inadequacy (n.) Look up inadequacy at
1764, from inadequate + -cy. Related: Inadequacies.
inadequate (adj.) Look up inadequate at
1670s; see in- (1) "not, opposite of" + adequate. Related: Inadequately.
inadmissible (adj.) Look up inadmissible at
1744, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + admissible. Perhaps modeled on French inadmissible. Related: Inadmissibility.
inadvertence (n.) Look up inadvertence at
mid-15c., from Old French inadvertance "thoughtlessness, heedlessness" (14c.), from Scholastic Latin inadvertentia, from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + advertentia, from Latin advertere "to direct one's attention to," literally "to turn toward" (see advertise).
inadvertent (adj.) Look up inadvertent at
1650s, "not properly attentive" (of persons), a back-formation from inadvertence. Meaning "unconscious, unintentional" (of actions) is from 1724.
inadvertently (adv.) Look up inadvertently at
1670s, from inadvertent + -ly (2). "Inattentively, carelessly," hence "unintentionally."
inadvisability (n.) Look up inadvisability at
1839, from inadvisable + -ity.
inadvisable (adj.) Look up inadvisable at
1819, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + advisable.
inalienable (adj.) Look up inalienable at
"that cannot be given up," 1640s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + alienable (adj.). Perhaps from French inaliénable (16c.). Related: Inalienably; Inalienability.
inamorata (n.) Look up inamorata at
"female lover, woman with whom one is in love," 1650s, from Italian innamorata "mistress, sweetheart," noun use of fem. of innamorato, past participle of innamorare "to fall in love," from in "in" (from Latin, see in) + amore "love," from Latin amor (see Amy).
inamorato (n.) Look up inamorato at
"male lover; man who is in love," 1590s, from Italian innamorato, noun use of masc. past participle of innamorare "to fall in love" (see inamorata).
inane (adj.) Look up inane at
1660s, "empty, void," from Latin inanis or else a back-formation from inanity (q.v.). Sense of "silly, empty-headed" is from 1819. Related: Inanely. Bailey's Dictionary (1731) has inaniloquent "given to empty talk."
inanimate (adj.) Look up inanimate at
early 15c., "without vital force,having lost life," from Late Latin inanimatus "lifeless," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + animatus (see animation). The Latin word closest corresponding in form and sense is inanimalis. Meaning "lacking vivacity, without spirit, dull" is from 1734. Inanimate as a verb meant "infuse with life or vigor" (17c.), from the other in- (see in- (2)).
inanition (n.) Look up inanition at
in medicine, "exhaustion from lack of nourishment," c. 1400, "pathological draining or depletion of blood, humors, or bodily fluids," from Old French inanition (14c.) and directly from Latin inanitionem (nominative inanitio) "emptiness," noun of action from past participle stem of inanire "to empty," from inanis "empty, void; worthless, useless," a word of uncertain origin.
inanity (n.) Look up inanity at
c. 1600, "emptiness, hollowness," literal and figurative, from French inanité (14c.) or directly from Latin inanitas "emptiness, empty space," figuratively "worthlessness," noun of quality from inanis "empty, void; worthless, useless," a word of uncertain origin. De Vaan writes that "The chronology of attestations suggests that 'empty, devoid of' is older than 'hollow'." Meaning "silliness, want of intelligence" is from 1753.
inappetence (n.) Look up inappetence at
"failure of appetite," 1690s, from French inappétence (16c.), from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + appétence "desire" (for food); see appetence. Related: Inappetency (1610s).
inapplicable (adj.) Look up inapplicable at
1650s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + applicable. Related: Inapplicably; inapplicability.
inapposite (adj.) Look up inapposite at
"not pertinent, not fit or suitable," 1620s (implied in inappositely), from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + apposite.
inappreciable (adj.) Look up inappreciable at
1773, "too inconsiderable to matter;" 1787, "that cannot be sufficiently appreciated," from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + appreciable. Perhaps modeled on French inappreciable. Related: Inappreciably.
inapprehensible (adj.) Look up inapprehensible at
1640s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + apprehensible.
inappropriate (adj.) Look up inappropriate at
1791, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + appropriate (adj.). Related: Inappropriately; inappropriateness. Unappropriate is from 1742.
inapt (adj.) Look up inapt at
"ill-suited to the purpose or occasion," 1734, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + apt. Related: Inaptly; inaptness. Compare inept.
inaptitude (n.) Look up inaptitude at
1610s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + aptitude. The Frenchified version is ineptitude.
inarticulate (adj.) Look up inarticulate at
c. 1600, "not clear or intelligible" (of speech); "not jointed or hinged, not composed of segments connected by joints" (in biology), from Late Latin inarticulatus "not articulate, not distinct," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + articulatus, past participle of articulare "to separate into joints; to utter distinctly" (see articulation). Of persons, "not able to speak clearly," 1754. Related: Inarticulately; inarticulateness; inarticulable.
inartistic (adj.) Look up inartistic at
"not conformable to the rules or principles of art" [Century Dictionary], 1836, from in- (1) "not" + artistic. Inartistical is attested from 1849. Related: Inartistically.
inasmuch (adv.) Look up inasmuch at
contraction of phrase in as much "to such a degree," which is first attested c. 1300 as in als mikel, a Northern form. Contracted to in asmuch, then, beginning 14c. and especially since 17c., to one word. Meaning "in view of the fact" (followed by as) is from late 14c.
