intermesh (v.) Look up intermesh at
1909, from inter- + mesh.
intermezzo (n.) Look up intermezzo at
1834, from Italian intermezzo "short dramatic performance between the acts of a play or opera," literally "that which is between," from Latin intermedius (see intermediate).
interminable (adj.) Look up interminable at
late 14c., from Late Latin interminabilis, from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + terminabilis, from terminalis (see terminal (adj.)). Related: Interminably.
intermingle (v.) Look up intermingle at
late 15c., from inter- + mingle. Related: Intermingled; intermingling.
intermission (n.) Look up intermission at
early 15c., from Latin intermissionem (nominative intermissio) "interruption," noun of action from past participle stem of intermittere "to leave off," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + mittere "let go, send" (see mission).
Intermission is used in U.S. for what we call an interval (in a musical or dramatic performance). Under the influence of LOVE OF THE LONG WORD, it is beginning to infiltrate here and should be repelled; our own word does very well. [H.W. Fowler, "Modern English Usage," 1926]
intermit (v.) Look up intermit at
1540s, from Latin intermittere "to leave off, omit, suspend, interrupt, neglect," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + mittere "to send" (see mission). Related: Intermitted; intermitting; intermittingly.
intermittence (n.) Look up intermittence at
1796; see intermittent + -ence.
intermittent (adj.) Look up intermittent at
c. 1600, from Latin intermittentem (nominative intermittens), present participle of intermittere (see intermission). Related: Intermittently.
intermix (v.) Look up intermix at
1550s (implied in intermixed), from inter- + mix (v.). Related: Intermixed; intermixing.
intermixture (n.) Look up intermixture at
1590s; see inter- + mixture.
intermodal (adj.) Look up intermodal at
1963, from inter- + modal.
intermural (adj.) Look up intermural at
1650s, from Latin intermuralis "situated between walls," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + murus (genitive muralis) "wall" (see mural).
intern (v.) Look up intern at
1866, "to confine within set limits," from French interner "send to the interior, confine," from Middle French interne "inner, internal," from Latin internus "within, internal" (see internal; also compare intern (n.)).
intern (n.) Look up intern at
1879, American English, "one working under supervision as part of professional training," especially "doctor in training in a hospital," from French interne "assistant doctor," literally "resident within a school," from Middle French interne "internal" (see intern (v.)). The verb in this sense is attested from 1933. Related: Interned; interning.
internal (adj.) Look up internal at
early 15c., from Medieval Latin internalis, from Latin internus "within, inward, internal," figuratively "domestic," expanded from pre-Latin *interos, *interus "on the inside, inward," from PIE *en-ter- (cognates: Old Church Slavonic anter, Sanskrit antar "within, between," Old High German unter "between," and the "down" sense of Old English under); suffixed (comparative) form of *en "in" (see in). Meaning "of or pertaining to the domestic affairs of a country (as in internal revenue) is from 1795. Internal combustion first recorded 1884. Related: Internally.
internalization (n.) Look up internalization at
1853, from internal + -ization.
internalize (v.) Look up internalize at
1856, American English, from internal + -ize. Related: Internalized; internalizing.
international (adj.) Look up international at
1780, apparently coined by Jeremy Bentham from inter- + national. In communist jargon, as a noun and with a capital -i-, it is short for International Working Men's Association, the first of which was founded in London by Marx in 1864. "The Internationale" (from fem. of French international), the socialist hymn, was written 1871 by Eugène Pottier. International Date Line is from 1910. Related: Internationally.
internationalisation (n.) Look up internationalisation at
chiefly British English spelling of internalization (q.v.). For spelling, see -ize.
internationalism (n.) Look up internationalism at
1851, from international + -ism.
internationalization (n.) Look up internationalization at
1860, with reference to law; see international + -ization.
internecine (adj.) Look up internecine at
1660s, "deadly, destructive," from Latin internecinus "very deadly, murderous, destructive," from internecare "kill or destroy," from inter (see inter-) + necare "kill" (see noxious). Considered in the OED as misinterpreted in Johnson's Dictionary [1755], which defined it as "endeavouring mutual destruction," on association of inter- with "mutual" when the prefix supposedly is used in this case as an intensive. From Johnson, wrongly or not, has come the main modern definition of "mutually destructive."
