inconveniency (n.) Look up inconveniency at
mid-15c., "mischief, injury," from Latin inconvenientia (see inconvenience (n.)). Meaning "trouble, disadvantage" is from 1550s.
inconvenient (adj.) Look up inconvenient at
late 14c., "injurious, dangerous," from Old French inconvénient (13c.), from Latin inconvenientem (nominative inconveniens) "unsuitable, not accordant, dissimilar," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + convenientem (see convenient). In early 15c., "inappropriate, unbecoming, unnatural;" also, of an accused person, "unlikely as a culprit, innocent." Sense of "troublesome, awkward" first recorded 1650s.
inconveniently (adv.) Look up inconveniently at
mid-15c., "wrongfully," from inconvenient + -ly (2). Meaning "with trouble or discomfort" is from 1650s.
incorporate (v.) Look up incorporate at
late 14c., "to put (something) into the body or substance of (something else)," from Late Latin incorporatus, past participle of incorporare "unite into one body," from Latin in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + corpus (genitive corporis) "body" (see corporeal). Meaning "to legally form a body politic" is from 1460s. Related: Incorporated; incorporating.
incorporation (n.) Look up incorporation at
late 14c., incorporacioun, "act or process of combining of substances; absorption of light or moisture," from Old French incorporacion or directly from Late Latin incorporationem (nominative incorporatio), noun of action from past participle stem of incorporare (see incorporate). Meaning "the formation of a corporate body" (such as a guild) is from early 15c.
Incorporation, n. The act of uniting several persons into one fiction called a corporation, in order that they may be no longer responsible for their actions. A, B and C are a corporation. A robs, B steals and C (it is necessary that there be one gentleman in the concern) cheats. It is a plundering, thieving, swindling corporation. But A, B and C, who have jointly determined and severally executed every crime of the corporation, are blameless. [Ambrose Bierce, 1885]
incorporeal (adj.) Look up incorporeal at
1530s, with -al (1) and Latin incorporeus "without body," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + corpus (genitive corporis) "body" (see corporal).
incorrect (adj.) Look up incorrect at
early 15c., "uncorrected," from Latin incorrectus "uncorrected," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + correctus (see correct). Sense of "not in good style" is from 1670s; that of "factually wrong, erroneous, inaccurate" is from 1610s (implied in incorrectly).
incorrigibility (n.) Look up incorrigibility at
late 15c., from incorrigible + -ity.
incorrigible (adj.) Look up incorrigible at
mid-14c., from Old French incorrigible (mid-14c.), or directly from Latin incorrigibilis "not to be corrected," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + corrigibilis, from corrigere "to correct" (see correct). Related: Incorrigibly. As a noun, from 1746.
incorruptibility (n.) Look up incorruptibility at
mid-15c., from Late Latin incorruptibilitas, from incorruptibilis (see incorruptible).
incorruptible (adj.) Look up incorruptible at
mid-14c., in a physical sense, from Middle French incorruptible (14c.), or directly from Late Latin incorruptibilis, from in- “not” (see in- (1)) + corruptibilis (see corruptible). From 1660s in a moral sense. Related: Incorruptibly.
increase (v.) Look up increase at
early 14c., "become greater in size or number; to cause to grow, enlarge," from Anglo-French encress-, Old French encreiss-, present participle stem of encreistre, from Latin increscere "to increase, to grow upon, grow over, swell, grow into," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + crescere "to grow" (see crescent). Latin spelling restored 15c. Related: Increased; increasing.
increase (n.) Look up increase at
late 14c., "action of increasing; results of an increasing," from increase (v.).
increasingly (adv.) Look up increasingly at
late 14c., from increasing (see increase) + -ly (2).
incredible (adj.) Look up incredible at
early 15c., "unbelievable," from Latin incredibilis "not to be believed," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + credibilis "worthy of belief" (see credible). Used c. 1400 in a now-extinct sense of "unbelieving, incredulous." Related: Incredibly.
