concision (n.) Look up concision at
late 14c., "cutting away, mutilation," also, from 16c., "circumcision," from Latin concisionem "a separation into divisions," literally "a cutting up," noun of action from past participle stem of concidere "to cut up" (see concise). From 18c. it began to be used in the sense of conciseness (q.v.).
conclave (n.) Look up conclave at
late 14c., "a place where cardinals meet to elect a pope," from Italian conclave, from Latin conclave "a room, chamber suite," probably originally "a room which may be locked," from com- "together" (see com-) + clavis "a key" (see slot (n.2)). Extended sense of "private assembly" is first recorded 1560s.
conclude (v.) Look up conclude at
early 14c., "end an argument," from Latin concludere "to shut up, enclose," from com- "together" (see com-) + -cludere, comb. form of claudere "to shut" (see close (v.)). Meaning "reach a mental conclusion, deduce" is from late 14c., a sense also in Latin. Related: Concluded; concluding.
conclusion (n.) Look up conclusion at
late 14c., "deduction or conclusion reached by reasoning," from Old French conclusion "conclusion, result, outcome," from Latin conclusionem (nominative conclusio), noun of action from past participle stem of concludere (see conclude). Also, from late 14c. "the end" (usually of speech or writing), "closing passages of a speech or writing."
conclusive (adj.) Look up conclusive at
1610s, "occurring at the end," from French conclusif, from Late Latin conclusivus, from conclus-, past participle stem of concludere (see conclude). Meaning "definitive, decisive, convincing" (putting an end to debate) is from 1640s. Related: Conclusiveness.
conclusively (adv.) Look up conclusively at
1550s, "in conclusion," from conclusive + -ly (2). Meaning "decisively" is recorded from 1748.
conclusory (adj.) Look up conclusory at
1846, "pertaining to a conclusion," from stem of conclusion + -ory. Probably coined because the secondary "decisive" sense had come to predominate in conclusive.
concoct (v.) Look up concoct at
1530s, "to digest," from Latin concoctus, past participle of concoquere "to digest; to boil together, prepare; to consider well," from com- "together" (see com-) + coquere "to cook" (see cook (n.)). Meaning "to prepare an edible thing" is from 1670s. First expanded metaphorically beyond cooking 1792. Related: Concocted; concocting.
concoction (n.) Look up concoction at
1530s, "digestion," from Latin concoctionem (nominative concoctio) "digestion," noun of action from past participle stem of concoquere (see concoct). Meaning "preparation of a medicinal potion" is from 1851; sense of "a made-up story" is from 1823.
concomitance (n.) Look up concomitance at
1520s, from Middle French concomitance, from Medieval Latin concomitantia, from Late Latin concomitantem (see concomitant). Related: Concomitancy.
concomitant (adj.) Look up concomitant at
c. 1600, from French concomitant, from Late Latin concomitantem (nominative concomitans), present participle of concomitari "accompany, attend," from com- "with, together" (see com-) + comitari "join as a companion," from comes (genitive comitis) "companion" (see count (n.)).
concord (n.) Look up concord at
early 14c., from Old French concorde (12c.) "concord, harmony, agreement, treaty," from Latin concordia "agreement, union," from concors (genitive concordis) "of the same mind," literally "hearts together," from com- "together" (see com-) + cor "heart," from PIE root *kerd- "heart" (see heart).
concordance (n.) Look up concordance at
late 14c., "alphabetical arrangement of all the words in a book" (especially the Bible), from Old French concordance (12c.) "agreement, harmony," from Late Latin concordantia, from concordantem (nominative concordans; see concord). Originally a citation of parallel passages. Literal meaning "fact of agreeing" attested in English from mid-15c.
concordant (adj.) Look up concordant at
late 15c. of persons, 1510s of things, 1550s of music, from French concordant, from Latin concordantem, present participle of concordare (see concord). Related: Concordantly.
concordat (n.) Look up concordat at
"agreement between church and state on a mutual matter," 1610s, from French concordat (16c.), from Medieval Latin concordatum, noun use of Latin concordatum, neuter past participle of concordare "to agree," from concors (genitive concordis) "of one mind" (see concord).
