Julie Look up Julie at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, Englishing of Julia.
julienne (n.) Look up julienne at Dictionary.com
kind of clear soup, 1841, from French, literally "(soup made) in the manner of Julien," the proper name, from an otherwise unknown cook. Related: Julienned.
Juliet Look up Juliet at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from Italian Giulietta, diminutive of Giulia "Julia" (see Julia). Compare French Juliette. Juliet cap (1904) was felt to resemble a type worn in stage productions of "Romeo and Juliet."
A Parisian fancy which is finding little favor here, is the Juliet cap. It is a net of beads or of meshed cord jewelled or beaded at the intersections. Clustered bunches of blossoms and foliage are set at each side of the cap, above the ears. ["Fabrics, Fancy-Goods & Notions," trade publication, New York, January 1904]
Julius Look up Julius at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Latin Iulius, name of a Roman gens, perhaps a contraction of *Iovilios "pertaining to or descended from Jove."
July Look up July at Dictionary.com
c.1050, Iulius, from Anglo-French julie, Old French Jule, from Latin Iulius "fifth month of the Roman calendar" (which began its year in March), renamed after his death and deification in honor of Gaius Julius Caesar, who was born in this month, which formerly in republican Rome was named Quintilis "fifth." Accented on first syllable in English until 18c. Replaced Old English liða se æfterra "later mildness," from liðe "mild."
jumble (v.) Look up jumble at Dictionary.com
1520s, originally "to move confusedly," perhaps coined on model of stumble, tumble, etc. In 17c., it was yet another euphemism for "have sex with" (a sense first attested 1580s). Meaning "mix or confuse" is from 1540s. Related: Jumbled; jumbling.
jumble (n.) Look up jumble at Dictionary.com
"a confused mixture," 1660s, from jumble (v.).
jumbo (adj.) Look up jumbo at Dictionary.com
"very large, unusually large for its type," 1882, a reference to Jumbo, name of the London Zoo's huge elephant (acquired from France, said to have been captured as a baby in Abyssinia in 1861), sold February 1882 to U.S. circus showman P.T. Barnum amid great excitement in America and great outcry in England, both fanned by Barnum. The name is perhaps from slang jumbo "clumsy, unwieldy fellow" (1823), which itself is possibly from a word for "elephant" in a West African language (compare Kongo nzamba).
"I tell you conscientiously that no idea of the immensity of the animal can be formed. It is a fact that he is simply beyond comparison. The largest elephants I ever saw are mere dwarfs by the side of Jumbo." [P.T. Barnum, interview, "Philadelphia Press," April 22, 1882]
As a product size, by 1886 (cigars). Jumbo jet attested by 1964.
jump (n.) Look up jump at Dictionary.com
1550s, "act of jumping," from jump (v.). Meaning "jazz music with a strong beat" first recorded 1937, in Count Basie's "One O'Clock Jump." Jump suit "one-piece coverall modeled on those worn by paratroopers and skydivers" is from 1948.
jump (v.) Look up jump at Dictionary.com
1520s, perhaps imitative (compare bump); another theory derives it from words in Gallo-Roman dialects of southwestern France (compare jumba "to rock, to balance, swing," yumpa "to rock"), picked up during English occupation in Hundred Years War. Superseded native leap, bound, and spring in most senses. Meaning "to attack" is from 1789; that of "to do the sex act with" is from 1630s. Related: Jumped; jumping. To jump to a conclusion is from 1704. Jumping-rope is from 1805. Jump in a lake "go away and stop being a pest" attested from 1912.
jumper (n.) Look up jumper at Dictionary.com
1610s, "one who jumps," agent noun from jump (v.). The word meaning "sleeveless dress" (1853) apparently is from mid-17c. jump "short coat," also "woman's under bodice," of uncertain origin, perhaps from French jupe "skirt" (see jupe). Meaning "sleeveless dress worn over a blouse" first recorded American English 1939.
