Atalanta Look up Atalanta at Dictionary.com
in Greek mythology the daughter of king Schoeneus, famous for her swiftness, Latin, from Greek Atalante, fem. of atalantos "having the same value (as a man)," from a- "one, together" + talanton "balance, weight, value" (compare talent).
ataractic (adj.) Look up ataractic at Dictionary.com
1941, from Greek ataraktos "not disturbed" (see ataraxia) + -ic.
ataraxia (n.) Look up ataraxia at Dictionary.com
also Englished as ataraxy, "calmness, impassivity," c. 1600, from Modern Latin, from Greek ataraxia "impassiveness," from a- "not, without" (see a- (3)) + tarassein (Attic tarattein) "to disturb, confuse," from PIE root *dhrehgh- (1) "to make muddy, darken, confuse."
atavic (adj.) Look up atavic at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to a remote ancestor," 1866, from Latin atavus "ancestor" (see atavism) + -ic.
atavism (n.) Look up atavism at Dictionary.com
1833, from French atavisme, attested by 1820s, from Latin atavus "ancestor, forefather," from at- perhaps here meaning "beyond" + avus "grandfather," from PIE *awo- "adult male relative other than the father" (see uncle).
atavistic (adj.) Look up atavistic at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to atavism," 1847; see atavism + -ic.
ataxia (n.) Look up ataxia at Dictionary.com
also Englished as ataxy, "irregularity of bodily functions," 1610s, "confusion, disorder," medical Latin, from Greek ataxia, from a- "not, without" (see a- (3)) + taxis "arrangement, order," from stem of tassein "to arrange" (see tactics). Pathological sense is attested from 1660s.
ataxic (adj.) Look up ataxic at Dictionary.com
1853, from ataxia + -ic.
atchoo Look up atchoo at Dictionary.com
imitative of the sound of sneezing, first attested 1873, as atcha (a-tschoo is from 1878).
Ate Look up Ate at Dictionary.com
Greek goddess of infatuation and evil, from ate "damage, ruin; guilt; blindness, dazzlement, infatuation; penalty, fine," which is of uncertain origin.
ate Look up ate at Dictionary.com
past tense of eat (q.v.).
atelectasis (n.) Look up atelectasis at Dictionary.com
"incomplete expansion of the lungs," 1836, medical Latin, from Greek ateles "imperfect, incomplete," literally "without an end," (from a-, privative prefix, + telos "completion") + ektosis "extention." Related: Atelectatic.
atelier (n.) Look up atelier at Dictionary.com
1840, from French atelier "workshop," from Old French astelier "(carpenter's) workshop, woodpile" (14c.), from astele "piece of wood, a shaving, splinter," probably from Late Latin hastella "a thin stick," diminutive of hasta "spear, shaft" (see yard (n.2)).
atemporal (adj.) Look up atemporal at Dictionary.com
1870, from a- "not" + temporal. Related: Atemporally.
Aten Look up Aten at Dictionary.com
a name of the sun in ancient Egypt, from Egyptian itn.
Athabascan Look up Athabascan at Dictionary.com
1846, Athapaskan, from the name of the North American Indian people, from Lake Athabaska in northern Alberta, Canada, from Woods Cree (Algonquian) Athapaskaw, said by Webster to mean literally "grass or reeds here and there," referring to the delta region west of the lake. Also in reference to their language group.
Athanasian (adj.) Look up Athanasian at Dictionary.com
1580s, from Athanasius, archbishop of Alexandria in the reign of Constantine. The name is Latin, from Greek Athanasios, from athanatos "immortal," from a- "not" (see a- (3)) + thanatos "death" (see thanatology).
atheism (n.) Look up atheism at Dictionary.com
1580s, from French athéisme (16c.), from Greek atheos "without god" (see atheist) + -ism. A slightly earlier form is represented by atheonism (1530s) which is perhaps from Italian atheo "atheist." Ancient Greek atheotes meant "ungodliness."
atheist (n.) Look up atheist at Dictionary.com
1570s, from French athéiste (16c.), from Greek atheos "without god, denying the gods; abandoned of the gods; godless, ungodly," from a- "without" (see a- (3)) + theos "a god" (see theo-).
The existence of a world without God seems to me less absurd than the presence of a God, existing in all his perfection, creating an imperfect man in order to make him run the risk of Hell. [Armand Salacrou, "Certitudes et incertitudes," 1943]
atheistic (adj.) Look up atheistic at Dictionary.com
1630s, from atheist + -ic. Atheistical attested from c. 1600.
atheling (n.) Look up atheling at Dictionary.com
"member of a noble family," Old English æðling, from æðel "noble family," related to Old English æðele "noble," from Proto-Germanic *athala- (cognates: Old High German adal "noble family"), from PIE *at-al- "race, family," from *at(i)- "over, beyond, super" + *al- "to nourish." With suffix -ing "belonging to." A common Germanic word (cognates: Old Saxon ediling, Old Frisian etheling, Old High German adaling).
