hide (n.2) Look up hide at Dictionary.com
"measure of land" (obsolete), Old English hid "hide of land," earlier higid, from hiw- "family" (related to hiwan "household," hiwo "a husband, master of a household"), from Proto-Germanic *hiwido-, from PIE *keiwo- (source also of Latin civis "citizen"), from root *kei- "to lie; bed, couch; beloved, dear" (see cemetery, and compare city).

The notion was of "amount of land needed to feed one free family and dependents," usually 100 or 120 acres, but the amount could be as little as 60, depending on the quality of the land. Often also defined as "as much land as could be tilled by one plow in a year." Translated in Latin as familia.
hideaway (n.) Look up hideaway at Dictionary.com
"small, secluded restaurant, etc.," 1929, from hide (v.1) + away. Earlier it meant "a fugitive person" (1871).
hidebound (adj.) Look up hidebound at Dictionary.com
1550s, from hide (n.1) + past tense of bind (v.). Original reference is to emaciated cattle with skin sticking closely to backbones and ribs; metaphoric sense of "restricted by narrow attitudes" is first recorded c. 1600.
hideosity (n.) Look up hideosity at Dictionary.com
"a very ugly thing," 1807, from hideous on model of monstrosity, etc.
hideous (adj.) Look up hideous at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, "terrifying, horrible, dreadful," from Anglo-French hidous, Old French hideus, earlier hisdos "hideous, horrible, awful, frightening" (11c.; Modern French hideux), from hisda "horror, fear," perhaps of Germanic origin; or else from Vulgar Latin *hispidosus, from Latin hispidus "shaggy, bristly," "[b]ut this presents numerous difficulties" [OED]. Meaning "repulsive" is late 14c.
hideously (adv.) Look up hideously at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from hideous + -ly (2).
hideousness (n.) Look up hideousness at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from hideous + -ness.
hideout (n.) Look up hideout at Dictionary.com
also hide-out, "a hiding place," 1885, American English, from hide (v.) + out. The phrase hide out "conceal (oneself) from the authorities" is attested from 1870, American English (in reference to Northern draft dodgers in the Civil War).
hiding (n.1) Look up hiding at Dictionary.com
"concealment," early 13c., verbal noun from hide (v.1). Hiding place is from mid-15c.; an Old English word for this was hydels.
hiding (n.2) Look up hiding at Dictionary.com
"a flogging," 1809, from hide (n.1), perhaps in reference to a whip or thong made of animal hide. Old English had hyde ðolian "to undergo a flogging," and hydgild "fine paid to save one's skin (from a punishment by flogging)." The English expression a hiding to nothing (by 1905) referred to a situation where there was disgrace in defeat and no honor in victory.
hidy-hole (n.) Look up hidy-hole at Dictionary.com
1817, altered from hiding-hole; from hiding (n.1) + hole (n.).
hie (v.) Look up hie at Dictionary.com
Old English higian "strive, hasten," originally "to be intent on," from Proto-Germanic *hig- (cognates: Middle Dutch higen "to pant," Middle Low German hichen, German heichen). Related: Hied; hies; hieing.
hiemal (adj.) Look up hiemal at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to winter," 1550s, from Latin hiems "winter" (see hibernation).
hierarch (n.) Look up hierarch at Dictionary.com
1570s, from Medieval Latin hierarcha, from Greek hierarkhes "leader of sacred rites, high priest" (see hierarchy).
hierarchal (adj.) Look up hierarchal at Dictionary.com
1640s, from hierarch + -al (1).
hierarchic (adj.) Look up hierarchic at Dictionary.com
1680s, from Medieval Latin hierarchicus, from hierarchia (see hierarchy). Hierarchical is from 1580s.
hierarchical (adj.) Look up hierarchical at Dictionary.com
1560s, from hierarchic + -al (1). Related: Hierarchically.
hierarchy (n.) Look up hierarchy at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from Old French ierarchie, from Medieval Latin hierarchia "ranked division of angels" (in the system of Dionysius the Areopagite), from Greek hierarkhia "rule of a high priest," from hierarkhes "high priest, leader of sacred rites," from ta hiera "the sacred rites" (neuter plural of hieros "sacred;" see ire) + arkhein "to lead, rule" (see archon). Sense of "ranked organization of persons or things" first recorded 1610s, initially of clergy, sense probably influenced by higher. Related: Hierarchal; hierarchical.
hieratic (adj.) Look up hieratic at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to sacred things," 1650s (implied in hieratical), from Latin hieraticus, from Greek hieratikos "pertaining to a priest or his office, priestly," from hierateia "priesthood," from hiereus "priest," from hieros "sacred, holy, hallowed; superhuman, mighty; divine" (see ire).
