counsel (v.) Look up counsel at Dictionary.com
late 13c., from Old French conseiller "to advise, counsel," from Latin consiliari, from consilium "plan, opinion" (see counsel (n.)). Related: Counseled. Counseling "giving professional advice on social or psychological problems" dates from 1940.
counsellor (n.) Look up counsellor at Dictionary.com
early 13c., from Old French conseillier (Modern French conseiller), from Latin consilator, agent noun from consiliare, from consilium (see counsel (v.)). Meaning "one who gives professional legal advice" is from 1530s. Psychological sense (marriage counsellor, etc., is from 1940).
counselor (n.) Look up counselor at Dictionary.com
see counsellor.
count (v.) Look up count at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from Old French conter "add up," but also "tell a story," from Latin computare (see compute). Related: Counted; counting. Modern French differentiates compter "to count" and conter "to tell," but they are cognates.
count (n.) Look up count at Dictionary.com
title of nobility, c.1300, from Anglo-French counte (Old French conte), from Latin comitem (nominative comes) "companion, attendant," the Roman term for a provincial governor, from com- "with" (see com-) + stem of ire "to go" (see ion). The term was used in Anglo-French to render Old English eorl, but the word was never truly naturalized and mainly was used with reference to foreign titles.
countdown (n.) Look up countdown at Dictionary.com
1953, American English, in early use especially of launches of rockets or missiles, from count (v.) + down.
countenance (v.) Look up countenance at Dictionary.com
late 15c., "to behave or act," from countenance (n.). Sense of "to favor, patronize" is from 1560s, from notion of "to look upon with sanction or smiles." Related: Countenanced; countenancing.
countenance (n.) Look up countenance at Dictionary.com
mid-13c., from Old French contenance "demeanor, bearing, conduct," from Latin continentia "restraint, abstemiousness, moderation," literally "way one contains oneself," from continentem, present participle of continere (see contain). Meaning evolving Middle English from "appearance" to "facial expression betraying a state of mind," to "face" itself (late 14c.).
counter (n.) Look up counter at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "table where a money lender does business," from Old French contouer, comptoir (14c.) "counting room, table of a bank," from Medieval Latin computatorium "place of accounts," from Latin computatus, past participle of computare (see compute). Generalized 19c. from banks to shops, then extended to display cases for goods. Phrase under the counter is from 1926.
counter (v.) Look up counter at Dictionary.com
"go against," late 14c., from Old French countre "facing opposite" (see counter-). Related: Countered; countering. As an adverb, from mid-15c.; as an adjective, from 1590s.
Counter Reformation Look up Counter Reformation at Dictionary.com
1840, from counter- + Reformation.
counter- Look up counter- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "against; in return; corresponding," from Anglo-French countre-, French contre-, from Latin contra "opposite, contrary to, against, in return," also used as a prefix (see contra-).
counteract (v.) Look up counteract at Dictionary.com
1670s, from counter- + act (v.). Related: Counteracted; counteracting.
counterargument (n.) Look up counterargument at Dictionary.com
1862, from counter- + argument.
counterattack (n.) Look up counterattack at Dictionary.com
also counter-attack, 1882, from counter- + attack (n.); as two words from early 19c. The verb is recorded from 1916.
counterbalance (v.) Look up counterbalance at Dictionary.com
1570s, from counter- + balance (v.), in reference to scales. Figurative use dates from 1630s. As a noun, from c.1600.
counterclockwise (adj., adv.) Look up counterclockwise at Dictionary.com
1870, also counter-clockwise; from counter- + clockwise.
counterculture (n.) Look up counterculture at Dictionary.com
also counter-culture, counter culture, 1968, from counter- + culture (q.v.). Popularized by, and perhaps coined in, the book "The Making of a Counter Culture" by Theodore Roszak. As an adjective by 1972.
counterfactual (adj.) Look up counterfactual at Dictionary.com
1946, from counter- + factual.
counterfeit (v.) Look up counterfeit at Dictionary.com
late 13c., from Old French contrefait "imitated" (Modern French contrefait), past participle of contrefaire "imitate," from contre- "against" (see contra-) + faire "to make, to do" (from Latin facere; see factitious). Medieval Latin contrafactio meant "setting in opposition or contrast." Related: Counterfeited; counterfeiting. The noun and adjective are from late 14c.
counterinsurgency (n.) Look up counterinsurgency at Dictionary.com
1962, from counter- + insurgency.
counterintelligence (n.) Look up counterintelligence at Dictionary.com
also counter-intelligence, 1940, from counter- + intelligence.
counterintuitive (adj.) Look up counterintuitive at Dictionary.com
also counter-intuitive, 1955, from counter- + intuitive.
countermand (v.) Look up countermand at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Old French contremander "reverse an order or command" (13c.), from contre- "against" (see contra-) + mander, from Latin mandare "to order" (see mandate (n.)). Related: Countermanded; countermanding.
countermeasure (n.) Look up countermeasure at Dictionary.com
1923, from counter- + measure (n.).
counteroffer (n.) Look up counteroffer at Dictionary.com
1788, from counter- + offer (n.).
counterpane (n.) Look up counterpane at Dictionary.com
"outer covering of a bed," c.1600, alteration of earlier counterpoynte (mid-15c.; see counterpoint) on model of Middle French pan, Latin pannus "cloth" (see pane).
counterpart (n.) Look up counterpart at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., originally countre part "duplicate of a legal document," from Middle French contrepartie, from contre "facing, opposite" (see contra-) + partie "copy of a person or thing," originally fem. past participle of partir "to divide" (see party (n.)).
counterpoint (n.) Look up counterpoint at Dictionary.com
early 15c., of stitching, from Old French cuilte contrepointe "quilt stitched through and through," altered from coute pointe, from Medieval Latin culcita puncta "quilted mattress," from Latin culcita "cushion" + puncta, fem. past participle of pungere "to prick, stab" (see pungent).