jumpstart (v.) Look up jumpstart at Dictionary.com
also jump-start, to start a car using battery booster cables, by 1970, from jumper "wire used to cut out part of a circuit or close a gap" (1901 in telegraphy); see jump + start. Related: Jumpstarted; jumpstarting. Figurative use by 1975.
jumpy (adj.) Look up jumpy at Dictionary.com
"nervous," 1869, from jump (n.) + -y (2). Related: Jumpiness.
jun Look up jun at Dictionary.com
old abbreviation of junior.
junco (n.) Look up junco at Dictionary.com
1706, from Spanish junco "reed, bush," as in junco ave "reed sparrow," a bird of the Indies.
junction (n.) Look up junction at Dictionary.com
1711, "act of joining," from Latin iunctionem (nominative iunctio), noun of action from past participle stem of iungere "to join together" (see jugular). Meaning "place where things meet" first attested 1836, American English, originally in reference to railroad tracks.
juncture (n.) Look up juncture at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "place where two things are joined," from Latin iunctura "a joining, uniting, a joint," from iunctus, past participle of iungere "to join" (see jugular). Sense of "point in time" first recorded 1650s, probably from astrology.
June Look up June at Dictionary.com
c. 1100, from Latin Iunius (mensis), probably a variant of Iunonius, "sacred to Juno" (see Juno). Replaced Old English liðe se ærra "earlier mildness."
Juneau Look up Juneau at Dictionary.com
city in Alaska, settled 1881 and named for prospector Joe Juneau.
junebug (n.) Look up junebug at Dictionary.com
also june bug, 1829, name for various beetles which emerge in adult form and are active in June, first attested in Southern U.S. dialect, from June + bug (n.).
Jungian (adj.) Look up Jungian at Dictionary.com
1933, "of or pertaining to the psychoanalytic school of Dr. Carl Gustav Jung" (1875-1961); for suffix, see -ian.
jungle (n.) Look up jungle at Dictionary.com
1776, from Hindi jangal "desert, forest, wasteland, uncultivated ground," from Sanskrit jangala-s "arid, sparsely grown with trees," of unknown origin. Specific sense of "land overgrown by vegetation in a wild, tangled mass" is first recorded 1849; meaning "place notoriously lawless and violent" is first recorded 1906, from Upton Sinclair's novel (compare asphalt jungle, 1949, William R. Burnett's novel title, made into a film 1950 by John Huston; blackboard jungle, 1954, Evan Hunter's novel title, movie in 1955). Jungle gym was a trademark name, 1923, by Junglegym Inc., Chicago, U.S. Jungle bunny, derogatory for "black person," attested from 1966.
junior (n.) Look up junior at Dictionary.com
1520s, from junior (adj.).
junior (adj.) Look up junior at Dictionary.com
late 13c., from Latin iunior, comparative of iuvenis "young, young man" (see young). Used after a person's name to mean "the younger of two" from late 13c. Abbreviation Jr. is attested from 1620s. Meaning "of lesser standing, more recent" is from 1766. That of "meant for younger people, of smaller size" is from 1860. Junior college first attested 1896; junior high school is from 1909. Junior miss "young teenage girl" is from 1907.
The junior high school is rapidly becoming the people's high school. The percentage of pupils completing the ninth year is constantly rising where junior high schools have been established. [Anne Laura McGregor, "Supervised Study in English for Junior High School Grades," New York, 1921]
juniority (n.) Look up juniority at Dictionary.com
1590s, from junior + -ity.
juniper (n.) Look up juniper at Dictionary.com
"evergreen shrub," late 14c., from Latin iuniperus (source of French genièvre, Spanish enebro, Portuguese zimbro, Italian ginepro), of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to iunco "reed," but there are phonetic difficulties. Watkins has it from PIE *yoini-paros "bearing juniper berries," from *yoi-ni- "juniper berry." Applied to various North American species from 1748. In the Bible, it renders Hebrew rethem, the name of a white-flowered shrub unrelated to the European evergreen.