incredulity (n.) Look up incredulity at
"disbelieving frame of mind," early 15c., from Middle French incrédulité, from Latin incredulitatem (nominative incredulitas), noun of quality from incredulus (see incredible).
incredulous (adj.) Look up incredulous at
"unbelieving," 1570s, from Latin incredulus "unbelieving, incredulous," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + credulus (see credulous). Formerly also of religious beliefs. Related: Incredulously; incredulousness.
increment (n.) Look up increment at
mid-15c., "act or process of increasing," from Latin incrementum "growth, increase; an addition," from stem of increscere "to grow in or upon" (see increase). Meaning "amount of increase" first attested 1630s.
incremental (adj.) Look up incremental at
1715, from increment + -al (1). Related: Incrementally.
increpation (n.) Look up increpation at
c. 1500, from Latin increpationem (nominative increpatio), noun of action from increpare "to make noise at, scold, nag," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + crepare "to creak" (see raven).
incriminate (v.) Look up incriminate at
1730, back-formation from incrimination or else from Medieval Latin incriminatus, past participle of incriminare "to incriminate," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + criminare "to accuse of a crime," from crimen (genitive criminis) "crime" (see crime). Related: Incriminated; incriminating.
incrimination (n.) Look up incrimination at
1650s, noun of action from Medieval Latin incriminare (see incriminate).
incroyable Look up incroyable at
1796, from French incroyable, literally "incredible" (15c.), from in- "not, opposite of, without" (see in- (1)) + croire "to believe," from Latin credere (see credo). Name for the French fop or dandy of the period of the Directory (1795-99). Said to be so called from their extravagant dress and from a favorite expression among them ("C'est vraiment incroyable").
incrustation (n.) Look up incrustation at
also encrustation, 1640s, from Late Latin incrustationem (nominative incrustatio) "a covering with crust," noun of action from past participle stem of incrustare.
incubate (v.) Look up incubate at
1640s, "to brood upon, watch jealously" (which also was a figurative sense of Latin incubare); 1721 as "to sit on eggs to hatch them," from Latin incubatus, past participle of incubare "to lie in or upon" (see incubation). Related: Incubated; incubating.
incubation (n.) Look up incubation at
1610s, "brooding," from Latin incubationem (nominative incubatio) "a laying upon eggs," noun of action from past participle stem of incubare "to hatch," literally "to lie on, rest on," from in- "on" (see in- (2)) + cubare "to lie" (see cubicle). The literal sense of "sitting on eggs to hatch them" first recorded in English 1640s.
incubator (n.) Look up incubator at
"apparatus for hatching eggs by artificial heat," 1845, from incubate + -or.
incubus (n.) Look up incubus at
c. 1200, from Late Latin (Augustine), from Latin incubo "nightmare, one who lies down on (the sleeper)," from incubare "to lie upon" (see incubate). Plural is incubi. In the Middle Ages their existence was recognized by law.
inculcate (v.) Look up inculcate at
1540s, from Latin inculcatus, past participle of inculcare "force upon, stamp in, tread down," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + calcare "to tread, press in," from calx (1) "heel." Related: Inculcated; inculcating.
inculcation (n.) Look up inculcation at
1550s, from Late Latin inculcationem (nominative inculcatio), noun of action from past participle stem of inculcare (see inculcate).
inculpate (v.) Look up inculpate at
1799, "to accuse, bring charges against," from Medieval Latin inculpatus, past participle of inculpare "to reproach, blame, censure," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + culpare "to blame," from culpa "fault." But inculpable (late 15c.) means "not culpable, free from blame," from Latin in- "not" (see in- (1)) + culpare.
inculpation (n.) Look up inculpation at
1798, noun of action from inculpate.
incumbency (n.) Look up incumbency at
c. 1600, from incumbent + -cy.
