animadvert (v.) Look up animadvert at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "to take notice of," from Latin animadvertere "to notice, to take cognizance of," also "to censure, blame, punish," literally "to turn the mind to" (see animadversion). Sense of "to criticize, blame, censure" in English is from 1660s. Related: Animadverted; animadverting.
animal (n.) Look up animal at Dictionary.com
early 14c. (but rare before c. 1600, and not in KJV, 1611), "any living creature" (including humans), from Latin animale "living being, being which breathes," neuter of animalis "animate, living; of the air," from anima "breath, soul; a current of air" (see animus, and compare deer). Drove out the older beast in common usage. Used of brutish humans from 1580s.
animal (adj.) Look up animal at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from animal (n.). Animal rights is attested from 1879; animal liberation from 1973. Animal magnetism originally (1784) referred to mesmerism.
animalcule (n.) Look up animalcule at Dictionary.com
"very small animal," especially a microscopic one, 1590s, from Late Latin animalculum, diminutive of Latin animal (see animal (n.)). Related: Animalcular.
animalism (n.) Look up animalism at Dictionary.com
"the doctrine that man is a mere animal," 1857, from animal + -ism. Earlier, "exercise of animal faculties; physical exercise" (1831).
animalistic (adj.) Look up animalistic at Dictionary.com
1877; see animal (n.) + -istic.
animate (adj.) Look up animate at Dictionary.com
"alive," late 14c., from Latin animatus (see animate (v.)).
animate (v.) Look up animate at Dictionary.com
1530s, "to fill with boldness or courage," from Latin animatus past participle of animare "give breath to," also "to endow with a particular spirit, to give courage to," from anima "life, breath" (see animus). Sense of "give life to" in English attested from 1742. Related: Animated; animating.
animated (adj.) Look up animated at Dictionary.com
1530s, "alive," past participle adjective from animate (v.). Meaning "mentally excited" is from 1530s; "full of activity" from 1580s. The "moving pictures" sense is attested from 1895; of cartoons from 1897. Related: Animatedly.
animation (n.) Look up animation at Dictionary.com
1590s, "action of imparting life," from Latin animationem (nominative animatio) "an animating," noun of action from past participle stem of animare (see animate (v.)). Meaning "vitality" is from 1610s. Cinematographic sense is from 1912.
animator (n.) Look up animator at Dictionary.com
1630s, "one who enlivens or inspires," from Latin animator, agent noun from animare (see animate (v.)). Cinematographic sense is from 1919.
anime (n.) Look up anime at Dictionary.com
c. 1985, Japanese for "animation," a term that seems to have arisen in the 1970s, apparently based on French animé "animated, lively, roused," from the same root as English animate (adj.). Probably taken into Japanese from a phrase such as dessin animé "cartoon," literally "animated design," with the adjective abstracted or mistaken, due to its position, as a noun.

Manga (q.v.) is Japanese for "comic book, graphic novel," but anime largely are based on manga and until 1970s, anime were known in Japan as manga eiga or "TV manga." The two terms are somewhat confused in English.
animism (n.) Look up animism at Dictionary.com
1866, reintroduced by English anthropologist Sir Edward Burnett Taylor (1832-1917), who defined it (1871) as the "theory of the universal animation of nature," from Latin anima "life, breath, soul" (see animus) + -ism.

Earlier sense was of "doctrine that animal life is produced by an immaterial soul" (1832), from German Animismus, coined c. 1720 by physicist/chemist Georg Ernst Stahl (1660-1734) based on the concept of the anima mundi. Animist is attested from 1819, in Stahl's sense; animisic is first recorded 1871.
animosity (n.) Look up animosity at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "vigor," from Middle French animosité (14c.) or directly from Latin animositatem (nominative animositas) "boldness, vehemence," from animosus "bold, spirited," from animus (see animus). Sense of "hostile feeling" is first recorded c. 1600, from a secondary sense in Latin (see animus).
animus (n.) Look up animus at Dictionary.com
1820, "temper" (usually in a hostile sense), from Latin animus "rational soul, mind, life, mental powers; courage, desire," related to anima "living being, soul, mind, disposition, passion, courage, anger, spirit, feeling," from PIE root *ane- "to blow, to breathe" (cognates: Greek anemos "wind," Sanskrit aniti "breathes," Old Irish anal, Welsh anadl "breath," Old Irish animm "soul," Gothic uzanan "to exhale," Old Norse anda "to breathe," Old English eðian "to breathe," Old Church Slavonic vonja "smell, breath," Armenian anjn "soul"). It has no plural. As a term in Jungian psychology for the masculine component of a feminine personality, it dates from 1923.
