grampus (n.) Look up grampus at
1590s, earlier graundepose (1520s), altered (by influence of grand) from Middle English graspeys (late 13c.), from Anglo-French grampais, from Old French graspois, craspois "whale, (salted) whale meat; blubber; seal," from Medieval Latin craspicis, literally "fat fish," from Latin crassus "thick" + piscis "fish." For specifics of usage in English, see OED.
gran (1) Look up gran at
childish abbreviation of grandmother or granny, 1863.
gran (2) Look up gran at
Italian, the form of grand before nouns.
granary (n.) Look up granary at
1560s, from Latin granaria "granary, store house for corn," from granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)).
grand (adj.) Look up grand at
late 14c., grant "large, big" (early 12c. in surnames), from Anglo-French graunt and directly from Old French grant, grand (10c.) "large, tall; grown-up; great, powerful, important; strict, severe; extensive; numerous," from Latin grandis "big, great; full, abundant," also "full-grown;" figuratively "strong, powerful, weighty, severe" (perhaps cognate with Greek brenthyomai "to swagger, be haughty"). It supplanted magnus in Romanic languages; in English with a special sense of "imposing." The connotations of "noble, sublime, lofty, dignified," etc., were in Latin. As a general term of admiration, "magnificent, splendid," from 1816. Related: Grander; grandest.

The use of grand- in compounds, with the sense of "a generation older than, or younger than," is first attested c.1200, in Anglo-French graund dame "grandmother." Latin and Greek had similar usages.

Grand jury is late 15c. Grand piano from 1797. The grand tour of the principal sites of continental Europe, as part of a gentleman's education, is attested by that name from 1660s. The Grand Canyon was so called 1871 by Maj. John Wesley Powell, scientific adventurer, who explored it; earlier it had been known as Big Canyon.
grand (n.) Look up grand at
"thousand dollars," 1915, American English underworld slang, from grand (adj.).
grand mal Look up grand mal at
"convulsive epilepsy" (with loss of consciousness), 1842, from French grand mal, literally "great sickness" (see grand (adj.)). Opposed to petit mal "absence seizure."
Grand Marnier Look up Grand Marnier at
French cognac-based liqueur, 1901, from French grand "great" (see grand (adj.)) + Marnier-Lapostolle, name of the manufacturer.
Grand Old Party Look up Grand Old Party at
see GOP.
grand prix Look up grand prix at
1863, French, literally "great prize," originally in English in reference to the Grand Prix de Paris, international horse race for three-year-olds, run every June at Longchamps beginning in 1863.
grandad (n.) Look up grandad at
also granddad, 1819, from grand (adj.) + dad. Grandaddy is attested from 1769; figuratively (in grandaddy of all _____) from 1956. Grand dada attested from 1690s.
grandame (n.) Look up grandame at
c.1200, "a grandmother; an old woman," from grand (adj.) + dame. Compare Anglo-French graund dame. Contracted form grannam attested from 1590s.
grandchild (n.) Look up grandchild at
1580s, graundchilde, from grand (adj.) + child. Related: Grandchildren.
granddaughter (n.) Look up granddaughter at
also grand daughter, 1610s, from grand (adj.) + daughter.
grandee (n.) Look up grandee at
1590s, from Spanish grande "nobleman of the first rank," originally an adjective, "great," from Latin grandis "big, great" (see grand (adj.)).
grandeur (n.) Look up grandeur at
c.1500, "loftiness, height," from Middle French grandeur "grandness, greatness," Old French grandor (12c.), from grand "great" (see grand (adj.)). Extended sense of "majesty, stateliness" is first recorded 1660s.
grandfather (n.) Look up grandfather at
early 15c., from grand (adj.) + father (n.), probably on analogy of French grand-père. Replaced grandsire and Old English ealdefæder. Grandfather clause originally (1900) referred to exemptions from post-Reconstruction voting restrictions in the U.S. South for men whose forebears had voted before the Civil War. Grandfather clock is c.1880, from the popular song; they were previously known as tall case clocks or eight-day clocks.
grandfatherly (adj.) Look up grandfatherly at
1824, from grandfather + -ly (1).
grandiloquence (n.) Look up grandiloquence at
1580s, from Latin grandiloquentia, from grandiloquus "using lofty speech, bombastic," from grandis "big" (see grand (adj.)) + -loquus "speaking," from loqui "to speak" (see locution).
grandiloquent (adj.) Look up grandiloquent at
1590s, probably a back-formation from grandiloquence. Related: Grandiloquently.
grandiose (adj.) Look up grandiose at
1828 (earlier as a French word in English), from French grandiose "impressive" (18c.), from Italian grandioso, from Latin grandis "big" (see grand (adj.)). Related: Grandiosely.
grandiosity (n.) Look up grandiosity at
1814, from French grandiose (see grandiose) + -ity.
