined by U.S. journalist Will Irwin (1873-1948), perhaps on the model of highbrow, which seems to be earlier. A low brow on a man as a sign of primitive qualities was common in 19c. fiction, but it also was considered a mark of classical beauty in women.
A low brow and not a very high one is considered beautiful in woman, whereas a high brow and not a low one is the stamp of manhood. ["Medical Review," June 2, 1894]
As an adjective from 1913.
lower (v.1) Look up lower at
c. 1600, "to descend, sink," from lower (adj.), from Middle English lahghere (c. 1200), comparative of low (adj.). Transitive meaning "to let down, to cause to descend" attested from 1650s. Related: Lowered; lowering. In the sense "to cause to descend" the simple verb low (Middle English lahghenn, c. 1200) was in use into the 18c.
lower (v.2) Look up lower at
"to look dark and threatening," also lour, Middle English louren, luren "to frown" (early 13c.), "to lurk" (mid-15c.), from Old English *luran or from its cognates, Middle Low German luren, Middle Dutch loeren "lie in wait." Form perhaps assimilated to lower (1). Related: Lowered; lowering.
lower (adj.) Look up lower at
c. 1200, lahre, comparative of lah (see low (adj.)).
lower-case (adj.) Look up lower-case at
also lowercase, 1680s; see lower (adj.) + case (n.2).
lowercase (v.) Look up lowercase at
"to set (text) in lower-case type," 1911, from lower-case (adj.). Related: Lowercased; lowercasing.
lowermost Look up lowermost at
1560s, from lower (adj.) + -most.
lowest (adj.) Look up lowest at
c. 1200, laghesst, superlative of lah (see low (adj.)).
Lowestoft (n.) Look up Lowestoft at
type of porcelain, named for a town in Suffolk where it was made from 1757.
lowing (n.) Look up lowing at
early 13c., verbal noun from low (v.).
lowland (n.) Look up lowland at
c. 1500, originally with reference to Scotland, from low (adj.) + land (n.). Related: Lowlander.
lowliness (n.) Look up lowliness at
early 15c., from lowly + -ness.
lowly Look up lowly at
c. 1300 (adv.); late 14c. (adj.) "humble," from low (adj.) + -ly.
lowness (n.) Look up lowness at
early 13c., from low (adj.) + -ness.
lox (n.) Look up lox at
1934, American English, from Yiddish laks, from Middle High German lahs "salmon," from Proto-Germanic *lakhs-, from the common IE root for the fish, *laks- (cognates: Lithuanian laszisza, Russian losos, Polish łosoś "salmon").
loxo- Look up loxo- at
word-forming element meaning "oblique," before vowels lox-, from Greek loxos "slanting, crosswise, oblique." E.g. loxodromics "art of oblique sailing."
loyal (adj.) Look up loyal at
1530s, in reference to subjects of sovereigns or governments, from Middle French loyal, from Old French loial, leal "of good quality; faithful; honorable; law-abiding; legitimate, born in wedlock," from Latin legalem, from lex "law." In most cases it has displaced Middle English leal, which is from the same French source. Sense development in English is feudal, via notion of "faithful in carrying out legal obligations." In a general sense (of dogs, lovers, etc.), from c. 1600. As a noun meaning "those who are loyal" from 1530s (originally often in plural).
loyalism (n.) Look up loyalism at
1812, from loyal + -ism.
loyalist (n.) Look up loyalist at
1680s, from loyal + -ist. Meaning different persons in different times and places.
loyally (adv.) Look up loyally at
1570s, from loyal + -ly (2).
loyalty (n.) Look up loyalty at
c. 1400, from Old French loialté, leauté "loyalty, fidelity; legitimacy; honesty; good quality" (Modern French loyauté), from loial (see loyal). Earlier leaute (mid-13c.), from the older French form. Loyalty oath first attested 1852.
lozenge (n.) Look up lozenge at
figure having four equal sides and two acute and two obtuse angles, early 14c., from Old French losenge "windowpane, small square cake," etc., used for many flat quadrilateral things (Modern French losange). It has cognates in Spanish losanje, Catalan llosange, Italian lozanga. Probably from a pre-Roman Celtic language, perhaps Iberian *lausa or Gaulish *lausa "flat stone" (compare Provençal lausa, Spanish losa, Catalan llosa, Portuguese lousa "slab, tombstone"), from a pre-Celtic language.

Originally in English a term in heraldry; meaning "small cake or tablet (originally diamond-shaped) of medicine and sugar, etc., meant to be held in the mouth and dissolved" is from 1520s.
LP Look up LP at
1948, abbreviation of long-playing phonograph record.
The most revolutionary development to hit the recording industry since the invention of the automatic changer is the Long Playing record, which can hold an entire 45-minute symphony or musical-comedy score on a single 12-inch disk. ... The disks, released a few weeks ago by Columbia Records and made of Vinylite, have phenomenally narrow grooves (.003 of an inch). They are played at less than half the speed of the standard old-style records. ["Life" magazine, July 26, 1948]
LSD Look up LSD at
"lysergic acid diethylamide," 1950, from German "Lysergsäure-diäthylamid" (abbreviated LSD in a Swiss journal from 1947). See lysergic. L.s.d. as the abbreviation of "pounds, shillings, and pence" is recorded from 1853.
Ltd. Look up Ltd. at
abbreviation of limited, attested by 1900.
luau (n.) Look up luau at
Hawaiian party or feast, 1853, from Hawaiian lu'au, literally "young taro tops," which were served at outdoor feasts.
lubber (n.) Look up lubber at
mid-14c., "big, clumsy, stupid fellow who lives in idleness," from lobre, earlier lobi "lazy lout," probably of Scandinavian origin (compare Swedish dialectal lubber "a plump, lazy fellow"). But OED suggests a possible connection with Old French lobeor "swindler, parasite," with sense altered by association with lob (n.) in the "bumpkin" sense. A sailors' word since 16c. (as in landlubber), but earliest attested use is of lazy monks (abbey-lubber). Compare also lubberwort, the name of the mythical herb that produces laziness (1540s); and Lubberland "imaginary land of plenty without work" (1590s). Sometimes also Lubbard (1580s).
lubber (v.) Look up lubber at
1520s, from lubber (n.). Related: Lubbered; lubbering.
lubberly (adj.) Look up lubberly at
1570s, from lubber (n.) + -ly (1).
lube Look up lube at
1934, colloquial shortening of lubrication. As a verb (short for lubricate) recorded from 1961.
Lubish Look up Lubish at
1610s, from German lübisch, Dutch lubeksch, from Lübeck, Hanseatic city in northern Germany, formerly a trade center, hence its use as an adjective in English. The city was founded 1143 and is said to be named for the former principality of the Liubichi, literally "the people of prince Liub" (literally "beloved").
lubric (adj.) Look up lubric at
"smooth, slippery," late 15c., also "lascivious, wanton," from Middle French lubrique (15c.) or directly from Latin lubricus "slippery" (see lubricant (adj.)). Related: Lubrical.
lubricant (n.) Look up lubricant at
1828, probably from lubricant (adj.), or from Latin lubricantem.
lubricant (adj.) Look up lubricant at
"reducing friction," 1809, from Latin lubricantem (nominative lubricans), present participle of lubricare "to make slippery or smooth," from lubricus "slippery; easily moved, sliding, gliding;" figuratively "uncertain, hazardous, dangerous; seductive," from PIE *sleubh- "to slip, slide" (see sleeve).