hippish (adj.) Look up hippish at Dictionary.com
"somewhat depressed," 1706, from hip (n.) "melancholy," variant of hyp, short for hypochondria.
hippo (n.) Look up hippo at Dictionary.com
short for hippopotamus, attested from 1872.
hippo- Look up hippo- at Dictionary.com
before vowels, hipp-, word-forming element meaning "horse," from Greek hippo-, from hippos "horse," from PIE *ekwo- (see equine).
hippocampus (n.) Look up hippocampus at Dictionary.com
c.1600, a kind of sea monster, part horse and part dolphin or fish (they are often pictured pulling Neptune's chariot), from Late Latin hippocampus, from Greek hippokampos, from hippos "horse" + kampos "a sea monster," perhaps related to kampe "caterpillar." Used from 1570s as a name of a type of fish; of a part of the brain from 1706, on supposed resemblance to the fish.
Hippocratic (adj.) Look up Hippocratic at Dictionary.com
1610s, from Medieval Latin Hippocraticus, pertaining to Hippocrates (c.460-377 B.C.E.), the famous ancient Greek physician. Hippocratic Oath is attested from 1747; it is in the spirit of Hippocrates but was not written by him. The name is literally "one superior in horses."
Hippocrene Look up Hippocrene at Dictionary.com
fount on Mount Helicon, sacred to the Muses, from Greek Hippokrene, literally "horse's fountain," from hippos "horse" + krene "fountain."
hippodrome (n.) Look up hippodrome at Dictionary.com
1580s, from French hippodrome, from Latin hippodromos "race course," from Greek hippodromos "chariot road, race course for chariots," from hippos "horse" (see equine) + dromos "course" (see dromedary). In modern use for "circus performance place," and thus extended to "large theater for stage shows."
hippogriff (n.) Look up hippogriff at Dictionary.com
also hippogryph, 1650s, from French hippogriffe (16c.), from Italian ippogrifo, from Greek hippos "horse" (see equine) + Italian grifo, from Late Latin gryphus "griffin" (see griffin). A creature part griffin, but with body and hind parts in the form of a horse.
Hippolyte Look up Hippolyte at Dictionary.com
Amazon in Greek mythology, daughter of Ares, from Greek Hippolyte, fem. of Hippolytos (see Hippolytus).
Hippolytus Look up Hippolytus at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, son of Theseus in Greek mythology, from Greek Hippolytos, literally "letting horses loose," from hippos "horse" (see equine) + stem of lyein (see lose).
hippophagy (n.) Look up hippophagy at Dictionary.com
1828, from hippo- + -phagy (see -phagous). Related: Hippophagous.
hippopotamus (n.) Look up hippopotamus at Dictionary.com
1560s, from Late Latin hippopotamus, from Greek hippopotamus "riverhorse" (earlier ho hippos ho potamios "the horse of the river"), from hippos "horse" (see equine) + potamos "river, rushing water" (see potamo-). Replaced Middle English ypotame (c.1300), which is from the same source but via Old French. Glossed in Old English as sæhengest.
Ypotamos comen flyngynge. ... Grete bestes and griselich ["Kyng Alisaunder," c.1300]
hippy (adj.) Look up hippy at Dictionary.com
"having prominent hips," 1919, from hip (n.1) + -y (2).
hipster (n.) Look up hipster at Dictionary.com
1941, "one who is hip;" from hip (adj.) + -ster. Meaning "low-rise" in reference to pants or skirt is from 1962; so called because they ride on the hips rather than the waist (see hiphuggers). Related: Hipsters.
hir (pron.) Look up hir at Dictionary.com
Middle English obsolete form of her.
hiragana (n.) Look up hiragana at Dictionary.com
from Japanese hiragana, from hira "plain" + kana "borrowed letter(s)."
Hiram Look up Hiram at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Phoenician/Hebrew Hiram, perhaps short for Ahiram, literally "brother of the lofty."
hircine (adj.) Look up hircine at Dictionary.com
"goat-like," 1650s, from Latin hircinus "pertaining to a goat," from hircus "he-goat, buck," probably related to hirsutus "shaggy" (see hirsute).
hire (v.) Look up hire at Dictionary.com
Old English hyrian "pay for service, employ for wages, engage," from Proto-Germanic *hurjan (cognates: Danish hyre, Old Frisian hera, Dutch huren, German heuern "to hire, rent"). Reflexively, "to agree to work for wages" from mid-13c. Related: Hired; hiring.
hire (n.) Look up hire at Dictionary.com
"payment for work, use, or services; wages," from Old English hyr "wages; interest, usury," from Proto-Germanic *hurja- (see hire (v.)).
hiree (n.) Look up hiree at Dictionary.com
1811, from hire (v.) + -ee.
hireling (n.) Look up hireling at Dictionary.com
"one who works for hire," Old English hyrling; see hire + -ling. As an adjective by 1580s.
