emotion (n.) Look up emotion at Dictionary.com
1570s, "a (social) moving, stirring, agitation," from Middle French émotion (16c.), from Old French emouvoir "stir up" (12c.), from Latin emovere "move out, remove, agitate," from assimilated form of ex- "out" (see ex-) + movere "to move" (see move (v.)). Sense of "strong feeling" is first recorded 1650s; extended to any feeling by 1808.
emotional (adj.) Look up emotional at Dictionary.com
1821, "pertaining to emotion," from emotion + -al (1). Meaning "characterized by or subject to emotions" is attested by 1857. Related: Emotionally. Emotional intelligence coined by mid-1960s, popular from mid-1980s.
emotionless (adj.) Look up emotionless at Dictionary.com
1921, from emotion + -less.
emotive (adj.) Look up emotive at Dictionary.com
1735, "causing movement," from Latin emot-, past participle stem of emovere "to move out, move away" (see emotion) + -ive. Meaning "capable of emotion" is from 1881; that of "evoking emotions" is from 1923, originally in literary criticism. Related: Emotively; emotiveness.
empanada (n.) Look up empanada at Dictionary.com
1939, American English, from Spanish empanada, past participle adjective (fem.) of empanar "to roll and fry."
empanel (v.) Look up empanel at Dictionary.com
late 15c., originally of juries, from Anglo-French empaneller, Old French empaneller; see en- (1) + panel (n.).
empathetic (adj.) Look up empathetic at Dictionary.com
1932, in psychology, from empathy on model of sympathetic and meant to be distinct from empathic. Related: Empathetically.
empathic (adj.) Look up empathic at Dictionary.com
1909, from empathy + -ic. Related: Empathically.
empathise (v.) Look up empathise at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of empathize; for suffix, see -ize. Related: Empathised; empathising.
empathize (v.) Look up empathize at Dictionary.com
1924, in psychology, from empathy + -ize. Related: Empathized; empathizing.
empathy (n.) Look up empathy at Dictionary.com
1903, modeled on German Einfühlung (from ein "in" + Fühlung "feeling"), which was coined 1858 by German philosopher Rudolf Lotze (1817-1881) as a translation of Greek empatheia "passion, state of emotion," from assimilated form of en "in" (see en- (2)) + pathos "feeling" (see pathos). A term from a theory of art appreciation that maintains appreciation depends on the viewer's ability to project his personality into the viewed object.
emperor (n.) Look up emperor at Dictionary.com
early 13c., from Old French empereor "emperor, leader, ruler" (11c.; accusative; nominative emperere; Modern French empereur), from Latin imperiatorem (nominative imperiator) "commander, emperor," from past participle stem of imperare "to command" (see empire).

Originally a title conferred by vote of the Roman army on a successful general, later by the Senate on Julius and Augustus Caesar and adopted by their successors except Tiberius and Claudius. In the Middle Ages, applied to rulers of China, Japan, etc.; non-historical European application in English had been only to the Holy Roman Emperors (who in German documents are called kaiser), from late 13c., until in 1804 Napoleon took the title "Emperor of the French."
emphasis (n.) Look up emphasis at Dictionary.com
1570s, "intensity of expression," from Latin emphasis, from Greek emphasis "an appearing in, outward appearance;" in rhetoric, "significance, indirect meaning," from emphainein "to present, exhibit, display, let (a thing) be seen; be reflected (in a mirror), become visible," from assimilated form of en "in" (see en- (2)) + phainein "to show" (see phantasm). In Greek and Latin, originally a figure of expression implying more than would ordinarily be meant by the words, it developed a sense of "extra stress" given to a word or phrase in speech as a clue that it implies something more than literal meaning. In pure Latin, significatio.
emphasise (v.) Look up emphasise at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of emphasize; for spelling, see -ize. Related: Emphasised; emphasising.
emphasize (v.) Look up emphasize at Dictionary.com
1765, from emphasis + -ize. Related: Emphasized; emphasizing.
emphatic (adj.) Look up emphatic at Dictionary.com
1708, from Latinized form of Greek emphatikos, variant of emphantikos, from stem of emphainein (see emphasis). Emphatical is earlier (1550s in rhetorical sense, 1570s as "strongly expressive"). Related: Emphatically (1580s).
emphysema (n.) Look up emphysema at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Modern Latin, from Greek emphysema "swelling, inflation" (of the bowels, etc.), from emphysan "to blow in, inflate; to play the flute," from assimilated form of en "in" (see en- (2)) + physan "to blow," from physa "breath, blast" (see pustule). Related: Emphysematous (adj.).
empire (n.) Look up empire at Dictionary.com
early 14c., from Old French empire "rule, authority, kingdom, imperial rule" (11c.), from Latin imperium "a rule, a command; authority, control, power; supreme power, sole dominion; military authority; a dominion, realm," from imperare "to command," from assimilated form of in- "in" (see in- (2)) + parare "to order, prepare" (see pare).