incumbent (n.) Look up incumbent at
early 15c., "person holding a church position," from Medieval Latin incumbentem (nominative incumbens) "holder of a church position," noun use of present participle of incumbere "to obtain or possess," from Latin incumbere "recline on," figuratively "apply oneself to," from in- "on" (see in- (2)) + -cumbere "lie down," related to cubare "to lie" (see cubicle). Extended to holders of any office from 1670s.
incumbent (adj.) Look up incumbent at
1560s, in relation to duties or obligations, from Latin incumbentem (nominative incumbens), present participle of incumbere (see incumbent (n.)). The literal, physical sense is rare in English and first attested 1620s.
incumbrance (n.) Look up incumbrance at
see encumbrance.
incunabula (n.) Look up incunabula at
"swaddling clothes," also, figuratively, "childhood, beginnings;" 1824, from Latin incunabula (neuter plural), ultimately from cunae "cradle," from PIE *koi-na-, from root *kei- "to lie; bed, couch."
incunabulum (n.) Look up incunabulum at
1861, singular of incunabula; taken up (originally in German) as a word for any book printed late 15c., in the "infancy" of the printer's art.
incur (v.) Look up incur at
early 15c., from Anglo-French encurir, Middle French encourir, from Latin incurrere "run into or against, rush at, make an attack;" figuratively, "to befall, happen, occur to," from in- "upon" (see in- (2)) + currere "to run" (see current (adj.)). Related: Incurred; incurring.
incurable (adj.) Look up incurable at
mid-14c., from Old French incurable (13c.), from Late Latin incurabilis, from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + curabilis "curable" (see curable). Related: Incurably.
incurious (adj.) Look up incurious at
1560s, "negligent, heedless," from Latin incuriosus "careless, negligent, unconcerned," from in- "not, opposite of, without" (see in- (1)) + curiosus (see curious). Meaning "uninquisitive" is from 1610s. Objective sense of "unworthy of attention" is from 1747.
incursion (n.) Look up incursion at
"hostile attack," early 15c., from Middle French incursion (14c.) or directly from Latin incursionem (nominative incursio) "a running against," noun of action from past participle stem of incurrere (see incur).
incus (n.) Look up incus at
ear bone, 1660s, from Latin incus "anvil," from incudere "to forge with a hammer." So called by Belgian anatomist Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564).
indebted (adj.) Look up indebted at
late 14c., endetted "owing money," past participle of endetten "to indebt, oblige," from Old French endetter "to involve in debt," from en- "in" (see in- (2)) + dette "debt" (see debt). Figurative sense of "under obligation for favors or services" first attested 1560s. Related: indebt; indebtedness. Latin indebitus meant "not owed, not due."
indecency (n.) Look up indecency at
1580s, from Latin indecentia "unseemliness, impropriety," noun of quality from indecentem (see indecent).
indecent (adj.) Look up indecent at
1560s, "unbecoming, in bad taste," from French indécent (14c.), from Latin indecentem (nominative indecens), from in- "not, opposite of, without" (see in- (1)) + decens (see decent). Sense of "offending against propriety" is from 1610s. Indecent assault (1861) originally covered sexual assaults other than rape or intended rape, but by 1934 it was being used as a euphemism for "rape." Related: Indecently
indecipherable (adj.) Look up indecipherable at
1802, from in- (1) "not" + decipherable (see decipher (v.)). Related: Indecipherability.
indecision (n.) Look up indecision at
1763, from French indécision (c. 1600), from in- "not, opposite of, without" (see in- (1)) + decision (see decision).
indecisive (adj.) Look up indecisive at
1726, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + decisive. Related: Indecisively; indecisiveness.
indeclinable (adj.) Look up indeclinable at
late 14c., originally in grammar, from French indéclinable, from Latin indeclinabilis, from indeclinatus "unchanged, constant," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + declinatus, from declinare (see decline (v.)). Related: Indeclinably.