inamorata (n.) Look up inamorata at
"female lover," 1650s, from Italian innamorata, fem. of innamorato, past participle of innamorare "to fall in love," from in "in" (from Latin, see in) + amore "love" (see Amy).
inamorato (n.) Look up inamorato at
1892, masc. of inamorata (q.v.).
inane (adj.) Look up inane at
"silly, empty-headed," 1819, earlier "empty" (1660s), a back-formation from inanity. Related: Inanely.
inanimate (adj.) Look up inanimate at
early 15c., from Late Latin inanimatus "lifeless," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + animatus (see animation). The same word in 17c. also was a verb meaning "to infuse with life," from the other in- (see in- (2)).
inanition (n.) Look up inanition at
c. 1400, from Old French inanition, from Latin inanitionem (nominative inanitio) "emptiness," noun of action from past participle stem of inanire "to empty," from inanis "empty, void, worthless, useless," of uncertain origin.
inanity (n.) Look up inanity at
c. 1600, "emptiness, hollowness," literal and figurative, from French inanité or directly from Latin inanitas "emptiness, empty space," figuratively "worthlessness," noun of quality from inanis "empty, void, worthless, useless," of uncertain origin.
inapplicable (adj.) Look up inapplicable at
1650s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + applicable. Related: Inapplicably; inapplicability.
inapposite (adj.) Look up inapposite at
1620s (implied in inappositely), from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + apposite.
inappropriate (adj.) Look up inappropriate at
1804, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + appropriate (adj.). Related: Inappropriately; inappropriateness.
inapt (adj.) Look up inapt at
1744, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + apt. Related: Inaptly; inaptness.
inaptitude (n.) Look up inaptitude at
1610s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + aptitude.
inarticulate (adj.) Look up inarticulate at
c. 1600, "not clear or intelligible" (of speech), from Late Latin inarticulatus "inarticulate, indistinct," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + articulatus, past participle of articulare (see articulation). Related: Inarticulately; inarticulateness.
inartistic (adj.) Look up inartistic at
1836, from in- (1) "not" + artistic. Inartistical is attested from 1849.
inasmuch Look up inasmuch at
contraction of in as much, first attested c. 1300 as in als mikel, a Northern form. First contracted to in asmuch, then, beginning 14c. and especially since 17c., to one word.
inattention (n.) Look up inattention at
1710, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + attention.
inattentive (adj.) Look up inattentive at
1741, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + attentive. Related: Inattentively; inattentiveness.
inaudible (adj.) Look up inaudible at
mid-15c., "unfit to be heard;" c. 1600, "unable to be heard," from Latin inaudibilis "inaudible," from in- “not” (see in- (1)) + audibilis (see audible). Related: Inaudibly; inaudibility.
inaugural (adj.) Look up inaugural at
1680s, from French inaugural (17c.), from inaugurer "to inaugurate" (see inauguration). The noun meaning "an inaugural address" is recorded from 1832, American English.
inaugurate (v.) Look up inaugurate at
c. 1600, a back-formation from inauguration and also from Latin inauguratus, past participle of inaugurare (see inauguration). Related: Inaugurated; inaugurating.
inauguration (n.) Look up inauguration at
1560s, from French inauguration "installation, consecration," and directly from Latin inaugurationem (nominative inauguratio) "consecration, installment under good omens," noun of action from past participle stem of inaugurare "take omens from the flight of birds; consecrate or install when such omens are favorable," from in- "on, in" (see in- (2)) + augurare "to act as an augur, predict" (see augur).
inauspicious (adj.) Look up inauspicious at
1590s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + auspicious. Related: Inauspiciously; inauspiciousness.
inauthentic (adj.) Look up inauthentic at
1783, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + authentic.
inbetween (n.) Look up inbetween at
1815, in-between, "an interval," also "a person who intervenes," from in + between.
inborn (adj.) Look up inborn at
Old English inboren "native to a place," from in "within" + boren "brought forth" (see born). Of qualities in a person, 1510s.
inbound (adj.) Look up inbound at
1857, "homeward," from in + bound (adj.2). Originally of ships.
inbox (n.) Look up inbox at
by 1984 in electronic mail sense, from in + mailbox (n.). Compare in-basket, in reference to office mail systems, by 1940.
inbred (adj.) Look up inbred at
1590s, "native," also "inherent by nature," from in + bred. The genetic sense is from 1892 (also see inbreeding).
inbreeding (n.) Look up inbreeding at
c. 1842, from in + breeding.
Inc. Look up Inc. at
U.S. abbreviation of Incorporated in company names (equivalent of British Ltd.), first attested 1904.
