hidy-hole (n.) Look up hidy-hole at Dictionary.com
1817, altered from hiding-hole; from hiding (n.1) + hole (n.).
hie (v.) Look up hie at Dictionary.com
Old English higian "strive, hasten," originally "to be intent on," from Proto-Germanic *hig- (cognates: Middle Dutch higen "to pant," Middle Low German hichen, German heichen). Related: Hied; hies; hieing.
hiemal (adj.) Look up hiemal at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to winter," 1550s, from Latin hiems "winter" (see hibernation).
hierarch (n.) Look up hierarch at Dictionary.com
1570s, from Medieval Latin hierarcha, from Greek hierarkhes "leader of sacred rites, high priest" (see hierarchy).
hierarchal (adj.) Look up hierarchal at Dictionary.com
1640s, from hierarch + -al (1).
hierarchic (adj.) Look up hierarchic at Dictionary.com
1680s, from Medieval Latin hierarchicus, from hierarchia (see hierarchy). Hierarchical is from 1580s.
hierarchical (adj.) Look up hierarchical at Dictionary.com
1560s, from hierarchic + -al (1). Related: Hierarchically.
hierarchy (n.) Look up hierarchy at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from Old French ierarchie, from Medieval Latin hierarchia "ranked division of angels" (in the system of Dionysius the Areopagite), from Greek hierarkhia "rule of a high priest," from hierarkhes "high priest, leader of sacred rites," from ta hiera "the sacred rites" (neuter plural of hieros "sacred;" see ire) + arkhein "to lead, rule" (see archon). Sense of "ranked organization of persons or things" first recorded 1610s, initially of clergy, sense probably influenced by higher. Related: Hierarchal; hierarchical.
hieratic (adj.) Look up hieratic at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to sacred things," 1650s (implied in hieratical), from Latin hieraticus, from Greek hieratikos "pertaining to a priest or his office, priestly," from hierateia "priesthood," from hiereus "priest," from hieros "sacred, holy, hallowed; superhuman, mighty; divine" (see ire).
hierocracy (n.) Look up hierocracy at Dictionary.com
"rule or government by priests," 1794; see hierarchy + -cracy. Related: Hierocratic.
hieroglyph (n.) Look up hieroglyph at Dictionary.com
1590s, shortening of hieroglyphic (n.), 1590s; see hieroglyphic.
hieroglyphic Look up hieroglyphic at Dictionary.com
1580s (adj. and n.), from Late Latin hieroglyphicus, from Greek hieroglyphikos "hieroglyphic; of Egyptian writing," from hieros "sacred" (see ire) + glyphe "carving," from glyphein "to carve" (see glyph). Plutarch began the custom of using the adjective (ta hieroglyphika) as a noun.
hieroglyphics (n.) Look up hieroglyphics at Dictionary.com
1580s, from Greek ta hieroglyphika; see hieroglyphic + -ics.
hierophant (n.) Look up hierophant at Dictionary.com
"expounder of sacred mysteries," 1670s, from Late Latin hierophantes, from Greek hierophantes "one who teaches the rites of sacrifice and worship," literally "one who shows sacred things," from hieros "sacred" (see ire) + phainein "to reveal, bring to light" (see phantasm). In modern use, "expounder of esoteric doctrines," from 1822.
hierophantic (adj.) Look up hierophantic at Dictionary.com
1775, from Greek herophantikos, from hierophantes (see hierophant).
higgledy-piggledy Look up higgledy-piggledy at Dictionary.com
"confusedly, hurriedly," 1590s, a "vocal gesture" [OED] probably formed from pig and the animal's suggestions of mess and disorder. Reduplications in the h-/p- pattern are common (as in hanky-panky, hocus-pocus, hinch(y)-pinch(y), an obsolete children's game, attested from c.1600).

Edward Moor, "Suffolk Words and Phrases" (London, 1823), quotes a list of reduplications from Ray's "Collection of English Words" (1768), all said to "signify any confusion or mixture;" the list has higgledy-piggledy, hurly-burly, hodge-podge, mingle-mangle, arsy-versy, kim-kam, hub-bub, crawly-mauly, and hab-nab. "To which he might have added," Moor writes, crincum-crankum, crinkle-crankle, flim-flam, fiddle-faddle, gibble-gabble, harum-scarum, helter-skelter, hiccup-suickup, hocus-pocus, hotch-potch, hugger-mugger, hum-drum, hum-strum, hurry-scurry, jibber-jabber, prittle-prattle, shilly-shally, tittle-tattle, and topsy-turvy. Many of them seem to date to the 16th century.
high (adj.) Look up high at Dictionary.com
Old English heh (Anglian), heah (West Saxon) "of great height, lofty, tall, exalted, high-class," from Proto-Germanic *haukhaz (cognates: Old Saxon hoh, Old Norse har, Danish høi, Swedish hög, Old Frisian hach, Dutch hoog, Old High German hoh, German hoch, Gothic hauhs "high;" also German Hügel "hill," Old Norse haugr "mound"), perhaps related to Lithuanian kaukara "hill." Spelling with -gh represents a final guttural sound in the original word, lost since 14c.

