intermediate (v.)
c.1600, from inter- + mediate (v.). Related: Intermediated; intermediating.
interment (n.)
early 14c., from Old French enterrement, from enterrer (see inter).
intermesh (v.)
1909, from inter- + mesh.
intermezzo (n.)
1834, from Italian intermezzo "short dramatic performance between the acts of a play or opera," literally "that which is between," from Latin intermedius (see intermediate).
interminable (adj.)
late 14c., from Late Latin interminabilis, from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + terminabilis, from terminalis (see terminal (adj.)). Related: Interminably.
intermingle (v.)
late 15c., from inter- + mingle. Related: Intermingled; intermingling.
intermission (n.)
early 15c., from Latin intermissionem (nominative intermissio) "interruption," noun of action from past participle stem of intermittere "to leave off," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + mittere "let go, send" (see mission).
Intermission is used in U.S. for what we call an interval (in a musical or dramatic performance). Under the influence of LOVE OF THE LONG WORD, it is beginning to infiltrate here and should be repelled; our own word does very well. [H.W. Fowler, "Modern English Usage," 1926]
intermit (v.)
1540s, from Latin intermittere "to leave off, omit, suspend, interrupt, neglect," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + mittere "to send" (see mission). Related: Intermitted; intermitting; intermittingly.
intermittence (n.)
1796; see intermittent + -ence.
intermittent (adj.)
c.1600, from Latin intermittentem (nominative intermittens), present participle of intermittere (see intermission). Related: Intermittently.
intermix (v.)
1550s (implied in intermixed), from inter- + mix (v.). Related: Intermixed; intermixing.
intermixture (n.)
1590s; see inter- + mixture.
intermodal (adj.)
1963, from inter- + modal.
intermural (adj.)
1650s, from Latin intermuralis "situated between walls," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + murus (genitive muralis) "wall" (see mural).
intern (v.)
1866, "to confine within set limits," from French interner "send to the interior, confine," from Middle French interne "inner, internal," from Latin internus "within, internal" (see internal; also compare intern (n.)).
intern (n.)
1879, American English, "one working under supervision as part of professional training," especially "doctor in training in a hospital," from French interne "assistant doctor," literally "resident within a school," from Middle French interne "internal" (see intern (v.)). The verb in this sense is attested from 1933. Related: Interned; interning.
internal (adj.)
early 15c., from Medieval Latin internalis, from Latin internus "within, inward, internal," figuratively "domestic," expanded from pre-Latin *interos, *interus "on the inside, inward," from PIE *en-ter- (cognates: Old Church Slavonic anter, Sanskrit antar "within, between," Old High German unter "between," and the "down" sense of Old English under); suffixed (comparative) form of *en "in" (see in). Meaning "of or pertaining to the domestic affairs of a country (as in internal revenue) is from 1795. Internal combustion first recorded 1884. Related: Internally.
internalization (n.)
1853, from internal + -ization.
internalize (v.)
1856, American English, from internal + -ize. Related: Internalized; internalizing.
international (adj.)
1780, apparently coined by Jeremy Bentham from inter- + national. In communist jargon, as a noun and with a capital -i-, it is short for International Working Men's Association, the first of which was founded in London by Marx in 1864. "The Internationale" (from fem. of French international), the socialist hymn, was written 1871 by Eugène Pottier. International Date Line is from 1910. Related: Internationally.
internationalisation (n.)
chiefly British English spelling of internalization (q.v.). For spelling, see -ize.
internationalism (n.)
1851, from international + -ism.
internationalization (n.)
1860, with reference to law; see international + -ization.
internecine (adj.)
1660s, "deadly, destructive," from Latin internecinus "very deadly, murderous, destructive," from internecare "kill or destroy," from inter (see inter-) + necare "kill" (see noxious). Considered in the OED as misinterpreted in Johnson's Dictionary [1755], which defined it as "endeavouring mutual destruction," on association of inter- with "mutual" when the prefix supposedly is used in this case as an intensive. From Johnson, wrongly or not, has come the main modern definition of "mutually destructive."
