bung (n.) Look up bung at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., "large stopper for a cask," from Middle Dutch bonge "stopper;" or perhaps from French bonde "bung, bunghole" (15c.), which may be of Germanic origin (or the Germanic words may be borrowed from Romanic), or it may be from Gaulish *bunda (compare Old Irish bonn, Gaelic bonn, Welsh bon "base, sole of the foot"). It is possible that either or both of these sources is ultimately from Latin puncta in the sense of "hole" (from PIE root *peuk- "to prick"). Transferred to the cask-mouth itself (also bung-hole) from 1570s.
bung-hole (n.) Look up bung-hole at Dictionary.com
also bunghole, "hole in a cask for a stopper," 1570s, from bung (n.) + hole (n.). Sense extended to "anus" by c. 1600.
bungalow (n.) Look up bungalow at Dictionary.com
1670s, from Gujarati bangalo, from Hindi bangla "low, thatched house," literally "Bengalese," used elliptically for "house in the Bengal style" (see Bengal). Related: Bungaloid.
bungee (n.) Look up bungee at Dictionary.com
1930, "elastic rope;" used in late 19c. British schoolboy slang for "rubber eraser;" probably from notions of bouncy and spongy; first record of bungee jumping is from 1979.
bungle (n.) Look up bungle at Dictionary.com
1650s, from bungle (v.).
bungle (v.) Look up bungle at Dictionary.com
1520s, origin obscure. OED suggests imitative; perhaps a mix of boggle and bumble, or more likely from a Scandinavian word akin to Swedish bangla "to work ineffectually," Old Swedish bunga "to strike" (related to German Bengel "cudgel," also "rude fellow"). Related: Bungled; bungling.
bungler (n.) Look up bungler at Dictionary.com
1530s, agent noun from bungle (v.).
bungling (n.) Look up bungling at Dictionary.com
1660s, verbal noun from bungle (v.).
bungling (adj.) Look up bungling at Dictionary.com
1580s, past participle adjective from bungle (v.). Related: Bunglingly.
bunion (n.) Look up bunion at Dictionary.com
1718, apparently from East Anglian dialectic bunny "lump, swelling" (16c.), which is probably from Middle French buigne "bump on the head, swelling from a blow" (see bun).
bunk (n.1) Look up bunk at Dictionary.com
"sleeping berth," 1758, probably a shortened form of bunker (n.) in its sense "seat." Bunk-bed (n.) attested by 1869.
bunk (n.2) Look up bunk at Dictionary.com
"nonsense," 1900, short for bunkum, phonetic spelling of Buncombe, a county in North Carolina. The usual story (by 1841) of its origin is this: At the close of the protracted Missouri statehood debates, supposedly on Feb. 25, 1820, N.C. Representative Felix Walker (1753-1828) began what promised to be a "long, dull, irrelevant speech," and he resisted calls to cut it short by saying he was bound to say something that could appear in the newspapers in the home district and prove he was on the job. "I shall not be speaking to the House," he confessed, "but to Buncombe." Bunkum has been American English slang for "nonsense" since 1841 (from 1838 as generic for "a U.S. Representative's home district").
MR. WALKER, of North Carolina, rose then to address the Committee on the question [of Missouri statehood]; but the question was called for so clamorously and so perseveringly that Mr. W. could proceed no farther than to move that the committee rise. [Annals of Congress, House of Representatives, 16th Congress, 1st Session, p. 1539]
bunk (v.) Look up bunk at Dictionary.com
"to sleep in a bunk," 1840, originally nautical, from bunk (n.1). Related: Bunked; bunking.
bunker (n.) Look up bunker at Dictionary.com
1758, originally Scottish, "seat, bench," of uncertain origin, possibly a variant of banker "bench" (1670s; see bank (n.2)); possibly from a Scandinavian source (compare Old Swedish bunke "boards used to protect the cargo of a ship"). Of golf courses, first recorded 1824, from extended sense "earthen seat" (1805); meaning "dug-out fortification" probably is from World War I.
Bunker Hill Look up Bunker Hill at Dictionary.com
battle site in Massachusetts, U.S., was land assigned in 1634 to George Bunker, who came from the vicinity of Bedford, England. The name dates from 1229, as Bonquer and is from Old French bon quer "good heart."
bunkum (n.) Look up bunkum at Dictionary.com
variant of Buncombe.
bunny (n.) Look up bunny at Dictionary.com
1680s, diminutive of Scottish dialectal bun, pet name for "rabbit," previously (1580s) for "squirrel," and also a term of endearment for a young attractive woman or child (c. 1600). Ultimately it could be from Scottish bun "tail of a hare" (1530s), or from French bon, or from a Scandinavian source. The Playboy Club hostess sense is from 1960. The Bunny Hug (1912), along with the foxtrot and the Wilson glide, were among the popular/scandalous dances of the ragtime era.
