forbear (v.) Look up forbear at
"to abstain," Old English forberan "bear up against, control one's feelings, endure," from for- + beran "to bear" (see bear (v.)). Related: Forbearer; forbearing; forbore.
forbear (n.) Look up forbear at
"ancestor," late 15c., from fore "before" + be-er "one who exists;" agent noun from be.
forbearance (n.) Look up forbearance at
1570s, originally legal, in reference to enforcement of debt obligations, from forbear (v.) + -ance. General sense of "refraining from" is from 1590s.
Forbes Look up Forbes at
U.S. financial publication, founded 1917 by Scottish-born Wall Street journalist B.C. Forbes (1880-1954) and publisher Walter Drey.
forbid (v.) Look up forbid at
Old English forbeodan "forbid, prohibit," from for- "against" + beodan "to command" (see bid). Common Germanic compound (cognates: Dutch verbieden, Old High German farbiotan, German verbieten, Old Norse fyrirbjoða, Gothic faurbiudan "to forbid"). Related: Forbade; forbidden.
forbidding (adj.) Look up forbidding at
"uninviting," 1712, present participle adjective from forbid. Related: Forbiddingly; forbiddingness.
forbore Look up forbore at
past tense of forbear (v.).
force (n.) Look up force at
c.1300, "physical strength," from Old French force (12c.) "force, strength, courage, fortitude; violence, power, compulsion," from Vulgar Latin *fortia (source also of Spanish fuerza, Italian forza), noun use of neuter plural of Latin fortis "strong" (see fort). Meaning "body of armed men, army" first recorded late 14c. (also in Old French). Physics sense is from 1660s; force field attested by 1920.
force (v.) Look up force at
c.1300, from Old French forcier "conquer by violence," from force (see force (n.)). Its earliest sense in English was "to ravish" (a woman); sense of "to compel, oblige" to do something is from c.1400. Related: Forced; forcing.
force majeure Look up force majeure at
1883, French, literally "superior strength."
force-feed (v.) Look up force-feed at
by 1909, from force (n.) + feed (v.). Related: Force-fed; force-feeding.
forced (adj.) Look up forced at
"not spontaneous or voluntary," 1570s, past participle adjective from force (v.). The flier's forced landing attested by 1917.
forceful (adj.) Look up forceful at
1570s, from force (n.) + -ful. Related: Forcefully; forcefulness.
forcemeat (n.) Look up forcemeat at
also force-meat, "mincemeat," 1680s, from force "to stuff," a variant of farce (q.v.) + meat.
forceps (n.) Look up forceps at
1560s, from Latin forceps "pair of tongs, pincers," compound of formus "hot" (see warm (adj.)) + root of capere "to hold, take" (see capable). Originally a smith's implement. The classical plural is forcipes.
forcible (adj.) Look up forcible at
early 15c., from Middle French forcible, from Old French forcier (see force (n.)). Related: Forcibly.
ford (v.) Look up ford at
1610s, from ford (n.). Related: Forded; fording.
ford (n.) Look up ford at
Old English ford "shallow place where water can be crossed," from Proto-Germanic *furdhus (cognates: Old Frisian forda, Old High German furt, German Furt "ford"), from PIE *prtu- "a going, a passage" (cognates: Latin portus "harbor," originally "entrance, passage;" Old Welsh rit, Welsh rhyd "ford;" Old English faran "to go;" see port (n.1)). The line of automobiles is named for U.S. manufacturer Henry Ford (1863-1947).
fore (adv.) Look up fore at
Old English fore (prep.) "before, in front of;" (adv.) "before, previously," common Germanic (cognates: Old High German fora, Old Frisian fara, German vor, Gothic faiura, Old Norse fyrr "for"); from PIE *pr-, from root *per- (1) "forward, through" (see per).

As a noun, from 1630s. The warning cry in golf is first recorded 1878, probably a contraction of before.
fore (adj.) Look up fore at
mid-15c., "forward;" late 15c., "former, earlier;" early 16c., "at the front;" all senses apparently from fore- compounds, which frequently were written as two words in Middle English.
fore- Look up fore- at
from fore (adv.), which was used as a prefix in Old English and other Germanic languages with a sense of "before in time, rank, position," etc., or designating the front part or earliest time.
forearm (n.) Look up forearm at
1741, from fore- + arm (n.1).
forearm (v.) Look up forearm at
1590s, from fore- + arm (v.) "take up weapons." Related: Forearmed; forearming.
forebear Look up forebear at
see forbear. Related: Forebearance; forebears.
forebode (v.) Look up forebode at
"feel a secret premonition," c.1600, from fore- + bode. Related: Foreboded; foreboding. Old English forebodian meant "to announce, declare."
foreboding (n.) Look up foreboding at
late 14c., "a predilection, portent, omen," from fore- + verbal noun from bode. Meaning "sense of something bad about to happen" is from c.1600. Old English forebodung meant "prophecy."
forecast (v.) Look up forecast at
late 14c., "to scheme," from fore- "before" + casten in the sense of "contrive, plan, prepare" (late 14c.; see cast (v.)). Meaning "predict events" first attested late 15c. (cast (v.) "to perceive, notice" is from late 14c.). Related: Forecasted; forecasting.