Internet (n.) Look up Internet at
1985, "the linked computer networks of the U.S. Defense Department," shortened from internetwork, from inter- + network (n.).
interneuron Look up interneuron at
1939, from internuncial + neuron.
internist (n.) Look up internist at
1904, American English, from internal medicine + -ist.
internment (n.) Look up internment at
1870, from intern (v.) + -ment. Compare French internement. Internment camp is attested from 1916.
internship (n.) Look up internship at
1904, from intern (n.) + -ship.
interoffice (adj.) Look up interoffice at
by 1934, from inter- + office.
interoperable (adj.) Look up interoperable at
1969, from inter- + operable. Related: Interoperability.
interpellate (v.) Look up interpellate at
1590s, from Latin interpellatus, past participle of interpellare "to interrupt by speaking" (see interpellation). Related: Interpellated; interpellating.
interpellation (n.) Look up interpellation at
late 15c., "an appeal," from Latin interpellationem, noun of action from past participle stem of interpellare "to interrupt by speaking," from inter "between" (see inter-) + pellare, collateral form of pellere "to drive" (see pulse (n.1)).
interpenetrate (v.) Look up interpenetrate at
1809, from inter- + penetrate. Related: Interpenetrated; interpenetrating.
interpenetration (n.) Look up interpenetration at
1809, from inter- + penetration.
interpersonal (adj.) Look up interpersonal at
1842, from inter- + personal. Introduced in a psychological sense 1938 by H.S. Sullivan (1892-1949) to describe "behavior between people in an encounter."
interphase (n.) Look up interphase at
1913, from German interphase (1912); see inter- + phase.
interplanetary (adj.) Look up interplanetary at
1690s, "existing between planets," from inter- + planetary. In reference to travel between planets, attested from 1897.
interplay (n.) Look up interplay at
1862, from inter- + play. "Reciprocal play," thus "free interaction."
Interpol Look up Interpol at
1952, abbreviation of international police, in full, The International Criminal Police Commission, founded 1923 with headquarters in Paris.
interpolate (v.) Look up interpolate at
1610s, "to alter or enlarge (a writing) by inserting new material," from Latin interpolatus, past participle of interpolare "alter, freshen up, polish;" of writing, "falsify," from inter- "up" (see inter-) + polare, related to polire "to smoothe, polish." Sense evolved in Latin from "refurbish," to "alter appearance of," to "falsify (especially by adding new material)." Middle English had interpolen (early 15c.) in a similar sense. Related: Interpolated; interpolating.
interpolation (n.) Look up interpolation at
1610s, from French interpolation (early 17c.), or directly from Latin interpolationem (nominative interpolatio), noun of action from past participle stem of interpolare (see interpolate).
interpolator (n.) Look up interpolator at
1650s, from Latin interpolator, agent noun from past participle stem of interpolare (see interpolate).
interpose (v.) Look up interpose at
1590s, from Middle French interposer (14c.), from inter- (see inter-) + poser (see pose (v.1)). Related: Interposed; interposing.
interposition (n.) Look up interposition at
late 14c., from Old French interposicion (12c.), from Latin interpositionem (nominative interpositio), noun of action from past participle stem of interponere "to put between, place among; put forward," from inter- (see inter-) + ponere "to put, place" (past participle positus; see position (n.)).
interpret (v.) Look up interpret at
late 14c., from Old French interpreter (13c.) and directly from Latin interpretari "explain, expound, understand," from interpres "agent, translator," from inter- (see inter-) + second element of uncertain origin, perhaps related to Sanskrit prath- "to spread abroad," PIE *per- (5) "to traffic in, sell" (see pornography). Related: Interpreted; interpreting.
interpretable (adj.) Look up interpretable at
1610s, from Late Latin interpretabilis, from Latin interpretari (see interpret).
interpretation (n.) Look up interpretation at
mid-14c. (late 13c. in Anglo-French), from Old French interpretacion (12c.) and directly from Latin interpretationem (nominative interpretatio) "explanation, exposition," noun of action from past participle stem of interpretari (see interpret).
interpretative (adj.) Look up interpretative at
1560s, properly formed from past participle stem of Latin interpretari (see interpret). Interpretive means the same thing, but is less correct. Related: Interpretatively.
interpreter (n.) Look up interpreter at
"one who translates spoken languages; a translator of written texts," late 14c., from Old French interpreteor, from Late Latin interpretatorem, agent noun from interpretari (see interpret).
interpretive (adj.) Look up interpretive at
1670s, from interpret + -ive; also see interpretative. Listed by Fowler among the words "that for one reason or another should not have been brought into existence."
interpunction (n.) Look up interpunction at
"punctuation," 1610s, from Latin interpunctionem (nominative interpunctio) "a putting of points between," noun of action from past participle stem of interpungere "to put points between," from inter- (see inter-) + pungere (see pungent).