Bunsen burner Look up Bunsen burner at Dictionary.com
1879, named for Prof. Robert Wilhelm Bunsen (1811-1899) of Heidelberg, who invented it in 1855. He also was co-inventor of the spectroscope.
bunt (n.) Look up bunt at Dictionary.com
1767, "a push;" see bunt (v.). Baseball sense is from 1889.
bunt (v.) Look up bunt at Dictionary.com
1825, "to strike with the head or horns," perhaps an alteration of butt (v.) with a goat in mind, or a survival from Middle English bounten "to return." As a baseball term from 1889. Related: Bunted; bunting.
bunting (n.1) Look up bunting at Dictionary.com
"flag material," 1742, perhaps from Middle English bonting gerundive of bonten "to sift," because cloth was used for sifting grain, via Old French, from Vulgar Latin *bonitare "to make good."
bunting (n.2) Look up bunting at Dictionary.com
lark-like bird, c. 1300, bountyng, of unknown origin. Perhaps from buntin "plump" (compare baby bunting, also Scots buntin "short and thick;" Welsh bontin "rump," and bontinog "big-assed"), or a double diminutive of French bon. Or it might be named in reference to speckled plumage and be from an unrecorded Old English word akin to German bunt "speckled," Dutch bont.
bunyip (n.) Look up bunyip at Dictionary.com
1848, fabulous swamp-dwelling animal (supposedly inspired by fossil bones), from an Australian aborigine language.
buoy (v.) Look up buoy at Dictionary.com
late 16c., "to mark with a buoy," from buoy (n.). Meaning "rise up, lift, sustain" is from c. 1600, perhaps influenced by Spanish boyar "to float," ultimately from the same source. In the figurative sense (of hopes, spirits, etc.) it is recorded from 1640s. Related: Buoyed; buoying.
buoy (n.) Look up buoy at Dictionary.com
late 13c., perhaps from either Old French buie or Middle Dutch boeye, both from Proto-Germanic *baukna- "beacon, signal" (see beacon). OED, however, suggests it is from Middle Dutch boeie or Old French boie "fetter, chain" (see boy), "because of its being fettered to a spot."
buoyance (n.) Look up buoyance at Dictionary.com
1821, from buoyant + -ance.
buoyancy (n.) Look up buoyancy at Dictionary.com
1713, from buoyant + -cy. Figurative sense (of spirits, etc.) is from 1819.
buoyant (adj.) Look up buoyant at Dictionary.com
1570s, perhaps from Spanish boyante, present participle of boyar "to float," from boya "buoy," from Dutch boei (see buoy (n.)). Of personalities, etc., from c. 1748. Related: Buoyantly.
bur (n.) Look up bur at Dictionary.com
"prickly seed vessel of some plants," c. 1300, burre, from a Scandinavian source (compare Danish borre, Swedish hard-borre, Old Norse burst "bristle"), from PIE *bhars- (see bristle (n.)). Transferred 1610s to "rough edge on metal," which might be the source of the sense "rough sound of the letter -r-" (see burr).
burble (v.) Look up burble at Dictionary.com
"make a bubbling sound," c. 1300, imitative. Related: Burbled; burbling.
burd (n.) Look up burd at Dictionary.com
poetic word for "woman, lady" in old ballads; later "young lady, maiden;" c. 1200, perhaps from Old English byrde "wealthy, well-born, of good birth" (compare Old English gebyrd "birth, descent, race; offspring; nature; fate;" see birth (n.)) Or a metathesis of bryd "bride" (see bride). The masculine equivalent was berne.
burden (n.2) Look up burden at Dictionary.com
"leading idea," 1640s, a figurative use from earlier sense "refrain or chorus of a song," 1590s, originally "bass accompaniment to music" (late 14c.), from Old French bordon "bumble-bee, drone," or directly from Medieval Latin burdonom "drone, drone bass" (source of French bourdon, Spanish bordon, Portuguese bordão, Italian bordone), of echoic origin.
burden (n.1) Look up burden at Dictionary.com
"a load," Old English byrðen "a load, weight, charge, duty;" also "a child;" from Proto-Germanic *burthinjo- "that which is borne" (source also of Old Norse byrðr, Old Saxon burthinnia, German bürde, Gothic baurþei), from PIE root *bher- (1) "to carry," also "to bear children."