Athelstan Look up Athelstan at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, Old English Æðelstane, literally "noble stone;" see atheling + stone (n.).
Athena Look up Athena at Dictionary.com
Greek goddess of wisdom, skill in the arts, warfare, etc., from Latin Athena, from Greek Athene, name of a common Greek goddess, dating to Minoan times, depicted with a snake and protecting the palace. "Like the goddess itself, the name is pre-Greek" [Beekes].
Athenaeum (n.) Look up Athenaeum at Dictionary.com
1727, from Latinized form of Greek Athenaion "the temple of Athene," in ancient Athens, in which professors taught and actors or poets rehearsed. Meaning "literary club-room or reading room" is from 1799; "literary or scientific club" is from 1864.
Athenian (n.) Look up Athenian at Dictionary.com
Old English Atheniense (plural noun), from Latin Atheniensis, from Athenae (see Athens).
Athens Look up Athens at Dictionary.com
city of ancient Attica, capital of modern Greece, from Greek Athenai (plural because the city had several distinct parts), traditionally derived from Athena, but probably assimilated from a lost name in a pre-Hellenic language.
atheroma (n.) Look up atheroma at Dictionary.com
"encysted tumor," 1706, medical Latin, from Greek atheroma, from athere "groats, porridge" (related to ather "chaff"), in reference to what is inside. For ending, see -oma.
atherosclerosis (n.) Look up atherosclerosis at Dictionary.com
1908, from atherosklerose, coined in German 1904; see atheroma + sclerosis.
athetosis (n.) Look up athetosis at Dictionary.com
1871, from Greek athetos "not fixed, without position or place, set aside" + -osis. Coined by U.S. nerve specialist William Alexander Hammond (1828-1900).
athlete (n.) Look up athlete at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Latin athleta "a wrestler, athlete, combatant in public games," from Greek athletes "prizefighter, contestant in the games," agent noun from athlein "to contest for a prize," related to athlos "a contest" and athlon "a prize," which is of unknown origin. Before 1750, usually in Latin form. In this sense, Old English had plegmann "play-man." Athlete's foot first recorded 1928, for an ailment that has been around much longer.
athletic (adj.) Look up athletic at Dictionary.com
1630s (athletical is from 1590s), "pertaining to an athlete," from Latin athleticus, from Greek athletikos, from athletes (see athlete). Meaning "strong of body; vigorous; lusty; robust" [Johnson, who spells it athletick] is from 1650s.
athleticism (n.) Look up athleticism at Dictionary.com
1835, from athletic + -ism.
athletics (n.) Look up athletics at Dictionary.com
c. 1730, from athletic; also see -ics. Probably formed on model of gymnastics.
athrob (adj.) Look up athrob at Dictionary.com
1857, from a- (1) + throb. Related: Athrobbing.
athwart (adv.) Look up athwart at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from a- (1) + thwart.
atilt (adv.) Look up atilt at Dictionary.com
1560s, from a- (1) + tilt (n.).
Atlantic Look up Atlantic at Dictionary.com
late 14c., occean of Athlant "sea off the west coast of Africa" (early 15c. as occean Atlantyke), from Latin Atlanticus, from Greek Atlantikos "of Atlas," adjectival form of Atlas (genitive Atlantos), in reference to Mount Atlas in Mauritania (see Atlas). Applied to the whole ocean since c. 1600.
Atlantis Look up Atlantis at Dictionary.com
mythical island-nation, from Greek Atlantis, literally "daughter of Atlas." All references trace to Plato's dialogues "Timaeus" and "Critias," both written c. 360 B.C.E.
atlas (n.) Look up atlas at Dictionary.com
"collection of maps in a volume," 1636, first in reference to the English translation of "Atlas, sive cosmographicae meditationes de fabrica mundi" (1585) by Flemish geographer Gerhardus Mercator (1512-1594), who might have been the first to use this word in this way. A picture of the Titan Atlas holding up the world appeared on the frontispiece of this and other early map collections.
