Londoner (n.) Look up Londoner at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from London + -er (1).
lone (adj.) Look up lone at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "having no companion, solitary," shortening of alone (q.v.) by weakening of stress or else by misdivision of what is properly all one. The Lone Star in reference to "Texas" is first recorded 1843, from its flag. Lone wolf in the figurative sense is 1909, American English.
loneliness (n.) Look up loneliness at Dictionary.com
1580s, from lonely + -ness.
lonely (adj.) Look up lonely at Dictionary.com
c.1600, "solitary, lone," from lone + -ly (1). Meaning "dejected for want of company" is from 1811. Lonely heart (n.) "a lonely-hearted person" is from 1922. Lonely hearted (adj.) is attested from 1820.
loner (n.) Look up loner at Dictionary.com
"one who avoids company," 1946; see lone. Apparently first in U.S. baseball slang (earliest reference is to Ted Williams).
Ted is likable enough in spite of his obsession with his specialty. He is something of a "loner," and he refuses to pal around with his teammates in off hours, but in the clubhouse he does his share of the talking. ["Life" magazine, Sept. 23, 1946]
lonesome (adj.) Look up lonesome at Dictionary.com
1640s, from lone + -some (1). Related: Lonesomeness.
long (adj.) Look up long at Dictionary.com
"that extends considerably from end to end," Old English lang "long," from Proto-Germanic *langgaz (cognates: Old Frisian and Old Saxon lang, Old High German and German lang, Old Norse langr, Middle Dutch lanc, Dutch lang, Gothic laggs "long").

The Germanic words are perhaps from PIE *dlonghos- (cognates: Latin longus, Old Persian darga-, Persian dirang, Sanskrit dirghah, Greek dolikhos "long," Greek endelekhes "perpetual," Latin indulgere "to indulge"), from root *del- "long."

The adverb is from Old English lange, longe, from the adjective. No longer "not as formerly" is from c.1300; to be not long for this world "soon to die" is from 1714.

The word illustrates the Old English tendency for short "a" to become short "o" before -n- (also retained in bond/band and West Midlands dialectal lond from land and hond from hand).