anion (n.) Look up anion at Dictionary.com
"a negatively charged ion, which moves toward the anode (q.v.) during electrolysis," 1834, proposed by the Rev. William Whewell (1794-1866), English polymath, and published by English physicist Michael Faraday, from Greek anion "(thing) going up," neuter past participle of anienai "go up," from ana "up" (see ana-) + ienai "go" (see ion).
anise (n.) Look up anise at Dictionary.com
Levantine plant cultivated for its seeds, which were important sources of chemical oils and flavoring, c. 1300, from Old French anis (13c.), from Latin anisum, from Greek anison. By the Ancients somewhat confused with dill.
aniseed (n.) Look up aniseed at Dictionary.com
late 14c., a contraction of anise seed (n.).
anisette (n.) Look up anisette at Dictionary.com
"liqueur flavored with aniseed," 1837, from French Anisette de Bordeaux, from diminutive of anis (see anise).
anisotropic (adj.) Look up anisotropic at Dictionary.com
1854; see an- (1) "not" + isotropic.
anker (n.) Look up anker at Dictionary.com
also anchor, liquid measure in North Sea and Baltic trade, early 14c., from Dutch, related to German Anker, Swedish ankare, Medieval Latin anceria "keg, vat," which is of unknown origin. That of Rotterdam, once used in England, equaled 10 old wine or 8.5 imperial gallons.
ankh (n.) Look up ankh at Dictionary.com
tau cross with an oval at the top, Egyptian symbol of life, 1873, from Egyptian ankh, literally "life, soul." Also known as crux ansata.
ankle (n.) Look up ankle at Dictionary.com
Old English ancleow "ankle," from PIE root *ang-/*ank- "to bend" (see angle (n.)). The modern form seems to have been influenced by Old Norse ökkla or Old Frisian ankel, which are immediately from the Proto-Germanic form of the root (cognates: Middle High German anke "joint," German Enke "ankle"); the second element in the Old English, Old Norse and Old Frisian forms perhaps suggests claw (compare Dutch anklaauw), or it may be from influence of cneow "knee," or it may be diminutive suffix -el. Middle English writers distinguished inner ankle projection (hel of the ancle) from the outer (utter or utward).
anklet (n.) Look up anklet at Dictionary.com
"ring for an ankle," 1810, from ankle, with diminutive suffix -let, after bracelet, etc.
ankylosaurus (n.) Look up ankylosaurus at Dictionary.com
Cretaceous armored dinosaur, 1907, Modern Latin, from Greek ankylos "crooked" (see angle (n.)) + -saurus.
ankylosis (n.) Look up ankylosis at Dictionary.com
stiffening of joints after injury or surgery, alternative (and more etymological) spelling of anchylosis (q.v.).
anlage (n.) Look up anlage at Dictionary.com
"basis of a later development" (plural anlagen), 1892, from German anlage "foundation, basis," from anlagen (v.) "to establish," from an "on" + legen "to lay" (see lay (v.)).
Ann Look up Ann at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, alternative form of Anna, from Latin Anna, from Greek, from Hebrew Hannah (see Hannah). In African-American vernacular, "white woman," also "a black woman who is considered to be acting 'too white;' " also Miss Ann. She is the spouse of Mr. Charlie.
Anna Look up Anna at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from Latin Anna, from Greek Anna, from Hebrew Hannah, literally "grace, graciousness" (see Hannah).
annal (n.) Look up annal at Dictionary.com
rare singular of annals (q.v.).
annalist (n.) Look up annalist at Dictionary.com
"one who keeps a chronicle of events by year," 1610s, from French analiste; see annals + -ist.
annalize (v.) Look up annalize at Dictionary.com
"record in annals," 1610s, from annals + -ize. Related: Annalized; annalizing.
annals (n.) Look up annals at Dictionary.com
1560s, from Latin annales libri "chronicles," literally "yearlies, yearly books," noun use of plural of annalis "pertaining to a year," from annus "year" (see annual (adj.)).
Annam Look up Annam at Dictionary.com
old alternative name for Vietnam, literally "pacified south," the name given to Nam Viet by the Chinese after they conquered it 111 B.C.E. From Chinese an "peace" + nan "south." It was discarded upon restoration of Viet independence in 939 C.E., but it stuck in Western geographies and was reapplied to the region c. 1790 by the French.
