limpidity (n.) Look up limpidity at Dictionary.com
1650s, from French limpidité or directly from Late Latin limpiditatem (nominative limpiditas) "clarity," from Latin limpidus (see limpid).
limy (adj.) Look up limy at Dictionary.com
resembling or coated with lime, 1550s, from lime (n.1) + -y (2).
linch (n.) Look up linch at Dictionary.com
early 14c., lins, from Old English lynis "linchpin," from Proto-Germanic *luniso (cognates: Old Saxon lunisa, Middle Dutch lunse, Dutch luns, German Lünse).
linchpin (n.) Look up linchpin at Dictionary.com
also linch-pin, late 14c., earlier linspin, from Middle English lins "axletree" (see linch) + pin (n.). The peg that holds a wheel on an axle; now mainly figurative.
Lincoln Look up Lincoln at Dictionary.com
English city, county town of Lincolnshire, Old English Lindcylene, from Latin Lindum Colonia from a Latinized form of British *lindo "pool, lake" (corresponding to Welsh llyn). Originally a station for retired IX Legion veterans. Lincoln green as a type of dyed cloth fabric made there is from c. 1500. In reference to U.S. president Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), Lincolnesque is from 1894 (earlierst reference is to the beard); Lincolniana is from (1862).
linden (n.) Look up linden at Dictionary.com
"the lime tree," 1570s, noun use of an adjective, "of linden wood," from Old English lind "linden" (n.), from Proto-Germanic *lindjo (cognates: Old Saxon linda, Old Norse lind, Old High German linta, German linde), probably from PIE *lent-o- "flexible" (see lithe); with reference to the tree's pliant bast. Compare Russian lutĭijó "forest of lime trees," Polish łęt "switch, twig," Lithuanian lenta "board, plank."
Lindy Hop (n.) Look up Lindy Hop at Dictionary.com
popular dance, 1931, it originated in Harlem, N.Y., named for Lindy, nickname of U.S. aviator Charles A. Lindbergh (1902-1974) who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop trans-Atlantic flight.
line (n.) Look up line at Dictionary.com
a Middle English merger of Old English line "cable, rope; series, row, row of letters; rule, direction," and Old French ligne "guideline, cord, string; lineage, descent;" both from Latin linea "linen thread, string, line," from phrase linea restis "linen cord," from fem. of lineus (adj.) "of linen," from linum "linen" (see linen).

Oldest sense is "rope, cord, string;" extended late 14c. to "a thread-like mark" (from sense "cord used by builders for making things level," mid-14c.), also "track, course, direction." Sense of "things or people arranged in a straight line" is from 1550s. That of "cord bearing hooks used in fishing" is from c. 1300. Meaning "one's occupation, branch of business" is from 1630s, probably from misunderstood KJV translation of 2 Cor. x:16, "And not to boast in another mans line of things made ready to our hand," where line translates Greek kanon, literally "measuring rod." Meaning "class of goods in stock" is from 1834. Meaning "telegraph wire" is from 1847 (later "telephone wire").

Meaning "policy or set of policies of a political faction" is 1892, American English, from notion of a procession of followers; this is the sense in party line. In British army, the Line (1802) is the regular, numbered troops, as distinguished from guards and auxiliaries. In the Navy (1704, as in ship of the line) it refers to the battle line. Lines "words of an actor's part" is from 1882. Lines of communication were originally transverse trenches in siegeworks.
line (v.1) Look up line at Dictionary.com
"to cover the inner side of," late 14c., from Old English lin "linen cloth" (see linen). Linen was frequently used in the Middle Ages as a second layer of material on the inner side of a garment. Related: Lined; lining.
line (v.2) Look up line at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "to tie with a cord," from line (n.). Meaning "to mark or mark off with lines" is from mid-15c. Sense of "to arrange in a line" is from 1640s; that of "to join a line" is by 1773. To line up "form a line" is attested by 1889, in U.S. football.
lineage (n.) Look up lineage at Dictionary.com
late 17c. alteration (by influence of line (n.)) of Middle English linage (c. 1300), from Old French lignage "descent, extraction, race," from ligne "line," from Latin linea "string, line, thread" (see line (n.)).
lineal (adj.) Look up lineal at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French lineal (14c.), from Late Latin linealis "pertaining to a line," from linea (see line (n.)). Related: Lineally.
lineament (n.) Look up lineament at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "distinctive feature of the body, outline," from Middle French lineament, from Latin lineamentum "contour, outline," literally "a line, stroke, mark," from lineare "to reduce to a straight line," from linea (see line (n.)). Figurative sense of "a characteristic" is attested from 1630s.