Concorde (n.) Look up Concorde at
supersonic passenger airliner, operating from 1976 to 2003, from French concorde, literally "harmony, agreement" (see concord), reflecting the Anglo-French collaborative agreement that produced it.
concours (n.) Look up concours at
from French concours (16c.) "assemblage of things brought together," also "contest" (see concourse). Usually in English in phrase concours d'elegance.
concourse (n.) Look up concourse at
late 14c., from Middle French concours, from Latin concursus "a running together," from past participle of concurrere (see concur). Originally "the flowing of a crowd of people;" sense of "open space in a built-up place" is American English, 1862.
concrete (adj.) Look up concrete at
late 14c., "actual, solid," from Latin concretus "condensed, hardened, thick, hard, stiff, curdled, congealed, clotted," figuratively "thick; dim," literally "grown together;" past participle of concrescere "to grow together," from com- "together" (see com-) + crescere "to grow" (see crescent). A logicians' term until meaning began to expand 1600s. Noun sense of "building material made from cement, etc." is first recorded 1834.
concrete poetry (n.) Look up concrete poetry at
1958, from terms coined independently in mid-1950s in Brazil (poesia concreta) and Germany (die konkrete Dichtung). Related: Concrete poem (1958).
concretion (n.) Look up concretion at
by 1670s, from French concrétion, from Latin concretionem (nominative concretio), from concretus (see concrete).
concretize (v.) Look up concretize at
1884, from concrete + -ize. Concrete itself sometimes was used as a verb in various senses from 1630s.
concubinage (n.) Look up concubinage at
late 14c., from Middle French concubinage, from concubin, from Latin concubina (see concubine).
concubine (n.) Look up concubine at
c. 1300, from Latin concubina (fem.), from concumbere "to lie with, to lie together, to cohabit," from com- "with" (see com-) + cubare "to lie down" (see cubicle). Recognized by law among polygamous peoples as "a secondary wife."
concupiscence (n.) Look up concupiscence at
mid-14c., from Latin concupiscentia "eager desire," from concupiscens, present participle of concupiscere, inceptive of concupere "to be very desirous of," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + cupere "to long for" (see cupidity). Used in Vulgate to translate Greek epithymia.
concupiscent (adj.) Look up concupiscent at
mid-15c., from Latin concupiscentem (nominative concupiscens), present participle of concupiscere "to long for, covet" (see concupiscence).
concur (v.) Look up concur at
early 15c., "collide, clash in hostility," from Latin concurrere "to run together, assemble hurriedly; clash, fight," in transferred use, "to happen at the same time," from com- "together" (see com-) + currere "to run" (see current (adj.)). Sense of "to coincide, happen at the same time" is 1590s; that of "to agree in opinion" is 1580s in English.
concurrence (n.) Look up concurrence at
early 15c., from Old French concurrence (14c.) or directly from Medieval Latin concurrentia "a running together," from concurrens, present participle of concurrere (see concur).
concurrent (adj.) Look up concurrent at
late 14c., from Old French concurrent or directly from Latin concurrentem (nominative concurrens), present participle of concurrere (see concur). Related: Concurrency; concurrently. Concurrent jurisdiction is recorded from 1767.
concurring (adj.) Look up concurring at
1590s, from present participle of concur. Concurring opinion is recorded from 1720.
concuss (v.) Look up concuss at
1590s, "to shake violently," from Latin concuss-, past participle stem of concutere "to dash together, shake violently" (see concussion). Meaning "to give a concussion to the brain" is from 1680s. Related: Concussed; concussing; concussive.
