eminence (n.) Look up eminence at Dictionary.com
c.1400, "projection, protuberance;" early 15c., "high or exalted position," from Old French eminence or directly from Latin eminentia "prominence, eminence," from eminentem (nominative eminens) "excellent, prominent" (see eminent).

As a title of honor (now only of cardinals) it is attested from 1650s. The original Éminence grise (French, literally "gray eminence") was François Leclerc du Trembley (1577-1638), confidential agent of Richelieu.
eminent (adj.) Look up eminent at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French éminent (13c.) or directly from Latin eminentem (nominative eminens), present participle of eminere "stand out, project," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + minere, related to mons "hill" (see mount (n.)). Related: Eminently. Legal eminent domain recorded from 1738.
emir (n.) Look up emir at Dictionary.com
1590s, from Arabic amir "commander" (see admiral).
emirate (n.) Look up emirate at Dictionary.com
1863, "rule or territory of an emir;" see emir + -ate.
emissary (n.) Look up emissary at Dictionary.com
1620s, from French émissaire (17c.) or directly from Latin emissarius, literally "that is sent out," from emissus, past participle of emittere "send forth" (see emit).
emission (n.) Look up emission at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "something sent forth," from Middle French émission (14c.) and directly from Latin emissionem (nominative emissio) "a sending out, projecting, hurling, letting go, releasing," from past participle stem of emittere "send out" (see emit). Meaning "a giving off or emitting" is from 1610s.
emit (v.) Look up emit at Dictionary.com
1620s, from Latin emittere "send forth," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + mittere "to send" (see mission). Related: Emitted; emitting.
Emma Look up Emma at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from German Emma, from Erma, contraction of Ermentrude or some similar name. With lower-case -e-, as British telephone and radio enunciation of M to avoid confusion with N, attested by 1891.
Emmanuel Look up Emmanuel at Dictionary.com
masc. personal name, from Greek form of Hebrew 'Immanu'el, literally "God is with us," from 'immanu "with us," from 'im "with," + first person plural pronomial suffix, + El "God."
Emmaus Look up Emmaus at Dictionary.com
Biblical town (Luke xxiv:13), from Aramaic hammat "hot spring."
emmer (n.) Look up emmer at Dictionary.com
species of wheat, 1908, from German Emmer, variant of Amelkorn, from amel "starch," from Latin amylum (see amyl).
emmet (n.) Look up emmet at Dictionary.com
"ant," from Old English æmete (see ant), surviving as a dialect word in parts of England; also, in Cornwall, a colloquial name for holiday tourists.
Emmy (n.) Look up Emmy at Dictionary.com
statuette awarded by the American Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, 1949, said to be an alteration of Immy, from image.
emollient (adj.) Look up emollient at Dictionary.com
1640s, from French émollient (16c.), from Latin emollientem (nominative emolliens), present participle of emollire "soften," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + mollire "soften," from mollis "soft" (see melt (v.)). The noun is recorded from 1650s.
emolument (n.) Look up emolument at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Middle French émolument and directly from Latin emolumentum "profit, gain," perhaps originally "payment to a miller for grinding corn," from emolere "grind out," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + molere "to grind" (see mallet).
emote (v.) Look up emote at Dictionary.com
1917, American English, back-formation from emotion. Related: Emoted; emoting.
emoticon (n.) Look up emoticon at Dictionary.com
by 1994, apparently from emotion + icon.
emotion (n.) Look up emotion at Dictionary.com
1570s, "a (social) moving, stirring, agitation," from Middle French émotion (16c.), from Old French emouvoir "stir up" (12c.), from Latin emovere "move out, remove, agitate," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + movere "to move" (see move (v.)). Sense of "strong feeling" is first recorded 1650s; extended to any feeling by 1808.
emotional (adj.) Look up emotional at Dictionary.com
1821, "pertaining to emotion," from emotion + -al (1). Meaning "liable to emotions" attested by 1857. Related: Emotionally. Emotional intelligence coined by mid-1960s, popular from mid-1980s.
