Immanuel Look up Immanuel at
masc. proper name; see Emmanuel.
immarcessible (adj.) Look up immarcessible at
"unfading, imperishable," 1540s, from Late Latin immarcessabilis from assimilated form of in- "not" (see in- (1)) + marcessare "to wither, pine away."
immaterial (adj.) Look up immaterial at
late 14c., "spiritual, incorporeal," from Medieval Latin immaterialis "not consisting of matter, spiritual," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + Late Latin materialis (see material). Secondary sense of "unimportant" is first recorded 1690s from material in its 16c. sense of "important." Related: Immaterially.
immature (adj.) Look up immature at
1540s, "untimely, premature," from Latin immaturus "untimely, unripe," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + maturus (see mature (v.)). In 16c., usually in reference to early death; modern sense of "not fully developed" first recorded 1640s. In reference to mentalities or behaviors not considered age-appropriate, from 1920.
immaturity (n.) Look up immaturity at
1530s, "untimeliness," from Latin immaturitatem (nominative immaturitas) "unripeness," from immaturus (see immature). Meaning "lack of maturity" attested from c. 1600.
immeasurable (adj.) Look up immeasurable at
mid-15c., from im- + measurable. It could alternate with immensurable (1530s), from French, from Late Latin immensurabilis, from assimilated form of in- "not" + mensurabilis "able to be measured," from mensurare "to measure." Related: Immeasurably.
immediacy (n.) Look up immediacy at
c. 1600, from immediate + -cy.
immediate (adj.) Look up immediate at
late 14c., "intervening, interposed;" early 15c., "with nothing interposed; direct," also with reference to time, from Old French immediat, from Late Latin immediatus "without anything between," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + mediatus, past participle of mediare "to halve," later, "be in the middle," from Latin medius "middle" (see medial (adj.)).
immediately (adv.) Look up immediately at
"without intervening time or space," early 15c., from immediate + -ly (2).
immemorable (adj.) Look up immemorable at
1550s, from Latin immemorabilis, from assimilated form of in- "not" (see in- (1)) + memorabilis (see memorable).
immemorial (adj.) Look up immemorial at
c. 1600, from French immémorial (16c.) "old beyond memory," from Medieval Latin immemorialis, from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + memorialis (see memorial). Something immemorial is ancient beyond memory; something immemorable is not memorable.
immense (adj.) Look up immense at
early 15c., from Middle French immense (mid-14c.), from Latin immensus "immeasurable, boundless," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + mensus "measured," past participle of metiri (see measure).
For instance, a long while every thing was immense great and immense little, immense handsome and immense ugly. Miss Tippet from the cloisters, could not drink tea with Master Parchment at the White Conduit-house, unless it was an immense fine day, yet probably it might rain so immense, there was no going without a coach. ["Town and Country Magazine" (in "Annual Register" for 1772)]
immensely (adv.) Look up immensely at
1650s, from immense + -ly (2).
immensity (n.) Look up immensity at
mid-15c., from Middle French immensité (14c.) or directly from Latin immensitatem (nominative immensitas) "immeasurableness," noun of quality from immensus (see immense).
immerge (v.) Look up immerge at
1620s, "immerse, plunge" (rare), from Latin immergere "to dip, plunge" (see immersion). Related: Immerged; immerging.
immerse (v.) Look up immerse at
early 15c. (implied in immersed), from Latin immersus, past participle of immergere "to plunge in, dip into" (see immersion). Related: Immersed; immersing; immersive.
immersion (n.) Look up immersion at
mid-15c., from Late Latin immersionem (nominative immersio), noun of action from past participle stem of immergere, from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + Latin mergere "plunge, dip" (see merge). Meaning "absorption in some interest or situation" is from 1640s. As a method of teaching a foreign language, it is from 1965, trademarked by the Berlitz company.
immigrant (n.) Look up immigrant at
"one who immigrates," 1792, in an American context, from French immigrant, from Latin immigrantem (nominative immigrans), present participle of immigrare (see immigrate). Emigrant is older. As an adjective from 1805.
immigrate (v.) Look up immigrate at
1620s, from Latin immigratum, past participle of imigrare "to remove, go into, move in," from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + migrare "to move" (see migration). Related: Immigrated; immigrating.
immigration (n.) Look up immigration at
1650s, from immigrate + -ion. As short for "immigration authorities," from 1966.
imminence (n.) Look up imminence at
c. 1600, from Late Latin imminentia, from Latin imminentem (see imminent).
imminent (adj.) Look up imminent at
1520s, from Middle French imminent (14c.) and directly from Latin imminentem (nominative imminens), present participle of imminere "to overhang; impend, be near, be at hand," from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + minere "jut out," related to mons "hill" (see mount (n.)). Related: Imminently.
immiscible (adj.) Look up immiscible at
1670s, from im- + miscible.
