emotional (adj.) Look up emotional at Dictionary.com
1821, "pertaining to emotion," from emotion + -al (1). Meaning "liable to emotions" attested by 1857. Related: Emotionally. Emotional intelligence coined by mid-1960s, popular from mid-1980s.
emotive (v.) Look up emotive at Dictionary.com
1735, "causing movement," from Latin emot-, past participle stem of emovere (see emotion) + -ive. Meaning "capable of emotion" is from 1881; that of "evoking emotions" is from 1923, originally in literary criticism.
empanada (n.) Look up empanada at Dictionary.com
1939, American English, from Spanish empanada, past participle adjective (fem.) of empanar "to roll and fry."
empanel (v.) Look up empanel at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from Anglo-French empaneller, Old French empaneller; see en- (1) + panel (n.).
empathetic (adj.) Look up empathetic at Dictionary.com
1932, in psychology, from empathy on model of sympathetic and to distinguish it from empathic. Related: Empathetically.
empathic (adj.) Look up empathic at Dictionary.com
1909, from empathy + -ic. Related: Empathically.
empathise (v.) Look up empathise at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of empathize; for suffix, see -ize. Related: Empathised; empathising.
empathize (v.) Look up empathize at Dictionary.com
1924, in psychology, from empathy + -ize. Related: Empathized; empathizing.
empathy (n.) Look up empathy at Dictionary.com
1903, from German Einfühlung (from ein "in" + Fühlung "feeling"), coined 1858 by German philosopher Rudolf Lotze (1817-1881) as a translation of Greek empatheia "passion, state of emotion," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + pathos "feeling" (see pathos). A term from a theory of art appreciation that maintains appreciation depends on the viewer's ability to project his personality into the viewed object.
emperor (n.) Look up emperor at Dictionary.com
early 13c., from Old French empereor (accusative; nominative emperere; Modern French empereur), from Latin imperiatorem (nominative imperiator) "commander, emperor," from past participle stem of imperare "to command" (see empire).

Originally a title conferred by vote of the Roman army on a successful general, later by the Senate on Julius and Augustus Caesar and adopted by their successors except Tiberius and Claudius. In the Middle Ages, applied to rulers of China, Japan, etc.; only non-historical European application in English was to the Holy Roman Emperors (who in German documents are called kaiser), from late 13c., until in 1804 Napoleon took the title "Emperor of the French."
emphasis (n.) Look up emphasis at Dictionary.com
1570s, from Latin emphasis, from Greek emphasis "significance, indirect meaning," from emphainein "to present, show, indicate," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + phainein "to show" (see phantasm). In Greek and Latin, it developed a sense of "extra stress" given to a word or phrase in speech as a clue that it implies something more than literal meaning.
emphasise (v.) Look up emphasise at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of emphasize; for spelling, see -ize. Related: Emphasised; emphasising.
emphasize (v.) Look up emphasize at Dictionary.com
1828, from emphasis + -ize. Related: Emphasized; emphasizing.
emphatic (adj.) Look up emphatic at Dictionary.com
1708, from Greek emphatikos, variant of emphantikos, from emphainein (see emphasis). Emphatical is earlier (1550s). Related: Emphatically.
emphysema (n.) Look up emphysema at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Modern Latin, from Greek emphysema "swelling, inflation," from emphysan "inflate," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + physan "to blow," from physa "breath, blast" (see pustule).
empire (n.) Look up empire at Dictionary.com
early 14c., from Old French empire "rule, authority, kingdom, imperial rule," from Latin imperium "rule, command," from imperare "to command," from im- "in" (see in- (2)) + parare "to order, prepare" (see pare).