linear (adj.) Look up linear at Dictionary.com
1640s, from French linéaire, from Latin linearis "belonging to a line," from linea "string, line" (see line (n.)). Essentially the same word as lineal; "in Latin linearis the original suffix -alis was dissimilated to -aris, but in Late Latin this rule was no longer productive and the formation or re-formation in -alis remained unchanged." [Barnhart]. Linear A and Linear B (1902-3) were names given to two related forms of linear Minoan writing discovered 1894-1901 in Crete by Sir Arthur Evans.
linearity (n.) Look up linearity at Dictionary.com
1748, from linear + -ity.
lineate (v.) Look up lineate at Dictionary.com
1550s, from Latin lineatus, past participle of lineare (see lineament). Related: Lineated; lineating.
lineate (adj.) Look up lineate at Dictionary.com
1640s, from Latin lineatus, past participle of lineare (see lineament).
lineation (n.) Look up lineation at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Latin lineationem (nominative lineatio) "the making in a straight line," noun of action from past participle stem of lineare (see lineament).
lined (adj.) Look up lined at Dictionary.com
"having a lining or backing" (of some other material), mid-15c., from past participle of line (v.1); meaning "marked with lines" is from 1776, from past participle of line (v.2).
lineman (n.) Look up lineman at Dictionary.com
1858, worker on telegraph (later telephone) lines, from line (n.) + man (n.).
linen (n.) Look up linen at Dictionary.com
"cloth from woven flax," early 14c.; earlier as an adjective, "made of flax" (c. 1200), from Old English linin (adj.) "made of flax," from lin "flax, linen thread, cloth," from Proto-Germanic *linam (cognates: Old Saxon, Old Norse, Old High German lin "flax, linen," German Leinen "linen," Gothic lein "linen cloth"), probably an early borrowing from Latin linum "flax, linen," which, along with Greek linon is from a non-Indo-European language.
liner (n.1) Look up liner at Dictionary.com
"ship belonging to a shipping line," 1838, from line (n.) on notion of a succession of ships plying between ports along regular "lines." Line in this sense first attested 1786 in reference to stagecoaches. Cosmetics sense first recorded 1926, short for eye-liner. The type of baseball hit was so called from 1874 (line drive attested from 1899).
liner (n.2) Look up liner at Dictionary.com
"person who fits a lining to," 1610s, agent noun from line (v.1). Meaning "thing serving as a lining" is from 1869. Liner notes in a record album are attested from 1953.
linesman (n.) Look up linesman at Dictionary.com
1856, "soldier in a regiment of the line," from genitive of line (n.) + man (n.). Sports sense, in reference to umpires with specific duties in games with lines (originally tennis, also ice hockey) is from 1890.
lineup (n.) Look up lineup at Dictionary.com
also line-up, from line (v.2) + up. The baseball version (1889) is older than the police version (1907).
ling (n.) Look up ling at Dictionary.com
long, slender fish, c. 1300, common Germanic, cognate with Dutch leng, German Leng, Old Norse langa, probably ultimately related to long (adj.).
lingam (n.) Look up lingam at Dictionary.com
"phallic emblem under which Siva is worshipped," 1719, from Sanskrit linga (nominative lingam) "mark, token, sign, emblem," of unknown origin.
linger (v.) Look up linger at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, lenger "reside, dwell," northern England frequentative of lengen "to tarry," from Old English lengan "prolong, lengthen," from Proto-Germanic *langjan "to make long" (cognates: Old Frisian lendza, Old High German lengan, Dutch lengen "to lengthen"), source of Old English lang (see long (adj.)). Sense of "delay going, depart slowly and unwillingly" is from 1520s. Related: Lingered; lingering.
lingerie (n.) Look up lingerie at Dictionary.com
1835 (but not in widespread use until 1852), from French lingerie "things made of linen," also "laundry room, linen shop" (15c.), from Old French linge "linen" (12c.), from Latin lineus (adj.) "of linen," from linum "flax, linen" (see linen). Originally introduced in English as a euphemism for scandalous under-linen.
lingo (n.) Look up lingo at Dictionary.com
"foreign speech," 1650s, possibly a corrupt form of lingua franca (q.v.), or from Provençal lingo "language, tongue," from Old Provençal lenga, from Latin lingua "tongue" (see lingual).
lingua franca (n.) Look up lingua franca at Dictionary.com
1620s, from Italian, literally "Frankish tongue." Originally a form of communication used in the Levant, a stripped-down Italian peppered with Spanish, French, Greek, Arabic, and Turkish words. The name is probably from the Arabic custom, dating back to the Crusades, of calling all Europeans Franks (see Frank). Sometimes in 17c. English sources also known as Bastard Spanish.
lingual (adj.) Look up lingual at Dictionary.com
1640s, from Medieval Latin lingualis "of the tongue," from Latin lingua "tongue," also "speech, language," from Old Latin dingua, from PIE *dnghu- "tongue" (source also of Old English tunge, Gothic tuggo "tongue;" see tongue (n.)). Altered in Latin probably in part by association with lingere "to lick."
