Hindoo Look up Hindoo at Dictionary.com
old anglicized form of Hindu (q.v.).
hindrance (n.) Look up hindrance at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., a hybrid from hindren (see hinder (v.)) on model of French-derived words in -ance.
hindsight (n.) Look up hindsight at Dictionary.com
1806, "backsight of a firearm," from hind (adj.) + sight (n.). Meaning "a seeing what has happened, a seeing after the event what ought to have been done" is attested by 1862, American English, (in proverbial "If our foresight was as good as our hindsight, it would be an easy matter to get rich"), probably formed as a humorous opposition to older foresight (q.v.).
Hindu (n.) Look up Hindu at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Persian Hindu (adjective and noun) "Indian," from Hind "India," from Sanskrit sindhu "river," meaning here the Indus; hence "region of the Indus," the sense then gradually was extended by invading peoples to encompass all northern India. "Properly, one of the native race in India descended from the Aryan conquerors. ... More loosely, the name includes also the non-Aryan inhabitants of India" [Century Dictionary, 1902]. As an adjective from 1690s. The Hindu Kush mountain range is said to mean literally "Indian killer," and was said to have been the name given by the Persians to a pass where their Indian slaves had perished in winter, but this likely is folk etymology.
Hinduism (n.) Look up Hinduism at Dictionary.com
blanket term for "polytheism of India," 1786, from Hindu + -ism.
Hindustan Look up Hindustan at Dictionary.com
1610s, from Persian, literally "country of the Hindus;" see Hindu + -stan. Related: Hindustani, the old name for Urdu.
hine Look up hine at Dictionary.com
see hin.
hinge (n.) Look up hinge at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, "the axis of the earth;" late 14c. as "movable joint of a gate or door," not found in Old English, cognate with Middle Dutch henghe "hook, handle," Middle Low German henge "hinge," from Proto-Germanic *hanhan (transitive), *hangen (intransitive), from PIE *konk- "to hang" (see hang (v.)). The notion is the thing from which a door hangs. Figurative sense of "that on which events, etc., turn" is from c.1600. Stamp-collecting sense is from 1883.
hinge (v.) Look up hinge at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, "to bend," from hinge (n.). Meaning "turn on, depend" (figuratively) is from 1719. Related: Hinged; hinging.
hinny (n.) Look up hinny at Dictionary.com
"a mule got from a she-ass by a stallion," 1680s, from Latin hinnus, from Greek innos, ginnos, of unknown origin.
hinny (v.) Look up hinny at Dictionary.com
"to neigh," c. 1400, of imitative origin.
hint (n.) Look up hint at Dictionary.com
c. 1600 (Shakespeare), "an indirect suggestion intended to be caught by the knowing," apparently from obsolete hent, from Middle English hinten "to tell, inform" (c. 1400), from Old English hentan "to seize," from Proto-Germanic *hantijan (cognates: Gothic hinþan "to seize"), related to hunt (v.). OED dates the sense "small piece of practical information" to 1777.
hint (v.) Look up hint at Dictionary.com
1640s, "suggest in an indirect manner," from hint (n.). Related: Hinted; hinting.
hinterland (n.) Look up hinterland at Dictionary.com
1890, from German Hinterland, from hinter "behind" (see hinder (adj.)) + Land "country" (see land (n.)). What in English would be called the back-country.
hip (n.1) Look up hip at Dictionary.com
"part of the human body where pelvis and thigh join," Old English hype "hip," from Proto-Germanic *hupiz (cognates: Dutch heup, Old High German huf, German Hüfte, Swedish höft, Gothic hups "hip"), of uncertain origin. In architecture, "external angle at the junction of two sides of a roof," from late 17c. Hip-flask, one meant to fit in a hip pocket, is from 1923. Related: Hips.
hip (n.2) Look up hip at Dictionary.com
"seed pod" (especially of wild rose), a 16c. alteration of Middle English hepe, from Old English heope, hiope "seed vessel of the wild rose," from Proto-Germanic *hiup- (cognates: dialectal Norwegian hjupa, Old Saxon hiopo, Dutch joop, Old High German hiafo, dialectal German Hiefe, Old English hiopa "briar, bramble"), of unknown origin.
hip (adj.) Look up hip at Dictionary.com
"informed," 1904, apparently originally in black slang, probably a variant of hep (1), with which it is identical in sense, though it is recorded four years earlier.