hierocracy (n.) Look up hierocracy at Dictionary.com
"rule or government by priests," 1794; see hierarchy + -cracy. Related: Hierocratic.
hieroglyph (n.) Look up hieroglyph at Dictionary.com
1590s, shortening of hieroglyphic (n.), 1590s; see hieroglyphic.
hieroglyphic Look up hieroglyphic at Dictionary.com
1580s (adj. and n.), from Late Latin hieroglyphicus, from Greek hieroglyphikos "hieroglyphic; of Egyptian writing," from hieros "sacred" (see ire) + glyphe "carving," from glyphein "to carve" (see glyph). Plutarch began the custom of using the adjective (ta hieroglyphika) as a noun.
hieroglyphics (n.) Look up hieroglyphics at Dictionary.com
1580s, from Greek ta hieroglyphika; see hieroglyphic + -ics.
hierophant (n.) Look up hierophant at Dictionary.com
"expounder of sacred mysteries," 1670s, from Late Latin hierophantes, from Greek hierophantes "one who teaches the rites of sacrifice and worship," literally "one who shows sacred things," from hieros "sacred" (see ire) + phainein "to reveal, bring to light" (see phantasm). In modern use, "expounder of esoteric doctrines," from 1822.
hierophantic (adj.) Look up hierophantic at Dictionary.com
1775, from Greek herophantikos, from hierophantes (see hierophant).
higgledy-piggledy Look up higgledy-piggledy at Dictionary.com
"confusedly, hurriedly," 1590s, a "vocal gesture" [OED] probably formed from pig and the animal's suggestions of mess and disorder. Reduplications in the h-/p- pattern are common (as in hanky-panky, hocus-pocus, hinch(y)-pinch(y), an obsolete children's game, attested from c. 1600).

Edward Moor, "Suffolk Words and Phrases" (London, 1823), quotes a list of reduplications from Ray's "Collection of English Words" (1768), all said to "signify any confusion or mixture;" the list has higgledy-piggledy, hurly-burly, hodge-podge, mingle-mangle, arsy-versy, kim-kam, hub-bub, crawly-mauly, and hab-nab. "To which he might have added," Moor writes, crincum-crankum, crinkle-crankle, flim-flam, fiddle-faddle, gibble-gabble, harum-scarum, helter-skelter, hiccup-suickup, hocus-pocus, hotch-potch, hugger-mugger, hum-drum, hum-strum, hurry-scurry, jibber-jabber, prittle-prattle, shilly-shally, tittle-tattle, and topsy-turvy. Many of them seem to date to the 16th century.
high (adj.) Look up high at Dictionary.com
Old English heh (Anglian), heah (West Saxon) "of great height, lofty, tall, exalted, high-class," from Proto-Germanic *haukhaz (cognates: Old Saxon hoh, Old Norse har, Danish høi, Swedish hög, Old Frisian hach, Dutch hoog, Old High German hoh, German hoch, Gothic hauhs "high;" also German Hügel "hill," Old Norse haugr "mound"), perhaps related to Lithuanian kaukara "hill." Spelling with -gh represents a final guttural sound in the original word, lost since 14c.

Of sound pitch, late 14c. Of roads, "most frequented or important," c. 1200. Meaning "euphoric or exhilarated from alcohol" is first attested 1620s, of drugs, 1932. Sense of "proud, haughty, arrogant, supercilious" (c. 1200) is reflected in high hand (late 14c.) and high horse. High seas first attested late 14c., with sense (also found in the Latin cognate) of "deep" as well as "tall" (cognates: Old English heahflod "deep water," also Old Persian baršan "height, depth"). Of an evil or a punishment, "grave, serious, severe" (as in high treason), c. 1200 (Old English had heahsynn "deadly sin, crime").

