liberalisation (n.) Look up liberalisation at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of liberalization; for spelling, see -ize.
liberalism (n.) Look up liberalism at Dictionary.com
1819, from liberal + -ism.
liberality (n.) Look up liberality at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "generosity," from Old French liberalité "generosity, liberality" (13c.), from Latin liberalitatem (nominative liberalitas) "way of thinking or acting befitting a free man," noun of quality from liberalis (see liberal (adj.)).
liberalization (n.) Look up liberalization at Dictionary.com
1794; see liberal + -ization.
liberalize (v.) Look up liberalize at Dictionary.com
1774, from liberal (adj.) + -ize. Related: Liberalized; liberalizing.
liberally (adv.) Look up liberally at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "generously, munificently," from liberal (adj.) + -ly (2). Meaning "freely" is c. 1500.
liberate (v.) Look up liberate at Dictionary.com
1620s, from Latin liberatus, past participle of liberare "set free," from liber "free" (see liberal). Meaning "to free an occupied territory from the enemy" (often used ironically) is from 1942. Related: Liberated; liberating.
liberation (n.) Look up liberation at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French libération and directly from Latin liberationem (nominative liberatio) "a setting or becoming free," noun of action from past participle stem of liberare "set free" (see liberate). Liberation theology (1969) translates Spanish teologia de la liberación, coined 1968 by Peruvian priest Gustavo Gutiérrez.
liberator (n.) Look up liberator at Dictionary.com
1640s, from Latin liberator "one who sets free, a deliverer," agent noun from past participle stem of liberare (see liberate).
Liberia Look up Liberia at Dictionary.com
African nation, begun as a resettlement project of freed American slaves in 1816 by the American Colonization Society, the name chosen by society member and U.S. senator Robert Goodloe Harper (1765-1825) from Latin liber "free" (see liberal).
libertarian (n.) Look up libertarian at Dictionary.com
1789, "one who holds the doctrine of free will" (opposed to necessitarian), from liberty (q.v.) on model of unitarian, etc. Political sense of "person advocating liberty in thought and conduct" is from 1878. As an adjective by 1882. U.S. Libertarian Party founded in Colorado, 1971.
liberticide (n.) Look up liberticide at Dictionary.com
1793, from liberty + -cide.
libertine (n.) Look up libertine at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "a freedman, an emancipated slave," from Latin libertinus "member of a class of freedmen," from libertus "one's freedmen," from liber "free" (see liberal). Sense of "freethinker" is first recorded 1560s, from French libertin (1540s) originally the name given to certain Protestant sects in France and the Low Countries. Meaning "dissolute or licentious person" first recorded 1590s; the darkening of meaning being perhaps due to misunderstanding of Latin libertinus in Acts vi:9. As an adjective by 1570s.
liberty (n.) Look up liberty at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "free choice, freedom to do as one chooses," from Old French liberté "freedom, liberty, free will" (14c.), from Latin libertatem (nominative libertas) "freedom, condition of a free man; absence of restraint; permission," from liber "free" (see liberal)
The spirit of liberty is the spirit which is not too sure it is right. [Learned Hand, 1944]
Nautical sense of "leave of absence" is from 1758. To take liberties "go beyond the bounds of propriety" is from 1620s. Sense of "privileges by grant" (14c.) led to sense of "a person's private land" (mid-15c.), which yielded sense in 18c. in both England and America of "a district within a county but having its own justice of the peace," and also "a district adjacent to a city and in some degree under its municipal jurisdiction" (as in Northern Liberties of Philadelphia). Also compare Old French libertés "local rights, laws, taxes."
libidinal (adj.) Look up libidinal at Dictionary.com
1922, in psychology jargon, from libido (Latin genitive libidinis) + -al (1).
libidinous (adj.) Look up libidinous at Dictionary.com
"lustful," mid-15c., Old French libidineus (13c., Modern French libidineux), from Latin libidinosus "full of desire, lustful," from libido "pleasure, desire, sensual passion, lust" (see libido). Related: Libidinously; libidinousness.
libido (n.) Look up libido at Dictionary.com
"psychic drive or energy, usually associated with sexual instinct," 1892, carried over untranslated in English edition of Krafft-Ebing's "Psychopathia Sexualis"; and used in 1909 in A.A. Brill's translation of Freud's "Selected Papers on Hysteria" (Freud's use of the term led to its popularity); from Latin libido "desire, lust," from libere "to be pleasing, to please," ultimately cognate with Old English lufu (see love (n.)).
