annexation (n.) Look up annexation at
1620s, from Medieval Latin annexiationem (nominative annexatio) "action of annexing," noun of action from past participle stem of annexare (see annex). The Middle English noun form was annexion "union; joining; territory acquired" (mid-15c.).
Annie Look up Annie at
diminutive of fem. proper name Ann or Anne (see Anna). Annie Oakley (1860-1926) was the famous rifle markswoman.
annihilate (v.) Look up annihilate at
1520s, from an obsolete adjective meaning "reduced to nothing" (late 14c.), originally the past participle of a verb, anihil, from Old French annichiler (14c.), from Late Latin annihilare "to reduce to nothing," from Latin ad- "to" (see ad-) + nihil "nothing" (see nil). Related: Annihilated; annihilating.
annihilation (n.) Look up annihilation at
1630s, from Middle French annihilation (restored from Old French anichilacion, 14c.), or directly from Late Latin annihilationem (nominative annihilatio), noun of action from past participle stem of annihilare (see annihilate).
anniversary (n.) Look up anniversary at
early 13c., originally especially of the day of a person's death, from Medieval Latin anniversarium, from Latin anniversarius (adj.) "returning annually," from annus (genitive anni) "year" (see annual (adj.)) + versus, past participle of vertere "to turn" (see versus). The adjective came to be used as a noun in Church Latin as anniversaria (dies) in reference to saints' days. An Old English word for "anniversary" (n.) was mynddæg, literally "mind-day."
Anno Domini Look up Anno Domini at
1570s, Latin, literally "in the year of (our) Lord."
annotate (v.) Look up annotate at
1733, from Latin annotatus, past participle of annotare "to note down" (see annotation). Related: Annotated; annotating. Not in Johnson's "Dictionary," but used therein in defining comment. Form annote is recorded from mid-15c. Related: Annotated; annotating.
annotation (n.) Look up annotation at
mid-15c., from Latin annotationem (nominative annotatio), noun of action from past participle stem of annotare "to add notes to," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + notare "to mark, note, make a note," from nota "mark, sign, means of recognition" (see note (n.)).
announce (v.) Look up announce at
c. 1500, "proclaim, make known," from Old French anoncier "announce, proclaim" (12c., Modern French annoncer), from Latin annuntiare, adnuntiare "to announce, relate," literally "to bring news," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + nuntiare "relate, report," from nuntius "messenger" (see nuncio). Related: Announced; announcing.
announcement (n.) Look up announcement at
1798, from French announcement, from Old French anoncier (see announce). Or else formed in English from announce + -ment. Earlier in same sense was announcing.
announcer (n.) Look up announcer at
1610s, agent noun from announce. Radio sense is recorded from 1922.
annoy (v.) Look up annoy at
late 13c., from Anglo-French anuier, Old French enoiier, anuier "to weary, vex, anger; be troublesome or irksome to," from Late Latin inodiare "make loathsome," from Latin (esse) in odio "(it is to me) hateful," ablative of odium "hatred" (see odium). Earliest form of the word in English was as a noun, c. 1200, "feeling of irritation, displeasure, distaste." Related: Annoyed; annoying; annoyingly. Middle English also had annoyful and annoyous (both late 14c.).
annoyance (n.) Look up annoyance at
late 14c., "act of annoying," from Old French enoiance "ill-humor, irritation," from anuiant, present participle of anuier "to be troublesome, annoy, harass" (see annoy). Meaning "state of being annoyed" is from c. 1500. Earlier, annoying was used in the sense of "act of offending" (c. 1300), and a noun annoy (c. 1200) in a sense "feeling of irritation, displeasure, distaste."
annoyed (adj.) Look up annoyed at
"vexed, peeved, offended," late 13c., past participle adjective from annoy (v.).
annual (adj.) Look up annual at
late 14c., from Old French annuel (12c.) or directly from Late Latin annualem (nominative annualis), corresponding to Latin annalis as adjective form of annus "year," from PIE *at-no-, from root *at- "to go," on notion of "period gone through" (source also of Sanskrit atati "goes, wanders," Gothic aþnam (dative plural) "year," Oscan akno- "year, holiday, time of offering"). Used of plants since 1710.
annual (n.) Look up annual at
c. 1400, originally "service commemorating the anniversary of a person's death," from annual (adj.). By 1824 as short for annual plant.
annualize (v.) Look up annualize at
in economics and finance, 1904; see annual + -ize. Related: Annualized; annualizing.
annually (adv.) Look up annually at
1590s, from annual (adj.) + -ly (2).
