Ebionite Look up Ebionite at Dictionary.com
1640s, sect (1c.-2c.) that held Jesus was a mere man and Christians continued bound by Mosaic Law, from Latin ebonita, from Hebrew ebyon "poor."
Eblis Look up Eblis at Dictionary.com
prince of the fallen angels in Arabic mythology and religion, from Arabic Iblis. Klein thinks this may be Greek diablos, passed through Syriac where the first syllable was mistaken for the Syriac genitive particle di and dropped.
ebola (n.) Look up ebola at Dictionary.com
virus, 1976, named for Ebola River valley in Congo, where it first was studied.
ebon Look up ebon at Dictionary.com
"ebony wood, ebony tree," mid-15c.; see ebony. Figurative sense of "dark, black" is from 1590s; in some cases a poetic shortening of ebony.
Ebonics (n.) Look up Ebonics at Dictionary.com
"African-American vernacular English," 1975, as title of a book by U.S. professor R.L. Williams (b.1930); a blend of ebony and phonics.
ebony (n.) Look up ebony at Dictionary.com
1590s, from hebenyf (late 14c.), perhaps a Middle English misreading of Latin hebeninus "of ebony," from Greek ebeninos, from ebenos "ebony," probably from Egyptian hbnj or another Semitic source. Figurative use to suggest intense blackness is from 1620s. As an adjective, from 1590s. French ébène, Old High German ebenus (German Ebenholz) are from Latin ebenus.
ebriety (n.) Look up ebriety at Dictionary.com
"state or habit of being intoxicated," 1580s, from French ébriété, from Latin ebrietatem (nominative ebrietas) "drunknenness," from ebrius "drunk, full, sated with drink," of unknown origin. The opposite of sobriety. Related: Ebrious.
ebullience (n.) Look up ebullience at Dictionary.com
1749, from Latin ebullientem, present participle of ebullire (see ebullient + -ence). Related: Ebulliency (1670s).
ebullient (adj.) Look up ebullient at Dictionary.com
1590s, "boiling," from Latin ebullientem (nominative ebulliens), present participle of ebullire "to boil over," literally and figuratively, from ex- "out" (see ex-) + bullire "to bubble" (see boil (v.)). Figurative sense of "enthusiastic" is first recorded 1660s.
ec- Look up ec- at Dictionary.com
typical form in English of Latin ex-, Greek ex-, ek- before consonants. See ex-.
ecarte (n.) Look up ecarte at Dictionary.com
card game for two played with 32 cards, 1824, from French écarté, literally "discarded," past participle of écarter "to discard," from e- (see ex-) + carte (see card (n.)).
ecce homo Look up ecce homo at Dictionary.com
Latin, literally "behold the man" (John xix:5).
eccentric (n.) Look up eccentric at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "eccentric circle or orbit," originally a term in Ptolemaic astronomy, "circle or orbit not having the Earth precisely at its center," from Middle French eccentrique and directly from Medieval Latin eccentricus (noun and adjective), from Greek ekkentros "out of the center" (as opposed to concentric), from ek "out" (see ex-) + kentron "center" (see center (n.)). Meaning "odd or whimsical person" attested by 1824.
June 4 [1800].--Died in the streets in Newcastle, William Barron, an eccentric, well known for many years by the name of Billy Pea-pudding. [John Sykes, "Local Records, or Historical Register of Remarkable Events which have Occurred Exclusively in the Counties of Durham and Northumberland, Town and County of Newcastle Upon Tyne, and Berwick Upon Tweed," Newcastle, 1824]
eccentric (adj.) Look up eccentric at Dictionary.com
1550s, from Middle French eccentrique and directly from Medieval Latin eccentricus (noun and adjective; see eccentric (n.)). Figurative sense of "odd, whimsical" first recorded 1620s.
eccentricity (n.) Look up eccentricity at Dictionary.com
1540s, of planetary orbits; 1650s, of persons (an instance of eccentricity); 1794, of persons (a quality of eccentricity); from eccentric (adj.) + -ity. Related: Eccentricities.
