intimate (n.) Look up intimate at
1650s, "person with whom one is intimate," from intimate (adj.).
intimation (n.) Look up intimation at
mid-15c., "action of making known," from Middle French intimation (late 14c.), from Late Latin intimationem (nominative intimatio) "an announcement" (in Medieval Latin "a judicial notification"), noun of action from past participle stem of intimare (see intimate). Meaning "suggestion, hint" is from 1530s.
intimidate (v.) Look up intimidate at
1640s, from Medieval Latin intimidatus, past participle of intimidare "to frighten, intimidate," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + timidus "fearful" (see timid). Related: Intimidated; intimidating.
intimidation (n.) Look up intimidation at
1650s, noun of action from intimidate; perhaps modeled on French intimidation.
into (prep.) Look up into at
Old English into, originally in to. The word is a late Old English development to replace the fading dative case inflections that formerly distinguished, for instance, "in the house" from "into the house." To be into something, "be intensely involved in," first recorded 1969 in American English.
intolerability (n.) Look up intolerability at
1590s, from Late Latin intolerabilitas, from Latin intolerabilis (see intolerable).
intolerable (adj.) Look up intolerable at
late 14c., from Latin intolerabilis "that cannot bear, that cannot be borne," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + tolerabilis "that may be endured," from tolerare "to tolerate" (see toleration). Related: Intolerably.
intolerance (n.) Look up intolerance at
"unwillingness to endure a differing opinion," 1765, from Latin intolerantia "impatience, unendurableness, insufferableness, insolence," from intolerantem (see intolerant). Especially of religious matters through mid-19c. Now-obsolete intolerancy was used in same sense from 1620s.
intolerant (adj.) Look up intolerant at
1735, from Latin intolerantem (nominative intolerans) "not enduring, impatient, intolerant; intolerable," from in- “not” (see in- (1)) + tolerans, present participle of tolerare “to bear, endure” (see toleration). Of plants, from 1898. The noun meaning "intolerant person or persons" is from 1765.
intonate (v.) Look up intonate at
1795, from Medieval Latin intonatus, past participle of intonare (see intone) + -ate (2). Compare Italian intonare, French entonner. Related: Intonated; intonating.
intonation (n.) Look up intonation at
1610s, "opening phrase of a melody," from French intonation, from Medieval Latin intonationem (nominative intonatio), from past participle stem of intonare (see intone). Meaning "modulation of the voice in speaking" is from 1791.
intone (v.) Look up intone at
late 14c., entunen "sing, chant, recite," from Old French entoner "sing, chant" (13c.), from Medieval Latin intonare "sing according to tone," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + tonus "tone," from Greek tonos (see tenet). A different verb intone was in use 17c. 18c., from Latin intonare "to thunder, resound," figuratively "to cry out vehemently," from tonare "to thunder." Related: Intoned; intoning.
intoxicant (n.) Look up intoxicant at
"liquor," 1863; see intoxicate.
intoxicate (v.) Look up intoxicate at
"to poison," mid-15c., from Medieval Latin intoxicatus, past participle of intoxicare "to poison," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + toxicare "to poison," from toxicum "poison" (see toxic). Meaning "make drunk" first recorded 1570s. Related: Intoxicated; intoxicating.
intoxicated (adj.) Look up intoxicated at
1550s, "poisoned;" 1570s, "drunk," past participle adjective from intoxicate (v.).
intoxication (n.) Look up intoxication at
c. 1400, intoxigacion "poisoning," from Medieval Latin intoxicationem (nominative intoxicatio) "poisoning," noun of action from past participle stem of intoxicare (see intoxicate). Meaning "drunkenness" is from 1640s.
intra- Look up intra- at
word-forming element meaning "within, inside, on the inside," from Latin intra "on the inside, within," related to inter "between," from PIE *en-t(e)ro-, from root *en "in" (see in). Commonly opposed to extra-, but the use of intra as a prefix was rare in classical Latin.
intracellular (adj.) Look up intracellular at
1876, from intra- + cellular.
intractability (n.) Look up intractability at
1570s, from intractable + -ity.
intractable (adj.) Look up intractable at
c. 1500, "rough, stormy;" 1540s, "not manageable," from Latin intractabilis "not to be handled, unmanageable," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + tractabilis (see tractable). Related: Intractably.
intramural (adj.) Look up intramural at
1846, literally "within the walls," from intra- "within" + Latin muralis "pertaining to a wall," from murus "wall" (see mural). Activity "within the walls" of a city, building, community, school, etc. Equivalent to Late Latin intramuranus.
intramuscular (adj.) Look up intramuscular at
1874, from intra- + muscular.
intransigence (n.) Look up intransigence at
1882, from French intransigeant, from intransigeant (see intransigent). Related: Intransigency.