Annuit Coeptis Look up Annuit Coeptis at
on the Great Seal of the United States of America, condensed by Charles Thompson, designer of the seal in its final form, from Latin Juppiter omnipotes, audacibus annue coeptis "All-powerful Jupiter favor (my) daring undertakings," line 625 of book IX of Virgil's "Aeneid." The words also appear in Virgil's "Georgics," book I, line 40: Da facilem cursam, atque audacibus annue coeptis "Give (me) an easy course, and favor (my) daring undertakings." Thompson changed the imperative annue to annuit, the third person singular form of the same verb in either the present tense or the perfect tense. The motto also lacks a subject.

The motto is often translated as "He (God) is favorable to our undertakings," but this is not the only possible translation. Thomson wrote: "The pyramid signifies Strength and Duration: The Eye over it & Motto allude to the many signal interpositions of providence in favour of the American cause." The original design (by William Barton) showed the pyramid and the motto Deo Favente Perennis "God favoring through the years."
annuity (n.) Look up annuity at
early 15c., "a yearly allowance, grant payable in annual installments," from Anglo-French and Old French annuité (14c.) or directly from Medieval Latin annuitatem (nominative annuitas), from Latin annus "year" (see annual (adj.)). Meaning "an investment that entitles one to equal annual payments" is from 1690s.
annul (v.) Look up annul at
late 14c., from Old French anuller (13c.) or directly from Late Latin annullare "to make to nothing," from Latin ad- "to" (see ad-) + nullum, neuter of nullus "nothing" (see null). Related: Annulled; annulling.
annular (adj.) Look up annular at
"ring-shaped," 1570s, from French annulaire (16c.) or directly from Latin annularis "pertaining to a ring," from annulus, diminutive of anus "ring" (see anus). An annular eclipse (1727) is one in which the dark body of the moon is smaller than the disk of the sun, so that at the height of it the sun appears as a ring of light. Related: Annularity.
annulment (n.) Look up annulment at
late 15c., "act of reducing to nothing;" see annul + -ment. Meaning "act of declaring invalid" is recorded from 1864.
annulus (n.) Look up annulus at
1560s, medical, from misspelling of Latin anulus "little ring, finger ring," a diminutive of anus (see anus).
annunciate (v.) Look up annunciate at
1530s, from past participle adjective annunciate (late 14c.) or directly from Latin annunciatus, misspelling of annuntiatus, past participle of annuntiare (see announce). In some cases perhaps a back-formation from annunciation. Related: Annunciated; annunciating.
annunciation (n.) Look up annunciation at
early 14c., "Lady Day," from Anglo-French anunciacioun, Old French anonciacion, from Latin annuntiationem (nominative annuntiatio), noun of action from past participle stem of annuntiare (see announce). The Church festival (March 25) commemorating the visit of the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary, foretelling the incarnation. General sense of "an announcing" is from 1560s. Old English for "Annunciation Day" was bodungdæg.
annus mirabilis (n.) Look up annus mirabilis at
1667, Latin, literally "wonderful year, year of wonders," title of a publication by Dryden, with reference to 1666, which was a year of calamities in London (plague, fire, war).
anode (n.) Look up anode at
1834, coined from Greek anodos "way up," from ana "up" (see ana-) + hodos "way" (see cede). Proposed by the Rev. William Whewell (1794-1866), English polymath, and published by English chemist and physicist Michael Faraday (1791-1867). So called from the path the electrical current was thought to take. Related: Anodic.
anodize (v.) Look up anodize at
1931, from anode + -ize. Related: Anodized; anodizing.
anodyne (adj.) Look up anodyne at
1540s, from Medieval Latin anodynus "pain-removing, allaying pain," from Latin anodynus "painless," from Greek anodynos "free from pain," from an- "without" (see an- (1)) + odyne "pain," a word perhaps from PIE root *ed- "to eat" (source of Lithuanian edžioti "to devour, bite," edžiotis "to suffer pain;" see eat). In old slang, frequently a euphemism for "death;" as in anodyne necklace "hangman's noose."