Internet (n.)
1985, "the linked computer networks of the U.S. Defense Department," shortened from internetwork, from inter- + network (n.).
1939, from internuncial + neuron.
internist (n.)
1904, American English, from internal medicine + -ist.
internment (n.)
1870, from intern (v.) + -ment. Compare French internement. Internment camp is attested from 1916.
internship (n.)
1904, from intern (n.) + -ship.
interoffice (adj.)
by 1934, from inter- + office.
interoperable (adj.)
1969, from inter- + operable. Related: Interoperability.
interpellate (v.)
1590s, from Latin interpellatus, past participle of interpellare "to interrupt by speaking" (see interpellation). Related: Interpellated; interpellating.
interpellation (n.)
late 15c., "an appeal," from Latin interpellationem, noun of action from past participle stem of interpellare "to interrupt by speaking," from inter "between" (see inter-) + pellare, collateral form of pellere "to drive" (see pulse (n.1)).
interpenetrate (v.)
1809, from inter- + penetrate. Related: Interpenetrated; interpenetrating.
interpenetration (n.)
1809, from inter- + penetration.
interpersonal (adj.)
1842, from inter- + personal. Introduced in a psychological sense 1938 by H.S. Sullivan (1892-1949) to describe "behavior between people in an encounter."
interphase (n.)
1913, from German interphase (1912); see inter- + phase.
interplanetary (adj.)
1690s, "existing between planets," from inter- + planetary. In reference to travel between planets, attested from 1897.
interplay (n.)
1862, from inter- + play. "Reciprocal play," thus "free interaction."
1952, abbreviation of international police, in full, The International Criminal Police Commission, founded 1923 with headquarters in Paris.
interpolate (v.)
1610s, "to alter or enlarge (a writing) by inserting new material," from Latin interpolatus, past participle of interpolare "alter, freshen up, polish;" of writing, "falsify," from inter- "up" (see inter-) + polare, related to polire "to smoothe, polish." Sense evolved in Latin from "refurbish," to "alter appearance of," to "falsify (especially by adding new material)." Middle English had interpolen (early 15c.) in a similar sense. Related: Interpolated; interpolating.
interpolation (n.)
1610s, from French interpolation (early 17c.), or directly from Latin interpolationem (nominative interpolatio), noun of action from past participle stem of interpolare (see interpolate).
interpolator (n.)
1650s, from Latin interpolator, agent noun from past participle stem of interpolare (see interpolate).
interpose (v.)
1590s, from Middle French interposer (14c.), from inter- (see inter-) + poser (see pose (v.1)). Related: Interposed; interposing.
interposition (n.)
late 14c., from Old French interposicion (12c.), from Latin interpositionem (nominative interpositio), noun of action from past participle stem of interponere "to put between, place among; put forward," from inter- (see inter-) + ponere (see position).
interpret (v.)
late 14c., from Old French interpreter (13c.) and directly from Latin interpretari "explain, expound, understand," from interpres "agent, translator," from inter- (see inter-) + second element of uncertain origin, perhaps related to Sanskrit prath- "to spread abroad," PIE *per- (5) "to traffic in, sell" (see pornography). Related: Interpreted; interpreting.
interpretable (adj.)
1610s, from Late Latin interpretabilis, from Latin interpretari (see interpret).
interpretation (n.)
mid-14c. (late 13c. in Anglo-French), from Old French interpretacion (12c.) and directly from Latin interpretationem (nominative interpretatio) "explanation, exposition," noun of action from past participle stem of interpretari (see interpret).
interpretative (adj.)
1560s, properly formed from past participle stem of Latin interpretari (see interpret). Interpretive means the same thing, but is less correct. Related: Interpretatively.
interpreter (n.)
"one who translates spoken languages; a translator of written texts," late 14c., from Old French interpreteor, from Late Latin interpretatorem, agent noun from interpretari (see interpret).