gaze (v.)
late 14c., probably of Scandinavian origin (compare Norwegian, Swedish dialectal gasa "to gape"), perhaps related somehow to Old Norse ga "heed" (see gawk). Related: Gazed; gazing.
gaze (n.)
1540s, "thing stared at;" 1560s as "long look," from gaze (v.).
gazebo
1752, supposedly a facetious formation from gaze + -bo, Latin first person singular future tense suffix (as in videbo "I shall see"), on model of earlier belvedere "cupola," from Italian bello verde "handsome sight." But perhaps rather a corruption of some oriental word.
gazelle
c.1600, from French gazelle, Old French gazel (14c.), probably via Spanish, ultimately from North African pronunciation of Arabic ghazal.
gazette (n.)
"newspaper," c.1600, from French gazette (16c.), from Italian gazzetta, Venetian dialectal gazeta "newspaper," also the name of a small copper coin, literally "little magpie," from gazza; applied to the monthly newspaper (gazeta de la novità) published in Venice by the government, either from its price or its association with the bird (typical of false chatter), or both. First used in English 1665 for the paper issued at Oxford, whither the court had fled from the plague.

The coin may have been so called for its marking; Gamillscheg writes the word is from French gai (see jay). The general story of the origin of the word is broadly accepted, but there are many variations in the details:
We are indebted to the Italians for the idea of newspapers. The title of their gazettas was, perhaps, derived from gazzera, a magpie or chatterer; or, more probably, from a farthing coin, peculiar to the city of Venice, called gazetta, which was the connom price of the newspapers. Another etymologist is for deriving it from the Latin gaza, which would colloquially lengthen into gazetta, and signify a little treasury of news. The Spanish derive it from the Latin gaza, and likewise their gazatero, and our gazetteer, for a writer of the gazette and, what is peculiar to themselves, gazetista, for a lover of the gazette. [Isaac Disraeli, "Curiosities of Literature," 1835]



Gazzetta It., Sp. gazeta, Fr. E. gazette; prop. the name of a Venetian coin (from gaza), so in Old English. Others derive gazette from gazza a magpie, which, it is alleged, was the emblem figured on the paper; but it does not appear on any of the oldest Venetian specimens preserved at Florence. The first newspapers appeared at Venice about the middle of the 16th century during the war with Soliman II, in the form of a written sheet, for the privilege of reading which a gazzetta (= a crazia) was paid. Hence the name was transferred to the news-sheet. [T.C. Donkin, "Etymological Dictionary of the Romance Languages" (based on Diez), 1864]



GAZETTE. A paper of public intelligence and news of divers countries, first printed at Venice, about the year 1620, and so called (some say) because una gazetta, a small piece of Venetian coin, was given to buy or read it. Others derive the name from gazza, Italian for magpie, i.e. chatterer.--Trusler. A gazette was printed in France in 1631; and one in Germany in 1715. [Haydn's "Dictionary of Dates," 1857]
gazette (v.)
“to announce in the Gazette,” 1670s; see gazette. The three official journals were published in Britain from c.1665, twice weekly, and contained lists of appointments, promotions, public notices, etc. Hence, “to be gazetted;” to be named to a command, etc.
gazetteer
1610s, “journalist,” from gazette (n.) + -eer. Meaning “geographical dictionary” is from 1704, from Laurence Eachard's 1693 geographical handbook for journalists, "The Gazetteer's, or Newsman's, Interpreter," second edition simply titled "The Gazetteer."
gazillion
by 1984, with made-up prefix and ending from billion, trillion, etc.
gear (n.)
c.1200, "fighting equipment," probably from Old Norse gervi "apparel," related to gerr "ready," and gerva "make ready," from Proto-Germanic *garwian- "to make, prepare, equip" (cognates: Old English gearwe "clothing, equipment, ornament;" Dutch gaar "done, dressed;" Old High German garo "ready, prepared, complete," garawi "clothing, dress," garawen "to make ready;" German gerben "to tan"). Meaning "toothed wheel in machinery" first attested 1520s. Slang for "male sex organs" from 1670s. British adjective slang sense of "stylish, excellent" first recorded 1951, from earlier that's the gear, expression of approval, 1925.
gear (v.)
c.1200, "to equip oneself for fighting; dress," probably from gear (n.). Related: Geared; gearing.
gecko (n.)