Long vowels (c.1000) originally were pronounced for an extended time. Sporting long ball is from 1744, originally in cricket. Long jump as a sporting event is attested from 1864. A ship's long-boat so called from 1510s. Long knives, name Native Americans gave to white settlers (originally in Virginia/Kentucky) is from 1774. Long in the tooth (1841 of persons) is from horses showing age by recession of gums. Long time no see, imitative of American Indian speech, is first recorded 1900. To be long on something, "have a lot" of it, is from 1900, American English slang.
long (v.) Look up long at Dictionary.com
Old English langian "to yearn after, grieve for," literally "to grow long, lengthen," from Proto-Germanic *langojanan (see long (adj.)). Cognate with Old Norse langa, Old Saxon langon, Middle Dutch langhen, Old High German langen "to long," German verlangen "to desire." Related: Longed; longing.
long johns (n.) Look up long johns at Dictionary.com
type of warm underwear, 1943, originally for U.S. GIs. By 1919 as a type of pastry. Long john also was used of various sorts of worm, potato, sled, etc.
long pig (n.) Look up long pig at Dictionary.com
"human being eaten as food," 1848, in a Pacific Islander context:
Bau literally stank for many days, human flesh having been cooked in every house, and the entrails thrown outside as food for pigs, or left to putrefy in the sun. The Somosomo people were fed with human flesh during their stay at Bau, they being on a visit at that time; and some of the Chiefs of other towns, when bringing their food, carried a cooked human being on one shoulder, and a pig on the other; but they always preferred the "long pig," as they call a man when baked. ["FEEJEE.--Extract of a Letter from the Rev. John Watsford, dated Ono, October 6th, 1846." in "Wesleyan Missionary Notices," Sept. 1847]
long run (n.) Look up long run at Dictionary.com
also long-run, "ultimate outcome," 1620s, from long (adj.) + run (n.), on notion of "when events have run their course." As an adjective from 1804.
long shot (n.) Look up long shot at Dictionary.com
in the figurative sense of "something unlikely," 1867, from long (adj.) + shot (n.). The notion is of a shot at a target from a great distance, thus difficult to make. Cinematic sense is from 1922.
long-ago (adj.) Look up long-ago at Dictionary.com
1834, from long (adj.) + ago.
long-distance (adj.) Look up long-distance at Dictionary.com
1884, in reference to telephoning, from long (adj.) + distance (n.).
long-headed (adj.) Look up long-headed at Dictionary.com
"discerning," c.1700, from long (adj.) + head (n.).
long-lived (adj.) Look up long-lived at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from long (adj.) + past participle of live (v.). Old English had langlife "long-lived."
long-playing (adj.) Look up long-playing at Dictionary.com
1910, of recordings, from long (adj.) + present participle of play (v.).
long-running (adj.) Look up long-running at Dictionary.com
1943, of theatrical productions, from long (adj.) + running.
long-suffering Look up long-suffering at Dictionary.com
also longsuffering, 1520s (n.), 1530s (adj.), from long (adj.) + suffering (see suffer). Old English had langmodig in this sense.
long-term (adj.) Look up long-term at Dictionary.com
also longterm, long term, 1876, originally in insurance, from long (adj.) + term (n.).
long-winded (adj.) Look up long-winded at Dictionary.com
also longwinded, 1580s, "given to lengthy speeches," from long (adj.) + wind (n.) in the secondary Middle English sense "breath in speaking" (early 14c.).
longanimity (n.) Look up longanimity at Dictionary.com
"patience," mid-15c., from Late Latin longanimitas "long-suffering, patient," from longanimus, from longus (see long (adj.)) + animus- "soul, spirit, mind" (see animus).
longbow (n.) Look up longbow at Dictionary.com
also long-bow, the characteristic medieval English weapon, c.1500, from long (adj.) + bow (n.1).
longeron (n.) Look up longeron at Dictionary.com
1912, from French longeron, from longer "to skirt, extend along," from allonger "to lengthen" (see lunge).
longevity (n.) Look up longevity at Dictionary.com
1610s, from Late Latin longaevitatem (nominative longaevitas) "great age, long life," from Latin longaevus "long-lived," from longus (see long (adj.)) + aevum "lifetime, age" (see eon).
longhair (n.) Look up longhair at Dictionary.com
also long-hair, "cat with long hair," 1893, from long (adj.) + hair. As "intellectual," especially in musical tastes, "devotee of classical music," 1920. Sense of "hippie" attested from 1969.
longhand (adj.) Look up longhand at Dictionary.com
also long-hand, of handwriting, 1660s, from long (adj.) + hand (n.).
longhorn (adj.) Look up longhorn at Dictionary.com
also long-horn, in reference to a type of cattle, 1808, from long (adj.) + horn (n.).