emotive (v.) Look up emotive at Dictionary.com
1735, "causing movement," from Latin emot-, past participle stem of emovere (see emotion) + -ive. Meaning "capable of emotion" is from 1881; that of "evoking emotions" is from 1923, originally in literary criticism.
empanada (n.) Look up empanada at Dictionary.com
1939, American English, from Spanish empanada, past participle adjective (fem.) of empanar "to roll and fry."
empanel (v.) Look up empanel at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from Anglo-French empaneller, Old French empaneller; see en- (1) + panel (n.).
empathetic (adj.) Look up empathetic at Dictionary.com
1932, in psychology, from empathy on model of sympathetic and to distinguish it from empathic. Related: Empathetically.
empathic (adj.) Look up empathic at Dictionary.com
1909, from empathy + -ic. Related: Empathically.
empathise (v.) Look up empathise at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of empathize; for suffix, see -ize. Related: Empathised; empathising.
empathize (v.) Look up empathize at Dictionary.com
1924, in psychology, from empathy + -ize. Related: Empathized; empathizing.
empathy (n.) Look up empathy at Dictionary.com
1903, from German Einfühlung (from ein "in" + Fühlung "feeling"), coined 1858 by German philosopher Rudolf Lotze (1817-1881) as a translation of Greek empatheia "passion, state of emotion," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + pathos "feeling" (see pathos). A term from a theory of art appreciation that maintains appreciation depends on the viewer's ability to project his personality into the viewed object.
emperor (n.) Look up emperor at Dictionary.com
early 13c., from Old French empereor (accusative; nominative emperere; Modern French empereur), from Latin imperiatorem (nominative imperiator) "commander, emperor," from past participle stem of imperare "to command" (see empire).

Originally a title conferred by vote of the Roman army on a successful general, later by the Senate on Julius and Augustus Caesar and adopted by their successors except Tiberius and Claudius. In the Middle Ages, applied to rulers of China, Japan, etc.; only non-historical European application in English was to the Holy Roman Emperors (who in German documents are called kaiser), from late 13c., until in 1804 Napoleon took the title "Emperor of the French."
emphasis (n.) Look up emphasis at Dictionary.com
1570s, from Latin emphasis, from Greek emphasis "significance, indirect meaning," from emphainein "to present, show, indicate," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + phainein "to show" (see phantasm). In Greek and Latin, it developed a sense of "extra stress" given to a word or phrase in speech as a clue that it implies something more than literal meaning.
emphasise (v.) Look up emphasise at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of emphasize; for spelling, see -ize. Related: Emphasised; emphasising.
emphasize (v.) Look up emphasize at Dictionary.com
1828, from emphasis + -ize. Related: Emphasized; emphasizing.
emphatic (adj.) Look up emphatic at Dictionary.com
1708, from Greek emphatikos, variant of emphantikos, from emphainein (see emphasis). Emphatical is earlier (1550s). Related: Emphatically.
emphysema (n.) Look up emphysema at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Modern Latin, from Greek emphysema "swelling, inflation," from emphysan "inflate," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + physan "to blow," from physa "breath, blast" (see pustule).
empire (n.) Look up empire at Dictionary.com
early 14c., from Old French empire "rule, authority, kingdom, imperial rule," from Latin imperium "rule, command," from imperare "to command," from im- "in" (see in- (2)) + parare "to order, prepare" (see pare).