Inca (n.) Look up Inca at
1590s, from Spanish Inga (1520s), from Quechea Inca, literally "lord, king." Technically, only of the high Inca, but it was used widely for "man of royal blood."
incalculable (adj.) Look up incalculable at
1795, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + calculable (see calculate). Related: Incalculably; incalculability.
incandescence (n.) Look up incandescence at
1650s, figurative, "state of being 'inflamed,'" from incandescent + -ence. Literal use from 1794.
incandescent (adj.) Look up incandescent at
1794, from French incandescent or directly from Latin incandescentem (nominative incandescens), present participle of incandescere "become warm, glow, kindle," from in- "within" (see in- (2)) + candescere "begin to glow, become white," inceptive of candere "to glow, to shine" (see candle).
incantation (n.) Look up incantation at
late 14c., from Old French incantacion "spell, exorcism" (13c.), from Latin incantationem (nominative incantatio) "art of enchanting," noun of action from past participle stem of incantare "bewitch, charm," literally "sing spells" (see enchantment).
incapable (adj.) Look up incapable at
1590s, from Middle French incapable and directly from Medieval Latin incapabilis, from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + capabilis (see capable). Related: Incapably; incapability.
incapacitate (v.) Look up incapacitate at
1650s, from incapacity + -ate. Related: Incapacitated; incapacitating.
incapacitation (n.) Look up incapacitation at
1741, noun of action from incapacitate.
incapacity (n.) Look up incapacity at
1610s, from French incapacité (16c.), from Medieval Latin incapacitatem (nominative incapacitas), from Late Latin incapax (genitive incapacis) "incapable," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + Latin capax "capable," literally "able to hold much," from capere "to take" (see capable). Often used 17c. as a legal term referring to inability to take, receive, or deal with in some way.
incarcerate (v.) Look up incarcerate at
1550s, a back-formation from incarceration, or else from Medieval Latin incarceratus, past participle of incarcerare "to imprison" (see incarceration). Related: Incarcerated; incarcerating.
incarceration (n.) Look up incarceration at
early 15c., "retention of pus," from Medieval Latin incarcerationem (nominative incarceratio), noun of action from past participle stem of incarcerare "to imprison," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + carcer "prison, an enclosed space," from Proto-Italic *kar-kr(o)-, of uncertain origin.
It seems best to connect carcer with other IE words for 'circle, round object', such as Latin. curvus, Gr. κιρκος 'ring', OIc. hringr, although not all of these have a good IE etymology. The reduplication in Latin carcer could be iconic; thus, the original meaning would have been 'enclosure'. [de Vaan]
incarnadine Look up incarnadine at
1590s (adj.) "flesh-colored," from French incarnadine, from dialectal Italian incarnadino "flesh-color," from Late Latin incarnatio (see incarnation). The verb properly would mean "to make flesh colored," but the modern meaning "make red," and the entire survival of the verb, is traceable to "Macbeth" II ii. (1605). Its direct root might be the noun incarnadine "blood-red; flesh-color," though this is not attested until 1620s.
incarnate (adj.) Look up incarnate at
late 14c., from Late Latin incarnatus "made flesh," a common word among early Christian writers, past participle of Latin incarnare "to make flesh" (see incarnation).
incarnate (v.) Look up incarnate at
1530s, a back-formation from incarnation, or else from Latin incarnatus, past participle of incarnare (see incarnation). Related: Incarnated; incarnating.
incarnation (n.) Look up incarnation at
c. 1300, "embodiment of God in the person of Christ," from Old French incarnacion (12c.), from Late Latin incarnationem (nominative incarnatio), "act of being made flesh" (used by Church writers especially of God in Christ), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin incarnare "to make flesh," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + caro (genitive carnis) "flesh" (see carnage). Glossed in Old English as inflæscnes, inlichomung.
incautious (adj.) Look up incautious at
1703, from in- (1) + cautious. Related: Incautiously.
incendiarism (n.) Look up incendiarism at
1670s, figurative; 1837, literal; see incendiary + -ism.
incendiary Look up incendiary at
c. 1400 as a noun, "person who sets malicious fires;" mid-15c. as an adjective, "capable of being used to set fires," from Latin incendiarius "causing a fire," from incendium "conflagration," from incendere "set on fire," figuratively, "incite, rouse, enrage," from in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + *candere "to set alight, cause to glow," related to candere "to shine" (see candle). Figurative sense of "enflaming passions" (adj.) is from 1610s. Military use, of bombs, shells, etc., attested from 1871. The obsolete verb incend is attested from c. 1500.
incense (n.) Look up incense at
late 13c., from Old French encens "sweet-smelling substance," from Late Latin incensum (nominative incensus) "burnt incense," literally "something burnt," neuter past participle of Latin incendere "set on fire" (see incendiary).
incense (v.1) Look up incense at
"make angry," early 15c., from Middle French incenser, from Latin incensare, frequentative of Latin incendere "set on fire" (see incendiary). A figurative use of the word used literally in incense (n.). Related: Incensed.
incense (v.2) Look up incense at
"to offer incense, perfume with incense," c. 1300, from Old French encenser, from encens (see incense (n.)).