Of sound pitch, late 14c. Of roads, "most frequented or important," c.1200. Meaning "euphoric or exhilarated from alcohol" is first attested 1620s, of drugs, 1932. Sense of "proud, haughty, arrogant, supercilious" (c.1200) is reflected in high hand (late 14c.) and high horse. High seas first attested late 14c., with sense (also found in the Latin cognate) of "deep" as well as "tall" (cognates: Old English heahflod "deep water," also Old Persian baršan "height, depth"). Of an evil or a punishment, "grave, serious, severe" (as in high treason), c.1200 (Old English had heahsynn "deadly sin, crime").

High pressure (adj.) is from 1824, of engines, 1891, of weather systems, 1933, of sales pitches. A child's high chair is from 1848. High school "school for advanced studies" attested from late 15c. in Scotland; by 1824 in U.S. High time "fully time, the fullness of time," is from late 14c. High noon is from early 14c.; the sense is "full, total, complete." High and mighty is c.1200 (heh i mahhte). High finance (1905) is that concerned with large sums. High and dry of beached things (especially ships) is from 1783. High-water mark is what is left by a flood or highest tide (1550s); figurative use by 1814.
high (n.1) Look up high at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "high point, top," from high (adj.). As "area of high barometric pressure," from 1878. As "highest recorded temperature" from 1926. Meaning "state of euphoria" is from 1953.
high (n.2) Look up high at Dictionary.com
"thought, understanding," obsolete from 13c. in English and also lost in Modern German, but once an important Germanic word, Old English hyge, cognate with Old Saxon hugi, Old High German hugi, Old Norse hygr, Swedish hög, Danish hu.
high hat (n.) Look up high hat at Dictionary.com
1889, "tall hat;" also used synechdochically for men who wear such hats; figurative meaning "swelled head" is from 1923. Drum set sense is from 1934.
high horse (n.) Look up high horse at Dictionary.com
originally (late 14c.) "fine, tall horse; war horse, charger" (high steed is from c.1300), also, like high hall, "status symbol;" figurative sense of "airs, easily wounded dignity" in mount (one's) high horse "affect airs of superiority" is from 1782 (Addison has to ride the great horse in the same sense, 1716). Compare French monter sur ses grands chevaux; "The simile is common to most languages" [Farmer].
high-class (adj.) Look up high-class at Dictionary.com
1864, from high (adj.) + class (n.).
high-falutin' Look up high-falutin' at Dictionary.com
also highfalutin, 1848, U.S. slang, possibly from high-flying, or flown, or even flute.
high-five Look up high-five at Dictionary.com
originally U.S. basketball slang, 1980 as a noun, 1981 as a verb, though the greeting itself seems to be older (Dick Shawn in "The Producers," 1968). In reference to the five fingers of the hand.
high-minded (adj.) Look up high-minded at Dictionary.com
c.1500, "arrogant;" 1550s, "morally lofty," from high (adj.) + minded. Related: High-mindedness.
high-powered (adj.) Look up high-powered at Dictionary.com
1903, originally of automobiles, from high (adj.) + power (v.).
high-roller (n.) Look up high-roller at Dictionary.com
"extravagant spender," by 1873, American English, probably originally a reference to a gambler throwing dice.
high-strung (adj.) Look up high-strung at Dictionary.com
also high strung, 1848 in the figurative sense, from high (adj.) + strung. Originally a musical term, with reference to stringed instruments, where it is attested from 1748.
high-tail (v.) Look up high-tail at Dictionary.com
also hightail "move quickly," attested by 1890, U.S. slang from cattle ranches (animals fleeing with elevated tails); from high (adj.) + tail (n.). Related: Hightailed; hightailing.
high-toned (adj.) Look up high-toned at Dictionary.com
1779 of musical pitch, 1807 of morality, from high (adj.) + tone.
highball (n.) Look up highball at Dictionary.com
type of alcoholic drink, 1898, probably from ball "drink of whiskey;" high because it is served in a tall glass.
highborn (adj.) Look up highborn at Dictionary.com
also high-born, "of noble birth," c.1300, from high (adj.) + born.
highboy (n.) Look up highboy at Dictionary.com
"tall chest of drawers," 1891, American English (see tallboy); a hybrid, the second element is from French bois "wood" (see bush).
highbrow (n.) Look up highbrow at Dictionary.com
"person of superior intellect and taste," 1902, back-formation from high-browed (adj.), which is attested from 1891, from high (adj.) + brow (see also lowbrow).
higher Look up higher at Dictionary.com
comparative of high (adj.), Old English. Higher education is attested by 1839.
