connect (v.) Look up connect at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Latin conectere "join together" (see connection). Displaced 16c. by connex (1540s), from Middle French connexer, from Latin *connexare, a supposed frequentative of conectere (past participle stem connex-). Connect was re-established 1670s.

A similar change took place in French, where connexer was superseded by connecter. Meaning "to establish a relationship" (with) is from 1881. Slang meaning "get in touch with" is attested by 1926, from telephone connections. Meaning "awaken meaningful emotions, establish rapport" is from 1942. Of a hit or blow, "to reach the target," from c.1920. Related: Connected; connecting; connectedness.
Connecticut Look up Connecticut at Dictionary.com
U.S. state, originally the name of the river, said to be from Mohican (Algonquian) quinnitukqut "at the long tidal river," from *kwen- "long" + *-ehtekw "tidal river" + *-enk "place."
connection (n.) Look up connection at Dictionary.com
late 14c., conneccion, later connexioun (mid-15c.), from Old French connexion, from Latin connexionem (nominative connexio) "a binding or joining together," from *connexare, frequentative of conectere "to fasten together, to tie, join together," from com- "together" (see com-) + nectere "to bind, tie" (see nexus).

Spelling shifted from connexion to connection (especially in American English) mid-18c. under influence of connect, abetted by affection, direction, etc. See -xion.
connective (adj.) Look up connective at Dictionary.com
1650s, from connect + -ive (if from Latin, it likely would have been *connexive). Connective tissue is from 1839.
connectivity (n.) Look up connectivity at Dictionary.com
1893, from connective + -ity.
connector (n.) Look up connector at Dictionary.com
1795, "tube for connecting other materials," agent noun in Latin form from connect and usefully distinct from connecter.
connexion (n.) Look up connexion at Dictionary.com
see connection; also see -xion.
conniption (n.) Look up conniption at Dictionary.com
1833, American English, origin uncertain; perhaps related to corruption, which was used in a sense of "anger" from 1799, or from English dialectal canapshus "ill-tempered, captious," probably a corruption of captious.
connivance (n.) Look up connivance at Dictionary.com
the main modern form of connivence (q.v.).
connive (v.) Look up connive at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from Latin connivere, also conivere "to wink," hence, "to wink at (a crime), be secretly privy," from com- "together" (see com-) + base akin to nictare "to wink," from PIE root *kneigwh- (see nictitate). Related: Connived; conniving.
connivence (n.) Look up connivence at Dictionary.com
1590s, from Latin conniventia, from conniventem (nominative connivens), present participle of connivere (see connive). Spelling with -a- prevailed after early 18c., but is unetymological.
connivent (adj.) Look up connivent at Dictionary.com
1640s, from Latin conniventem (nominative connivens), present participle of connivere (see connive).
conniving (adj.) Look up conniving at Dictionary.com
1783, present participle adjective from connive. Earlier in this sense was connivent.
connoisseur (n.) Look up connoisseur at Dictionary.com
1714, from French connoisseur (Modern French connaiseur), from Old French conoisseor "an expert, a judge, one well-versed," from conoistre "to know," from Latin cognoscere "to know, to become well-acquainted with," from com- "with" (see com-) + gnoscere "recognize" (see notice (v.)).
Connor Look up Connor at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, little used in U.S. before 1980; in the top 100 names given to boys from 1992; apparently an alteration and appropriation of the surname Conner (13c.), representing Old English cunnere "examiner, inspector" (as in ale-conner (see con (n.2)).
connotate (v.) Look up connotate	 at Dictionary.com
1590s, from Medieval Latin connotatus, past participle of connotare (see connote). Obsolete; replaced by connote.
connotation (n.) Look up connotation at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Medieval Latin connotationem (nominative connotatio), from connotat-, past participle stem of connotare "signify in addition to the main meaning," a term in logic, literally "to mark along with," from Latin com- "together" (see com-) + notare "to mark" (see note).