[P]roperly an empire is an aggregate of conquered, colonized, or confederated states, each with its own government subordinate or tributary to that of the empire as a whole. [Century Dictionary]
Not etymologically restricted to "territory ruled by an emperor," but used that way. The Empire, meaning "the British Empire," first recorded 1772 (it officially devolved into "The Commonwealth" in 1931); before that it meant the Holy Roman Empire (1670s). Empire as the name of a style (especially in reference to a style of dresses with high waistlines) is by 1869, in reference to the affected classicism prevailing in France during the reign of Napoleon I (1804-15). Second Empire is in reference to the rule of Napoleon III of France (1852-70). New York has been called the Empire State since 1834.
empiric (adj.) Look up empiric at Dictionary.com
c.1600, empirical, from Latin empiricus (n.) "a physician guided by experience," from Greek empeirikos "experienced," from empeiria "experience; mere experience or practice without knowledge," especially in medicine, from empeiros "experienced (in a thing), proven by use," from assimilated form of en "in" (see en- (2)) + peira "trial, experiment," from PIE *per- (3) "to try, risk" (see fear (n.)). Originally a school of ancient physicians who based their practice on experience rather than theory. Earlier as a noun (1540s) in reference to the sect, and earliest (1520s) in a sense "quack doctor" which was in frequent use 16c.-19c.
empirical (adj.) Look up empirical at Dictionary.com
1560s, originally in medicine, "pertaining to or derived from experience or experiments," from empiric + -al (1). In a general sense of "guided by mere experience" from 1757. Related: Empirically (1640s as "by means of observation and experiment").
empiricism (n.) Look up empiricism at Dictionary.com
1650s, in the medical sense, from empiric + -ism. Later in a general sense of "reliance on direct observation rather than theory," especially an undue reliance on mere individual experience; in reference to a philosophical doctrine which regards experience as the only source of knowledge from 1796.
Were I obliged to give a short name to the attitude in question, I should call it that of radical empiricism, in spite of the fact that such brief nicknames are nowhere more misleading than in philosophy. I say 'empiricism' because it is contented to regard its most assured conclusions concerning matters of fact as hypotheses liable to modification in the course of future experience; and I say 'radical,' because it treats the doctrine of monism itself as an hypothesis, and, unlike so much of the half way empiricism that is current under the name of positivism or agnosticism or scientific naturalism, it does not dogmatically affirm monism as something with which all experience has got to square. The difference between monism and pluralism is perhaps the most pregnant of all the differences in philosophy. [William James, preface to "The Sentiment of Rationality" in "The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy," 1897]
empiricist (n.) Look up empiricist at Dictionary.com
"one who believes in philosophical empiricism," c.1700, from empiric + -ist.
emplace (v.) Look up emplace at Dictionary.com
1832, in modern use a back-formation from emplacement. Related: Emplaced.
emplacement (n.) Look up emplacement at Dictionary.com
1742, from French emplacement "place, situation," from verb emplacer, from assimilated form of en- "in" (see en- (1)) + placer "to place" (see place (v.)). Gunnery sense attested from 1811.
emplane (v.) Look up emplane at Dictionary.com
1923, from em- (1) + plane (n.2).
emplore (v.) Look up emplore at Dictionary.com
variant of implore. Related: Emplored; emploring.
employ (v.) Look up employ at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "apply or devote (something to some purpose); expend or spend," from Old French emploiier (12c.) "make use of, apply; increase; entangle; devote," from Latin implicare "enfold, involve, be connected with, unite, associate," from assimilated form of in- (see in- (2)) + plicare "to fold" (see ply (v.1)). Imply, which is the same word, retains more of the original sense. Sense of "hire, engage" first recorded in English 1580s, from meaning "involve in a particular purpose," which arose in Late Latin. Related: Employed; employing; employable.
employ (n.) Look up employ at Dictionary.com
1660s, "action of employing," from French emploi, from Middle French verb employer (see employ (v.)). From 1709 as "state of being employed."
employe (n.) Look up employe at Dictionary.com
"person employed," 1834, from French employé (fem. employée), noun use of past participle of employer (see employ).
employee (n.) Look up employee at Dictionary.com
"person employed," 1850, mainly in U.S. use, from employ + -ee. Formed on model of French employé.
employer (n.) Look up employer at Dictionary.com
1590s, agent noun from employ.
employment (n.) Look up employment at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., "the spending of money," from Middle English emploien (see employ) + -ment.