Not etymologically restricted to "territory ruled by an emperor," but used that way. The Empire, meaning "the British Empire," first recorded 1772 (it officially devolved into "The Commonwealth" in 1931); before that it meant the Holy Roman Empire (1670s). Empire style (especially in reference to a style of dresses with high waistlines) is 1869, from the Second Empire "rule of Napoleon III of France" (1852-70). New York has been called the Empire State since 1834.
empiric (adj.) Look up empiric at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from Latin empiricus "a physician guided by experience," from Greek empeirikos "experienced," from empeiria "experience," from empeiros "skilled," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + peira "trial, experiment," from PIE *per- "to try, risk." Originally a school of ancient physicians who based their practice on experience rather than theory. Earlier as a noun (1540s) in reference to the sect, and earliest (1520s) in a sense "quack doctor" which was in frequent use 16c.-19c.
empirical (adj.) Look up empirical at Dictionary.com
1560s, from empiric + -al (1).
empiricism (n.) Look up empiricism at Dictionary.com
1650s, in the medical sense, from empiric + -ism. General sense is from 1796.
Were I obliged to give a short name to the attitude in question, I should call it that of radical empiricism, in spite of the fact that such brief nicknames are nowhere more misleading than in philosophy. I say 'empiricism' because it is contented to regard its most assured conclusions concerning matters of fact as hypotheses liable to modification in the course of future experience; and I say 'radical,' because it treats the doctrine of monism itself as an hypothesis, and, unlike so much of the half way empiricism that is current under the name of positivism or agnosticism or scientific naturalism, it does not dogmatically affirm monism as something with which all experience has got to square. The difference between monism and pluralism is perhaps the most pregnant of all the differences in philosophy. [William James, preface to "The Sentiment of Rationality" in "The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy," 1897]
empiricist (n.) Look up empiricist at Dictionary.com
c.1700, from empiric + -ist.
emplace (v.) Look up emplace at Dictionary.com
1865, back-formation from emplacement.
emplacement (n.) Look up emplacement at Dictionary.com
1802, from French emplacement "place, situation," from emplacer (16c.), from en- "in" (see en- (1)) + placer "to place" (see place (v.)). Gunnery sense attested from 1811.
emplore (v.) Look up emplore at Dictionary.com
variant of implore.
employ (v.) Look up employ at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French employer, from Old French emploiier (12c.) "make use of, apply; increase; entangle; devote," from Latin implicare "enfold, involve, be connected with," from in- (see in- (2)) + plicare "to fold" (see ply (v.1)).

Sense of "hire, engage" first recorded in English 1580s, from "involve in a particular purpose," a sense which arose in Late Latin. Related: Employed; employing. The noun is 1660s, from French emploi. Imply, which is the same word, retains more of the original sense.
employe (n.) Look up employe at Dictionary.com
"person employed," 1834, from French employé (fem. employée), noun use of past participle of employer (see employ).
employee (n.) Look up employee at Dictionary.com
"person employed," 1850, mainly in U.S. use, from employ + -ee.
employer (n.) Look up employer at Dictionary.com
1590s, agent noun from employ.
employment (n.) Look up employment at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Middle English emploien (see employ) + -ment.
emporium (n.) Look up emporium at Dictionary.com
1580s, from Latin emporium, from Greek emporion "trading place, market," from emporos "merchant," originally "traveler," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + poros "passage, voyage," related to peirein "to pass through" (see port (n.1)). Greek emporos in the "merchant" sense meant especially "one who trades on a large scale, usually but not necessarily by sea" [Buck], as opposed to kapelos "local retail dealer, shopkeeper."
empower (v.) Look up empower at Dictionary.com
1650s, used by Milton, but the modern popularity dates from 1986; from en- (1) + power. Related: Empowered; empowering; empowerment.
empress (n.) Look up empress at Dictionary.com
mid-12c., emperice, from Old French emperesse, fem. of emperere (see emperor). Queen Victoria in 1876 became one as "Empress of India."
emprise (n.) Look up emprise at Dictionary.com
c.1300, "chivalrous endeavor," from Old French emprise (12c.) "enterprise, venture, adventure, undertaking," from Vulgar Latin *imprensa (source of Provençal empreza, Spanish empresa, Italian impresa), from *imprendere "to undertake," from in- + prehendere "to take" (see prehensile). Archaic in English; in French now with a literal sense "a hold, a grip."
emptiness (n.) Look up emptiness at Dictionary.com
1530s, from empty + -ness.
emption (n.) Look up emption at Dictionary.com
late 15c., "purchase," from Latin emptionem (nominative emptio) "a buying, purchasing," noun of action from past participle stem of emere "to buy" (see exempt (adj.)).
empty (adj.) Look up empty at Dictionary.com
c.1200, from Old English æmettig "at leisure, not occupied, unmarried," from æmetta "leisure," from æ "not" + -metta, from motan "to have" (see might (n.)). The -p- is a euphonic insertion.

