hypercritical (adj.) Look up hypercritical at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from hyper- + critical.
hyperdrive (n.) Look up hyperdrive at Dictionary.com
by 1955, an invented word of science fiction writers to describe anything that can power a space craft faster than the speed of light. See hyper- + drive (n.).
hyperextend (v.) Look up hyperextend at Dictionary.com
1863, from hyper- + extend. Related: Hyperextended; hyperextending.
hyperglycemia (n.) Look up hyperglycemia at Dictionary.com
1875, Latinized form of Greek elements hyper- "over" (see hyper-) + glykys "sweet" (see glucose) + haima "blood" (see -emia).
hyperinflation (n.) Look up hyperinflation at Dictionary.com
1930 in the economic sense, from hyper- + inflation. Earlier as a medical term in treatment of lung diseases.
Hyperion Look up Hyperion at Dictionary.com
a Titan, son of Uranus and Gaea, later identified with Apollo, from Greek, literally "he who looks from above."
hyperkinetic (adj.) Look up hyperkinetic at Dictionary.com
1880, from hyper- + kinetic. Perhaps immediately from French hyperkinetic (1874). Related: Hyperkinesis.
hyperlink (n.) Look up hyperlink at Dictionary.com
by 1987, from hyper- + link (n.).
hyperopia (n.) Look up hyperopia at Dictionary.com
1884, Modern Latin, from hyper- + Greek ops "eye" (see eye).
hyperplasia (n.) Look up hyperplasia at Dictionary.com
1861, from Modern Latin hyperplasia, from hyper- + -plasia.
hypersensitive (adj.) Look up hypersensitive at Dictionary.com
1827, a hybrid from hyper- + sensitive. Related: Hypersensitivity.
hyperspace (n.) Look up hyperspace at Dictionary.com
"space of more than three dimensions," 1867, from hyper- + space (n.). A hybrid; correctly formed it would be superspace.
hypertension (n.) Look up hypertension at Dictionary.com
1863, from hyper- + tension. Originally in medical use; of emotions or nerves, from 1936.
hypertext (n.) Look up hypertext at Dictionary.com
1969, from hyper- + text (n.).
hyperthermia (n.) Look up hyperthermia at Dictionary.com
1878, medical Latin, from hyper- + Greek therme "heat" (see thermal).
hyperthyroidism (n.) Look up hyperthyroidism at Dictionary.com
1895, from hyper- + thyroid + -ism.
hypertonic Look up hypertonic at Dictionary.com
1855, from hyper- + tonic. Related: Hypertonia; hypertonicity.
hypertrophy (n.) Look up hypertrophy at Dictionary.com
1821, from hyper- + Greek -trophe "nourishment" (see -trophy). Related: Hypertrophic.
hyperventilate (v.) Look up hyperventilate at Dictionary.com
"breathe deeply and rapidly," 1931, from hyper- + ventilate. Related: Hyperventilated; hyperventilating.
hyperventilation (n.) Look up hyperventilation at Dictionary.com
1907, from hyper- + ventilation. Earlier as a type of treatment for lung diseases.
hypervigilance (n.) Look up hypervigilance at Dictionary.com
1917, from hyper- + vigilance. Related: Hypervigilant.
hypha (n.) Look up hypha at Dictionary.com
1866, from Modern Latin plural hyphae (1810), from Greek hyphe (singular) "web."
hyphen (n.) Look up hyphen at Dictionary.com
1620s, from Late Latin hyphen, from Greek hyphen "mark joining two syllables or words," probably indicating how they were to be sung, noun use of an adverb meaning "together, in one," literally "under one," from hypo "under" (see sub-) + hen, neuter of heis "one."
hyphenate (v.) Look up hyphenate at Dictionary.com
1881, from hyphen + -ate (2). The earlier verb was simply hyphen (1814). Related: Hyphenated; hyphenating. Hyphenated American is attested from 1889.
hyphenation (n.) Look up hyphenation at Dictionary.com
1881, from hyphen + -ation. Hyphenization is attested from 1851.
hypnagogic (adj.) Look up hypnagogic at Dictionary.com
1868, from French hypnagogique, from Greek hypnos "sleep" (see somnolence) + agogos "leading" (see act). Etymologically, "inducing sleep," but used mostly with a sense "pertaining to the state of consciousness when falling asleep."
hypno- Look up hypno- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "sleep," from Greek hypno-, comb. form of hypnos "sleep" (see somnolence).
hypnopedia (n.) Look up hypnopedia at Dictionary.com
also hypnopaedia, "sleep-learning," 1932, from Greek hypnos "sleep" (see somnolence) + paideia "education" (see pedo-).
hypnopompic (adj.) Look up hypnopompic at Dictionary.com
pertaining to the state of consciousness when awaking from sleep, 1901, from hypno- "sleep" + Greek pompe "sending away," from pempein "to send."
hypnosis (n.) Look up hypnosis at Dictionary.com
1869, "the coming on of sleep," coined (as an alternative to hypnotism) from Greek hypnos "sleep" (see somnolence) + -osis "condition." Of an artificially induced condition, from 1880.
