annus mirabilis (n.) Look up annus mirabilis at
1667, Latin, literally "wonderful year, year of wonders," title of a publication by Dryden, with reference to 1666, which was a year of calamities in London (plague, fire, war).
anode (n.) Look up anode at
1834, coined from Greek anodos "way up," from ana "up" (see ana-) + hodos "way" (see cede). Proposed by the Rev. William Whewell (1794-1866), English polymath, and published by English chemist and physicist Michael Faraday (1791-1867). So called from the path the electrical current was thought to take. Related: Anodic.
anodize (v.) Look up anodize at
1931, from anode + -ize. Related: Anodized; anodizing.
anodyne (adj.) Look up anodyne at
1540s, from Medieval Latin anodynus "pain-removing, allaying pain," from Latin anodynus "painless," from Greek anodynos "free from pain," from an- "without" (see an- (1)) + odyne "pain," a word perhaps from PIE root *ed- "to eat" (source of Lithuanian edžioti "to devour, bite," edžiotis "to suffer pain;" see eat). In old slang, frequently a euphemism for "death;" as in anodyne necklace "hangman's noose."
anoint (v.) Look up anoint at
c. 1300 (implied in anointing), from Old French enoint "smeared on," past participle of enoindre "smear on," from Latin inunguere "to anoint," from in- "on" + unguere "to smear" (see unguent). Originally in reference to grease or oil smeared on for medicinal purposes; its use in the Coverdale Bible in reference to Christ (as in The Lord's Anointed; see chrism) has spiritualized the word. Related: Anointed; anointing.
anointed (adj.) Look up anointed at
late 14c., "smeared with oil," past participle adjective from anoint (v.). Noun meaning "a consecrated one" (as in Lord's Anointed) is recorded from 1520s.
anole (n.) Look up anole at
or anoli, 1906, from a native name in the Antilles.
anomalo- Look up anomalo- at
word-forming element meaning "deviating from the usual, abnormal," from comb. form of Greek anomalos "uneven, irregular" (see anomaly).
anomalous (adj.) Look up anomalous at
1640s, from Late Latin anomalus, from Greek anomalos "uneven, irregular" (see anomaly). Related: Anomalously; anomalousness.
anomaly (n.) Look up anomaly at
1570s, from Latin anomalia, from Greek anomalia "inequality," noun of quality from anomalos "uneven, irregular," from an-, privative prefix, "not" (see an- (1)) + homalos "even," from homos "same" (see same).
anomic (adj.) Look up anomic at
1950, from French anomique (Durkheim, 1897); see anomie.
anomie (n.) Look up anomie at
"absence of accepted social values," 1933, from Durkheim's "Suicide" (1897); a reborrowing with French spelling of anomy.
anomy (n.) Look up anomy at
"lawlessness," 1590s, anglicized from French anomie; from Greek anomia "lawlessness," noun of quality from anomos "without law, lawless," from a-, privative prefix, "without" (see an- (1)) + nomos "law" (see numismatics).
anon (adv.) Look up anon at
late Old English anon, earlier on an, literally "into one," thus "continuously; straightway (in one course), at once;" see one. By gradual misuse, "soon, in a little while" (1520s). A one-word etymological lesson in the enduring power of procrastination.
anonym (n.) Look up anonym at
1812, "nameless person," from French anonyme, from Latin anonymus, from Greek anonymos "without a name" (see anonymous). Meaning "fictitious name" is recorded from 1866.
anonymity (n.) Look up anonymity at
1820; see anonym + -ity. In same sense anonymousness is recorded from 1802.
anonymous (adj.) Look up anonymous at
c. 1600, from Late Latin anonymus, from Greek anonymos "without a name," from an- "without" (see an- (1)) + onyma, Æolic dialectal form of onoma "name" (see name (n.)).
anonymously (adv.) Look up anonymously at
1728, from anonymous + -ly (2).