Sense evolution from "at leisure" to "empty" is paralleled in several languages, such as Modern Greek adeios "empty," originally "freedom from fear," from deios "fear." "The adj. adeios must have been applied first to persons who enjoyed freedom from duties, leisure, and so were unoccupied, whence it was extended to objects that were unoccupied" [Buck].

The adjective also yielded a verb (1520s), replacing Middle English empten, from Old English geæmtigian. Related: Emptied; emptying. Figurative sense of empty-nester first attested 1987. Empty-handed attested from 1610s.
empyreal (adj.) Look up empyreal at Dictionary.com
late 15c.; see empyrean.
empyrean (n.) Look up empyrean at Dictionary.com
mid-14c. (as empyre), from Greek empyros "fiery," from en (see en- (2)) + pyr "fire" (see fire (n.)); confused by early writers with imperial. In Greek cosmology, the highest heaven, the sphere of pure fire; later baptized with a Christian gloss as "the abode of God and the angels."
emu (n.) Look up emu at Dictionary.com
"large Australian bird," 1610s, probably from Portuguese ema "crane, ostrich," of unknown origin.
emulate (v.) Look up emulate at Dictionary.com
1580s, back-formation from emulation, or else from Latin aemulatus, past participle of aemulari "to rival." Related: Emulated; emulating.
emulation (n.) Look up emulation at Dictionary.com
1550s, from Middle French émulation (13c.) and directly from Latin aemulationem (nominative aemulatio), from past participle stem of aemulari "to rival, strive to excel," from aemulus "striving, rivaling" (also as a noun, "a rival," fem. aemula), from Proto-Italic *aimo-, from PIE *aim-olo, from root *aim- "copy" (see imitation).
emulator (n.) Look up emulator at Dictionary.com
1580s, from Latin aemulator, agent noun from aemulari (see emulation). Computer sense attested by 1965.
emulgent Look up emulgent at Dictionary.com
1570s (adj.), 1610s (n.), from Latin emulgentem (nominative emulgens), present participle of emulgere "to milk out, drain out" (see emulsion).
emulous (adj.) Look up emulous at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Latin aemulus, from aemulari (see emulation). Related: Emulously.
emulsification (n.) Look up emulsification at Dictionary.com
1858, noun of action from emulsify.
emulsifier (n.) Look up emulsifier at Dictionary.com
1872, agent noun from emulsify.
emulsify (v.) Look up emulsify at Dictionary.com
1853, from Latin emulsus, past participle of emulgere "to milk out" (see emulsion) + -fy. Related: emulsified.
emulsion (n.) Look up emulsion at Dictionary.com
1610s, from French émulsion (16c.), from Modern Latin emulsionem (nominative emulsio), from emulsus, past participle of emulgere "to milk out," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + mulgere "to milk" (see milk (n.)). Milk is a classic instance of an emulsion, drops of one liquid dispersed throughout another.
en bloc Look up en bloc at Dictionary.com
French, literally "in a block."
en masse Look up en masse at Dictionary.com
French, literally "in mass."
en passant Look up en passant at Dictionary.com
French, literally "in passing," from present participle of passer "to pass" (see pass (v.)). In reference to chess, first attested 1818.