1774, from Malay gekoq, said to be imitative of its cry. Earlier forms were chacco (1711), jackoa (1727).
gee (interj.)
exclamation of surprise, 1895, probably euphemistic for Jesus. Form gee whiz is attested from 1871; gee whillikens (1851) seems to be the oldest form.
geek (n.)
"sideshow freak," 1916, U.S. carnival and circus slang, perhaps a variant of geck "a fool, dupe, simpleton" (1510s), apparently from Low German geck, from an imitative verb found in North Sea Germanic and Scandinavian meaning "to croak, cackle," and also "to mock, cheat." The modern form and the popular use with reference to circus sideshow "wild men" is from 1946, in William Lindsay Gresham's novel "Nightmare Alley" (made into a film in 1947 starring Tyrone Power).
"An ordinary geek doesn't actually eat snakes, just bites off chunks of 'em, chicken heads and rats." [Arthur H. Lewis, "Carnival," 1970]
By c.1983, used in teenager slang in reference to peers who lacked social graces but were obsessed with new technology and computers (such as the Anthony Michael Hall character in 1984's "Sixteen Candles").
geek out vi. To temporarily enter techno-nerd mode while in a non-hackish context, for example at parties held near computer equipment. [Eric S. Raymond, "The New Hacker's Dictionary," 1996]
geeky (adj.)
by 1985, from geek (n.) in teen slang sense + -y (2).
geese (n.)
plural of goose (n.).
geezer (n.)
1885, variant of obsolete Cockney guiser "mummer" (late 15c.; see guise).
gefilte fish (n.)
1892, gefüllte Fisch, not a species but a loaf made from various kinds of ground fish and other ingredients; the first word is from Yiddish, from German gefüllte "stuffed."
gehenna (n.)
"hell," 1620s, from Church Latin, from Greek geenna, from post-biblical Hebrew gehinnom, "Hell, place of fiery torment for the dead," figurative use of the place name Ge Hinnom "the Valley of Hinnom," southwest of Jerusalem, where, according to Jer. xix.5, children were sacrificed to Moloch.
Geiger counter
1924, for German physicist Hans Geiger (1882-1945), who invented it with W. Müller. The surname is literally "fiddler."
geisha (n.)
1887, "Japanese girl whose profession is to sing and dance to entertain men;" hence, loosely, "prostitute," from Japanese, literally "person accomplished in the social arts," from gei "art, performance" + sha "person." Compare almah, and Athenian auletrides "flute-girls," female musicians who entertained guests at a symposium with music at the start of the party and sex at the end of it.
geist (n.)
"spirit" of a place or time; "spirituality, intellectuality," 1871, from German Geist (see ghost).
gel (n.)
1899, as a chemical term, short for gelatin and perhaps influenced by jell. The invention of this word is credited to Scottish chemist Thomas Graham (1805-1869). Hair-styling sense is from 1958. The verb meaning "to become a gel" is attested by 1902; figurative sense is from 1958. Related: Gelled; gelling.
gelatin (n.)
see gelatine.
gelatine (n.)
1713, from French gélatine (17c.) "clear jelly-like substance, fish broth," from Italian gelatina, from gelata "jelly," from gelare "to jell," from Latin gelare "to freeze" (see cold (adj.)), + chemical suffix -ine (2). Spelling without the final -e is from 1800. "The form without final -e is in scientific (or pseudo-scientific) use only ..." [Fowler].
gelatinous (adj.)
1724, from gelatin + -ous; probably modeled on French gélatineux. Related: Gelatinously; gelatinousness.
gelato (n.)
by 1970, from Italian gelato, literally "frozen," past participle of gelare "to freeze" (see cold (adj.)).
geld (n.)
"royal tax in medieval England," Old English gield "payment, tribute," from Proto-Germanic *geldam "payment" (cognates: Middle High German gelt "payment, contribution," German geld "money," Old Norse gjald "payment," Gothic gild "tribute, tax"), from PIE root of yield (v.).
geld (v.)
"to castrate," c.1300, from Old Norse gelda "castrate" from geldr "barren," from Proto-Germanic *galdu-, from PIE *ghel- (3) "to cut." Related: Gelded. Compare Old Norse geldr "yielding no milk, dry," Old High German galt "barren," said of a cow.
gelding (n.)
late 13c. (as a surname), from Old Norse geldingr, from gelda "castrate" (see geld (v.)).
gelid (adj.)
c.1600, from Latin gelidus "icy cold," from gelum "frost, intense cold" (see cold (adj.)).
geloscopy (n.)