forecast (n.) Look up forecast at
early 15c., probably from forecast (v.); earliest sense was "forethought, prudence;" meaning "conjectured estimate of a future course" is from 1670s. A Middle English word for weather forecasting was aeromancy.
forecaster (n.) Look up forecaster at
1630s, agent noun from forecast (v.).
forecastle (n.) Look up forecastle at
c.1400, earlier Anglo-French forechasteil (mid-14c.), from Middle English fore- "before" + Anglo-French castel "fortified tower," the short raised deck in the fore part of the ship used in warfare (see castle (n.)). Spelling fo'c'sle reflects sailors' pronunciation.
foreclose (v.) Look up foreclose at
late 13c., from Old French forclos, past participle of forclore "exclude" (12c.), from fors "out" (Modern French hors; from Latin foris "outside;" see foreign) + clore "to shut" (see close (v.)). Senses in English influenced by words in for-. Specific mortgage law sense is first attested 1728. Related: Foreclosed; foreclosing.
foreclosure (n.) Look up foreclosure at
1728, from foreclose + -ure.
forefather (n.) Look up forefather at
"ancestor," c.1300, from fore- + father (n.); perhaps directly from Old Norse forfaðir.
forefinger (n.) Look up forefinger at
mid-15c., from fore- + finger (n.). So called because it is considered the first next to the thumb.
forefront (n.) Look up forefront at
late 15c., a Germanic-Latin hybrid, from fore- + front (n.). Originally of buildings; the main modern sense is from military meaning "front rank of an army" (1510s).
forego (v.) Look up forego at
"to go before," Old English foregan "to go before," from fore- + go. The similarly constructed foredone "killed, destroyed," now is archaic, replaced by done for. Related: Foregoing; foregone.

Phrase foregone conclusion popularized in "Othello" [III.iii], but Shakespeare's sense was not necessarily the main modern one of "a decision already formed before the case is argued." Othello says it of Cassio's dream, and it is clear from the context that Othello means Cassio actually has been in bed with Desdemona before he allegedly dreamed it.
foreground (n.) Look up foreground at
1690s, in the landscape sense, from fore- + ground (n.). First used in English by Dryden ("Art of Painting"); compare Dutch voorgrond.
forehand Look up forehand at
tennis stroke, 1879 (adj.), 1909 (n.), from fore- + hand (n.). Earlier it meant "position in front or above" (16c.); hence forehanded "prudent, careful of the future" (1640s), hence "well-provided, well-to-do," which lingered longer in New England. Earliest use of the word is in archery, forehand shaft "arrow for shooting straight in front" (1540s).
forehead (n.) Look up forehead at
Old English forheafod, from fore- + heafod (see head (n.)).
foreign (adj.) Look up foreign at
mid-13c., ferren, foreyne "out of doors," from Old French forain "strange, foreign; outer, external, outdoor; remote, out-of-the-way" (12c.), from Medieval Latin foranus "on the outside, exterior," from Latin foris "outside," literally "out of doors," related to for1s "door," from PIE *dhwor-ans-, from root *dhwer- "door, doorway" (see door). Spelling altered 17c. perhaps by influence of reign, sovereign. Replaced native fremd. Sense of "not in one's own land" is first attested late 14c.
foreigner (n.) Look up foreigner at
early 15c., foreyner; see foreign + -er (1).
In ordinary use chiefly applied to those who speak a foreign language as their native tongue; thus in England the term is not commonly understood to include Americans. [OED]
In the U.S. from 1620s through mid-19c., however, it was used of a person from a different colony or state.
foreknowledge (n.) Look up foreknowledge at
1530s, from fore- + knowledge. Compare foreknow "to know beforehand" (late 14c.).
foreleg (n.) Look up foreleg at
late 15c., from fore- + leg (n.).
forelock (n.) Look up forelock at
"lock of hair growing above the forehead," Old English forelocca; see fore- + lock (n.2).
"Opportunity has hair in front, behind she is bald; if you seize her by the forelock, you may hold her; but, if she once escapes, not Jupiter himself can catch her again." ["Dictionary of Latin Quotations, Proverbs, Maxims and Mottos," H.T. Riley, London, 1866]
foreman (n.) Look up foreman at
1530s in the sense of "principal juror;" 1570s in the sense of "principal workman;" from fore- + man (n.). Earliest attested meaning (early 13c.) was "a leader." In 17c., a slang word for "penis."
forementioned (adj.) Look up forementioned at
1580s; see fore- + mention (v.). A verb foremention is attested from 1650s.
foremost (adj.) Look up foremost at
Old English fyrmest "earliest, first, most prominent," from Proto-Germanic *formo- (related to Old English fruma "beginning"), superlative of the root of fore + additional superlative suffix -est. See -most, and similarly formed Old Frisian formest, Gothic frumists. Altered on the assumption that it is a compound of fore and most.
forename (n.) Look up forename at
1530s, from fore- + name (n.). The equivalent of Latin praenomen.
forenoon (n.) Look up forenoon at
c.1500, from fore- + noon.
forensic (adj.) Look up forensic at
"pertaining to or suitable for courts of law," 1650s, from Latin forensis "of a forum, place of assembly," from forum "public place" (see forum). Used in sense of "pertaining to legal trials," as in forensic medicine (1845). Related: Forensical (1580s).