Anopheles (n.) Look up Anopheles at
genus of mosquitoes, Modern Latin, coined 1818 by German entomologist Johann Wilhelm Meigen (1764-1845) from Greek anopheles "useless, hurtful, harmful," from an-, privative prefix, (see an- (1)) + ophelos "use, help, advantage" (see Ophelia). So called because it conveys malaria.
anorak (n.) Look up anorak at
Eskimo's waterproof, hooded jacket, 1924, from Greenland Eskimo anoraq. Applied to Western imitations of this garment from 1930s. In British slang, "socially inept person" (Partridge associates it with a fondness for left-wing politics and pirate radio) by 1983, on the notion that that sort of person typically wears this sort of coat.
anorectic (adj.) Look up anorectic at
"characterized by lack of appetite," 1832, medical Latin, from Greek anorektos "without appetite" (see anorexia). As a noun, attested from 1913.
anorexia (n.) Look up anorexia at
1590s, "lack of appetite," Modern Latin, from Greek anorexia, from an-, privative prefix, "without" (see an- (1)) + orexis "appetite, desire," from oregein "to desire, stretch out" (cognate with Latin regere "to keep straight, guide, rule;" see regal) + abstract noun ending -ia. In current use, often short for anorexia nervosa.
anorexia nervosa (n.) Look up anorexia nervosa at
"emaciation as a result of severe emotional disturbance," coined 1873 by William W. Gull (1816-1890), who also proposed apepsia hysterica as a name for it. See anorexia.
anorexic (adj.) Look up anorexic at
1876; see anorexia + -ic. The immediate source or model is perhaps French anorexique. As a noun meaning "person with anorexia nervosa" it is attested from 1913.
anosmia (n.) Look up anosmia at
"loss of sense of smell," 1811, Modern Latin, from Greek an-, privative prefix (see an- (1)), + osme "smell" (Doric odme), from *odsme, cognate with Latin odor (see odor) + abstract noun ending -ia.
another (adj.) Look up another at
early 13c., merger of an other. Old English used simply oþer. Originally "a second of two." Compound reciprocal pronoun one another is recorded from 1520s.
anoxic (adj.) Look up anoxic at
1920, Modern Latin, from Greek an-, privative prefix, "not, without" (see an- (1)) + first two letters of oxygen + -ic. Anoxia "oxygen deficiency" is attested from 1931.
Anschauung (n.) Look up Anschauung at
"sense-perception," c. 1856, from German Anschauung "mode of view," literally "looking at," from anschauen "to look at," from Middle High German aneschouwen (related to show (v.)). A term in Kantian philosophy.
anschluss (n.) Look up anschluss at
1924, from German Anschluß, "connection; addition; junction," literally "joining, union," from anschließen "to join, annex," from an "at, to, toward" + schließen "to shut, close, lock, bolt; contract" (a marriage); see slot (n.2). Specifically the proposal to unite Germany and Austria, accomplished in 1938.
Anselm Look up Anselm at
masc. proper name, from Latin Anselmus, from Old High German Ansehelm, literally "having a divine helmet," from ansi "god" (see Aesir) + helm (see helm (n.2)).
answer (n.) Look up answer at
Old English andswaru "an answer, a reply," from and- "against" (see ante) + -swaru "affirmation," from swerian "to swear" (see swear), suggesting an original sense of "make a sworn statement rebutting a charge." A common Germanic compound (cognates: Old Saxon antswor, Old Norse andsvar, Old Frisian ondser, Danish and Swedish ansvar), implying a Proto-Germanic *andswara-. Meaning "a reply to a question," the main modern sense, was present in Old English. Meaning "solution of a problem" is from c. 1300.
answer (v.) Look up answer at
Old English answarian "to answer;" see answer (n.). Meaning "to respond in antiphony" is from early 15c.; that of "to be responsible for" is early 13c. Related: Answered; answering. The telephone answering machine is from 1961.
answerable (adj.) Look up answerable at
"liable to be held responsible," 1540s, from answer (v.) + -able. Less-common meaning "able to be answered" is from 1690s.
ant (n.) Look up ant at
c. 1500, from Middle English ampte (late 14c.), from Old English æmette "ant," from West Germanic *amaitjo (cognates: Old High German ameiza, German Ameise) from a compound of bases *ai- "off, away" + *mai- "cut," from PIE *mai- "to cut" (cognates: maim). Thus the insect's name is, etymologically, "the biter off."
