extol (v.) Look up extol at Dictionary.com
also extoll, c.1400, "to lift up," from Latin extollere "to place on high, raise, elevate," figuratively "to exalt, praise," from ex- "up" (see ex-) + tollere "to raise," from PIE *tele- "to bear, carry," "with derivatives referring to measured weights and thence money and payment" [Watkins] (cognates: Greek talantos "bearing, suffering," tolman "to carry, bear," telamon "broad strap for bearing something," talenton "a balance, pair of scales," Atlas "the 'Bearer' of Heaven;" Lithuanian tiltas "bridge;" Sanskrit tula "balance," tulayati "lifts up, weighs;" Latin tolerare "to bear, support," latus "borne;" Old English þolian "to endure;" Armenian tolum "I allow"). Figurative sense of "praise highly" in English is first attested c.1500. Related: Extolled; extolling.
extoll Look up extoll at Dictionary.com
variant of extol.
extort (v.) Look up extort at Dictionary.com
1520s (as a past participle adj. from early 15c.), from Latin extortus, past participle of extorquere (see extortion). Related: Extorted; extorting.
extortion (n.) Look up extortion at Dictionary.com
c.1300, from Latin extortionem (nominative extortio) "a twisting out, extorting," noun of action from past participle stem of extorquere "wrench out, wrest away, to obtain by force," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + torquere "to twist" (see torque (n.)).
extortionate (adj.) Look up extortionate at Dictionary.com
1789, from extortion + -ate.
extortionist (n.) Look up extortionist at Dictionary.com
1885, from extortion + -ist. Earlier in the same sense were extorter (1590s), extortioner (late 14c.).
extra Look up extra at Dictionary.com
1650s as a stand-alone adjective; also used as an adverb and noun in 17c. (see extra-); modern usages -- including sense of "minor performer in a play" (1777) and "special edition of a newspaper" (1793) -- all probably are from shortenings of extraordinary, which was used extensively in 18c. as noun and adverb in places we would use extra today.
extra- Look up extra- at Dictionary.com
only recorded in classical Latin in extraordinarius, but much used in Medieval Latin and modern formations; it represents Latin extra (adv.) "on the outside, without, except," the old fem. ablative singular of exterus "outward, outside," comparative of ex "out of" (see ex-).
extra-special (adj.) Look up extra-special at Dictionary.com
1889, from extra + special (adj.). Originally of certain editions of daily newspapers.
extract (v.) Look up extract at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from Latin extractus, past participle of extrahere "draw out," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + trahere "to draw" (see tract (n.1)). Related: Extracted; extracting.
extract (n.) Look up extract at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Late Latin extractum, noun use of neuter past participle of extrahere "to draw out" (see extract (v.)).
extraction (n.) Look up extraction at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Old French estraction (12c.) or directly from Medieval Latin extractionem (nominative extractio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin extrahere (see extract (v.)).
extracurricular (adj.) Look up extracurricular at Dictionary.com
1925, from extra- + curricular (see curriculum).
extradite (v.) Look up extradite at Dictionary.com
1864, back-formation from extradition. Related: Extradited; extraditing.
extradition (n.) Look up extradition at Dictionary.com
1833, from French extradition (18c.), apparently a coinage of Voltaire's, from Latin ex "out" (see ex-) + traditionem (nominative traditio) "a delivering up, handing over," noun of action from tradere "to hand over" (see tradition).
This word might be adopted in our language with advantage, as we have none which conveys the same meaning. Extradition signifies the delivering up of criminals who may have sought refuge in any country, to the government whose subjects they are, on a claim being made to this effect. [from a footnote to the word extradition in translation of "Memoirs of Marshal Ney," London, 1833]
extrajudicial (adj.) Look up extrajudicial at Dictionary.com
also extra-judicial, 1580s (implied in extrajudicially); see extra- + judicial.
extramarital (adj.) Look up extramarital at Dictionary.com
also extra-marital, by 1844, from extra- + marital.
extraneous (adj.) Look up extraneous at Dictionary.com
1630s, from Latin extraneus "external, strange," from extra "outside of" (see extra-).
extraordinaire (adj.) Look up extraordinaire at Dictionary.com
1940, from French extraordinaire (14c.), literally "extraordinary, unusual, out of the ordinary," but used colloquially as a superlative; see extraordinary.
extraordinary (adj.) Look up extraordinary at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Latin extraordinarius "out of the common order," from extra ordinem "out of order," especially the usual order, from extra "out" (see extra-) + ordinem, accusative of ordo "order" (see order (n.)). Related: Extraordinarily.
extrapolate (v.) Look up extrapolate at Dictionary.com
1862 (in a Harvard observatory account of the comet of 1858), from extra- + ending from interpolate. Said in early references to be an expression of Sir George Airy (1801-1892), English mathematician and astronomer. Related: Extrapolated; extrapolating.
extrapolation (n.) Look up extrapolation at Dictionary.com
1867, noun of action from extrapolate by analogy of interpolation; original sense was "an inserting of intermediate terms in a mathematical series." Transferred sense of "drawing a conclusion about the future based on present tendencies" is from 1889.
extrasensory (adj.) Look up extrasensory at Dictionary.com
also extra-sensory, 1934, coined as part of extra-sensory perception in J.B. Rhine's work, from extra- + sensory.
extraterrestrial (adj.) Look up extraterrestrial at Dictionary.com
also extra-terrestrial, 1812, from extra- + terrestrial. As a noun from 1956.
extraterritoriality (n.) Look up extraterritoriality at Dictionary.com
also extra-territoriality, 1803, from extraterritorial (from extra- + territorial) + -ity.
extravagance (n.) Look up extravagance at Dictionary.com
1640s, from French extravagance, from Late Latin extravagantem (see extravagant). Specifically of wasteful spending from 1727. Extravagancy is attested from c.1600.