hip (interj.) Look up hip at Dictionary.com
exclamation used to introduce a united cheer (as in hip-hip-hurrah), 1827, earlier hep; compare German hepp, to animals a cry to attack game, to mobs a cry to attack Jews (see hep (2)); perhaps a natural sound (such as Latin eho, heus).
hip-hop Look up hip-hop at Dictionary.com
also hiphop, music style, 1982. Reduplication with vowel variation (as in tip-top, sing-song); OED reports use of hip hop (adv.) with a sense of "successive hopping motion" dating back to 1670s. The term in its modern sense comes from its use in the early rap lyrics of the genre, notably Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five and The Sugarhill Gang in "Rapper's Delight."
hip-shot (adj.) Look up hip-shot at Dictionary.com
"with the hip dislocated," 1630s, from hip (n.1) + shot (adj.). The notion is "with the hip shot out of place."
hiphuggers (n.) Look up hiphuggers at Dictionary.com
also hip-huggers, "low-rise pants or skirt," 1966, from hip + agent noun from hug. So called because they are slung from the hips, not the waist. Earlier as the name of a cut of women's swimsuit (1963). Hiphugger (adj.) is attested from 1966.
hipped (adj.) Look up hipped at Dictionary.com
"having hips," c. 1500, past participle adjective; see hip (n.1)). In architecture (of roofs) from 1785.
hippety-hop (adv.) Look up hippety-hop at Dictionary.com
1855, earlier hippety-hoppety (1825); see hip-hop.
hippie (n.) Look up hippie at Dictionary.com
c. 1965, American English (Haight-Ashbury slang); earlier (1953) a variant (usually disparaging) of hipster (1941) "person keenly aware of the new and stylish," from hip "up-to-date" (see hip (adj.)). Related: Hippiedom.
hippish (adj.) Look up hippish at Dictionary.com
"somewhat depressed, moping," 1706, from hip (n.) "melancholy," a variant of hyp, short for hypochondria.
hippo (n.) Look up hippo at Dictionary.com
short for hippopotamus, attested from 1872.
hippo- Look up hippo- at Dictionary.com
before vowels, hipp-, word-forming element meaning "horse," from Greek hippo-, from hippos "horse," from PIE *ekwo- (see equine).
hippocampus (n.) Look up hippocampus at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, a kind of sea monster, part horse and part dolphin or fish, often pictured pulling Neptune's chariot, from Late Latin hippocampus, from Greek hippokampos, from hippos "horse" (see equine) + kampos "a sea monster," which is perhaps related to kampe "caterpillar." Used from 1570s as a name of a type of fish (the seahorse); of a part of the brain from 1706, on supposed resemblance to the fish.
Hippocratic (adj.) Look up Hippocratic at Dictionary.com
1610s, from Medieval Latin Hippocraticus, "pertaining to Hippocrates" (c. 460-377 B.C.E.), the famous ancient Greek physician and "father of medicine." Hippocratic Oath is attested from 1747; it is in the spirit of Hippocrates but was not written by him. The Hippocratic face (1713) is the expression immediately before death or in extreme exhaustion, and is so called from his vivid description of it. The name is literally "one superior in horses;" from hippos "horse" (see equine) + kratia "rule" (see -cracy).
Hippocrene Look up Hippocrene at Dictionary.com
fount on Mount Helicon sacred to the Muses, its waters were held to bestow poetic inspiration, from Greek Hippokrene, earlier hippou krene, literally "horse's fountain," from genitive of hippos "horse" (see equine) + krene "fountain."
hippocrepian (adj.) Look up hippocrepian at Dictionary.com
"horseshoe-shaped," 1852, from Latinized form of Greek hippos "horse" (see equine) + krepis "a boot."
hippodrome (n.) Look up hippodrome at Dictionary.com
"horse race-course," 1580s, from French hippodrome, from Latin hippodromos "race course," from Greek hippodromos "chariot road, race course for chariots," from hippos "horse" (see equine) + dromos "course" (see dromedary). In modern use, "circus performance place" (mid-19c.), and thus extended to "large theater for stage shows." In old U.S. sporting slang, "a fixed match or race."
hippogriff (n.) Look up hippogriff at Dictionary.com
also hippogryph, 1650s, from French hippogriffe (16c.), from Italian ippogrifo, from Greek hippos "horse" (see equine) + Italian grifo, from Late Latin gryphus "griffin" (see griffin). A creature part griffin, but with body and hind parts in the form of a horse. "[A]pparently invented, in imitation of Pegasus, by the romancers of the middle ages, and furnished to their heroes as a means of transportation through the air" [Century Dictionary].