As þycke as ameten crepeþ in an amete hulle [chronicle of Robert of Gloucester, 1297]
Emmet survived into 20c. as an alternative form. White ant "termite" is from 1729. To have ants in one's pants "be nervous and fidgety" is from 1934, made current by a popular song; antsy embodies the same notion.
antacid Look up antacid at
1732, adjective and noun, medical hybrid from anti- + acid.
Antaeus Look up Antaeus at
Libyan giant slain by Herakles, from Greek Antaios, literally "opposite, opposed to, hostile," from anta "over against, face to face," related to anti "opposite, against" (see ante).
antagonise (v.) Look up antagonise at
chiefly British English spelling of antagonize; see -ize. Related: Antagonised; antagonising.
antagonism (n.) Look up antagonism at
1797, from French antagonisme or directly from late Greek antagonisma, noun of action from antagonizesthai "to struggle against" (see antagonist).
antagonist (n.) Look up antagonist at
1590s, from French antagoniste (16c.) or directly from Late Latin antagonista, from Greek antagonistes "competitor, opponent, rival," agent noun from antagonizesthai "to struggle against, oppose, be a rival," from anti- "against" (see anti-) + agonizesthai "to contend for a prize," from agon "contest" (see agony). Originally in battle or sport, extended 1620s to any sphere of human activity.
antagonistic (adj.) Look up antagonistic at
1630s, from antagonist + -ic. Related: Antagonistical (1620s); antagonistically.
antagonize (v.) Look up antagonize at
1630s, "to compete with," from Greek antagonizesthai "to struggle against, oppose, be a rival" (see antagonist). Meaning "to struggle against continuously" is recorded from 1742. Related: Antagonized; antagonizing.
antalgic (adj.) Look up antalgic at
1775, from Greek ant-, form of anti- used before vowels (see anti-), + algos "pain" (see -algia). As a noun, recorded from 1753.
antaphrodisiac Look up antaphrodisiac at
1742 (adj.), 1753 (n.), "used against venereal disease;" see anti- + aphrodisiac.
antarchism (n.) Look up antarchism at
"opposition to all social government or control of individuals by law," 1845, from antarchy + -ism. Related: Antarchist.
antarchy (n.) Look up antarchy at
"opposition to government," 1650s, from anti- + Greek -arkhia (see -archy). Related: Antarchic.
antarctic (adj.) Look up antarctic at
late 14c., antartyk "opposite to the north pole" (adj.), also (with capital A) "region around the South pole" (n.), from Old French antartique, from Medieval Latin antarcticus, from Greek antarktikos "opposite the north," from anti- "opposite" (see anti-) + arktikos "arctic" (see arctic). The first -c- sound ceased to be pronounced in Medieval Latin and was dropped in Old French. Modern English spelling, which restores it, dates from 17c.
Antarctica Look up Antarctica at
continent name attributed to Scottish cartographer John George Bartholomew (1860-1920), who used it on a map published 1887. From antarctic (q.v.). Hypothetical southern continents had been imagined since antiquity; first sighting of Antarctica by Europeans probably was 1820 (Lazarev and Bellingshausen). Also compare Antipodes.
Antares Look up Antares at
bright star in Scorpio, from Greek Antares, from anti Ares "rival of Mars," in reference to its red color, which resembles that of Mars. See anti- + Ares.
ante Look up ante at
1838 (n.), 1846 (v.), American English poker slang, apparently from Latin ante "before," from PIE *anti- "facing opposite, against," with derivatives meaning "in front of, before; end" (cognates: Sanskrit antah "end, border, boundary," Hittite hanti "opposite," Greek anta, anten "opposite," anti "over against, opposite, before;" Old Lithuanian anta "on to;" Gothic anda "along;" Old English and- "against;" German ent- "along, against"), from root *ant- "front, forehead."
ante meridiem Look up ante meridiem at
1560s, Latin, literally "before noon," from ante (see ante) + accusative of meridies "midday, noon" (see meridian).