longi- Look up longi- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "long," from Latin longi-, comb. form of longus (see long (adj.)).
longing (n.) Look up longing at Dictionary.com
"yearning, desire," Old English langung "longing, weariness, sadness, dejection," from long (v.). Related: Longingly.
longinquity (n.) Look up longinquity at Dictionary.com
"remoteness," 1540s, from Latin longinquitas "length, extent, duration," from longinquus "long, extensive, remote, distant," from longus (see long (adj.)) -inquus.
longish (adj.) Look up longish at Dictionary.com
1610s, from long (adj.) + -ish.
longitude (n.) Look up longitude at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "length," from Latin longitudo "length, duration," from longus (see long (adj.)). For origins, see latitude.
longitudinal (adj.) Look up longitudinal at Dictionary.com
1706, from Latin longitudo (see longitude) + -al (1).
longship (n.) Look up longship at Dictionary.com
Old English langscip "man of war;" see long (adj.) + ship (n.).
longshoreman (n.) Look up longshoreman at Dictionary.com
1811, shortening of alongshore + man (n.).
longstanding Look up longstanding at Dictionary.com
also long-standing, c.1600 (n.), 1814 (adj.), from long (adj.) + standing.
longtime (adj.) Look up longtime at Dictionary.com
also long-time, 1580s, from long (adj.) + time (n.).
longways (adv.) Look up longways at Dictionary.com
1580s, from long (adj.) + way (n.) + adverbial genitive -s.
loo (n.1) Look up loo at Dictionary.com
"lavatory," 1940, but perhaps 1922, probably from French lieux d'aisances, "lavatory," literally "place of ease," picked up by British servicemen in France during World War I. Or possibly a pun on Waterloo, based on water closet.
loo (n.2) Look up loo at Dictionary.com
type of card game, 1670s, short for lanterloo (1660s), from French lanturelu, originally (1620s) the refrain of a popular comic song; according to French sources the refrain expresses a mocking refusal or an evasive answer and was formed on the older word for a type of song chorus, turelure; apparently a jingling reduplication of loure "bagpipe" (perhaps from Latin lura "bag, purse").
From its primary signification -- a kind of bagpipe inflated from the mouth -- the word 'loure' came to mean an old dance, in slower rhythm than the gigue, generally in 6-4 time. As this was danced to the nasal tones of the 'loure,' the term 'loure' was gradually applied to any passage meant to be played in the style of the old bagpipe airs. ["Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians," London, 1906]
The refrain sometimes is met in English as turra-lurra.
looey (n.) Look up looey at Dictionary.com
1916, American English, colloquial familiar form of lieutenant.
loof (n.) Look up loof at Dictionary.com
"palm of the hand," Scottish and Northern English, c.1300, from Old Norse lofe, cognate with Gothic lofa, Russian lapa "paw," Lettish lepa "paw."
loofah (n.) Look up loofah at Dictionary.com
1879, from Egyptian Arabic lufah, the name of the plant (Luffa ægyptiaca) with fibrous pods from which flesh-brushes are made.
loogie (n.) Look up loogie at Dictionary.com
"nasal mucus," U.S. slang, by 1990.
look (v.) Look up look at Dictionary.com
Old English locian "use the eyes for seeing, gaze, look, behold, spy," from West Germanic *lokjan (cognates: Old Saxon lokon "see, look, spy," Middle Dutch loeken "to look," Old High German luogen, German dialectal lugen "to look out"), of unknown origin, perhaps cognate with Breton lagud "eye." In Old English, usually with on; the use of at began 14c. Meaning "seek, search out" is c.1300; meaning "to have a certain appearance" is from c.1400. Of objects, "to face in a certain direction," late 14c.

Look after "take care of" is from late 14c., earlier "to seek" (c.1300), "to look toward" (c.1200). Look into "investigate" is from 1580s; look up "research in books or papers" is from 1690s. To look down upon in the figurative sense is from 1711; to look down one's nose is from 1921. To look forward "anticipate" is c.1600; meaning "anticipate with pleasure" is mid-19c. To not look back "make no pauses" is colloquial, first attested 1893. In look sharp (1711) sharp originally was an adverb, "sharply."
look (n.) Look up look at Dictionary.com
c.1200, "act or action of looking," from look (v.). Meaning "appearance of a person" is from late 14c. Expression if looks could kill ... attested by 1827 (if looks could bite is attested from 1747).
look-alike (n.) Look up look-alike at Dictionary.com
"someone who closely resembles another," 1937, American English, from look (v.) + alike.
look-down (n.) Look up look-down at Dictionary.com
type of sea fish, 1882, from look (v.) + down (adv.). So called from facial structure.
look-see (n.) Look up look-see at Dictionary.com
"inspection," 1865, "Pidgin-like formation" [OED], and first used in representations of English as spoken by Chinese, from look (v.) + see (v.).