Hippolyte Look up Hippolyte at Dictionary.com
name of an Amazon in Greek mythology, daughter of Ares, from Greek Hippolyte, fem. of Hippolytos (see Hippolytus).
Hippolytus Look up Hippolytus at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, son of Theseus in Greek mythology, from Greek Hippolytos, literally "letting horses loose," from hippos "horse" (see equine) + stem of lyein (see lose (v.)).
hippomania (n.) Look up hippomania at Dictionary.com
"excessive fondness for horses" (especially in reference to the intense and passionate interest in horses developed in some girls between ages 10 and 14), 1956, from hippo- "horse" + mania.
hippomobile (n.) Look up hippomobile at Dictionary.com
1900, "A word used in the early days of motor vehicles for a horse-drawn vehicle" [OED], from French, from hippo- "horse" + ending from automobile.
hippophagy (n.) Look up hippophagy at Dictionary.com
"act or practice of feeding on horseflesh," 1823, from hippo- "horse" + -phagy "eating" (see -phagous). Ptolemy uses hippophagi of certain nomadic tribes of central Asia. Related: Hippophagous (1828).
hippophile (n.) Look up hippophile at Dictionary.com
"horse-lover," 1852, from hippo- "horse" + -phile "one that loves."
hippopotamus (n.) Look up hippopotamus at Dictionary.com
omnivorous ungulate pachydermatous mammal of Africa, 1560s, from Late Latin hippopotamus, from Greek hippopotamus "riverhorse," an irregular formation from earlier ho hippos potamios "the horse of the river"), from hippos "horse" (see equine) + adjective from potamos "river, rushing water" (see potamo-). Replaced Middle English ypotame (c. 1300), which is from the same source but deformed in Old French. Glossed in Old English as sæhengest.
Ypotamos comen flyngynge. ... Grete bestes and griselich ["Kyng Alisaunder," c. 1300]
Related: Hippopotamic.
hippy (adj.) Look up hippy at Dictionary.com
"having prominent hips," 1919, from hip (n.1) + -y (2).
hipster (n.) Look up hipster at Dictionary.com
1941, "one who is hip;" from hip (adj.) + -ster. Meaning "low-rise" in reference to pants or a skirt is from 1962; so called because they ride on the hips rather than the waist (see hiphuggers). Related: Hipsters (1962, of waistlines).
hir (pron.) Look up hir at Dictionary.com
Middle English obsolete form of her.
hiragana (n.) Look up hiragana at Dictionary.com
cursive form of Japanese writing, 1822, from Japanese hiragana, from hira "plain" + kana "borrowed letter(s)."
Hiram Look up Hiram at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Phoenician/Hebrew Hiram, perhaps short for Ahiram, literally "brother of the lofty."
hircine (adj.) Look up hircine at Dictionary.com
"goat-like," 1650s, from Latin hircinus "like a goat, of a goat," from hircus "he-goat, buck," which is probably related to hirsutus "shaggy, rough-haired" (see hirsute). "In general, words for 'goat' lack a PIE etymology" [de Vaan]. Latin also had hircosus "smelling like a goat," and hirquitallus "adolescent boy." English has used hircinous for "having a goat-like odor."
hire (v.) Look up hire at Dictionary.com
Old English hyrian "pay for service, employ for wages, engage," from Proto-Germanic *hurjan (cognates: Danish hyre, Old Frisian hera, Dutch huren, German heuern "to hire, rent"), of uncertain origin. Reflexively, "to agree to work for wages" from mid-13c. Related: Hired; hiring.
hire (n.) Look up hire at Dictionary.com
"payment for work, use, or services; wages," from late Old English hyr "wages; interest, usury," from the verb or from a Proto-Germanic *hurja- (see hire (v.)). Cognate with Old Frisian here, Dutch huur, German heuer, Danish hyre.
hiree (n.) Look up hiree at Dictionary.com
1811, from hire (v.) + -ee.
hireling (n.) Look up hireling at Dictionary.com
"one who works for hire," Old English hyrling; see hire (v.) + -ling. Now only disparaging, "one who acts only for mercenary motives," a sense that emerged late 16c. As an adjective by 1580s.