interpret (v.) Look up interpret at
late 14c., from Old French interpreter (13c.) and directly from Latin interpretari "explain, expound, understand," from interpres "agent, translator," from inter- (see inter-) + second element of uncertain origin, perhaps related to Sanskrit prath- "to spread abroad," PIE *per- (5) "to traffic in, sell" (see pornography). Related: Interpreted; interpreting.
interpretable (adj.) Look up interpretable at
1610s, from Late Latin interpretabilis, from Latin interpretari (see interpret).
interpretation (n.) Look up interpretation at
mid-14c. (late 13c. in Anglo-French), from Old French interpretacion (12c.) and directly from Latin interpretationem (nominative interpretatio) "explanation, exposition," noun of action from past participle stem of interpretari (see interpret).
interpretative (adj.) Look up interpretative at
1560s, properly formed from past participle stem of Latin interpretari (see interpret). Interpretive means the same thing, but is less correct. Related: Interpretatively.
interpreter (n.) Look up interpreter at
"one who translates spoken languages; a translator of written texts," late 14c., from Old French interpreteor, from Late Latin interpretatorem, agent noun from interpretari (see interpret).
interpretive (adj.) Look up interpretive at
1670s, from interpret + -ive; also see interpretative. Listed by Fowler among the words "that for one reason or another should not have been brought into existence."
interpunction (n.) Look up interpunction at
"punctuation," 1610s, from Latin interpunctionem (nominative interpunctio) "a putting of points between," noun of action from past participle stem of interpungere "to put points between," from inter- (see inter-) + pungere (see pungent).
interracial (adj.) Look up interracial at
also inter-racial, 1883, from inter- + racial.
interregnum (n.) Look up interregnum at
1570s, from Latin interregnum, literally "between-reign," from inter- (see inter-) + regnum (see reign (n.)). In the republic, a vacancy in the consulate.
interrelate (v.) Look up interrelate at
1827 (implied in interrelated), from inter- + relate. Related: Interrelating.
interrelation (n.) Look up interrelation at
1841, from inter- + relation.
interrelationship (n.) Look up interrelationship at
also inter-relationship, 1841, from inter- + relationship.
interrogate (v.) Look up interrogate at
late 15c., a back-formation from interrogation, or else from Latin interrogatus, past participle of interrogare "to ask, question" (see interrogation). Related: Interrogated; interrogating.
interrogation (n.) Look up interrogation at
late 14c., "a question;" c. 1500, "a questioning; a set of questions," from Old French interrogacion (13c.) or directly from Latin interrogationem (nominative interrogatio) "a question, questioning, interrogation," noun of action from past participle stem of interrogare "to ask, question, inquire, interrogate," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + rogare "ask, to question" (see rogation).
interrogative (adj.) Look up interrogative at
c. 1500, from Late Latin interrogativus "pertaining to a question," from Latin interrogat-, past participle stem of interrogare "to ask, question" (see interrogation) + -ive.
interrogator (n.) Look up interrogator at
1751, from Late Latin interrogator, agent noun from interrogare "to ask, question" (see interrogation).
interrogatory (adj.) Look up interrogatory at
1570s, from Late Latin interrogatorius "consisting of questions," from past participle stem of interrogare "to ask, question" (see interrogation).
interrupt (v.) Look up interrupt at
c. 1400, "to interfere with a legal right," from Latin interruptus, past participle of interrumpere "break apart, break off," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.), and compare corrupt (adj.)). Meaning "to break into (a speech, etc.)" is early 15c. Related: Interrupted; interrupting.
interrupt (n.) Look up interrupt at
1957, originally in computers, from interrupt (v.).
interruption (n.) Look up interruption at
late 14c., "a break of continuity," from Old French interrupcion and directly from Latin interruptionem (nominative interruptio) "a breaking off, interruption, interval," noun of action from past participle stem of interrumpere (see interrupt (v.)). Meaning "a breaking in upon some action" is from c. 1400; that of "a pause, a temporary cessation" is early 15c.
intersect (v.) Look up intersect at
1610s, back-formation from intersection, or else from Latin intersectus, past participle of intersecare "intersect, cut asunder," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + secare "to cut" (see section (n.)). Related: Intersected; intersecting.
intersect (n.) Look up intersect at
1650s, from Latin intersectum (see intersect (v.)).
intersection (n.) Look up intersection at
"act or fact of crossing," 1550s, from Middle French intersection (14c.) and directly from Latin intersectionem (nominative intersectio) "a cutting asunder, intersection," noun of action from past participle stem of intersecare "intersect, cut asunder," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + secare "to cut" (see section). Originally a term in geometry; meaning "crossroads" is from 1864.