A word denotes its primary meaning, its barest adequate definition -- father denotes "one that has begotten." A word connotes the attributes commonly associated with it -- father connotes "male sex, prior existence, greater experience, affection, guidance."
connote (v.) Look up connote at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Medieval Latin connotare "to mark along with," (see connotation). A common word in medieval logic. Related: Connoted; connoting.
connubial (adj.) Look up connubial at Dictionary.com
1650s, from Latin connubialis, variant of conubialis "pertaining to wedlock," from conubium "marriage," from com- "together" (see com-) + nubere "to wed" (see nuptial).
conquer (v.) Look up conquer at Dictionary.com
c.1200, cunquearen, from Old French conquerre "conquer, defeat, vanquish," from Vulgar Latin *conquaerere (for Latin conquirere) "to search for, procure by effort, win," from Latin com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + quaerere "to seek, gain" (see query (v.)). Related: Conquered; conquering.
conquerer (n.) Look up conquerer at Dictionary.com
obsolete form of conqueror; see -er.
conqueror (n.) Look up conqueror at Dictionary.com
c.1300, from Anglo-French conquerour, Old French conquereor, from Old French conquerre (see conquer). Another early form was conquestor. William the Conqueror so called from early 12c. in Anglo-Latin: Guillelmus Magus id est conquæstor rex Anglorum.
conquest (n.) Look up conquest at Dictionary.com
early 14c., a merged word from Old French conquest "acquisition" (Modern French conquêt), and Old French conqueste "conquest, acquisition" (Modern French conquête), both from past participle of conquerre, from Vulgar Latin *conquaerere (see conquer).
conquistador (n.) Look up conquistador at Dictionary.com
1830, from Spanish conquistador, literally "conqueror," noun of action from conquistar "to conquer," from Vulgar Latin conquistare, from Latin conquistus, past participle of conquirere "to seek for" (see conquer).
Conrad Look up Conrad at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Old High German Kuonrat, literally "bold in counsel," from kuon "bold" + rat "counsel" (see read (v.)).
consanguine (adj.) Look up consanguine at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from French consanguin (14c.), from Latin consanguineus "of the same blood" (see consanguinity).
consanguineous (adj.) Look up consanguineous at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from Latin consanguineus "of the same blood" (see consanguinity).
consanguinity (n.) Look up consanguinity at Dictionary.com
c.1400, from Middle French consanguinité, from Latin consanguinitatem (nominative consanguinitas), from consanguineus "consanguineous, of the same blood," from com- "together" (see com-) + sanguineus "of blood" (see sanguine).
conscience (n.) Look up conscience at Dictionary.com
early 13c., from Old French conscience "conscience, innermost thoughts, desires, intentions; feelings" (12c.), from Latin conscientia "knowledge within oneself, sense of right, a moral sense," from conscientem (nominative consciens), present participle of conscire "be (mutually) aware," from com- "with," or "thoroughly" (see com-) + scire "to know" (see science).