hypnotherapy (n.) Look up hypnotherapy at Dictionary.com
1897, from hypno- + therapy. Related: Hypnotherapist.
hypnotic (adj.) Look up hypnotic at Dictionary.com
1620s, "inducing sleep," originally used of drugs, from French hypnotique (16c.) "inclined to sleep, soporific," from Late Latin hypnoticus, from Greek hypnotikos "inclined to sleep, putting to sleep, sleepy," from hypnoun "put to sleep," from hypnos "sleep" (see somnolence). Modern sense of "pertaining to an induced trance" first recorded in English 1843, along with hypnotist, hypnotize, both coined by Dr. James Braid. Related: Hypnotical; hypnotically.
hypnotise (v.) Look up hypnotise at Dictionary.com
alternative spelling of hypnotize; for suffix, see -ize. Related: Hypnotised; hypnotising.
hypnotism (n.) Look up hypnotism at Dictionary.com
1843, short for neuro-hypnotism (1842), coined by Dr. James Braid of Manchester, England, from hypnotic + -ism. In the same work (1843) Braid coined the verb hypnotize.
hypnotist (n.) Look up hypnotist at Dictionary.com
1843; see hypnotic + -ist.
hypnotize (v.) Look up hypnotize at Dictionary.com
1843, see hypnotic + -ize. Related: Hypnotized; hypnotizing.
hypo (n.) Look up hypo at Dictionary.com
1711, "depression," short for hypochondria; 1904 as short for hypodermic needle.
hypo- Look up hypo- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "under, beneath" (in chemistry, indicating a lesser oxidation), from hypo-, comb. form of Greek hypo (prep. and adverb) "under," from PIE *upo- "under, up from under, over" (see sub-).
hypoallergenic Look up hypoallergenic at Dictionary.com
1950, from hypo- + allergen + -ic.
hypochondria (n.) Look up hypochondria at Dictionary.com
1839, "illness without a specific cause," earlier (1660s) "depression or melancholy without real cause," earlier still (late 14c.) ipocondrie "upper abdomen," from Late Latin hypochondria "the abdomen," from Greek hypokhondria (neuter plural of hypokhondrios), from hypo- "under" (see sub-) + khondros "cartilage" (of the breastbone); see grind (v.). Reflecting ancient belief that the viscera of the hypochondria were the seat of melancholy and the source of the vapors that caused such feelings.
hypochondriac (adj.) Look up hypochondriac at Dictionary.com
1590s, "pertaining to the hypochondria," also "afflicted with melancholy," from French hypocondriaque (16c.), from Medieval Latin hypochondriacus, from Greek hypokhondriakos "pertaining to the upper abdomen," from hypokhondria (see hypochondria). The noun is from 1630s, "melancholy person;" in the modern sense from 1888.
hypochondriasis (n.) Look up hypochondriasis at Dictionary.com
1766, from hypochondria + an unusual use of -osis.
hypocrisy (n.) Look up hypocrisy at Dictionary.com
c.1200, ipocrisie, from Old French ypocrisie, from Late Latin hypocrisis, from Greek hypokrisis "acting on the stage, pretense," from hypokrinesthai "play a part, pretend," also "answer," from hypo- "under" (see sub-) + middle voice of krinein "to sift, decide" (see crisis). The sense evolution in Attic Greek is from "separate gradually" to "answer" to "answer a fellow actor on stage" to "play a part." The h- was restored in English 16c.
Hypocrisy is the art of affecting qualities for the purpose of pretending to an undeserved virtue. Because individuals and institutions and societies most often live down to the suspicions about them, hypocrisy and its accompanying equivocations underpin the conduct of life. Imagine how frightful truth unvarnished would be. [Benjamin F. Martin, "France in 1938," 2005]
hypocrite (n.) Look up hypocrite at Dictionary.com
c.1200, ypocrite, from Old French ypocrite (12c., Modern French hypocrite), from Church Latin hypocrita, from Greek hypokrites "stage actor, pretender, dissembler," from hypokrinesthai (see hypocrisy).
hypocritic (adj.) Look up hypocritic at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Greek hypokritikos “acting a part, pretending” (see hypocrisy).
hypocritical (adj.) Look up hypocritical at Dictionary.com
1540s (implied in hypocritically), from hypocritic, which was used in the same sense, + -al (1). Middle English used simple hypocrite as the adjective (c.1400) as well as the noun.
hypodermic (adj.) Look up hypodermic at Dictionary.com
1830, from hypo- "under" + derma "skin" + -ic.
hypoglycemia (n.) Look up hypoglycemia at Dictionary.com
1893, from Latinized form of Greek elements hypo- "under" (see hypo-) + glykys "sweet" (see glucose) + haima "blood" (see -emia).
hypomania (n.) Look up hypomania at Dictionary.com
1843 (as a clinical word from 1882, from German hypomanie); see hypo- + mania. Related: Hypomaniac; hypomanic.
hypotenuse (n.) Look up hypotenuse at Dictionary.com
1570s, from Late Latin hypotenusa, from Greek hypoteinousa "stretching under" (the right angle), fem. present participle of hypoteinein, from hypo- "under" (see sub-) + teinein "to stretch" (see tenet). Formerly often erroneously hypothenuse.