Ecclesiastes (n.) Look up Ecclesiastes at Dictionary.com
c.1300, name given to one of the Old Testament books, traditionally ascribed to Solomon, from Greek ekklesiastes (see ecclesiastic), to render Hebrew qoheleth "one who addresses an assembly," from qahal "assembly." The title is technically the designation of the speaker, but that word throughout is usually rendered into English as "The Preacher" (which Klein calls "erroneous").
ecclesiastic (adj.) Look up ecclesiastic at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from Middle French ecclésiastique and directly from Late Latin ecclesiasticus, from Greek ekklesiastikos "of the (ancient Athenian) assembly," later, "of the church," from ekklesiastes "speaker in an assembly or church, preacher," from ekkalein "to call out," from ek "out" (see ex-) + kalein "to call" (see claim (v.)).
ecclesiastical (adj.) Look up ecclesiastical at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from ecclesiastic + -al (1). Related: Ecclesiastically.
ecdysiast (n.) Look up ecdysiast at Dictionary.com
H.L. Mencken's invented proper word for "strip-tease artist," 1940, from Greek ekdysis "a stripping or casting off" (used scientifically with reference to serpents shedding skin or crustacea molting), from ekdyein "to put off" (contrasted with endyo "to put on"), from ek (see ex-) + dyein "to enter, to put on."
echelon (n.) Look up echelon at Dictionary.com
1796, "step-like arrangement of troops," from French échelon "level, echelon," literally "rung of a ladder," from Old French eschelon, from eschiele "ladder," from Late Latin scala "stair, slope," from Latin scalae (plural) "ladder, steps," from PIE *skand- "to spring, leap" (see scan). Sense of "level, subdivision" is from World War I.
echidna (n.) Look up echidna at Dictionary.com
Australian egg-laying hedgehog-like mammal, 1847, usually explained as from Greek ekhidna "snake, viper," from ekhis "snake," from PIE *angwhi- "snake, eel" (cognates: Norwegian igle, Old High German egala, German Egel "leech," Latin anguis "serpent, snake"). But this sense is difficult to reconcile with this animal (unless it is a reference to the ant-eating tongue), and the name seems more properly to belong to Latin echinus, Greek ekhinos "sea-urchin," originally "hedgehog" (in Greek also "sharp points"), which Watkins explains as "snake-eater," from ekhis "snake."
echinoderm (n.) Look up echinoderm at Dictionary.com
1835, from Modern Latin Echinodermata, name of the phylum that includes starfish and sea urchins, from Greek ekhinos "sea urchin," originally "porcupine, hedgehog" (see echidna) + derma (genitive dermatos) "skin" (see derma); so called from its spiky shell.
echo (n.) Look up echo at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from Latin echo, from Greek echo, personified as a mountain nymph, from or related to ekhe "sound," ekhein "to resound," from PIE root *swagh- "to resound" (cognates: Sanskrit vagnuh "sound," Latin vagire "to cry," Old English swogan "to resound"). Related: Echoes.
echo (v.) Look up echo at Dictionary.com
1550s, from echo (n.). Related: Echoed; echoing.
echoic (adj.) Look up echoic at Dictionary.com
1880; see echo (n.) + -ic.
echolalia (n.) Look up echolalia at Dictionary.com
1885, from Greek ekho (see echo (n.)) + lalia "talk, prattle, a speaking," from lalein "to speak, prattle," of echoic origin.
echolocation (n.) Look up echolocation at Dictionary.com
1944, from echo (n.) + location.
echopraxia (n.) Look up echopraxia at Dictionary.com
1904, from Greek ekho (see echo (n.)) + praxis "action" (see praxis).
echovirus (n.) Look up echovirus at Dictionary.com
also ECHO virus, 1955, acronym for enteric cytopathogenic human orphan; "orphan" because when discovered they were not known to cause any disease.
eclair (n.) Look up eclair at Dictionary.com
1861, from French éclair, literally "lightning," from Old French esclair "light, daylight, flash of light," from esclairare "to light up, make shine" (12c.), ultimately from Latin exclarare "light up, illumine," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + clarus "clear" (see clear (adj.)).
eclat (n.) Look up eclat at Dictionary.com
1670s, "showy brilliance," from French éclat "splinter, fragment" (12c.), also "flash of brilliance," from eclater "burst out, splinter," from Old French esclater "smash, shatter into pieces," of uncertain origin, perhaps from a West Germanic word related to slit or to Old High German sleizen "tear to pieces; to split, cleave." Extended sense of "conspicuous success" is first recorded in English in 1741.