Probably a loan-translation of Greek syneidesis, literally "with-knowledge." Sometimes nativized in Old English/Middle English as inwit. Russian also uses a loan-translation, so-vest, "conscience," literally "with-knowledge."
conscient (adj.) Look up conscient at Dictionary.com
c.1600, "conscious," from Latin conscientem, present participle of conscire "to be conscious" (see conscience). Also with meaning "a conscious being" (c.1770).
conscientious (adj.) Look up conscientious at Dictionary.com
1610s, from Middle French conscientieux (16c.; Modern French consciencieux), from Medieval Latin conscientiosus, from conscientia (see conscience). Related: Conscientiously; conscientiousness.
conscientious objector (n.) Look up conscientious objector at Dictionary.com
1896, in reference to those with religious scruples about mandatory vaccination. Military sense predominated from World War I.
After a chequered career full of startling episodes and reversals, the Vaccination Bill becomes virtually the Vaccination Act. In Parliament the hottest of the contest centred round the conscientious objector. [The Lancet, Aug. 13, 1898]
conscionable (adj.) Look up conscionable at Dictionary.com
1540s, from conscioned "having a conscience" (from conscience) + -able; obsolete from early 18c. but fossilized in its negative, unconscionable.
conscious (adj.) Look up conscious at Dictionary.com
c.1600, "knowing, privy to," from Latin conscius "knowing, aware," from conscire (see conscience); probably a loan-translation of Greek syneidos. A word adopted from the Latin poets and much mocked at first. Sense of "active and awake" is from 1837.
consciousness (n.) Look up consciousness at Dictionary.com
1630s, "internal knowledge," from conscious + -ness. Meaning "state of being aware" is from 1746.
conscript (n.) Look up conscript at Dictionary.com
1800, perhaps a back-formation (influenced by French adjective conscrit) from conscription.
conscript (v.) Look up conscript at Dictionary.com
1813, American English, from conscript (n.). A word from the militia drafts in the War of 1812. Popularized (or unpopularized) during U.S. Civil War, when both sides resorted to it in 1862. Related: Conscripted; conscripting.
conscript (adj.) Look up conscript at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Latin conscriptus, past participle of conscribere "to draw up, list," literally "to write together" (see conscription).
conscription (n.) Look up conscription at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "a putting in writing," from Middle French conscription, from Latin conscriptionem (nominative conscriptio) "a drawing up of a list, enrollment, a levying of soldiers," from conscribere "to enroll," from com- "with" (see com-) + scribere "to write" (see script (n.)).

Meaning "enlistment of soldiers" is from 1520s; the sense "compulsory enlistment for military service" (1800) is traceable to the French Republic act of Sept. 5, 1798. Technically, a conscription is the enrollment of a fixed number by lot, with options of providing a substitute.
consecrate (v.) Look up consecrate at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Latin consecratus, past participle of consecrare "to make holy, devote," from com- "together" (see com-) + sacrare (see sacred). Related: Consecrated; consecrating.
consecration (n.) Look up consecration at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Latin consecrationem (nominative consecratio), noun of action from consecrat-, past participle stem of consecrare (see consecrate).
consecutive (adj.) Look up consecutive at Dictionary.com
1610s, from French consécutif (16c.), from Medieval Latin consecutivus, from Latin consecutus "following closely," past participle of consequi (see consequence). Related: Consecutively.
consensual (adj.) Look up consensual at Dictionary.com
1754, "having to do with consent," from stem of Latin consensus (see consensus) + -al (1). Meaning "by consent" is attested from 1800.
consensus (n.) Look up consensus at Dictionary.com
1854 as a term in physiology; 1861 of persons; from Latin consensus "agreement, accord," past participle of consentire (see consent). There is an isolated instance of the word from 1633.
consent (v.) Look up consent at Dictionary.com
early 13c., from Old French consentir (12c.) "agree, comply," from Latin consentire "feel together," from com- "with" (see com-) + sentire "to feel" (see sense (n.)). "Feeling together," hence, "agreeing, giving permission," apparently a sense evolution that took place in French before the word reached English. Related: Consented; consenting.
consent (n.) Look up consent at Dictionary.com
c.1300, "approval," also "agreement in sentiment, harmony," from Old French consente, from consentir (see consent (v.)). Age of consent is attested from 1809.
consequence (n.) Look up consequence at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "inference, conclusion," from Old French consequence "result" (13c., Modern French conséquence), from Latin consequentia, from consequentem (nominative consequens), present participle of consequi "to follow after," from com- "with" (see com-) + sequi "to follow" (see sequel). Sense of "importance" (c.1600) is from notion of being "pregnant with consequences."
consequences (n.) Look up consequences at Dictionary.com
see consequence. As the name of a round game, attested from 1796.
consequent (adj.) Look up consequent at Dictionary.com
late 14c., in various senses now restricted to consequence, from Middle French conséquent "following, resulting," from Latin consequentem (nominative consequens); see consequence. Meaning "an event which follows another" is from 1610s. Mathematical sense is from 1560s. Related: Consequently.
consequential (adj.) Look up consequential at Dictionary.com
1620s, from consequent (Latin consequentia) + -al (1). Meaning "pregnant with consequences, important" is recorded from 1728. Related: Consequentially (c.1600).