"divination of a person's qualities or character by laughter," 1730s, from Greek gelos "laughter" + -oscopy (see -scope).
gelt (n.)
"money," 1520s, from German, Dutch gelt "gold, money" (see geld (n.)). In some later uses, from Yiddish.
gelt (adj.)
past participle of geld (v.); hence, as an adjective, "castrated" (mid-15c.).
gem (n.)
Old English gimm "precious stone, gem, jewel," also "eye," from Latin gemma "precious stone, jewel," originally "bud," perhaps from the root *gen- "to produce," or from PIE *gembh- "tooth, nail." Of persons, from late 13c. Forms in -i-, -y- were lost early 14c., and the modern form of the word probably representing a Middle English borrowing from Old French gemme (12c.). As a verb, from c.1600, "to adorn with gems;" mid-12c. as "to bud."
gematria (n.)
1680s, from Hebrew gematriya, from Greek geometria (see geometry). "[E]xplanation of the sense of a word by substituting for it another word, so that the numerical value of the letters constituting either word is identical" [Klein].
gemeinschaft (n.)
1887, from German gemeinschaft "social relationship based on affection or kinship" (contrasted with gesellschaft), from gemein "common, general" + -schaft "-ship."
geminate (adj.)
"duplicated, found in pairs," 1590s, from Latin geminatus "twinned, equal," past participle of geminare "to double, repeat," related to geminus "twin," perhaps from PIE *yem- "to pair." As a verb, from 1630s. Related: Geminated; geminating.
gemination (n.)
1590s, from Latin geminationem (nominative geminatio) "a doubling," from past participle stem of geminare (see geminate).
Gemini
constellation, late Old English, from Latin gemini (plural of adjective geminus) "twins" (see geminate). The twins are Castor and Pollux. Meaning "a person born under the sign of Gemini" is recorded from 1894. As an oath, from 1660s (also found in Dutch and German), perhaps a corruption of Jesu (compare jiminy).
gemmologist (n.)
1931, from gemmology (1811), from Latin gemma (see gem) + -ology.
gemstone (n.)
Old English gimstan; see gem + stone (n.).
gendarme (n.)
1540s, "mounted trooper," from French contraction (14c.) of gens d'armes "men at arms," later applied to military police (1796 in English). Gens is plural of gent "nation, people," from Latin gentem (nominative gens) "race, nation, people" (see genus). Related: Gendarmerie. French also had gens de (la) robe "lawyers," sometimes borrowed in English.
gender (n.)
c.1300, "kind, sort, class," from Old French gendre (12c., Modern French genre), from stem of Latin genus (genitive generis) "race, stock, family; kind, rank, order; species," also (male or female) "sex" (see genus) and used to translate Aristotle's Greek grammatical term genos.

The grammatical sense is attested in English from late 14c.; the male-or-female sense from early 15c. As sex took on erotic qualities in 20c., gender came to be the common word used for "sex of a human being," often in feminist writing with reference to social attributes as much as biological qualities; this sense first attested 1963. Gender-bender is first attested 1980, with reference to pop star David Bowie.
gender (v.)
"to bring forth," late 14c., from Old French gendrer, from Latin generare "to engender" (see generation). Related: Gendered; gendering.
gene (n.)
1911, from German Gen, coined 1905 by Danish scientist Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen (1857-1927), from Greek genea "generation, race" (see genus). De Vries had earlier called them pangenes. Gene pool is attested from 1950.
genealogical (adj.)
1570s, from French généalogique (see genealogy) + -al (1). Earlier in the same sense was genealogial (mid-15c.). Related: Genealogically.
genealogist (n.)
c.1600, from genealogy + -ist.
genealogy (n.)
early 14c., "line of descent, pedigree, descent," from Old French genealogie (12c.), from Late Latin genealogia "tracing of a family," from Greek genealogia, from genea "generation, descent" (see genus) + -logia (see -logy). An Old English word for it was folctalu, literally "folk tale." Meaning "study of family trees" is from 1768.
genera (n.)
plural of genus.
generable (adj.)
mid-15c., from Latin generabilis, from generare (see generation).