Junius Look up Junius at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Latin Junius, name of a Roman gens. The pseudonym of the author of a famous series of letters in the "Public Advertiser" from 1768-1772.
junk (v.) Look up junk at Dictionary.com
1803, "to cut off in lumps," from junk (n.1). The meaning "to throw away as trash, to scrap" is from 1908. Related: Junked; junking.
New settlers (who should always be here as early in the spring as possible) begin to cut down the wood where they intend to erect their first house. As the trees are cut the branches are to be lopped off, and the trunks cut into lengths of 12 or 14 feet. This operation they call junking them; if they are not junked before fire is applied, they are much worse to junk afterwards. [letter dated Charlotte Town, Nov. 29, 1820, in "A Series of Letters Descriptive of Prince Edward Island," 1822]
junk (n.1) Look up junk at Dictionary.com
"worthless stuff," mid-14c., junke "old cable or rope" (nautical), of uncertain origin, perhaps from Old French junc "rush, reed," also used figuratively as a type of something of little value, from Latin iuncus "rush, reed" (but OED finds "no evidence of connexion"). Nautical use extended to "old refuse from boats and ships" (1842), then to "old or discarded articles of any kind" (1884). Junk food is from 1971; junk art is from 1966; junk mail first attested 1954.
junk (n.2) Look up junk at Dictionary.com
"Chinese sailing ship," 1610s, from Portuguese junco, from Malay jong "ship, large boat" (13c.), probably from Javanese djong.
junker (n.) Look up junker at Dictionary.com
"young German noble," 1550s, from German Junker, from Old High German juncherro, literally "young lord," from junc "young" (see young) + herro "lord" (see Herr). Pejorative sense of "reactionary younger member of the Prussian aristocracy" (1865) dates from Bismarck's domestic policy.
junket (n.) Look up junket at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "basket in which fish are caught or carried," from Medieval Latin iuncata "rush basket," perhaps from Latin iuncus "rush" (see jonquil). Shifted meaning by 1520s to "feast, banquet," probably via notion of a picnic basket, which led to extended sense of "pleasure trip" (1814), and then to "tour by government official at public expense for no discernable public benefit" (by 1886, American English). Compare Italian cognate giuncata "cream cheese" (originally made in a rush basket), a sense of junket also found in Middle English and preserved lately in dialects.
junkie (n.) Look up junkie at Dictionary.com
"drug addict," 1923, from junk (n.1) in the narcotics sense + -y (3). Junker in the same sense is recorded from 1922. Junk for "narcotic" is older.
junky (adj.) Look up junky at Dictionary.com
"run-down, seedy, trashy," 1876, from junk (n.1) + -y (2).
Juno Look up Juno at Dictionary.com
Roman goddess of women and marriage, mid-14c., perhaps literally "the young one" (perhaps as goddess of the new moon), from an Italic root akin to Latin iunior "younger," iuvenis "young" (see young).
Junoesque (adj.) Look up Junoesque at Dictionary.com
in reference to stately, mature beauty, 1861, from Juno + -esque. Qualities associated with the Roman goddess, who also was notable for her fits of rage.
junta (n.) Look up junta at Dictionary.com
1620s, "Spanish legislative council," from Spanish and Portuguese junta "council, meeting, convention," from Medieval Latin iuncta "joint," from Latin iuncta, fem. past participle of iungere "to join" (see jugular).

Meaning "political or military group in power" first recorded 1640s as junto (from confusion with Spanish nouns ending in -o), originally with reference to the Cabinet Council of Charles I. Modern spelling in this sense is from 1714; popularized 1808 in connection with councils formed across Spain to resist Napoleon.
junto (n.) Look up junto at Dictionary.com
1640s, erroneous formation of junta on model of Spanish nouns ending in -o.
jupe (n.) Look up jupe at Dictionary.com
late 13c., "men's loose jacket," from Old French jupe, from Arabic jubbah "loose outer garment. As a woman's bodice, from 1810.