immitigable (adj.) Look up immitigable at
1570s, from Latin immitigabilis, from assimilated form of in- "not" (see in- (1) + mitigabilis, from past participle stem of mitigare "make mild or gentle" (see mitigate). Related: Immitigably.
immobile (adj.) Look up immobile at
mid-14c., from Old French immoble "immovable, fixed, motionless," from Latin immobilis "immovable" (also, figuratively, "hard-hearted"), from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + mobilis (see mobile (adj.)). Hence, immobilism "policy of extreme conservatism" (1949, from French immobilisme).
immobility (n.) Look up immobility at
early 15c., from Middle French immobilité (14c.) or directly from Latin immobilitatem (nominative immobilitas), noun of quality from immobilis (see immobile).
immobilization (n.) Look up immobilization at
1846, noun of action from immobilize.
immobilize (v.) Look up immobilize at
1843, from immobile + -ize. Perhaps modeled on French immobiliser (1835). Related: Immobilized; immobilizing.
immoderate (adj.) Look up immoderate at
late 14c., from Latin immoderatus "boundless, immeasurable," figuratively "unrestrained, excessive," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + moderatus "restrained" (see moderate). Related: Immoderately.
immoderation (n.) Look up immoderation at
early 15c., from Latin immoderationem (nominative immoderatio) "want of moderation, excess," from immoderatus (see immoderate).
immodest (adj.) Look up immodest at
1560s, "arrogant, impudent, pretentious," from Latin immodestus "unrestrained, excessive," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + modestus (see modest). Meaning "indecent" is from 1580s. Related: immodestly.
immodesty (n.) Look up immodesty at
1590s, from Latin immodestia "intemperate conduct," from immodestus (see immodest).
immolate (v.) Look up immolate at
1540s, "to sacrifice, kill as a victim," from Latin immolatus, past participle of immolare "to sacrifice," originally "to sprinkle with sacrificial meal," from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + mola (salsa) "(sacrificial) meal," related to molere "to grind" (see mallet). Related: Immolated; immolating.
immolation (n.) Look up immolation at
early 15c., "a sacrificing" (originally especially with reference to Christ), from Middle French immolation (13c.) or directly from Latin immolationem (nominative immolatio) "a sacrificing," noun of action from past participle stem of immolare (see immolate).
immoral (adj.) Look up immoral at
1650s, from assimilated form of in- (1) "not" + moral (adj.). Related: Immorally.
immorality (n.) Look up immorality at
1560s, from assimilated form of in- (1) "not, opposite of" + morality.
immortal (adj.) Look up immortal at
"deathless," late 14c., from Latin immortalis "deathless, undying," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + mortalis "mortal" (see mortal (adj.)). In reference to fame, literature, etc., attested from 1510s (a sense also found in classical Latin). As a noun, from mid-17c.
immortality (n.) Look up immortality at
mid-14c., "deathlessness," from Old French immortalité (13c.) and directly from Latin immortalitatem (nominative immortalitas) "deathlessness, endless life," from immortalis (see immortal). Sense of "everlasting fame" is from 1530s.
immortalization (n.) Look up immortalization at
c. 1600, noun of action or state from immortalize.
immortalize (v.) Look up immortalize at
1560s, from immortal + -ize. Perhaps modeled on Middle French immortaliser. Related: Immortalized; immortalizing.
immortelle (n.) Look up immortelle at
"flower which preserves its shape and color after being dried," 1832, from French fem. of immortel "undying" (see immortal).
immovability (n.) Look up immovability at
late 14c.; see immovable + -ity.
immovable (adj.) Look up immovable at
late 14c., literal and figurative, from assimilated form of in- (1) "not, opposite of" + movable. Related: Immovably.
immune (adj.) Look up immune at
mid-15c., "free; exempt," back-formation from immunity. Latin immunis meant "exempt from public service, free from taxes." Specific modern medical sense of "exempt from a disease" (typically because of inoculation) is from 1881. Immune system attested by 1917.
immunity (n.) Look up immunity at
late 14c., "exempt from service or obligation," from Old French immunité and directly from Latin immunitatem (nominative immunitas) "exemption from performing public service or charge," from immunis "exempt, free," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + munis "performing services" (compare municipal), from PIE *moi-n-es-, suffixed form of root *mei- (1) "to change" (see mutable). Medical sense "protection from disease" is 1879, from French or German.
immunization (n.) Look up immunization at
1893, from immunize + -ation.
immunize (v.) Look up immunize at
1889, from immune + -ize. Related: Immunized; immunizing.
immunodeficiency (n.) Look up immunodeficiency at
1969, from comb. form of immune + deficiency.
immunology (n.) Look up immunology at
by 1906, a hybrid from comb. form of immune + -ology. Related: Immunological; immunologist.
immure (v.) Look up immure at
1580s, from Middle French emmurer and directly from Medieval Latin immurare, literally "to shut up within walls," from assimilated form of in- "into, in" (see in- (2)) + Latin murus "wall" (see mural). Related: Immured; immuring.