Libra (n.) Look up Libra at Dictionary.com
zodiac constellation, late Old English, from Latin libra "a balance, pair of scales," also "pound (unit of weight)," from Proto-Italic *leithra- "pound." Nativized in Old Norse as skala-merki. De Vaan compares Greek litra "name of a Sicilian coin," which "was probably borrowed from an Italic language at the stage containing [-thr-]
librarian (n.) Look up librarian at Dictionary.com
"custodian of a library," 1713; see library + -an. Earlier form was library-keeper (1640s), and librarian was used earlier in a sense "scribe" (1660s).
library (n.) Look up library at Dictionary.com
place for books, late 14c., from Anglo-French librarie, Old French librairie "collection of books" (14c.), noun use of adj. librarius "concerning books," from Latin librarium "chest for books," from liber (genitive libri) "book, paper, parchment," originally "the inner bark of trees," probably a derivative of PIE root *leub(h)- "to strip, to peel" (see leaf). The equivalent word in most Romance languages now means "bookseller's shop." Old English had bochord, literally "book hord."
libretto (n.) Look up libretto at Dictionary.com
(plural libretti), 1742, from Italian libretto, diminutive of libro "book," from Latin liber (genitive libri), see library. Related: Librettist.
Libya Look up Libya at Dictionary.com
north African nation, an ancient name, attested in heiroglyphics from 2000 B.C.E., of unknown origin. In Greek use, sometimes meaning all of Africa. Related: Libyan.
licence (n.) Look up licence at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "liberty (to do something), leave," from Old French licence "freedom, liberty, power, possibility; permission," (12c.), from Latin licentia "freedom, liberty, license," from licentem (nominative licens), present participle of licere "to be allowed, be lawful," from PIE root *leik- "to offer, bargain" (source also of Lettish likstu "I come to terms"). Meaning "formal (usually written) permission from authority to do something" (marry, hunt, drive, etc.) is first attested early 15c. Meaning "excessive liberty, disregard of propriety" is from mid-15c. There have been attempts to confine license to verbal use and licence to noun use (compare advise/advice, devise/device.
licence (v.) Look up licence at Dictionary.com
c. 1400, "grant formal authorization," from license (n.). Related: Licenced; Licencing.
license Look up license at Dictionary.com
see licence. Related: Licensed; licensing.
licensee (n.) Look up licensee at Dictionary.com
1837, from license + -ee.
licensure (n.) Look up licensure at Dictionary.com
1808, from license + -ure.
licentious (adj.) Look up licentious at Dictionary.com
"morally unrestrained," 1530s, from Medieval Latin licentiosus "full of license, unrestrained," from Latin licentia (see license (n.)). Related: Licentiously; licentiousness.
lich (n.) Look up lich at Dictionary.com
also litch, lych, "body, corpse," southern England dialectal survival of Old English lic "body, dead body, corpse," cognate with Old Frisian lik, Dutch lijk, Old High German lih, German leiche "dead body," Old Norse lik, Danish lig, Gothic leik, from Proto-Germanic *likow. Compare litch-gate "roofed gate to a churchyard under which a bier is placed to await the coming of the clergyman."
lichen (n.) Look up lichen at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, from Latin lichen, from Greek leichen, originally "what eats around itself," probably from leichein "to lick" (see lick). Originally used of liverwort; the modern sense first recorded 1715. Related: Lichenaceous.
Lichfield Look up Lichfield at Dictionary.com
Licitfelda (c.710) "Open Land near Letocetum" (Celtic place name meaning "gray wood") + Old English feld.
licit (adj.) Look up licit at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from Middle French licite or directly from Latin licitus "lawful," past participle of licere "be allowed, be lawful" (see licence). Related: Licitly; licitness.
lick (v.1) Look up lick at Dictionary.com
Old English liccian "to pass the tongue over the surface, lap, lick up," from Proto-Germanic *likkon (source also of Old Saxon likkon, Dutch likken, Old High German lecchon, German lecken, Gothic bi-laigon), from PIE imitative base *leigh- (source also of Sanskrit ledhi "he licks," Armenian lizum "I lick," Greek leikhein "to lick," Latin lingere "to lick," Old Irish ligim "I lick," Welsh llwy "spoon"). French lécher is a Germanic loan word.

To lick (someone or something) into shape (1610s) is in reference to the supposed ways of bears:
Beres ben brought forthe al fowle and transformyd and after that by lyckyng of the fader and the moder they ben brought in to theyr kyndely shap. ["The Pylgremage of the Sowle," 1413]
lick (n.) Look up lick at Dictionary.com
"an act of licking," c. 1600, from lick (v.1). Meaning "small portion" is 1814, originally Scottish; hence U.S. colloquial sense. Sense of "place where an animal goes to lick salt" is from 1747. The jazz music sense of "short figure or solo" is by 1922.
lick (v.2) Look up lick at Dictionary.com
"to beat," 1535, perhaps from figurative use of lick (v.1) in the Coverdale bible that year in sense of "defeat, annihilate" (an enemy's forces) in Num. xxii:4:
Now shal this heape licke up all that is about vs, euen as an oxe licketh vp the grasse in the field.