The author now and then makes a word for his own use, as complicate, for complicated; and, still less fortunately 'grandiosity' (p. 343). [review of Joseph Forsyth's "Remarks on Italy," "Edinburgh Review," January 1814]
grandly (adv.) Look up grandly at
1650s, from grand (adj.) + -ly (2).
grandma (n.) Look up grandma at
1793, childish or familiar form of grandmother (see ma). Grandmama is recorded from 1749.
grandmaster (n.) Look up grandmaster at
as a chess title, 1927, from grand (adj.) + master (n.). Earlier as a title in Freemasonry (1724) and in military orders of knighthood (1550s).
grandmother (n.) Look up grandmother at
early 15c., from grand (adj.) + mother (n.1), probably on analogy of French grand-mère. Replaced earlier grandame (c.1200) and Old English ealdemodor.
grandmotherly (adj.) Look up grandmotherly at
1842, from grandmother + -ly (1).
grandness (n.) Look up grandness at
1722, from grand (adj.) + -ness.
grandpa (n.) Look up grandpa at
1814, childish or familiar form of grandfather (see pa). Grandpappa is recorded from 1753, grandpop from 1860, grandpappy from 1853.
grandparent (n.) Look up grandparent at
1802, from grand (adj.) + parent (n.). Related: Grandparents.
grandsire (n.) Look up grandsire at
late 13c., from Anglo-French graunt sire; see grand (adj.) + sire (n.).
grandson (n.) Look up grandson at
1580s, from grand + son.
grandstand (n.) Look up grandstand at
"main seating for spectators at an outdoor event," 1834, from grand (adj.)+ stand. The verb meaning "to show off" is student slang from 1895, from grandstand player, attested in baseball slang from 1888.
It's little things of this sort which makes the 'grand stand player.' They make impossible catches, and when they get the ball they roll all over the field. [M.J. Kelly, "Play Ball," 1888]
Compare British gallery hit (1882) "showy play by a batsman in cricket, 'intended to gain applause from uncritical spectators'" [OED]. Related: grandstanding.
grange (n.) Look up grange at
"small farm," mid-15c.; mid-13c. in place names (and compare granger), from Anglo-French graunge, Old French grange "barn, granary; farmstead, farm house" (12c.), from Medieval Latin or Vulgar Latin granica "barn or shed for keeping grain," from Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)). Sense evolved to "outlying farm" (late 14c.), then "country house" (1550s). Meaning "local lodge of the Patrons of Husbandry" (a U.S. agricultural interest promotion organization) is from 1867.
granger (n.) Look up granger at
"farm steward, man in charge of a grange," late 12c., also as a surname, from Old French grangier, from grange (see grange).
granite (n.) Look up granite at
1640s, from French granit(e) (17c.) or directly from Italian granito "granite," originally "grained," past participle of granire "granulate, make grainy," from grano "grain," from Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)). In reference to the appearance of the rock. Used figuratively for "hardness" (of the heart, head, etc.) from 1839. New Hampshire, U.S., has been the Granite State since at least 1825.
granitic (adj.) Look up granitic at
1794, from granite + -ic.
granny (n.) Look up granny at
1660s, according to OED, most likely a diminutive and contraction of grannam, shortened form of grandame, rather than from grandmother. The sailor's granny knot (by 1803, originally granny's knot, so called because "it is the natural knot tied by women or landsmen" [Smyth, "Sailor's Word-Book," 1867]. Granny Smith apples (1895) named for Maria Ann Smith (d.1870) of Australia, who originated them.
granola (n.) Look up granola at
1970, American English, probably from Italian grano "grain," or from granular, with commercial suffix -ola. Earlier, with a capital G-, it was a proprietary name (reg. 1886 by W.K. Kellogg, in use into early 20c.) for a kind of breakfast cereal.
grant (n.) Look up grant at
c.1200, "allowance, consent, permission," from Anglo-French graunter, from Old French granter, collateral variant of creanter "to promise, guarantee, confirm, authorize," from Latin credentem (nominative credens), present participle of credere "to believe, to trust" (see credo).
grant (v.) Look up grant at
early 13c., "to allow, consent, permit," from Old French granter (see grant (n.)). Meaning "admit, acknowledge" is from c.1300; hence to take (something) for granted (1610s). Related: Granted; granting.
grantee (n.) Look up grantee at
late 15c., from grant (n.) + -ee.
grantor (n.) Look up grantor at
1620s, from Anglo-French grantor, agent noun from granter (see grant). Native form granter (n.) is attested from c.1400.
granular (adj.) Look up granular at
1794, from Late Latin granulum "granule," diminutive of Latin granum "grain, seed" (see corn (n.1)) + -ar. Replaced granulous (late 14c.). Related: Granularity.
granulate (v.) Look up granulate at
1660s, back-formation from granulation. Related: Granulated; granulating.
granulation (n.) Look up granulation at
1610s, from Late Latin granulum (see granular) + -ation.
granule (n.) Look up granule at
1650s, from French granule or directly from Late Latin granulum "small grain," diminutive of Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)).
granuloma (n.) Look up granuloma at
from Latin granulum (see granular) + -oma, on model of glaucoma, etc.
granulose (n.) Look up granulose at
part of starch convertible into sugar, 1875, from Late Latin granulum "small grain," diminutive of granum "grain" (see grain) + chemical suffix -ose.
grape (n.) Look up grape at
mid-13c., from Old French grape "bunch of grapes, grape" (12c.), probably a back-formation from graper "steal; grasp; catch with a hook; pick (grapes)," from a Frankish or other Germanic word, from Proto-Germanic *krappon "hook" (cognates: Middle Dutch crappe, Old High German krapfo "hook;" also see cramp (n.2)). The original notion perhaps was "vine hook for grape-picking." The vine is not native to England. The word replaced Old English winberige "wine berry." Spanish grapa, Italian grappa also are Germanic loan-words.