Atlas Look up Atlas at Dictionary.com
1580s, Titan, son of Iapetus and Clymene, supposed to uphold the pillars of heaven, which was his punishment for being the war leader of the Titans in the struggle with the Olympian gods. "Originally the name of an Arcadian mountain god; the name was transferred to the mountain chain in Western Africa" [Beekes]. The Greek name traditionally is interpreted as "The Bearer (of the Heavens)," from a-, copulative prefix, + stem of tlenai "to bear," from PIE root *tele- "to lift, support, weigh." But Beekes compares Berber adrar "mountain" and finds it plausible that the Greek name is a "folk-etymological reshaping" of this. Mount Atlas, in Mauritania, was important in Greek cosmology as a support of the heavens.
atlatl (n.) Look up atlatl at Dictionary.com
Native American throwing stick, 1871, from Nahuatl (Aztecan) atlatl "spear-thrower."
ATM Look up ATM at Dictionary.com
1976, acronym for automated teller machine (1974), which was developed in modern form c. 1968.
atman (n.) Look up atman at Dictionary.com
1785, from Sanskrit atma "essence, breath, soul," from PIE *etmen "breath" (a root found in Sanskrit and Germanic; source also of Old English æðm, Dutch adem, Old High German atum "breath," Old English eþian, Dutch ademen "to breathe").
atmosphere (n.) Look up atmosphere at Dictionary.com
1630s, atmosphaera (modern form from 1670s), from Modern Latin atmosphaera, from Greek atmos "vapor, steam" + sphaira "sphere" (see sphere). Greek atmos is from PIE *awet-mo-, from root *wet- (1) "to blow" (also "to inspire, spiritually arouse;" see wood (adj.)). First used in English in connection with the Moon, which, as it turns out, practically doesn't have one.
It is observed in the solary eclipses, that there is sometimes a great trepidation about the body of the moon, from which we may likewise argue an atmosphaera, since we cannot well conceive what so probable a cause there should be of such an appearance as this, Quod radii solares a vaporibus lunam ambitntibus fuerint intercisi, that the sun-beams were broken and refracted by the vapours that encompassed the moon. [Rev. John Wilkins, "Discovery of New World or Discourse tending to prove that it probable there may be another World in the Moon," 1638]
Figurative sense of "surrounding influence, mental or moral environment" is c. 1800.
atmospheric (adj.) Look up atmospheric at Dictionary.com
1783, from atmosphere + -ic. In a sense of "creating a mood or mental environment" it is from 1908. Atmospherics "disturbances in wireless communication" is from 1905.
atoll (n.) Look up atoll at Dictionary.com
1620s, atollon, from Malayalam (Dravidian) atolu "reef," probably from adal "closing, uniting." Popularized in present form by Darwin's writings.
atom (n.) Look up atom at Dictionary.com
late 15c., as a hypothetical indivisible body, the building block of the universe, from Latin atomus (especially in Lucretius) "indivisible particle," from Greek atomos "uncut, unhewn; indivisible," from a- "not" + tomos "a cutting," from temnein "to cut" (see tome). An ancient term of philosophical speculation (in Leucippus, Democritus), revived 1805 by British chemist John Dalton. In late classical and medieval use also a unit of time, 22,560 to the hour. Atom bomb is from 1945 as both a noun and a verb; compare atomic.
atomic (adj.) Look up atomic at Dictionary.com
1670s as a philosophical term (see atomistic); scientific sense dates from 1811, from atom + -ic. Atomic number is from 1821; atomic mass is from 1848. Atomic energy first recorded 1906 in modern sense (as intra-atomic energy from 1903).
March, 1903, was an historic date for chemistry. It is, also, as we shall show, a date to which, in all probability, the men of the future will often refer as the veritable beginning of the larger powers and energies that they will control. It was in March, 1903, that Curie and Laborde announced the heat-emitting power of radium. [Robert Kennedy Duncan, "The New Knowledge," 1906]
Atomic bomb first recorded 1914 in writings of H.G. Wells ("The World Set Free"), who thought of it as a bomb "that would continue to explode indefinitely."
When you can drop just one atomic bomb and wipe out Paris or Berlin, war will have become monstrous and impossible. [S. Strunsky, "Yale Review," January 1917]
Atomic Age is from 1945. Atomical is from 1640s.
atomies (n.) Look up atomies at Dictionary.com
1590s, "atoms," also "diminutive beings," from atomy, from Latin atomi, plural of atomus (see atom), but taken as a singular in English and re-pluralized in the native way. Perhaps also in some cases a plural of atomy (from misdivision of anatomy).
atomistic (adj.) Look up atomistic at Dictionary.com
1809, in reference to the classical philosophical doctrine of atomism (1670s); modern philosophical sense (logical atomism) traces to 1914 and Bertrand Russell.