anoint (v.) Look up anoint at
c. 1300 (implied in anointing), from Old French enoint "smeared on," past participle of enoindre "smear on," from Latin inunguere "to anoint," from in- "on" + unguere "to smear" (see unguent). Originally in reference to grease or oil smeared on for medicinal purposes; its use in the Coverdale Bible in reference to Christ (as in The Lord's Anointed; see chrism) has spiritualized the word. Related: Anointed; anointing.
anointed (adj.) Look up anointed at
late 14c., "smeared with oil," past participle adjective from anoint (v.). Noun meaning "a consecrated one" (as in Lord's Anointed) is recorded from 1520s.
anole (n.) Look up anole at
or anoli, 1906, from a native name in the Antilles.
anomalo- Look up anomalo- at
word-forming element meaning "deviating from the usual, abnormal," from comb. form of Greek anomalos "uneven, irregular" (see anomaly).
anomalous (adj.) Look up anomalous at
1640s, from Late Latin anomalus, from Greek anomalos "uneven, irregular" (see anomaly). Related: Anomalously; anomalousness.
anomaly (n.) Look up anomaly at
1570s, from Latin anomalia, from Greek anomalia "inequality," noun of quality from anomalos "uneven, irregular," from an-, privative prefix, "not" (see an- (1)) + homalos "even," from homos "same" (see same).
anomic (adj.) Look up anomic at
1950, from French anomique (Durkheim, 1897); see anomie.
anomie (n.) Look up anomie at
"absence of accepted social values," 1933, from Durkheim's "Suicide" (1897); a reborrowing with French spelling of anomy.
anomy (n.) Look up anomy at
"lawlessness," 1590s, Englished from French anomie; from Greek anomia "lawlessness," noun of quality from anomos "without law, lawless," from a-, privative prefix, "without" (see an- (1)) + nomos "law" (see numismatic).
anon (adv.) Look up anon at
late Old English anon, earlier on an, literally "into one," thus "continuously; straightway (in one course), at once;" see one. By gradual misuse, "soon, in a little while" (1520s). A one-word etymological lesson in the enduring power of procrastination.
anonym (n.) Look up anonym at
1812, "nameless person," from French anonyme, from Latin anonymus, from Greek anonymos "without a name" (see anonymous). Meaning "fictitious name" is recorded from 1866.
anonymity (n.) Look up anonymity at
1820; see anonym + -ity. In same sense anonymousness is recorded from 1802.
anonymous (adj.) Look up anonymous at
c. 1600, from Late Latin anonymus, from Greek anonymos "without a name," from an- "without" (see an- (1)) + onyma, Æolic dialectal form of onoma "name" (see name (n.)).
anonymously (adv.) Look up anonymously at
1728, from anonymous + -ly (2).
Anopheles (n.) Look up Anopheles at
genus of mosquitoes, Modern Latin, coined 1818 by German entomologist Johann Wilhelm Meigen (1764-1845) from Greek anopheles "useless, hurtful, harmful," from an-, privative prefix, (see an- (1)) + ophelos "use, help, advantage" (see Ophelia). So called because it conveys malaria.
anorak (n.) Look up anorak at
Eskimo's waterproof, hooded jacket, 1924, from Greenland Eskimo anoraq. Applied to Western imitations of this garment from 1930s. In British slang, "socially inept person" (Partridge associates it with a fondness for left-wing politics and pirate radio) by 1983, on the notion that that sort of person typically wears this sort of coat.
anorectic (adj.) Look up anorectic at
"characterized by lack of appetite," 1832, medical Latin, from Greek anorektos "without appetite" (see anorexia). As a noun, attested from 1913.
anorexia (n.) Look up anorexia at
1590s, "lack of appetite," Modern Latin, from Greek anorexia, from an-, privative prefix, "without" (see an- (1)) + orexis "appetite, desire," from oregein "to desire, stretch out" (cognate with Latin regere "to keep straight, guide, rule;" see regal) + abstract noun ending -ia. In current use, often short for anorexia nervosa.
anorexia nervosa (n.) Look up anorexia nervosa at
"emaciation as a result of severe emotional disturbance," coined 1873 by William W. Gull (1816-1890), who also proposed apepsia hysterica as a name for it. See anorexia.
anorexic (adj.) Look up anorexic at
1876; see anorexia + -ic. The immediate source or model is perhaps French anorexique. As a noun meaning "person with anorexia nervosa" it is attested from 1913.