eclectic (adj.) Look up eclectic at Dictionary.com
1680s, originally in reference to a group of ancient philosophers who selected doctrines from every system; from French eclectique (1650s), from Greek eklektikos "selective," literally "picking out," from eklektos "selected," from eklegein "pick out, select," from ek "out" (see ex-) + legein "gather, choose" (see lecture (n.)). Broader sense of "borrowed from diverse sources" is first recorded 1847. As a noun from 1817.
eclecticism (n.) Look up eclecticism at Dictionary.com
1798, from eclectic + -ism.
eclipse (n.) Look up eclipse at Dictionary.com
late 13c., from Old French eclipse "eclipse, darkness" (12c.), from Latin eclipsis, from Greek ekleipsis "an abandonment, an eclipse," from ekleipein "to forsake a usual place, fail to appear, be eclipsed," from ek "out" (see ex-) + leipein "to leave" (cognate with Latin linquere; see relinquish).
eclipse (v.) Look up eclipse at Dictionary.com
late 14c. (intransitive, a sense now obsolete), from eclipse (n.). Transitive use from late 15c.; figurative use from 1580s. Related: Eclipsed; eclipsing.
ecliptic (n.) Look up ecliptic at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "the circle in the sky followed by the Sun," from Medieval Latin ecliptica, from Late Latin (linea) ecliptica, from Greek ekliptikos "of an eclipse" (see eclipse (n.)). So called because eclipses happen only when the Moon is near the line. Related: Ecliptical.
eclogue (n.) Look up eclogue at Dictionary.com
"short poem," especially a pastoral dialogue, mid-15c., from Latin ecloga "selection, short poem, eclogue," from Greek ekloge "selection," from eklegein "to select" (see eclectic).
eco- Look up eco- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element referring to the environment and man's relation to it, abstracted from ecology, ecological; attested from 1969.
ecocentric (adj.) Look up ecocentric at Dictionary.com
also eco-centric, by 1975, from eco- + -centric.
ecofriendly (adj.) Look up ecofriendly at Dictionary.com
also eco-friendly, by 1993, from eco- + friendly.
ecological (adj.) Look up ecological at Dictionary.com
1899, see ecology + -ical. Related: Ecologically.
ecologist (n.) Look up ecologist at Dictionary.com
1893, see ecology + -ist.
ecology (n.) Look up ecology at Dictionary.com
1873, "branch of science dealing with the relationship of living things to their environments, coined by German zoologist Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) as Okologie, from Greek oikos "house, dwelling place, habitation" (see villa) + -logia "study of" (see -logy). In use with reference to anti-pollution activities from 1960s.
econometric (adj.) Look up econometric at Dictionary.com
1933, from comb. form of economy + -metric.
economic (adj.) Look up economic at Dictionary.com
1590s, "pertaining to management of a household," perhaps shortened from economical or from French économique or directly from Latin oeconomicus "of domestic economy," from Greek oikonomikos "practiced in the management of a household or family," hence, "frugal, thrifty," from oikonomia (see economy (n.)). Meaning "relating to the science of economics" is from 1835 and now is the main sense, economical retaining the older one of "characterized by thrift."
economical (adj.) Look up economical at Dictionary.com
1570s, "pertaining to household management; from economic + -al (1). Meaning "pertaining to political economy" is from 1781; that of "thrifty" is from 1780. Related: Economically.
economics (n.) Look up economics at Dictionary.com
1580s, "art of managing a household," perhaps from French économique (see economic); also see -ics. Meaning "science of wealth" is from 1792.
economist (n.) Look up economist at Dictionary.com
1580s, "household manager," from Middle French économiste; meaning "student of political economy" is from 1804; see economy + -ist.
economize (v.) Look up economize at Dictionary.com
1640s, "to govern a household," from economy + -ize. Meaning "to spend less" is from 1790. Related: Economized; economizing; economization; economizer.
economy (n.) Look up economy at Dictionary.com
1530s, "household management," from Latin oeconomia, from Greek oikonomia "household management, thrift," from oikonomos "manager, steward," from oikos "house" (cognate with Latin vicus "district," vicinus "near;" Old English wic "dwelling, village;" see villa) + nomos "managing," from nemein "manage" (see numismatic). The sense of "wealth and resources of a country" (short for political economy) is from 1650s.