linguine (n.) Look up linguine at Dictionary.com
1948, from Italian linguine, plural of linguina "little tongue," diminutive of lingua "tongue," from Latin lingua "tongue" (see lingual).
linguist (n.) Look up linguist at Dictionary.com
1580s, "a master of language, one who uses his tongue freely," a hybrid from Latin lingua "language, tongue" (see lingual) + -ist. Meaning "a student of language" first attested 1640s.
linguistic (adj.) Look up linguistic at Dictionary.com
1856, from French linguistique (1833); see linguist + -ic. The use of linguistic to mean "of or pertaining to language or languages" is "hardly justifiable etymologically," according to OED, but "has arisen because lingual suggests irrelevant associations." Related: linguistically.
linguistics (n.) Look up linguistics at Dictionary.com
"the science of languages," 1847; see linguistic; also see -ics.
liniment (n.) Look up liniment at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Late Latin linimentum "a soft ointment," from Latin linire, collateral form of earlier linere "to daub, smear," from PIE root *(s)lei- "slime, slimy, sticky" (see slime (n.)).
lining (n.) Look up lining at Dictionary.com
"stuff with which garments are lined," late 14c., from present participle of Middle English linen "to line" (see line (v.1)).
link (n.) Look up link at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "one of a series of rings or loops which form a chain; section of a cord," probably from Old Norse *hlenkr or a similar Scandinavian source (compare Old Norse hlekkr "link," Old Swedish lænker "chain, link," Norwegian lenke, Danish lænke), from Proto-Germanic *khlink- (cognates: German lenken "to bend, turn, lead," gelenk "articulation, joint, link," Old English hlencan (plural) "armor"), from PIE root *kleng- "to bend, turn." Missing link between man and apes dates to 1880.
link (n.2) Look up link at Dictionary.com
"torch," 1520s, of uncertain origin, possibly from Medieval Latin linchinus, from lichinus "wick," from Greek lykhnos "portable light, lamp."
link (v.) Look up link at Dictionary.com
"bind, fasten, to couple," late 14c., believed to be from link (n.), though it is attested earlier. Related: Linked; linking.
linkage (n.) Look up linkage at Dictionary.com
1874, from link (v.) + -age.
To understand the principle of Peaucellier's link-work, it is convenient to consider previously certain properties of a linkage, (to coin a new and useful word of general application), consisting of an arrangement of six links, obtained in the following manner ... (etc.). ["Recent Discoveries in Mechanical Conservation of Motion," in "Van Nostrand's Eclectic Engineering Magazine," vol. XI, July-December 1874]
links (n.) Look up links at Dictionary.com
"undulating sandy ground," 1728, from Scottish/Northumbrian link "sandy, rolling ground near seashore," from Old English hlinc "rising ground, ridge;" perhaps from the same Proto-Germanic root as lean (v.). This type of landscape in Scotland was where golf first was played; the word has been part of the names of golf courses since at least 1728.
linnet (n.) Look up linnet at Dictionary.com
small finch-like songbird, 1530s, from Middle French linette "grain of flax," diminutive of lin "flax," from Latin linum "linen" (see linen). Flaxseed forms much of the bird's diet. Old English name for the bird was linetwige, with second element perhaps meaning "pluck." This yielded Middle English and dialectal lintwhite.
lino (n.) Look up lino at Dictionary.com
1907, short for linotype.
linoleum (n.) Look up linoleum at Dictionary.com
1860, coined by English inventor Frederick Walton (1837-1928), from Latin linum "flax, linen" (see linen) + oleum "oil" (see oil (n.)). Originally, a preparation of solidified linseed oil used to coat canvas for making floor coverings; the word was applied to the flooring material itself after 1878. The Linoleum Manufacturing Company was formed 1864.
Linotype (n.) Look up Linotype at Dictionary.com
1886, American English, trademark name (Mergenthaler Linotype Co.), from line o' type, for a composing machine invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler (1854-1899) in widespread use in newspaper production early 20c.
linseed (n.) Look up linseed at Dictionary.com
Old English linsæd "seed of flax," widely regarded in ancient times as a source of medical treatments, from lin "flax" (see linen) + sæd "seed" (see seed).
linsey-woolsey (n.) Look up linsey-woolsey at Dictionary.com
late 15c., originally a cloth woven from linen and wool; the words altered for the sake of a jingling sound. Linsey is attested from mid-15c., apparently meaning "coarse linen fabric." Some sources suggest a connection or influence from the place name Lindsey in Suffolk.
linstock (n.) Look up linstock at Dictionary.com
forked staff used for firing a cannon, 1570s, from Dutch lonstok, from lont "match" + stok "stick."