Not etymologically restricted to "territory ruled by an emperor," but used that way. The Empire, meaning "the British Empire," first recorded 1772 (it officially devolved into "The Commonwealth" in 1931); before that it meant the Holy Roman Empire (1670s). Empire style (especially in reference to a style of dresses with high waistlines) is 1869, from the Second Empire "rule of Napoleon III of France" (1852-70). New York has been called the Empire State since 1834.
empiric (adj.) Look up empiric at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from Latin empiricus "a physician guided by experience," from Greek empeirikos "experienced," from empeiria "experience," from empeiros "skilled," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + peira "trial, experiment," from PIE *per- "to try, risk." Originally a school of ancient physicians who based their practice on experience rather than theory. Earlier as a noun (1540s) in reference to the sect, and earliest (1520s) in a sense "quack doctor" which was in frequent use 16c.-19c.
empirical (adj.) Look up empirical at Dictionary.com
1560s, from empiric + -al (1).
empiricism (n.) Look up empiricism at Dictionary.com
1650s, in the medical sense, from empiric + -ism. General sense is from 1796.
Were I obliged to give a short name to the attitude in question, I should call it that of radical empiricism, in spite of the fact that such brief nicknames are nowhere more misleading than in philosophy. I say 'empiricism' because it is contented to regard its most assured conclusions concerning matters of fact as hypotheses liable to modification in the course of future experience; and I say 'radical,' because it treats the doctrine of monism itself as an hypothesis, and, unlike so much of the half way empiricism that is current under the name of positivism or agnosticism or scientific naturalism, it does not dogmatically affirm monism as something with which all experience has got to square. The difference between monism and pluralism is perhaps the most pregnant of all the differences in philosophy. [William James, preface to "The Sentiment of Rationality" in "The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy," 1897]
empiricist (n.) Look up empiricist at Dictionary.com
c.1700, from empiric + -ist.
emplace (v.) Look up emplace at Dictionary.com
1865, back-formation from emplacement.
emplacement (n.) Look up emplacement at Dictionary.com
1802, from French emplacement "place, situation," from emplacer (16c.), from en- "in" (see en- (1)) + placer "to place" (see place (v.)). Gunnery sense attested from 1811.
emplore (v.) Look up emplore at Dictionary.com
variant of implore.
employ (v.) Look up employ at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French employer, from Old French emploiier (12c.) "make use of, apply; increase; entangle; devote," from Latin implicare "enfold, involve, be connected with," from in- (see in- (2)) + plicare "to fold" (see ply (v.1)).

Sense of "hire, engage" first recorded in English 1580s, from "involve in a particular purpose," a sense which arose in Late Latin. Related: Employed; employing. The noun is 1660s, from French emploi. Imply, which is the same word, retains more of the original sense.
employe (n.) Look up employe at Dictionary.com
"person employed," 1834, from French employé (fem. employée), noun use of past participle of employer (see employ).
employee (n.) Look up employee at Dictionary.com
"person employed," 1850, mainly in U.S. use, from employ + -ee.
employer (n.) Look up employer at Dictionary.com
1590s, agent noun from employ.
employment (n.) Look up employment at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Middle English emploien (see employ) + -ment.
emporium (n.) Look up emporium at Dictionary.com
1580s, from Latin emporium, from Greek emporion "trading place, market," from emporos "merchant," originally "traveler," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + poros "passage, voyage," related to peirein "to pass through" (see port (n.1)). Greek emporos in the "merchant" sense meant especially "one who trades on a large scale, usually but not necessarily by sea" [Buck], as opposed to kapelos "local retail dealer, shopkeeper."
empower (v.) Look up empower at Dictionary.com
1650s, used by Milton, but the modern popularity dates from 1986; from en- (1) + power. Related: Empowered; empowering; empowerment.
empress (n.) Look up empress at Dictionary.com
mid-12c., emperice, from Old French emperesse, fem. of emperere (see emperor). Queen Victoria in 1876 became one as "Empress of India."
emprise (n.) Look up emprise at Dictionary.com
c.1300, "chivalrous endeavor," from Old French emprise (12c.) "enterprise, venture, adventure, undertaking," from Vulgar Latin *imprensa (source of Provençal empreza, Spanish empresa, Italian impresa), from *imprendere "to undertake," from in- + prehendere "to take" (see prehensile). Archaic in English; in French now with a literal sense "a hold, a grip."