Hiroshima Look up Hiroshima at Dictionary.com
city in Japan, literally "broad island," from Japanese hiro "broad" + shima "island." So called in reference to its situation on the delta of the Ota River.
hirsute (adj.) Look up hirsute at Dictionary.com
"hairy," 1620s, from Latin hirsutus "rough, shaggy, bristly," figuratively "rude, unpolished," related to hirtus "shaggy," and possibly to horrere "to bristle with fear," from PIE *ghers-tu-, from root *ghers- "to bristle" (see horror).
hirsutism (n.) Look up hirsutism at Dictionary.com
1927, from hirsute + -ism.
his (pron.) Look up his at Dictionary.com
Old English his (genitive of he), from Proto-Germanic *hisa (cognates: Gothic is, German es). Originally also the neuter possessive pronoun, but replaced in that sense c.1600 by its. In Middle English, hisis was tried for the absolute pronoun (compare her/hers), but it failed to stick. For dialectal his'n, see her.
Hispania Look up Hispania at Dictionary.com
Latin name for the Iberian peninsula, literally "country of the Spaniards;" see Hispanic.
Hispanic (adj.) Look up Hispanic at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to Spain" (especially ancient Spain) 1580s, from Latin Hispanicus, from Hispania "Iberian Peninsula," from Hispanus "Spaniard" (see Spaniard). Specific application to Spanish-speaking parts of the New World is 1889, American English; especially applied since c.1972 to Spanish-speaking persons of Latin American descent living in U.S.
Hispaniola Look up Hispaniola at Dictionary.com
West Indian island, from Spanish la isla española "the Spanish island" (not "little Spain"); name said to have been given by Columbus in 1492.
hiss (v.) Look up hiss at Dictionary.com
late 14c., of imitative origin. Johnson wrote, "it is remarkable, that this word cannot be pronounced without making the noise which it signifies." Related: Hissed; hissing.
hiss (n.) Look up hiss at Dictionary.com
1510s, from hiss (v.).
hisself (pron.) Look up hisself at Dictionary.com
see himself. The shift in felt meaning of the first element of this compound from dative to gentitive created this new word c.1400, whereas the same process did not change herself.
hissing (n.) Look up hissing at Dictionary.com
late 14c., hissyng, of imitative origin (see hiss (v.)), but originally also "whistling." In both senses expressing opprobrium.
hissy (adj.) Look up hissy at Dictionary.com
1905, from hiss + -y (2). Hissy fit is attested by 1983.
hist Look up hist at Dictionary.com
exclamation commanding silence, attested from 1610s; probably so chosen because the sound is both easy to hear and suddenly silent.
histamine (n.) Look up histamine at Dictionary.com
1913, "amine produced by the decomposition of histidine."
histidine (n.) Look up histidine at Dictionary.com
complex amino acid, 1896, from German histidin; see histo- + chemical suffix -idine.
histo- Look up histo- at Dictionary.com
medical word-forming element, from Greek histos "warp, web," literally "anything set upright," from histasthai "to stand," from PIE *sta- "to stand" (see stet). Taken by 19c. medical writers as the best Greek root from which to form terminology for "tissue."
histogram (n.) Look up histogram at Dictionary.com
1891, from histo- + -gram.
histology (n.) Look up histology at Dictionary.com
"study of organic tissues," 1847, from histo- + -ology.
histone (n.) Look up histone at Dictionary.com
1885, from German histon (1884); see histo- + -one.
historian (n.) Look up historian at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Middle French historien (14c.), from Latin historia (see history). As "writer of history in the higher sense" (distinguished from a mere annalist or chronicler), from 1530s. The Old English word was þeod-wita.
[T]he historian's fallacy is the error of assuming that a man who has a given historical experience knows it, when he has had it, to be all that a historian would know it to be, with the advantage of historical perspective. [David Hackett Fischer, "Historians' Fallacies," 1970]
historiaster (n.) Look up historiaster at Dictionary.com
"petty or contemptible historian," 1887, from historian with ending altered to -aster.
historic (adj.) Look up historic at Dictionary.com
1660s, probably a back-formation from historical, perhaps influenced by French historique. What is historic is noted or celebrated in history; what is historical deals with history.
historical (adj.) Look up historical at Dictionary.com
early 15c. (earlier in same sense was historial, late 14c.), from Latin historicus (from Greek historikos "historical, of or for inquiry," from historia; see history) + -al (1). Related: Historically.
historicism (n.) Look up historicism at Dictionary.com
1895, translating German historismus, from historic + -ism. Given various senses 20c. in theology, philosophy, architecture, etc.
historicity (n.) Look up historicity at Dictionary.com
1880, from Latin historicus (see historical) + -ity.
historico- Look up historico- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "historical," from Latinized comb. form of Greek historikos (see historical).
historify (v.) Look up historify at Dictionary.com
1580s, from history + -ify. Related: Historified; historifying.
historiography (n.) Look up historiography at Dictionary.com
1560s; see from history + -graphy. Related: Historiographer.