emporium (n.) Look up emporium at Dictionary.com
1580s, "place of trade, mart," from Latin emporium, from Greek emporion "trading place, market," from emporos "merchant," originally "traveler," from assimilated form of en "in" (see en- (2)) + poros "passage, voyage," related to peirein "to pass through" (see port (n.1)). Greek emporos in the "merchant" sense meant especially "one who trades on a large scale, usually but not necessarily by sea" [Buck], as opposed to kapelos "local retail dealer, shopkeeper."
empower (v.) Look up empower at Dictionary.com
1650s, also impower, from assimilated form of en- (1) + power (n.). Used by Milton, Beaumont, Pope, Jefferson, Macaulay, but the modern popularity dates from 1986. Related: Empowered; empowering.
empowerment (n.) Look up empowerment at Dictionary.com
1814, from empower + -ment.
empress (n.) Look up empress at Dictionary.com
mid-12c., emperice, from Old French emperesse, fem. of emperere (see emperor). Queen Victoria in 1876 became one as "Empress of India."
emprise (n.) Look up emprise at Dictionary.com
c.1300, "chivalrous endeavor," from Old French emprise (12c.) "enterprise, venture, adventure, undertaking," from Vulgar Latin *imprensa (source of Provençal empreza, Spanish empresa, Italian impresa), from *imprendere "to undertake," from in- (see in- (2)) + prehendere "to take" (see prehensile). Archaic in English; in French now with a literal sense "a hold, a grip."
emptiness (n.) Look up emptiness at Dictionary.com
1530s, from empty + -ness.
emption (n.) Look up emption at Dictionary.com
late 15c., "purchase," from Latin emptionem (nominative emptio) "a buying, purchasing; thing bought," noun of action from past participle stem of emere "to buy" (see exempt (adj.)).
empty (adj.) Look up empty at Dictionary.com
c.1200, from Old English æmettig "at leisure, not occupied; unmarried," also "containing nothing, unoccupied," from æmetta "leisure," from æ "not" + -metta, from motan "to have" (see might (n.)). The -p- is a euphonic insertion.

Sense evolution from "at leisure" to "containing nothing, unoccupied" is paralleled in several languages, such as Modern Greek adeios "empty," originally "freedom from fear," from deios "fear." "The adj. adeios must have been applied first to persons who enjoyed freedom from duties, leisure, and so were unoccupied, whence it was extended to objects that were unoccupied" [Buck]. Related: Emptier. Figurative sense of empty-nester attested by 1960. Empty-handed attested from 1610s.
empty (n.) Look up empty at Dictionary.com
"an empty thing," 1865, from empty (adj.).
empty (v.) Look up empty at Dictionary.com
1520s, from empty (adj.); replacing Middle English empten, from Old English geæmtigian. Related: Emptied; emptying.
empyreal (adj.) Look up empyreal at Dictionary.com
late 15c., "pertaining to the highest heaven," from Medieval Latin empyreus (see empyrean) + -al (1). Confused by early writers with imperial.
empyrean (n.) Look up empyrean at Dictionary.com
mid-14c. (as empyre), probably via Medieval Latin empyreus, from Greek empyros "fiery," from assimilated form of en (see en- (2)) + pyr "fire" (see fire (n.)). As an adjective in English from early 15c. The etymological sense is "formed of pure fire or light." In ancient Greek cosmology, the highest heaven, the sphere of pure fire; later baptized with a Christian sense of "abode of God and the angels."
emu (n.) Look up emu at Dictionary.com
large Australian three-toed bird, 1610s, probably from Portuguese ema "crane, ostrich" (of unknown origin), perhaps based on a folk-etymology of a native name.
emulate (v.) Look up emulate at Dictionary.com
1580s, back-formation from emulation, or else from Latin aemulatus, past participle of aemulari "to rival." Related: Emulated; emulating; emulable; emulative.
emulation (n.) Look up emulation at Dictionary.com
1550s, from Middle French émulation (13c.) and directly from Latin aemulationem (nominative aemulatio) "rivalry, emulation, competition," noun of action from past participle stem of aemulari "to rival, strive to excel," from aemulus "striving, rivaling" (also as a noun, "a rival," fem. aemula), from Proto-Italic *aimo-, from PIE *aim-olo, suffixed form of root *aim- "copy" (see imitation).
emulator (n.) Look up emulator at Dictionary.com
1580s, "rival, competitor," from Latin aemulator "a zealous imitator, imitative rival," agent noun from aemulari "to rival" (see emulation). The meaning "imitative rival" in English is from 1650s.
emulgent Look up emulgent at Dictionary.com
1570s (adj.), 1610s (n.), from Latin emulgentem (nominative emulgens), present participle of emulgere "to milk out, drain out, exhaust" (see emulsion). Related: Emulgence.
emulous (adj.) Look up emulous at Dictionary.com
"desirous of equaling or excelling," late 14c., from Latin aemulus "striving, rivaling," in a bad sense "envious, jealous," from aemulari "to rival" (see emulation). Related: Emulously.