inattention (n.) Look up inattention at
1710, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + attention. Perhaps modeled on French inattention.
inattentive (adj.) Look up inattentive at
1650s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + attentive. Related: Inattentively; inattentiveness.
inaudibility (n.) Look up inaudibility at
1808, from inaudible + -ity.
inaudible (adj.) Look up inaudible at
c. 1600, "unable to be heard," from Late Latin inaudibilis "inaudible," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + audibilis (see audible). Used in Middle English in the sense "unfit to be heard" (mid-15c.). Related: Inaudibly. Classical Latin had inauditus "unheard, unheard of."
inaugural (adj.) Look up inaugural at
1680s, from French inaugural (17c.), from inaugurer "to inaugurate" (14c.), from Latin inaugurare "to inaugurate" (see inauguration). The noun meaning "an inaugural address" is recorded from 1832, American English.
inaugurate (v.) Look up inaugurate at
"induct into office by formal ceremony," c. 1600, a back-formation from inauguration (q.v.) and also from Latin inauguratus, past participle of inaugurare. The etymological sense is "make a formal beginning or induction into office with suitable ceremonies" (which in ancient Rome included especially the taking of auguries). Related: Inaugurated; inaugurating; inaugurator.
inauguration (n.) Look up inauguration at
1560s, from French inauguration "installation, consecration," and directly from Late Latin inaugurationem (nominative inauguratio) "consecration," presumably originally "installment under good omens;" noun of action from past participle stem of inaugurare "take omens from the flight of birds; consecrate or install when omens are favorable," from in- "on, in" (see in- (2)) + augurare "to act as an augur, predict" (see augur (n.)).
INAUGURATIO was in general the ceremony by which the augurs obtained, or endeavoured to obtain, the sanction of the gods to something which had been decreed by man; in particular, however, it was the ceremony by which things or persons were consecrated to the gods .... If the signs observed by the inaugurating priest were thought favourable, the decree of men had the sanction of the gods, and the inauguratio was completed. [William Smith (ed.), "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities," 1842]
inauspicious (adj.) Look up inauspicious at
1590s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + auspicious. Related: Inauspiciously; inauspiciousness. The Latin word was inauspicatus "without auspices; with bad auspices," which had a brief career in English as inauspicate (17c.).
inauthentic (adj.) Look up inauthentic at
1783, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + authentic. Related: Inauthentically.
inboard (adv.) Look up inboard at
"within the hull or interior of a ship," 1830, from in (adv.) + board (n.2).
inborn (adj.) Look up inborn at
Old English inboren "native to a place, indigenous, aboriginal," from in "within" + boren "brought forth" (see born). Of personal qualities, "innate, implanted by nature," 1510s.
inbound (adj.) Look up inbound at
1857, "homeward," from in + bound (adj.2). Originally of ships.
inbox (n.) Look up inbox at
by 1984 in electronic mail sense, from in + mailbox (n.). Compare in-basket, in reference to office mail systems, by 1940.
inbred (adj.) Look up inbred at
1590s, "native, produced within," also "inherent by nature," from in + bred. The genetic sense is attested from 1892 (see inbreeding).
inbreeding (n.) Look up inbreeding at
"breeding of animals from the same parentage," c. 1842, from in + verbal noun from breed (v.). The older term for "to breed from animals of the same parentage" was to breed in and in (1765). The verb inbreed is attested from 1590s in the sense "produce within" (intransitive).
Inc. Look up Inc. at
U.S. abbreviation of Incorporated in company names (equivalent of British Ltd.), first attested 1904.
Inca (n.) Look up Inca at
1590s, from Spanish Inga (1520s), from Quechea Inca, literally "lord, king." Technically only of the high Inca, but it was used widely among the Incas for "man of royal blood." Related: Incan.
incalculable (adj.) Look up incalculable at
1772, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + calculable "that can be counted" (see calculate). Related: Incalculably; incalculability.
incandescence (n.) Look up incandescence at
1650s, figurative, "state of being 'inflamed,' " from French incandescence, from incandescent (see incandescent). Literal use from 1794.
incandescent (adj.) Look up incandescent at
1794, from French incandescent (18c.) or directly from Latin incandescentem (nominative incandescens), present participle of incandescere "become warm, glow, kindle," from in- "within" (see in- (2)) + candescere "begin to glow, become white," inceptive of candere "to glow, to shine" (see candle). In reference to electric light, from 1881. The verb incandesce (1874) is perhaps a back-formation.
incantation (n.) Look up incantation at
late 14c., from Old French incantacion "spell, exorcism" (13c.), from Late Latin incantationem (nominative incantatio) "art of enchanting," noun of action from past participle stem of incantare "to bewitch, charm, cast a spell upon, chant magic over, sing spells" (see enchantment).
incapable (adj.) Look up incapable at
1590s, from Middle French incapable (16c.) and directly from Medieval Latin incapabilis "incapable," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + capabilis "receptive; able to grasp or hold" (see capable). Related: Incapably; incapability.
incapacitate (v.) Look up incapacitate at
1650s in a legal sense; 1660s in general use, "deprive of natural power," from incapacity + -ate. Related: Incapacitated; incapacitating.
incapacitation (n.) Look up incapacitation at
1741, noun of action from incapacitate.