intransigent (adj.) Look up intransigent at
1881, from French intransigeant, from Spanish los intransigentes, literally "those not coming to agreement," name for extreme republican party in the Spanish Cortes 1873-4, from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + transigente "compromising," from Latin transigentem (nominative transigens), present participle of transigere "come to an agreement, accomplish, to carry through" (see transaction). Acquired its generalized sense in French.
intransitive (adj.) Look up intransitive at
1610s, from Late Latin intransitivus "not passing over" (to another person), Priscian's term, from Latin in- "not" (see in- (1)) + transitivus "that may pass over," from transire "to pass over" (see transitive).
intraocular (adj.) Look up intraocular at
1826, from intra- + ocular.
intraperitoneal (adj.) Look up intraperitoneal at
1835, from intra- + peritoneal.
intrapersonal (adj.) Look up intrapersonal at
also intra-personal, 1853, from intra- + personal.
intrapsychic (adj.) Look up intrapsychic at
1917, from intra- + psychic.
intravenous (adj.) Look up intravenous at
1847, coined in English from intra- "within, inside" + Latin venous, from vena "vein" (see vein). Related: Intravenously.
intrepid (adj.) Look up intrepid at
1620s (implied in intrepidness), from French intrépide (16c.) and directly from Latin intrepidus "unshaken, undaunted," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + trepidus "alarmed" (see trepidation). Related: Intrepidly.
intrepidity (n.) Look up intrepidity at
1704, from intrepid + -ity.
intricacy (n.) Look up intricacy at
c. 1600, from intricate + -acy.
intricate (adj.) Look up intricate at
early 15c., from Latin intricatus "entangled," past participle of intricare "to entangle, perplex, embarrass," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + tricae (plural) "perplexities, hindrances, toys, tricks," of uncertain origin (compare extricate). Related: Intricately.
intrigante (n.) Look up intrigante at
"women given to intrigue," 1806, from fem. of French intrigant, from Italian intrigante, present participle of intrigare (see intrigue).
intrigue (v.) Look up intrigue at
1610s, "to trick, deceive, cheat" (earlier entriken, late 14c.), from French intriguer (16c.), from Italian intrigare "to plot, meddle," from Latin intricare "entangle" (see intricate). Meaning "to plot or scheme" first recorded 1714; that of "to excite curiosity" is from 1894. Related: Intrigued; intriguing (1680s, "plotting, scheming;" meaning "exciting curiosity" is from 1909).
intrigue (n.) Look up intrigue at
1640s, probably from intrigue (v.).
intrinsic (adj.) Look up intrinsic at
late 15c., "interior, inward, internal," from Middle French intrinsèque "inner" (13c.), from Medieval Latin intrinsecus "interior, internal," from Latin intrinsecus (adv.) "inwardly, on the inside," from intra "within" (see intra-) + secus "alongside," originally "following" (related to sequi "to follow;" see sequel). Meaning "belonging to the nature of a thing" is from 1640s. Related: Intrinsicly.
intro (n.) Look up intro at
short for introduction, attested from 1923.
intro- Look up intro- at
word-forming element, from Latin intro "on the inside, within, to the inside," from PIE *en-t(e)ro-, suffixed form of preposition *en "in" (see in).
introduce (v.) Look up introduce at
early 15c., back-formation from introduction, or else from Latin introducere "to lead in, bring in" (see introduction). Related: Introduced; introducing.
introduction (n.) Look up introduction at
late 14c., "act of bringing into existence," from Old French introduccion and directly from Latin introductionem (nominative introductio) "a leading in," noun of action from past participle stem of introducere "to lead in, bring in, to introduce," from intro- "inward, to the inside" (see intro-) + ducere "to lead" (see duke (n.)). Meaning "initial instruction in a subject; an introductory statement" is mid-15c. The sense of "formal presentation of one person to another" is from 1711.
introductory (adj.) Look up introductory at
c. 1600, from Late Latin introductorius, from introduct-, past participle stem of introducere "to lead in, bring in" (see introduction). Also used in English from c. 1400 as a noun meaning "introductory treatise or textbook."
introit (n.) Look up introit at
late 15c., from Old French introit (14c.), from Latin introitus "a going in," past participle of introire "to enter," from intro- (see intro-) + ire "to go" (see ion).
introject (v.) Look up introject at
1925, probably a back-formation from introjection. Related: Introjected; introjecting.
introjection (n.) Look up introjection at
1866, from intro- + stem abstracted from projection. In philosophical and psychoanalytical use, from German introjektion.
intron Look up intron at
1978, from intragenic + -on.
introspect (v.) Look up introspect at
1680s, from Latin introspectus, past participle of introspicere "look at, look into" (see introspection). Related: Introspected; introspecting.
introspection (n.) Look up introspection at
1670s, noun of action from past participle stem of Latin introspicere "to look into, look at," from intro- "inward" (see intro-) + specere "to look at" (see scope (n.1)).
introspective (adj.) Look up introspective at
1820, from Latin introspect-, past participle stem of introspicere (see introspection) + -ive.