concussion (n.) Look up concussion at
c. 1400, from Latin concussionem (nominative concussio) "a shaking," noun of action from past participle stem of concutere "shake violently," from com- "together" (see com-) + quatere "to shake" (see quash). Modern brain injury sense is from 1540s.
condemn (v.) Look up condemn at
early 14c., condempner "to blame, censure," from Old French condamner "to condemn" (11c.), from Latin condemnare "to sentence, doom, blame, disapprove," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + damnare "to harm, damage" (see damn). Replaced Old English fordeman. Related: Condemned; condemning.
condemnation (n.) Look up condemnation at
late 14c., from Latin condemnationem (nominative condemnatio), noun of action from past participle stem of condemnare (see condemn).
condemnatory (adj.) Look up condemnatory at
late 16c., from Latin condemnat-, past participle stem of condemnare (see condemn) + -ory.
condemned (adj.) Look up condemned at
1540s, "found guilty, at fault," past participle adjective from condemn. Of property, "found unfit for use," from 1798.
condensate (v.) Look up condensate at
1550s, "to make dense," from condens-, past participle stem of Latin condensare (see condense) + -ate (2). Meaning "to become dense" is from c. 1600.
condensation (n.) Look up condensation at
c. 1600, "action of becoming more dense," from Latin condensationem (nominative condensatio), noun of action from condensare (see condense). Meaning "conversion of a gas to a liquid" is from 1610s.
condense (v.) Look up condense at
early 15c., from Middle French condenser (14c.) or directly from Latin condensare "to make dense," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + densare "make thick," from densus "dense, thick, crowded," a word used of crowds, darkness, clouds, etc. (see dense).
condensed (adj.) Look up condensed at
c. 1600, "made more dense," past participle adjective from condense. Of literary works, from 1823. Condensed milk attested by 1863.
condenser (n.) Look up condenser at
1680s, agent noun from condense. Given a wide variety of technical uses in late 18c. and 19c.
condescend (adj.) Look up condescend at
mid-14c., "to yield deferentially," from Old French condescendere (14c.) "to agree, consent, give in, yield," from Late Latin condescendere "to let oneself down," from Latin com- "together" (see com-) + descendere "descend" (see descend). Sense of "to sink willingly to equal terms with inferiors" is from mid-15c.
condescendence (n.) Look up condescendence at
1630s, from French condescendance, from condescendre, from Latin condescendere (see condescend).
condescending (adj.) Look up condescending at
1707, present participle adjective from condescend. Originally in a positive sense (of God, the Savior, etc.) until late 18c. Related: Condescendingly (1650s).
condescension (n.) Look up condescension at
1640s, from Late Latin condescensionem, noun of action from past participle stem of condescendere (see condescend).
condescent (n.) Look up condescent at
mid-15c., from condescend on model of descent.
condign (adj.) Look up condign at
late 15c., "well-deserved," from Old French condigne "deserved, appropriate, equal in wealth," from Latin condignus "wholly worthy," from com- "together, altogether" (see com-) + dignus "worthy" (see dignity). Of punishment, "deservedly severe," from 1510s, which by Johnson's day (1755) was the only use.
condiment (n.) Look up condiment at
early 15c., from Old French condiment (13c.), from Latin condimentum "spice, seasoning, sauce," from condire "to preserve, pickle, season," variant of condere "to put away, store," from com- "together" (see com-) + -dere comb. form meaning "to put, place," from dare "to give" (see date (n.1)).
condition (n.) Look up condition at
early 14c., condicioun, from Old French condicion "stipulation, state, behavior, social status" (12c., Modern French condition), from Latin condicionem (nominative condicio) "agreement, situation," from condicere "to speak with, talk together," from com- "together" (see com-) + dicere "to speak" (see diction). Evolution of meaning through "stipulation, condition," to "situation, mode of being."
condition (v.) Look up condition at
late 15c., "to make conditions," from condition (n.). Meaning "to bring to a desired condition" is from 1844. Related: Conditioned; conditioning.