High pressure (adj.) is from 1824, of engines, 1891, of weather systems, 1933, of sales pitches. A child's high chair is from 1848. High school "school for advanced studies" attested from late 15c. in Scotland; by 1824 in U.S. High time "fully time, the fullness of time," is from late 14c. High noon is from early 14c.; the sense is "full, total, complete." High and mighty is c. 1200 (heh i mahhte). High finance (1905) is that concerned with large sums. High and dry of beached things (especially ships) is from 1783. High-water mark is what is left by a flood or highest tide (1550s); figurative use by 1814.
high (n.1) Look up high at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "high point, top," from high (adj.). As "area of high barometric pressure," from 1878. As "highest recorded temperature" from 1926. Meaning "state of euphoria" is from 1953.
high (n.2) Look up high at Dictionary.com
"thought, understanding," obsolete from 13c. in English and also lost in Modern German, but once an important Germanic word, Old English hyge, cognate with Old Saxon hugi, Old High German hugi, Old Norse hygr, Swedish hög, Danish hu.
high hat (n.) Look up high hat at Dictionary.com
1889, "tall hat;" also used synechdochically for men who wear such hats; figurative meaning "swelled head" is from 1923. Drum set sense is from 1934.
high horse (n.) Look up high horse at Dictionary.com
originally (late 14c.) "fine, tall horse; war horse, charger" (high steed is from c. 1300), also, like high hall, "status symbol;" figurative sense of "airs, easily wounded dignity" in mount (one's) high horse "affect airs of superiority" is from 1782 (Addison has to ride the great horse in the same sense, 1716). Compare French monter sur ses grands chevaux; "The simile is common to most languages" [Farmer].
high-class (adj.) Look up high-class at Dictionary.com
1864, from high (adj.) + class (n.).
high-falutin' Look up high-falutin' at Dictionary.com
also highfalutin, 1848, U.S. slang, possibly from high-flying, or flown, or even flute.
high-five Look up high-five at Dictionary.com
originally U.S. basketball slang, 1980 as a noun, 1981 as a verb, though the greeting itself seems to be older (Dick Shawn in "The Producers," 1968). In reference to the five fingers of the hand.
high-minded (adj.) Look up high-minded at Dictionary.com
c. 1500, "arrogant;" 1550s, "morally lofty," from high (adj.) + minded. Related: High-mindedness.
high-powered (adj.) Look up high-powered at Dictionary.com
1903, originally of automobiles, from high (adj.) + power (v.).
high-roller (n.) Look up high-roller at Dictionary.com
"extravagant spender," by 1873, American English, probably originally a reference to a gambler throwing dice.
high-strung (adj.) Look up high-strung at Dictionary.com
also high strung, 1848 in the figurative sense, from high (adj.) + strung. Originally a musical term, with reference to stringed instruments, where it is attested from 1748.
high-tail (v.) Look up high-tail at Dictionary.com
also hightail "move quickly," attested by 1890, U.S. slang from cattle ranches (animals fleeing with elevated tails); from high (adj.) + tail (n.). Related: Hightailed; hightailing.
high-toned (adj.) Look up high-toned at Dictionary.com
1779 of musical pitch, 1807 of morality, from high (adj.) + tone.
highball (n.) Look up highball at Dictionary.com
type of alcoholic drink, 1898, probably from ball "drink of whiskey;" high because it is served in a tall glass.
highborn (adj.) Look up highborn at Dictionary.com
also high-born, "of noble birth," c. 1300, from high (adj.) + born.
highboy (n.) Look up highboy at Dictionary.com
"tall chest of drawers," 1891, American English (see tallboy); a hybrid, the second element is from French bois "wood" (see bush).
highbrow (n.) Look up highbrow at Dictionary.com
"person of superior intellect and taste," 1902, back-formation from high-browed (adj.), which is attested from 1891, from high (adj.) + brow (see also lowbrow).
higher Look up higher at Dictionary.com
comparative of high (adj.), Old English. Higher education is attested by 1839.
The French distinguish l'instruction secondaire, which includes what we term a liberal education, from l'instruction supérieure, which denotes professional education; but I do not think the corresponding English phrases are used with this distinction. [William Whewell, "Of a Liberal Education in General," 1850]
Higher-up (n.) "one in a superior post" is from 1905, American English.
highest Look up highest at Dictionary.com
superl. of high (adj.), Old English. Biblical in the highest translates Latin in excelsis, Greek en hypsostois.
highland (n.) Look up highland at Dictionary.com
Old English heohlond; see high (adj.) + land (n.). Highlands "mountainous district of Scotland" first recorded early 15c.
Highlander (n.) Look up Highlander at Dictionary.com
1630s, from Highland + -er (1).
highlight (n.) Look up highlight at Dictionary.com
1650s, originally of paintings, "the brightest part of a subject," from high (adj.) + light (n.). The figurative sense of "outstanding feature or characteristic" is from 1855. The verb is from 1861. Hairdressing sense is 1941 (n.), 1942 (v.). Related: Highlighted; highlighting.
highly (adv.) Look up highly at Dictionary.com
Old English healice "nobly, gloriously, honorably;" see high (adj.) + -ly (1). Meaning "very, very much, fully" is mid-14c.