Jupiter (n.) Look up Jupiter at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, "supreme deity of the ancient Romans," from Latin Iupeter, from PIE *dyeu-peter- "god-father" (originally vocative, "the name naturally occurring most frequently in invocations" [Tucker]), from *deiw-os "god" (see Zeus) + peter "father" in the sense of "male head of a household" (see father). Compare Greek Zeu pater, vocative of Zeus pater "Father Zeus;" Sanskrit Dyauspita "heavenly father." The planet name is attested from late 13c. Jupiter Pluvius "Jupiter as dispenser of rain" was used jocularly from 1864.
Jurassic (adj.) Look up Jurassic at Dictionary.com
in reference to "geological period between the Triassic and the Cretaceous," 1847, from French Jurassique, literally "of the Jura Mountains," between France and Switzerland, whose limestones were laid down during this geological period. Used in English in a literal sense "pertaining to the Jura Mountains" by 1831. The name is said to be from Gaulish *iuris "wooded mountain."
jurat (n.) Look up jurat at Dictionary.com
"one who has taken an oath," early 15c. (mid-14c. in Anglo-French), from Medieval Latin iuratus, literally "sworn man," noun use of past participle of iurare "to swear" (see jury (n.)).
juridical (adj.) Look up juridical at Dictionary.com
c. 1500, from Latin iuridicalis "relating to right; pertaining to justice," from iuridicus, from ius "right, law" (genitive iuris; see jurist) + dicere "to say, speak" (see diction). Related: Juridically.
jurisdiction (n.) Look up jurisdiction at Dictionary.com
early 14c. "administration of justice" (attested from mid-13c. in Anglo-Latin), from Old French juridiccion (13c.) and directly from Latin iurisdictionem (nominative iurisdictio) "administration of justice, jurisdiction," from ius (genitive iuris; see jurist) "right, law" + dictio "a saying" (see diction). Meaning "extent or range of administrative power" is from late 14c. Related: Jurisdictional.
jurisprudence (n.) Look up jurisprudence at Dictionary.com
1620s, "knowledge of law," from French jurisprudence (17c.) and directly from Late Latin iurisprudentia "the science of law," from iuris "of right, of law" (genitive of ius; see jurist) + prudentia "knowledge, a foreseeing" (see prudence). Meaning "the philosophy of law" is first attested 1756. Related: Jurisprudential.
jurist (n.) Look up jurist at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., "one who practices law," from Middle French juriste (14c.), from Medieval Latin iurista "jurist," from Latin ius (genitive iuris) "law," from PIE *yewes- "law," originally a term of religious cult, perhaps meaning "sacred formula" (compare Latin iurare "to pronounce a ritual formula," Vedic yos "health," Avestan yaoz-da- "make ritually pure," Irish huisse "just").

The Germanic root represented by Old English æ "custom, law," Old High German ewa, German Ehe "marriage," though sometimes associated with this group, seems rather to belong to PIE *ei- (1) "to go." Meaning "a legal writer" is from 1620s.
juror (n.) Look up juror at Dictionary.com
c. 1300 (attested from late 12c. in Anglo-Latin), from Anglo-French jurour (late 13c.; Old French jureor), from Latin iuratorem (nominative iurator) "swearer," agent noun from iurare "to swear" (see jury (n.)).
jury (n.) Look up jury at Dictionary.com
early 14c. (attested from late 12c. in Anglo-Latin), from Anglo-French juree (late 13c.), from Medieval Latin iurata "an oath, an inquest," fem. past participle of Latin iurare "to swear," from ius (genitive iuris) "law" (see jurist). Meaning "body of persons chosen to award prizes at an exhibition" is from 1851. Grand jury attested from early 15c. in Anglo-French (le graund Jurre).
jury (adj.) Look up jury at Dictionary.com
"temporary," 1610s, in jury-mast, a nautical term for a temporary mast put in place of one broken or blown away, of uncertain origin. The word perhaps is ultimately from Old French ajurie "help, relief," from Latin adjutare (see aid (n.)).
jus Look up jus at Dictionary.com
French, literally "juice" (see juice).