intersex (n.) Look up intersex at
"one having characteristics of both sexes," 1917, from German intersexe (1915); see inter- + sex. Coined by German-born U.S. geneticist Richard Benedict Goldschmidt (1878-1958). Related: Intersexual; intersexuality.
interspecific (adj.) Look up interspecific at
1889, from inter- + specific, used here as an adjective from species.
intersperse (v.) Look up intersperse at
1560s, from Latin interspersus "strewn, scattered, sprinkled upon," past participle of *interspergere, from inter- "between" (see inter-) + spargere "to scatter" (see sparse). Related: Interspersed; interspersing.
interspersion (n.) Look up interspersion at
1650s, noun of action from intersperse.
interstate (adj.) Look up interstate at
1845, from inter- + state (n.). As "an interstate highway," by 1986, American English.
interstellar (adj.) Look up interstellar at
1620s, "situated between the stars," from inter- + stellar.
interstice (n.) Look up interstice at
early 15c., from Old French interstice (14c.) and directly from Latin interstitium "interval," literally "space between," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + stem of stare "to stand," from PIE root *sta- "to stand, set down, make or be firm" (see stet). Related: Interstices.
interstitial (adj.) Look up interstitial at
1640s, from Latin interstitium (see interstice) + -al (1). Related: Interstitially.
intersubjective (adj.) Look up intersubjective at
1899, from inter- + subjective.
intertextuality (n.) Look up intertextuality at
by 1974, from inter- + textuality (see textual). Related: Intertextual.
intertidal (adj.) Look up intertidal at
1883, from inter- + tidal.
intertwine (v.) Look up intertwine at
1640s, from inter- + twine (v.). Related: Intertwined; intertwining.
interurban (adj.) Look up interurban at
1883, from inter- + urban.
interval (n.) Look up interval at
early 14c., from Old French intervalle (14c.), earlier entreval (13c.), from Late Latin intervallum "space, interval, distance," originally "space between palisades or ramparts," from inter "between" (see inter-) + vallum "rampart" (see wall (n.)). Metaphoric sense of "gap in time" was present in Latin.
intervene (v.) Look up intervene at
1580s, back-formation from intervention, or else from Latin intervenire "to come between, intervene, interrupt," from inter "between" (see inter-) + venire "to come" (see venue). Related: Intervened; intervening.
intervent (v.) Look up intervent at
"to come between," 1590s, from Latin interventus, past participle of intervenire (see intervention). Related: Intervented; interventing.
intervention (n.) Look up intervention at
early 15c., "intercession, intercessory prayer," from Middle French intervention or directly from Late Latin interventionem (nominative interventio) "an interposing," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin intervenire "to come between, interrupt," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + venire "come" (see venue).
interventionism (n.) Look up interventionism at
1923, from intervention + -ism. Interventionist, as a noun, is recorded from 1839.
interview (n.) Look up interview at
1510s, "face-to-face meeting, formal conference," from Middle French entrevue, verbal noun from s'entrevoir "to see each other, visit each other briefly, have a glimpse of," from entre- "between" (see inter-) + Old French voir "to see" (from Latin videre; see vision). Modern French interview is from English. Journalistic sense is first attested 1869 in American English.
The 'interview,' as at present managed, is generally the joint product of some humbug of a hack politician and another humbug of a newspaper reporter. ["The Nation," Jan. 28, 1869]
interview (v.) Look up interview at
"to have a personal meeting," 1540s, from interview (n.). Related: Interviewed; interviewing.
interviewee (n.) Look up interviewee at
1884, from interview (v.) + -ee.
interviewer (n.) Look up interviewer at
1869, agent noun from interview (v.).
interweave (v.) Look up interweave at
1570s, hybrid from inter- + weave (v.). Related: Interweaving; interwoven.
interwork (v.) Look up interwork at
c. 1600, from inter- + work (v.). Related: interworking. Past tense can be either interworked or interwrought.
intestacy (n.) Look up intestacy at
1767, from intestate + -acy.
intestate (adj.) Look up intestate at
late 14c., from Old French intestat (13c.) and directly from Latin intestatus "having made no will," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + testatus, past participle of testari "make a will, bear witness" (see testament). As a noun, "one who has not made out a will," from 1650s.
intestinal (adj.) Look up intestinal at
early 15c., from medical Latin intestinalis, from Latin intestinum (see intestine).