The shift from -th- to -d- took place beginning 12c. (compare murder (n.), rudder, afford). Archaic burthen is occasionally retained for the specific sense of "capacity of a ship." Burden of proof is recorded from 1590s.
burdensome (adj.) Look up burdensome at Dictionary.com
1570s, from burden (n.1) + -some (1). Earlier was burdenous (1520s). Related: Burdensomeness.
burdock (n.) Look up burdock at Dictionary.com
coarse, weedy plant, 1590s, from bur + dock (n.3).
burdon (n.) Look up burdon at Dictionary.com
mule born of a horse and a she-ass, late 14c., from Latin burdonem.
bureau (n.) Look up bureau at Dictionary.com
1690s, "desk with drawers, writing desk," from French bureau "office; desk, writing table," originally "cloth covering for a desk," from burel "coarse woolen cloth" (as a cover for writing desks), Old French diminutive of bure "dark brown cloth," which is perhaps either from Latin burrus "red," or from Late Latin burra "wool, shaggy garment." Offices being full of such desks, the meaning expanded 1720 to "division of a government." Meaning "chest of drawers" is from 1770, said to be American English but early in British use.
bureaucracy (n.) Look up bureaucracy at Dictionary.com
1818, from French bureaucratie, coined by French economist Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay (1712-1759) on model of democratie, aristocratie, from bureau "office," literally "desk" (see bureau) + Greek suffix -kratia denoting "power of" (see -cracy).
That vast net-work of administrative tyranny ... that system of bureaucracy, which leaves no free agent in all France, except for the man at Paris who pulls the wires. [J.S. Mill, "Westminster Review" XXVIII, 1837]

bureaucrat, &c. The formation is so barbarous that all attempt at self-respect in pronunciation may perhaps as well be abandoned. [Fowler]
bureaucrat (n.) Look up bureaucrat at Dictionary.com
1839, from French bureaucrate (19c.); see bureaucracy.
bureaucratic (adj.) Look up bureaucratic at Dictionary.com
1836, from French bureaucratique (19c.); see bureaucracy. Related: Bureaucratically. Bureaucratization is from 1916.
burette (n.) Look up burette at Dictionary.com
1836, from French burette "small vase, cruet," diminutive of buire "vase for liquors," in Old French "jug," variant of buie (12c.) "bottle, water jog," from Frankish *buk- or some similar Germanic source (see bucket (n.)). As a laboratory measuring tube, from 1836.
burg (n.) Look up burg at Dictionary.com
"town or city," 1843, American English colloquial, from many place names ending in -burg (see borough; also see -ville).
burgeois Look up burgeois at Dictionary.com
obsolete form of bourgeois.
burgeon (v.) Look up burgeon at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "grow, sprout, blossom," from Anglo-French burjuner, Old French borjoner "to bud, sprout," from borjon "a bud, shoot, pimple" (Modern French bourgeon), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Vulgar Latin *burrionem (nominative *burrio), from Late Latin burra "flock of wool," itself of uncertain origin. Some sources (Kitchin, Gamillscheg) say either the French word or the Vulgar Latin one is from Germanic. The English verb is perhaps instead a native development from burjoin (n.) "a bud" (c. 1300), from Old French. Related: Burgeoned; burgeoning.
burger (n.) Look up burger at Dictionary.com
1939, American English, shortened from hamburger (q.v.).
burgess (n.) Look up burgess at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, burgeis "citizen of a borough," from Old French borjois (Modern French bourgeois), from Late Latin burgensis (see bourgeois). Applied from late 15c. to borough representatives in Parliament and used later in Virginia and other colonies used to denote members of the legislative body, while in Pennsylvania, etc., it meant "member of the governing council of a borough."
burgher (n.) Look up burgher at Dictionary.com
1560s, "freeman of a burgh," from Middle Dutch burgher or German Bürger, from Middle High German burger, from Old High German burgari "inhabitant of a fortress," from burg "fortress, citadel" (from PIE root *bhergh- (2) "high," with derivatives referring to hills and hill-forts). Burgh, as a native variant of borough, persists in Scottish English (as in Edinburgh).
burglar (n.) Look up burglar at Dictionary.com
1540s, shortened from Anglo-Latin burglator (late 13c.), earlier burgator, from Medieval Latin burgator "burglar," from burgare "to break open, commit burglary," from Latin burgus "fortress, castle," a Germanic loan-word akin to borough. The unetymological -l- is perhaps from influence of Latin latro "thief" (see larceny). The native word, Old English burgh-breche, might have influenced the word.
burglarious (adj.) Look up burglarious at Dictionary.com
1769, from burglary + -ous. Related: Burglariously; burglariousness.
burglarize (v.) Look up burglarize at Dictionary.com
1865, American English, from burglary + -ize. Related: Burglarized; burglarizing.
We see in a telegraphic despatch from across the boundary line that a store was "burglarized" a short time ago. We are sorry that any thing so dreadful should have happened to any of our inventive cousins. Truly the American language is "fearfully and wonderfully made." ["Upper Canada Law Journal," September 1865, p.228]

Burglarize, to, a term creeping into journalism. "The Yankeeisms donated, collided, and burglarized have been badly used up by an English magazine writer." (Southern Magazine, April, 1871.) The word has a dangerous rival in the shorter burgle. [Maximilian Schele De Vere, "Americanisms; The English of the New World," 1872]