The French distinguish l'instruction secondaire, which includes what we term a liberal education, from l'instruction supérieure, which denotes professional education; but I do not think the corresponding English phrases are used with this distinction. [William Whewell, "Of a Liberal Education in General," 1850]
Higher-up (n.) "one in a superior post" is from 1905, American English.
highest Look up highest at Dictionary.com
superl. of high (adj.), Old English. Biblical in the highest translates Latin in excelsis, Greek en hypsostois.
highland (n.) Look up highland at Dictionary.com
Old English heohlond; see high (adj.) + land (n.). Highlands "mountainous district of Scotland" first recorded early 15c.
Highlander (n.) Look up Highlander at Dictionary.com
1630s, from Highland + -er (1).
highlight (n.) Look up highlight at Dictionary.com
1650s, originally of paintings, "the brightest part of a subject," from high (adj.) + light (n.). The figurative sense of "outstanding feature or characteristic" is from 1855. The verb is from 1861. Hairdressing sense is 1941 (n.), 1942 (v.). Related: Highlighted; highlighting.
highly (adv.) Look up highly at Dictionary.com
Old English healice "nobly, gloriously, honorably;" see high (adj.) + -ly (1). Meaning "very, very much, fully" is mid-14c.
highness (n.) Look up highness at Dictionary.com
Old English heanes; see high (adj.) + -ness. Meaning "royalty, excellence, nobility" is early 13c.; Your Highness as a form of address to English royalty is attested from c.1400.
hight (v.) Look up hight at Dictionary.com
"named, called" (archaic), from levelled past participle of Middle English highte, from Old English hatte "I am called" (passive of hatan "to call, name, command") merged with heht "called," active past tense of the same verb. Hatte was the only survival in Old English of the old Germanic synthetic passive tense. The word is related to Old Norse heita, Dutch heten, German heißen, Gothic haitan "to call, be called, command" (see cite).
highway (n.) Look up highway at Dictionary.com
Old English heahweg "main road from one town to another;" see high (adj.) in sense of "main" + way (n.). High street (Old English heahstræte) was the word before 17c. applied to highways and main roads, whether in the country or town, especially one of the Roman roads. In more recent usage, it generally is the proper name of the street of a town which is built upon a highway and was the principal street of the place.
highwayman (n.) Look up highwayman at Dictionary.com
"one who travels the highways with intent to rob people" (often on horseback and thus contrasted to a footpad), 1640s, from highway + man.
hijack (v.) Look up hijack at Dictionary.com
1922, American English, perhaps from high(way) + jacker "one who holds up." Originally "to rob (a bootlegger, smuggler, etc.) in transit;" sense of "seizing an aircraft in flight" is 1968 (also in 1961 variant skyjack), extended 1970s to any form of public transportation. Related: Hijacked; hijacking.
hijinks (n.) Look up hijinks at Dictionary.com
also hi-jinks, high jinks, "boisterous capers, lively or boisterous sport," 1842, from name of games played at drinking parties (1690s). See jink.
hijra (n.) Look up hijra at Dictionary.com
also hijrah, the more correct form of hegira.
hike (v.) Look up hike at Dictionary.com
1809, hyke "to walk vigorously," an English dialectal word of unknown origin. A yike from 1736 answers to the sense.
HIKE, v. to go away. It is generally used in a contemptuous sense. Ex. "Come, hike," i.e. take yourself off; begone. [Rev. Robert Forby, "The Vocabulary of East Anglia," London, 1830]
Sense of "pull up" (as pants) first recorded 1873 in American English, and may be a variant of hitch; extended sense of "raise" (as wages) is 1867. Related: Hiked; hiking. The noun is from 1865.
hiker (n.) Look up hiker at Dictionary.com
1913, agent noun from hike (v.). Earlier as a type of boat:
The "hiker" or "tuck-up" as it is more generally termed, is a craft peculiar to the Delaware River, and is to the youth residing along the banks of that stream what the racing shell is to the Torontonian .... The origin of the name "hiker" is veiled in mystery. No member of the clubs engaged in sailing these boats can give anything like a satisfactory derivation of the word. The most common explanation is that it is corrupted from the local verb "to hike," which means to run or fly swiftly. ["Harper's Young People," 1885]
hilarious (adj.) Look up hilarious at Dictionary.com
1823, "cheerful," from Latin hilaris "cheerful, of good cheer" (see hilarity) + -ous. Meaning "boisterously joyful" is from 1830s. Related: Hilariously.