extravagant (adj.) Look up extravagant at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Medieval Latin extravagantem, originally a word in Canon Law for uncodified papal decrees, present participle of extravagari "wander outside or beyond," from Latin extra "outside of" (see extra-) + vagari "wander, roam" (see vague). Extended sense of "excessive, extreme" first recorded 1590s; that of "wasteful, lavish" 1711. Related: Extravagantly.
extravaganza (n.) Look up extravaganza at Dictionary.com
1754, with reference to peculiar behavior, 1794 of a fantastic type of performance or writing, from Italian extravaganza, literally "an extravagance," from estravagante, from Medieval Latin extravagantem (see extravagant).
extravasation (n.) Look up extravasation at Dictionary.com
1670s, from Latin extra "outside" (see extra-) + form derived from vas "vessel." Related: Extravasate (1660s).
extraversion (n.) Look up extraversion at Dictionary.com
1690s, "a turning out," from Medieval Latin extraversionem, from extra "outward" (see extra-) + versionem (see version). Psychological sense is from 1915; see extraverted.
extraverted (adj.) Look up extraverted at Dictionary.com
in modern psychology, 1915, a variant of extroverted (see extrovert). Related: Extravert (n.), for which also see extrovert. There was a verb extravert in mid- to late 17c. meaning "to turn outward so as to be visible," from Latin extra "outward" + vertere "to turn."
extreme (adj.) Look up extreme at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Old French extreme (13c.), from Latin extremus "outermost, utmost, farthest, last," superlative of exterus (see exterior).

In English as in Latin, not always felt as a superlative, hence more extreme, most extreme (which were condemned by Johnson). The noun is first recorded 1540s, originally of the end of life, compare Latin in extremis. Extreme unction preserves the sense of "last, latest" (15c.). Extremes "opposite ends of anything" is from 1550s.
extremely (adv.) Look up extremely at Dictionary.com
1530s, from extreme + -ly (2). Originally "with great severity," later more loosely, "in extreme degree" (1570s).
extremism (n.) Look up extremism at Dictionary.com
1848, from extreme + -ism.
I would remind you that extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice! And let me remind you also that moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue. [Barry Goldwater (1909-1998), acceptance speech as Republican candidate for President, 1963]
extremist (n.) Look up extremist at Dictionary.com
1840, from extreme + -ist.
extremities (n.) Look up extremities at Dictionary.com
"hands and feet," uttermost parts of the body, early 15c., plural of extremity. Meaning "a person's last moments" is from c.1600.
extremity (n.) Look up extremity at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French estremite (13c.), from Latin extremitatem (nominative extremitas) "the end of a thing," from extremus; see extreme, the etymological sense of which is better preserved in this word.
extricable (adj.) Look up extricable at Dictionary.com
1620s, from extricate + -able. Related: Extricably.
extricate (v.) Look up extricate at Dictionary.com
1610s, from Latin extricatus, past participle of extricare "disentangle," perhaps from ex- "out of" + tricae (plural) "perplexities, hindrances," of unknown origin. Related: Extricated; extricating.
extrication (n.) Look up extrication at Dictionary.com
1640s, noun of action from extricate (v.).
extrinsic (adj.) Look up extrinsic at Dictionary.com
1540s, from French extrinsèque, from Late Latin extrinsecus (adj.), from Latin extrinsecus (adv.) "outwardly," from exter "outside" + in, suffix of locality, + secus "beside, alongside," originally "following" (related to sequi "to follow;" see sequel).
extro- Look up extro- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "outwards," a variant of extra- by influence of intro-.
extroversion (n.) Look up extroversion at Dictionary.com
mid-17c., "condition of being turned inside out," noun of action from obsolete verb extrovert (v.) "to turn inside out," from extro- + Latin vertere (see versus). Earliest as a word in mysticism; pathological sense attested from 1836; modern use in psychology attested by 1920.
extrovert (n.) Look up extrovert at Dictionary.com
1916, extravert (spelled with -o- after 1918, by influence of introvert), from German Extravert, from extra "outside" (see extra-) + Latin vertere "to turn" (see versus). With introvert, words that had been used in English by doctors and scientists in various literal senses since 1600s, but popularized in a psychological sense by Carl Jung. Related: Extroverted.
extrude (v.) Look up extrude at Dictionary.com
1560s, from Latin extrudere "to thrust out, drive away," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + trudere "to thrust" (see extrusion). Related: Extruded; extruding.
extrusion (n.) Look up extrusion at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Latin extrusionem (nominative extrusio), noun of action from past participle stem of extrudere, from ex- "out" (see ex-) + trudere "to thrust, push," from PIE *treud- "to press, push, squeeze" (see threat).
extrusive (adj.) Look up extrusive at Dictionary.com
1816, from Latin extrusus, past participle of extrudere (see extrusion) + -ive. Related: Extrusively.
exuberance (n.) Look up exuberance at Dictionary.com
1630s, from French exubérance (16c.), from Latin exuberantia "superabundance," noun of state from exuberare "be abundant, grow luxuriously" (see exuberant). Exuberancy attested from 1610s.
exuberant (adj.) Look up exuberant at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Middle French exubérant and directly from Latin exuberantem (nominative exuberans) "overabundance," present participle of exuberare "be abundant, grow luxuriously," from ex- "thoroughly" + uberare "be fruitful," related to uber "udder," from PIE root *eue-dh-r- (see udder). Related: Exuberantly; exuberate; exuberating.
exudation (n.) Look up exudation at Dictionary.com
1610s, from Late Latin exudationem/exsudationem, noun of action from neuter past participle of exudere/exsudere (see exude). Related: Exudate (n.).