But to lick (of) the whip "taste punishment" is attested from mid-15c.
lickerish (adj.) Look up lickerish at Dictionary.com
"fond of delicious fare," c. 1500, from Middle English likerous "pleasing to the palate" (late 13c.), from Anglo-French *likerous, Old French licherous (see lecherous). Unlike the French word, it generally kept close to its literal sense.
lickety-split (adj.) Look up lickety-split at Dictionary.com
1852, American English (earlier lickety-cut, lickety-click, and simply licketie, 1817), from lick (n.1) in dialectal sense "very fast sprint in a race" (1809) on the notion of a "lick" as a fast thing (compare blink).
licking (n.) Look up licking at Dictionary.com
"an act of licking or lapping," late 14c., from present participle of lick (v.1); meaning "a beating" is 1756, from lick (v.2).
lickspittle (n.) Look up lickspittle at Dictionary.com
also lick-spittle, "sycophant, abject toady," 1741, from lick (v.1) + spittle.
licorice (n.) Look up licorice at Dictionary.com
also liquorice, c. 1200, from Anglo-French lycoryc, Old French licorece (also recolice), from Late Latin liquiritia, alteration of Latin glychyrrhiza, from Greek glykyrrhiza, literally "sweet root," from glykys "sweet" (see gluco-) + rhiza "root" (see radish); form influenced in Latin by liquere "become fluid," because of the method of extracting the sweet stuff from the root. French réglisse, Italian regolizia are the same word, with metathesis of -l- and -r-.
lictor (n.) Look up lictor at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Latin lictor, literally "binder," from past participle stem of *ligere "to bind, collect," collateral form of ligare (see ligament).
lid (n.) Look up lid at Dictionary.com
mid-13c., from Old English hlid "lid, cover, opening, gate," from Proto-Germanic *khlithan (source also of Old Norse hlið "gate, gap," Swedish lid "gate," Old French hlid, Middle Dutch lit, Dutch lid, Old High German hlit "lid, cover"), from PIE root *klei- "to lean" (see lean (v.)), with here perhaps the sense of "that which bends over." Meaning "eyelid" is from early 13c. Slang sense of "hat, cap" is attested from 1896. Slang phrase put a lid on "clamp down on, silence, end" is from 1906.
Lido Look up Lido at Dictionary.com
famous resort island off Venice, from Italian lido, from Latin litus "shore."
lie (v.1) Look up lie at Dictionary.com
"speak falsely, tell an untruth," late 12c., from Old English legan, ligan, earlier leogan "deceive, belie, betray" (class II strong verb; past tense leag, past participle logen), from Proto-Germanic *leugan (source also of Old Norse ljuga, Danish lyve, Old Frisian liaga, Old Saxon and Old High German liogan, German lügen, Gothic liugan), from PIE root *leugh- "to tell a lie."
lie (v.2) Look up lie at Dictionary.com
"rest horizontally," early 12c., from Old English licgan (class V strong verb; past tense læg, past participle legen) "be situated, remain; be at rest, lie down," from Proto-Germanic *legjan (source also of Old Norse liggja, Old Frisian lidzia, Middle Dutch ligghen, Dutch liggen, Old High German ligen, German liegen, Gothic ligan), from PIE *legh- "to lie, lay" (source also of Hittite laggari "falls, lies," Greek lekhesthai "to lie down," Latin lectus "bed," Old Church Slavonic lego "to lie down," Lithuanian at-lagai "fallow land," Old Irish laigim "I lie down," Irish luighe "couch, grave"). To lie with "have sexual intercourse" is from c. 1300, and compare Old English licgan mid "cohabit with." To take (something) lying down "passively, submissively" is from 1854.
lie (n.1) Look up lie at Dictionary.com
"an untruth," Old English lyge "lie, falsehood," from Proto-Germanic *lugiz (source also of Old Norse lygi, Danish løgn, Old Frisian leyne (fem.), Dutch leugen (fem.), Old High German lugi, German Lüge, Gothic liugn "a lie"), from the root of lie (v.1). To give the lie to "accuse directly of lying" is attested from 1590s. Lie-detector first recorded 1909.
lie (n.2) Look up lie at Dictionary.com
"manner of lying," 1690s, from lie (v.2). Sense in golf is from 1857.
lie-down (n.) Look up lie-down at Dictionary.com
period of rest reclining, 1840, from lie (v.2) + down (adv.).
Liebfraumilch (n.) Look up Liebfraumilch at Dictionary.com
German white wine, 1833, from German, literally "milk of Our Lady."
lied (n.) Look up lied at Dictionary.com
"German romantic song," 1852, from German Lied, literally "song," from Middle High German liet, from Old High German liod, from Proto-Germanic *leuthan (see laud). Hence Liederkranz, in reference to German singing societies, literally "garland of songs."