Anne Look up Anne at Dictionary.com
alternative form of the fem. proper name Anna (q.v.). In Christian tradition, the name of the mother of the Virgin Mary.
anneal (v.) Look up anneal at Dictionary.com
Old English onælan "to set on fire, kindle," from on- "on" + ælan "to burn, bake," from Proto-Germanic *ailan, "probably" [Watkins] from PIE *ai- (2) "to burn" (see ash (n.1)); related to Old English æled "fire, firebrand," Old Norse eldr, Danish ild "fire." Related: Annealed; annealing.
annelid (n.) Look up annelid at Dictionary.com
"segmented worm," 1834, from French annélide, source of the phylum name Annelida, coined in Modern Latin 1801 by French naturalist J.B.P. Lamarck (1744-1829), from annelés "ringed ones" (from Latin anulus "little ring," a diminutive of anus; see anus) + Greek eidos "form, shape" (see -oid).
annex (n.) Look up annex at Dictionary.com
1540s, "an adjunct, accessory," from French annexe, from annexer (see annex (v.)). Meaning "supplementary building" is from 1861.
annex (v.) Look up annex at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "to connect with," from Old French annexer "to join" (13c.), from Medieval Latin annexare, frequentative of Latin annecetere "to bind to," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + nectere "to tie, bind" (see nexus). Almost always meaning "to join in a subordinate capacity." Of nations or territories, c. 1400. Related: Annexed; annexing.
annexation (n.) Look up annexation at Dictionary.com
1620s, from Medieval Latin annexiationem (nominative annexatio) "action of annexing," noun of action from past participle stem of annexare (see annex). The Middle English noun form was annexion "union; joining; territory acquired" (mid-15c.).
Annie Look up Annie at Dictionary.com
diminutive of fem. proper name Ann or Anne (see Anna). Annie Oakley (1860-1926) was the famous rifle markswoman.
annihilate (v.) Look up annihilate at Dictionary.com
1520s, from an obsolete adjective meaning "reduced to nothing" (late 14c.), originally the past participle of a verb, anihil, from Old French annichiler (14c.), from Late Latin annihilare "to reduce to nothing," from Latin ad- "to" (see ad-) + nihil "nothing" (see nil). Related: Annihilated; annihilating.
annihilation (n.) Look up annihilation at Dictionary.com
1630s, from Middle French annihilation (restored from Old French anichilacion, 14c.), or directly from Late Latin annihilationem (nominative annihilatio), noun of action from past participle stem of annihilare (see annihilate).
anniversary (n.) Look up anniversary at Dictionary.com
early 13c., originally especially of the day of a person's death, from Medieval Latin anniversarium, from Latin anniversarius (adj.) "returning annually," from annus (genitive anni) "year" (see annual (adj.)) + versus, past participle of vertere "to turn" (see versus). The adjective came to be used as a noun in Church Latin as anniversaria (dies) in reference to saints' days. An Old English word for "anniversary" (n.) was mynddæg, literally "mind-day."
Anno Domini Look up Anno Domini at Dictionary.com
1570s, Latin, literally "in the year of (our) Lord."
annotate (v.) Look up annotate at Dictionary.com
1733, from Latin annotatus, past participle of annotare "to note down" (see annotation). Related: Annotated; annotating. Not in Johnson's "Dictionary," but used therein in defining comment. Form annote is recorded from mid-15c. Related: Annotated; annotating.
annotation (n.) Look up annotation at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Latin annotationem (nominative annotatio), noun of action from past participle stem of annotare "to add notes to," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + notare "to note, mark" (see note (v.)).
announce (v.) Look up announce at Dictionary.com
c. 1500, "proclaim, make known," from Old French anoncier "announce, proclaim" (12c., Modern French annoncer), from Latin annuntiare, adnuntiare "to announce, relate," literally "to bring news," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + nuntiare "relate, report," from nuntius "messenger" (see nuncio). Related: Announced; announcing.
announcement (n.) Look up announcement at Dictionary.com
1798, from French announcement, from Old French anoncier (see announce). Or else formed in English from announce + -ment. Earlier in same sense was announcing.
announcer (n.) Look up announcer at Dictionary.com
1610s, agent noun from announce. Radio sense is recorded from 1922.