Of music, mid-15c., from Old French contrepoint, from Medieval Latin cantus contrapunctus, from contrapunctum, from Latin contra + puncta, with reference to the indication of musical notes by "pricking" with a pointed pen over or under the original melody on a manuscript.
counterpoise (n.) Look up counterpoise at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Old French contrepois (Modern French contrepoids), from contre- "against" (see contra-) + peis, from Latin pensum "weight," noun use of neuter past participle of pendere "to weigh" (see pendant).
counterproductive (adj.) Look up counterproductive at Dictionary.com
also counter-productive, counter productive, 1920, American English, from counter- + productive.
counterrevolution (n.) Look up counterrevolution at Dictionary.com
also counter-revolution, 1791, from counter- + revolution. First recorded in U.S. with reference to American Revolution.
countersign (n.) Look up countersign at Dictionary.com
1590s, from Middle French contresigne, from contre- "against" (see contra-) + signe "sign" (see sign (n.)).
countertop (n.) Look up countertop at Dictionary.com
1878, from counter (n.) + top (n.1).
countervail (v.) Look up countervail at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "to be worth as much as," also "to prevail against," from Anglo-French countrevaloir, Old French contrevaloir "to be effective against, be comparable to," from Latin phrase contra valere "to be worth against" (see contra- and valiant). Related: Countervailing.
countess (n.) Look up countess at Dictionary.com
mid-12c., adopted in Anglo-French for "the wife of an earl," from Medieval Latin cometissa, fem. of Latin comes "count" (see count (n.)).
countless (adj.) Look up countless at Dictionary.com
"numberless, uncountable," 1580s, from count (v.) + -less.
countrified (adj.) Look up countrified at Dictionary.com
1650s, from country + past participle form of -fy.
country (n.) Look up country at Dictionary.com
mid-13c., "district, native land," from Old French contree, from Vulgar Latin *(terra) contrata "(land) lying opposite," or "(land) spread before one," from Latin contra "opposite, against" (see contra-). Sense narrowed 1520s to rural areas, as opposed to cities. Replaced Old English land. As an adjective from late 14c. First record of country-and-western music style is from 1942. Country club first recorded 1886. Country mile "a long way" is from 1915, American English.
countryman (n.) Look up countryman at Dictionary.com
late 13c., from country + man (n.).
countryside (n.) Look up countryside at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., literally "one side of a country" (a valley, a mountain range, etc.), from country + side (n.); hence, "any tract of land having a natural unity" (1727).
county (n.) Look up county at Dictionary.com
c.1300, from Anglo-French counte, from Late Latin comitatus "jurisdiction of a count," from Latin comes (see count (n.)); replaced Old English scir "shire."
coup (n.) Look up coup at Dictionary.com
c.1400, from Old French coup, colp "a blow, strike" (12c.), from Medieval Latin colpus, from Vulgar Latin colapus, from Latin colaphus "a cuff, box on the ear," from Greek kolaphos "a blow, slap." Meaning "a sudden decisive act" is 1852, short for coup d'etat. In Modern French the word is a workhorse, describing everything from a pat on the back to a whipping, and is used as well of thunder, gusts of wind, gunshots, and chess moves.
coup d'etat (n.) Look up coup d'etat at Dictionary.com
1640s, from French coup d'étate, literally "stroke of the state" (see coup). Technically any sudden, decisive political act but popularly restricted to the overthrow of a government.
coup de foudre (n.) Look up coup de foudre at Dictionary.com
1779, from French coup de foudre, literally "stroke of lightning," also "love at first sight" (see coup).
coup de grace (n.) Look up coup de grace at Dictionary.com
1690s, from French coup de grâce, literally "stroke of grace;" the merciful death-blow that ends another's suffering (see coup).
coupe (n.) Look up coupe at Dictionary.com
1834, from French coupe (18c.), noun use of past participle of couper "to cut (in half);" see coup. Modern use is from early 19c. carrosse coupe "cut-off carriage," a shorter version of the berlin, minus the back seat. First applied to closed two-door automobiles 1908.
couple (v.) Look up couple at Dictionary.com
c.1200, from Old French copler, from cople (see couple (n.)). Related: Coupled; coupling.
couple (n.) Look up couple at Dictionary.com
late 13c., from Old French cople "married couple, lovers" (12c., Modern French couple), from Latin copula "tie, connection," from PIE *ko-ap-, from *ko(m)- "together" + *ap- "to take, reach." Meaning broadened mid-14c. to "any two things."
couplet (n.) Look up couplet at Dictionary.com
1570s, in poetry, from French couplet (mid-14c.), a diminutive of couple (see couple (n.)). In music, from 1876.